The FDGB-Pokal (Freier Deutscher Gewerkschaftsbund Pokal or Free German Trade Union Federation Cup) was an elimination football tournament held annually in the former East Germany. It was the second most important national title in East German football after the DDR-Oberliga championship. The founder of the competition was East Germany's major trade union.
|Number of teams||Various|
|Last champions||Hansa Rostock |
|Most successful club(s)||Dynamo Dresden |
The inaugural FDGB Pokal (generally referred to in English as the East German Cup) was contested in 1949, four years before the initial DFB-Pokal was played in the western half of the country. The first national cup competition had been the Tschammerpokal introduced in 1935.
Each football club which participated in the East German football league system was entitled to enter the tournament. Clubs from the lower leagues played in regional qualification rounds, with the winners joining the teams of the DDR-Oberliga and DDR-Liga in the main round of the tournament of the following year. Each elimination was determined by a single game held on the ground of one of the two participating teams.
Until the mid-80s the field of competition was made up of as many as sixty teams playing in five rounds due to the large number of eligible clubs in the country. Beginning in 1975 the final was held each year in the Berliner Stadion der Weltjugend (Berlin's Stadium for World Youth) and drew anywhere from 30,000 to 55,000 spectators. The last cup final, played in 1991 after the fall of the Berlin Wall, was a 1–0 victory by Hansa Rostock over Stahl Eisenhüttenstadt, which drew a crowd of only 4,800.
The most successful side in 42 years of competition was 1. FC Magdeburg which celebrated seven FDGB Cup wins (including those as SC Aufbau Magdeburg before 1965); one of those wins ultimately led to victory in the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup 1973-74.
The only winners of the competition to reach the final of the DFB-Pokal since the re-unification of the country are 1. FC Union Berlin, who appeared in the 2001 German Cup final, but lost 0–2 to Schalke. To date the only other former East German clubs to appear in the German Cup final are Energie Cottbus and 1. FC Union Berlin.
Performance by clubEdit
The performance of various clubs is shown in the following table: 
|Dynamo Dresden||1952, 1971, 1977, 1982, 1984, 1985, 1990|
|1. FC Magdeburg||1964, 1965, 1969, 1973, 1978, 1979, 1983|
|1. FC Lokomotive Leipzig 1||1976, 1981, 1986, 1987|
|Carl Zeiss Jena 2||1960, 1972, 1974, 1980|
|FSV Zwickau 3||1963, 1967, 1975|
|Berliner FC Dynamo||1988, 1989|
|Vorwärts Berlin 4||1954, 1970|
|Chemie Leipzig 5||1957, 1966|
|Hallescher FC 6||1956, 1962|
|Hansa Rostock 7||1991|
|Wismut Karl-Marx-Stadt 8||1955|
|1. FC Union Berlin||1968|
|BSG EHW Thale 9||1950|
|SC Einheit Dresden||1958|
|FC Rot-Weiß Erfurt 10||—|
|BSG Chemie Zeitz||—|
|Eisenhüttenstädter FC Stahl||—|
|BSG Motor West Karl-Marx-Stadt||—|
- 1 Also known as SC Rotation Leipzig and SC Leipzig. (not to be confused with SC Lokomotive Leipzig)
- 2 Also known as Motor Jena.
- 3 Also known as SG Planitz, Horch Zwickau, Motor Zwickau and Sachsenring Zwickau.
- 4 In 1953, the club was picked up from Leipzig and moved to East Berlin to play as ZSK Vorwärts Berlin, later ASK Vorwärts Berlin and after FC Vorwärts Berlin. In 1971, the club was picked up and moved again, this time from the capital to Frankfurt (Oder). The team was known as FC Vorwärts Frankfurt.
- 5 Also known as FC Sachsen Leipzig and SC Lokomotive Leipzig (not to be confused with 1. FC Lokomotive Leipzig).
- 6 Also known as SG Freiimfelde Halle and Hallescher FC Chemie.
- 7 Also known as Empor Rostock.
- 8 Also known as SG Aue, BSG Pneumatik Aue, Zentra Wismut Aue. From 1954 to 1963 the team was known as Wismut Karl-Marx-Stadt, but continued to play in Aue. After German reunification in 1990, the club was renamed FC Wismut Aue before taking on its current name, FC Erzgebirge Aue in 1993.
- 9 Also known as BSG Stahl Thale.
- 10 Also known as BSG KWU Erfurt, Fortuna Erfurt, Turbine Erfurt. In 1966, SC Turbine Erfurt and BSG Optima Erfurt were merged under the name FC Rot-Weiß Erfurt.
Performance by city or townEdit
|City / Town||Winners||Club(s)|
|Dresden||Dynamo Dresden (7), Einheit Dresden (1)|
|Magdeburg||1. FC Magdeburg (7)|
|Berlin||Berliner FC Dynamo (2), Vorwärts Berlin (2), Dynamo Berlin (1), Union Berlin (1)|
|Leipzig||Lokomotive Leipzig (4), Chemie Leipzig (2)|
|Jena||Carl Zeiss Jena (4)|
|Zwickau||Motor / Sachsenring Zwickau (3)|
|Halle (Saale)||Hallescher FC (2)|
|Aue||Wismut Karl-Marx-Stadt (1)|
|Dessau||Waggonbau Dessau (1)|
|Rostock||Hansa Rostock (1)|
|Thale||EHW Thale (1)|
- East Germany - List of Cup Finals, RSSSF.com