Juventus Football Club (from Latin: iuventūs, "youth"; Italian pronunciation: [juˈvɛntus]), colloquially known as Juventus and Juve (pronounced [ˈjuːve]), is a professional football club based in Turin, Piedmont, Italy, that competes in the Serie A, the top flight of Italian football. Nicknamed i Bianconeri (the Black and Whites) or la Vecchia Signora (the Old Lady), the club was founded in 1897 by a group of students from Turin. They have played home matches in grounds around its city, the latest being the 41,507-capacity Juventus Stadium since 2011.
|Full name||Juventus Football Club S.p.A.|
|Nickname(s)||I Bianconeri (The Black and Whites)|
La Vecchia Signora (The Old Lady)
Le Zebre (The Zebras)
La Signora Omicidi (The Killer Lady)
La Fidanzata d'Italia (The Girlfriend of Italy)
La Madama (Piedmontese: Madam)
La Gheuba (Piedmontese pronunciation: [la ˈɡøba]: The Hunchback)
|Founded||1 November 1897, as Sport-Club Juventus|
|Head coach||Andrea Pirlo|
|2019–20||Serie A, 1st of 20 (champions)|
Juventus has won 36 official league titles, 13 Coppa Italia titles, and eight Supercoppa Italiana titles, being the record holder for all these competitions; two Intercontinental Cups, two European Cups / UEFA Champions Leagues, one European Cup Winners' Cup, a joint national record of three UEFA Cups, two UEFA Super Cups and a joint national record of one UEFA Intertoto Cup. Consequently, the side leads the historical Federazione Italiana Giuoco Calcio (FIGC) ranking,[a] whilst on the international stage occupies the 5th position in Europe and the eleventh in the world for most confederation titles won with eleven trophies, having led the UEFA ranking during seven seasons since its inception in 1979, the most for an Italian team and joint second overall.
Founded with the name of Sport-Club Juventus, initially as an athletics club, it is the second oldest of its kind still active in the country after Genoa's football section (1893) and has competed uninterruptedly in the top flight league (reformulated as Serie A from 1929) since its debut in 1900 after changing its name to Foot-Ball Club Juventus, with the exception of the 2006–07 season, being managed by the industrial Agnelli family almost continuously since 1923.[b] The relationship between the club and that dynasty is the oldest and longest in national sports, making Juventus one of the first professional sporting clubs ante litteram in the country, having established itself as a major force in the national stage since the 1930s and at confederation level since the mid-1970s and becoming one of the first ten wealthiest in world football in terms of value, revenue and profit since the mid-1990s, being listed on the Borsa italiana since 2001.
Under the management of Giovanni Trapattoni, the club won 13 trophies in the ten years before 1986, including six league titles and five international titles, and became the first to win all three seasonal competitions organised by the Union of European Football Associations: the 1976–77 UEFA Cup (first Southern European side to do so), the 1983–84 Cup Winners' Cup and the 1984–85 European Cup. With successive triumphs in the 1984 European Super Cup and 1985 Intercontinental Cup, it became the first and thus far only in the world to complete a clean sweep of all confederation trophies; an achievement that they revalidated with the title won in the 1999 UEFA Intertoto Cup after another successful era led by Marcello Lippi, becoming in addition the only professional Italian club to have won every ongoing honour available to the first team and organised by a national or international football association. In December 2000, Juventus was ranked seventh in the FIFA's historic ranking of the best clubs in the world and nine years later was ranked second best club in Europe during the 20th Century based on a statistical study series by the International Federation of Football History & Statistics (IFFHS), the highest for an Italian club in both.
The club's fan base is the largest at national level and one of the largest worldwide. Unlike most European sporting supporters' groups, which are often concentrated around their own club's city of origin, it is widespread throughout the whole country and the Italian diaspora, making Juventus a symbol of anticampanilismo ("anti-parochialism") and italianità ("Italianness"). Juventus players have won eight Ballon d'Or awards, four of these in consecutive years (1982–1985, an overall record), among these the first player representing Serie A, Omar Sívori, as well as Michel Platini and three of the five recipients with Italian nationality as the former member of the youth sector Paolo Rossi; they have also won four FIFA World Player of the Year awards, with winners as Roberto Baggio and Zinedine Zidane, a national record and third and joint second highest overall, respectively, in the cited prizes. Additionally, players representing the club have won 11 Serie A Footballer of the Year awards including the only goalkeeper to win it, Gianluigi Buffon, and 17 players were inducted in the Serie A Team of the Year, being both also a record. Finally, the club has also provided the most players to the Italy national team—mostly in official competitions in almost uninterrupted way since 1924—who often formed the group that led the Azzurri squad to international success, most importantly in the 1934, 1982 and 2006 FIFA World Cups.
