The FDGB-Pokal (Freier Deutscher Gewerkschaftsbund Pokal or Free German Trade Union Federation Cup) was an elimination football tournament held annually in East Germany. It was the second most important national title in East German football after the DDR-Oberliga championship. The founder of the competition was East Germany's major trade union.
|Number of teams||Various|
|Last champions||Hansa Rostock |
|Most successful club(s)||Dynamo Dresden |
1. FC Magdeburg
The inaugural FDGB Pokal (generally referred to in English as the East German Cup) was contested in 1949, four years before the initial DFB-Pokal was played in the western half of the country. The first national cup competition had been the Tschammerpokal introduced in 1935.
Each football club which participated in the East German football league system was entitled to enter the tournament. Clubs from the lower leagues played in regional qualification rounds, with the winners joining the teams of the DDR-Oberliga and DDR-Liga in the main round of the tournament of the following year. Each elimination was determined by a single game held on the ground of one of the two participating teams.
Until the mid-80s the field of competition was made up of as many as sixty teams playing in five rounds due to the large number of eligible clubs in the country. Beginning in 1975 the final was held each year in the Berliner Stadion der Weltjugend (Berlin's Stadium for World Youth) and drew anywhere from 30,000 to 55,000 spectators. The last cup final, played in 1991 after the fall of the Berlin Wall, was a 1–0 victory by Hansa Rostock over Stahl Eisenhüttenstadt, which drew a crowd of only 4,800.
The most successful side in 42 years of competition was 1. FC Magdeburg which celebrated seven FDGB Cup wins (including those as SC Aufbau Magdeburg before 1965); one of those wins ultimately led to victory in the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup 1973-74.
The only winners of the competition to reach the final of the DFB-Pokal since the re-unification of the country are 1. FC Union Berlin, who appeared in the 2001 German Cup final, but lost 0–2 to Schalke. To date, the only other former East German club to appear in the German Cup final is Energie Cottbus.
- 1 Several teams were relocated or renamed between the second and the third round of the 1954-55 FDGB-Pokal (de). The team of SG Dynamo Dresden was relocated to Berlin and continued as SC Dynamo Berlin. The team of BSG Empor Lauter was relocated to Rostock and continued as SC Empor Rostock. The football department of BSG Wismut Aue was delegated to SC Wismut Karl-Marx-Stadt. SG Dynamo Berlin was renamed SG Dynamo Berlin-Mitte. The football department of BSG Aktivist Brieske-Ost was delegated to the newly founded sports club SC Aktivist Brieske-Senftenberg.
Performance by clubEdit
|SG Dynamo Dresden 1||1952, 1971, 1977, 1982, 1984, 1985, 1990|
|1. FC Magdeburg 2||1964, 1965, 1969, 1973, 1978, 1979, 1983|
|1. FC Lokomotive Leipzig 3||1976, 1981, 1986, 1987|
|FC Carl Zeiss Jena 4||1960, 1972, 1974, 1980|
|BSG Sachsenring Zwickau 5||1963, 1967, 1975|
|Berliner FC Dynamo6||1959, 1988, 1989|
|FC Vorwärts Frankfurt 7||1954, 1970|
|BSG Chemie Leipzig 8||1957, 1966|
|Hallescher FC Chemie 9||1956, 1962|
|F.C. Hansa Rostock 10||1991|
|BSG Wismut Aue 11||1955|
|1. FC Union Berlin||1968|
|BSG Motor Dessau||1949|
|BSG Stahl Thale 12||1950|
|FSV Lokomotive Dresden13||1958|
|FC Rot-Weiß Erfurt 14||—|
|BSG Chemie Zeitz15||—|
|BSG Lokomotive Stendal||—|
|BSG Wismut Gera16||—|
|BSG Einheit Pankow||—|
|SG Dynamo Schwerin||—|
|BSG Stahl Eisenhüttenstadt17||—|
|BSG Energi Cottbus||—|
|BSG Empor Wurzen18||—|
|BSG DEFA Babelsberg19||—|
|BSG Motor West Karl-Marx-Stadt||—|
|BSG Stahl Brandenburg||—|
- 1 Also known as SG Deutsche Volkspolizei Dresden (or SG Volkspolizei Dresden).
- 2 Played as part of sports club SC Aufbau Magdeburg (later SC Magdenburg) until the founding of 1. FC Magdeburg in 1965.
- 3 Also known as SC Rotation Leipzig and SC Leipzig. (not to be confused with SC Lokomotive Leipzig)
- 4 Also known as Motor Jena.
- 5 Also known as SG Planitz, Horch Zwickau, Motor Zwickau and Sachsenring Zwickau.
- 6 Played as part of sports club SC Dynamo Berlin until the founding of BFC Dynamo in 1966.
- 7 Played in East Berlin as ZSK Vorwärts Berlin, ASK Vorwärts Berlin and FC Vorwärts Berlin. In 1971, the team was relocated to to Frankfurt (Oder).
- 8 Also known as SC Lokomotive Leipzig (not to be confused with 1. FC Lokomotive Leipzig).
- 9 Also known as SG Freiimfelde Halle and Hallescher FC Chemie.
- 10 Also known as SC Empor Rostock.
- 11 Also known as SG Aue, BSG Pneumatik Aue, Zentra Wismut Aue. From 1954 to 1963 the team was known as Wismut Karl-Marx-Stadt, but continued to play in Aue. After German reunification in 1990, the club was renamed FC Wismut Aue before taking on its current name, FC Erzgebirge Aue in 1993.
- 12 Also known as SG Eisenhüttenwerk Thale and BSG Eisenhüttenwerk Thale (BSG EWH Thale).
- 13 Also known as BSG Sachsenverlag Dresden, BSG Rotation Dresden and SC Einheit Dresden.
- 14 Also known as BSG KWU Erfurt, Fortuna Erfurt, Turbine Erfurt. In 1966, SC Turbine Erfurt and BSG Optima Erfurt were merged under the name FC Rot-Weiß Erfurt.
- 15 Also known as SG Zeitz and BSG Hydrierwerk Zeitz .
- 16 Also known as BSG Gera-Süd and BSG Mechanik Gera.
- 17 The fotball department of BSG Stahl Eisenhüttenstadt was reorganized as fotball club Eisenhüttenstädter FC Stahl on 3 May 1990 and thus reached the semi-finals of the 1990-91 NOFV-Pokal as Eisenhüttenstädter FC Stahl.
- 18 Also known as SG Wurzen and BSG Empor Wurzen West. Reached the semi-finals in 1952 and 1954 under the name BSG Wurzen West.
- 19 Also known as SG Märkische Volksstimme Babelsberg, BSG Rotation Babelsberg and BSG DEFA Babelsberg. Reached the semi-final in 1950 under the name BSG Märkische Volksstimme Babelsberg.
Performance by city or townEdit
|City / Town||Winners||Club(s)|
|Dresden||SG Dynamo Dresden (7), SC Einheit Dresden (1)|
|Magdeburg||1. FC Magdeburg (7)|
|Berlin||BFC Dynamo (3), FC Vorwärts Berlin (2), 1. FC Union Berlin (1)|
|Leipzig||1. FC Lokomotive Leipzig (4), BSG Chemie Leipzig (2)|
|Jena||FC Carl Zeiss Jena (4)|
|Zwickau||Motor / Sachsenring Zwickau (3)|
|Halle (Saale)||Hallescher FC (2)|
|Aue||Wismut Karl-Marx-Stadt (1)|
|Dessau||Waggonbau Dessau (1)|
|Rostock||Hansa Rostock (1)|
|Thale||EHW Thale (1)|
- "East Germany - List of Cup Finals". www.rsssf.com. Retrieved 4 April 2018.
- East Germany - List of Cup Finals, RSSSF.com