Early years (1897–1918)
Juventus were founded as Sport-Club Juventus in late 1897 by pupils from the Massimo D'Azeglio Lyceum school in Turin, among them the brothers Eugenio and Enrico Canfari, but were renamed as Foot-Ball Club Juventus two years later. The club joined the Italian Football Championship in 1900. In 1904, the businessman Ajmone-Marsan revived the finances of the football club Juventus, making it also possible to transfer the training field from piazza d'armi to the more appropriate Velodrome Umberto I. During this period, the team wore a pink and black kit. Juventus first won the league championship in 1905 while playing at their Velodrome Umberto I ground. By this time the club colours had changed to black and white stripes, inspired by English side Notts County.
There was a split at the club in 1906, after some of the staff considered moving Juve out of Turin. President Alfred Dick[c] was unhappy with this and left with some prominent players to found FBC Torino which in turn spawned the Derby della Mole. Juventus spent much of this period steadily rebuilding after the split, surviving the First World War.
League dominance (1923–1980)
FIAT owner Edoardo Agnelli gained control of the club in 1923 and built a new stadium. This helped the club to its second scudetto (league championship) in the 1925–26 season, after beating Alba Roma with an aggregate score of 12–1 (Antonio Vojak's goals were essential that season). The club established itself as a major force in Italian football since the 1930s, becoming the country's first professional club and the first with a decentralised fan base, which led it to win a record of five consecutive Italian championships (the first four under the management of Carlo Carcano) and form the core of the Italy national team during the Vittorio Pozzo's era, including the 1934 world champion squad, with star players such as Raimundo Orsi, Luigi Bertolini, Giovanni Ferrari and Luis Monti, among others.
Juventus moved to the Stadio Comunale, but for the rest of the 1930s and the majority of the 1940s they were unable to recapture championship dominance. After the Second World War, Gianni Agnelli was appointed honorary president. The club added two more league championships to its name in the 1949–50 and 1951–52 seasons, the latter of which was under the management of Englishman Jesse Carver. Two new strikers were signed during 1957–58: Welshman John Charles and Italian Argentine Omar Sívori, playing alongside longtime member Giampiero Boniperti. That season saw Juventus awarded with the Golden Star for Sport Excellence to wear on their shirts after becoming the first Italian side to win ten league titles. In the same season, Sívori became the first ever player at the club to win the European Footballer of the Year. The following season, they beat Fiorentina to complete their first league and cup double, winning Serie A and Coppa Italia. Boniperti retired in 1961 as the all-time top scorer at the club, with 182 goals in all competitions, a club record which stood for 45 years.
During the rest of the decade, the club won the league just once more in 1966–67. However, the 1970s saw Juventus further solidify their strong position in Italian football. Under former player Čestmír Vycpálek, they won the scudetto in 1971–72 and 1972–73, with players such as Roberto Bettega, Franco Causio and José Altafini breaking through. During the rest of the decade, they won the league twice more, with defender Gaetano Scirea contributing significantly. The later win was under Giovanni Trapattoni, who also led the club to their first ever major European title (the UEFA Cup) in 1977 and helped the club's domination continue on into the early part of the 1980s. During Trapattoni's tenure, many Juventus players also formed the backbone of the Italy national team during Enzo Bearzot's successful managerial era, including the 1978 World Cup, UEFA Euro 1980 and 1982 world champion squads.
European stage (1980–1993)
The Trapattoni era was highly successful in the 1980s and the club started the decade off well, winning the league title three more times by 1984. This meant Juventus had won 20 Italian league titles and were allowed to add a second golden star to their shirt, thus becoming the only Italian club to achieve this. Around this time, the club's players were attracting considerable attention and Paolo Rossi was named European Footballer of the Year following his contribution to Italy's victory in the 1982 World Cup, where he was named Player of the Tournament.
Frenchman Michel Platini was also awarded the European Footballer of the Year title for three years in a row in 1983, 1984 and 1985, which is a record. Juventus are the first and one of the only two clubs[d] to have players from their club winning the award in four consecutive years. It was Platini who scored the winning goal in the 1985 European Cup Final against Liverpool, but this was marred by a tragedy which changed European football. That year, Juventus became the first club in the history of European football to have won all three major UEFA competitions and, after their triumph in the Intercontinental Cup, the club also became the first, and thus far, the only in association football history, to have won all possible confederation competitions,(The Technician (UEFA) 2010:5) an achievement that it revalidated with the title won in the 1999 UEFA Intertoto Cup. With the exception of winning the closely contested Italian Championship of 1985–86, the rest of the 1980s were not very successful for the club. As well as having to contend with Diego Maradona's Napoli, both of the Milanese clubs, Milan and Internazionale, won Italian championships. However, Juventus did win a Coppa Italia-UEFA Cup double in 1990 under the guidance of former club legend Dino Zoff. In 1990, Juventus also moved into their new home, the Stadio delle Alpi, which was built for the 1990 World Cup. Despite the arrival of Italian star Roberto Baggio later that year for a world record transfer fee, the early 1990s under Luigi Maifredi and subsequently Trapattoni once again also saw little success for Juventus, as they only managed to win the UEFA Cup in 1993.
Second Champions League and first Supercoppa Italiana titles (1994–2004)
Marcello Lippi took over as Juventus manager at the start of the 1994–95 campaign. His first season at the helm of the club was a successful one, as Juventus recorded their first Serie A championship title since the mid-1980s, as well as the Coppa Italia. The crop of players during this period featured Ciro Ferrara, Roberto Baggio, Gianluca Vialli and a young Alessandro Del Piero. Lippi led Juventus to their first Supercoppa Italiana and the Champions League the following season, beating Ajax on penalties after a 1–1 draw in which Fabrizio Ravanelli scored for Juventus. The club did not rest long after winning the European Cup: more highly regarded players were brought into the fold in the form of Zinedine Zidane, Filippo Inzaghi and Edgar Davids. At home, Juventus won the 1996–97 and 1997–98 Serie A titles, as well as the 1996 UEFA Super Cup and the 1996 Intercontinental Cup. Juventus reached the 1997 and 1998 Champions League finals during this period, but lost out to Borussia Dortmund and Real Madrid respectively.
After a two-and-a-half-season absence, Lippi returned to the club in 2001, following his replacement Carlo Ancelotti's dismissal, signing big name players such as Gianluigi Buffon, David Trezeguet, Pavel Nedvěd and Lilian Thuram, helping the team to two more scudetto titles during the 2001–02 and 2002–03 seasons. Juventus were also part of an all Italian Champions League final in 2003, but lost out to Milan on penalties after the game ended in a 0–0 draw. At the conclusion of the following season, Lippi was appointed as the Italy national team's head coach, bringing an end to one of the most fruitful managerial spells in Juventus' history.
Calciopoli scandal (2004–2007)
Fabio Capello was appointed as Juventus' coach in 2004 and led the club to two more consecutive Serie A first places. In May 2006, Juventus became one of the five clubs linked to the Calciopoli scandal. In July, Juventus was placed at the bottom of the league table and relegated to Serie B for the first time in its history. The club was also stripped of the 2005 title won under Capello, while the 2006 title, after a period sub judice, was assigned to Inter Milan.
Many key players left following their relegation to Serie B, including Lillian Thuram, star striker Zlatan Ibrahimović and defensive stalwart Fabio Cannavaro. However, other big name players such as Alessandro Del Piero, Gianluigi Buffon, David Trezeguet and Pavel Nedvěd remained to help the club return to Serie A, while youngsters from the Primavera (youth team), such as Sebastian Giovinco and Claudio Marchisio, were integrated into the first team. Juventus won the Cadetti (Serie B championship) and gained promotion straight back up to the top division as league winners after the 2006–07 season, as captain Del Piero claimed the top scorer award with 21 goals.
As early as 2010, Juventus considered challenging the stripping of their scudetto from 2005 and the non-assignment of the 2006 title, dependent on the results of trials connected to the 2006 scandal. When former general manager Luciano Moggi's conviction in criminal court in connection with the scandal was partially written off by the Supreme Court on 23 March 2015, the club sued the Italian Football Federation (FIGC) for €443 million for damages caused by their 2006 relegation. FIGC president Carlo Tavecchio offered to discuss reinstatement of the lost scudetti in exchange for Juventus dropping the lawsuit. On 9 September 2015, the Supreme Court released a 150-page document that explained its final ruling of the case: despite that Moggi's remaining charges were cancelled without a new trial, due to statute of limitations, the court confirmed that Moggi was actively involved in the sporting fraud which was intended to favour Juventus and increase his own personal benefits. Eventually, in 2016 the TAR tribunal rejected the request of compensation promoted by Juventus. On 15 March 2017, Moggi's lifetime ban was definitively confirmed on final appeal.
Return to Serie A (2007–2011)
After returning to Serie A in the 2007–08 season, Juventus appointed Claudio Ranieri as manager. They finished in third place in their first season back in the top flight and qualified for the Champions League third qualifying round in the preliminary stages. Juventus reached the group stages, where they beat Real Madrid in both home and away legs, before losing in the knockout round to Chelsea. Ranieri was sacked following a string of unsuccessful results and Ciro Ferrara was appointed as manager on a temporary basis for the last two games of the 2008–09 season, before being subsequently appointed as the manager for the 2009–10 season.
Ferrara's stint as Juventus manager, however, proved to be unsuccessful, with Juventus knocked out of Champions League and Coppa Italia, as well as just lying on the sixth place in the league table at the end of January 2010, leading to the dismissal of Ferrara and the naming of Alberto Zaccheroni as caretaker manager. Zaccheroni could not help the side improve, as Juventus finished the season in seventh place in Serie A. For the 2010–11 season, Jean-Claude Blanc was replaced by Andrea Agnelli as the club's president. Agnelli's first action was to replace Zaccheroni and director of sport Alessio Secco with Sampdoria manager Luigi Delneri and director of sport Giuseppe Marotta. However, Delneri failed to improve their fortunes and was dismissed. Former player and fan favourite Antonio Conte, fresh after winning promotion with Siena, was named as Delneri's replacement. In September 2011, Juventus relocated to the new Juventus Stadium.
Historic four consecutive doubles and nine consecutive league titles (2011–present)
With Conte as manager, Juventus went unbeaten for the entire 2011–12 Serie A season. Towards the second half of the season, the team was mostly competing with northern rivals Milan for first place in a tight contest. Juventus won the title on the 37th matchday after beating Cagliari 2–0 and Milan losing to Internazionale 4–2. After a 3–1 win in the final matchday against Atalanta, Juventus became the first team to go the season unbeaten in the current 38-game format. Other noteworthy achievements included the biggest away win (5–0 at Fiorentina), best defensive record (20 goals conceded, fewest ever in the current league format) in Serie A and second best in the top six European leagues that year. In 2013–14, Juventus won a third consecutive scudetto with a record 102 points and 33 wins. The title was the 30th official league championship in the club's history. They also achieved the semi-finals of Europa League, where they were eliminated at home against ten-man Benfica's catenaccio, missing the final at the Juventus Stadium.
In 2014–15, Massimiliano Allegri was appointed as manager, with whom Juventus won their 31st official title, making it a fourth-straight, as well as achieving a record tenth Coppa Italia for the double. The club also beat Real Madrid in the semi-finals of the Champions League 3–2 on aggregate to face Barcelona in the final in Berlin for the first time since the 2002–03 Champions League. Juventus lost the final to Barcelona 3–1 after an early fourth-minute goal from Ivan Rakitić, followed by an Álvaro Morata equalizer in the 55th minute. Then Barcelona took the lead again with a goal from Luis Suárez in the 70th minute, followed by a final minute goal by Neymar as Juventus were caught out on the counterattack. On 14 December 2015, Juventus won the Serie A Football Club of the Year award for the 2014–15 season, the fourth time in succession. On 25 April 2016, the club won their fifth-straight title (and 32nd overall) since last winning five straight between 1930–31 and 1934–35, after second place Napoli lost to Roma to give Juventus mathematical certainty of the title with three games to spare; last losing to Sassuolo on 25 October 2015, which left them in 12th place, before taking 73 points of a possible 75. On 21 May, the club then won the Coppa Italia for the 11th time and their second straight title, becoming the first team in Italy's history to win Serie A and Coppa Italia doubles in back-to-back seasons.
On 17 May 2017, Juventus won their 12th Coppa Italia title in a 2–0 win over Lazio (the first team to win three consecutive championships). Four days later on 21 May, Juventus became the first team to win six consecutive Serie A titles. On 3 June 2017, Juventus reached a second Champions League Final in three years, but were defeated 1–4 by defending champions Real Madrid—a stampede in Turin happened ten minutes before the end of the match. On 9 May 2018, Juventus won their 13th Coppa Italia title, and fourth in a row, in a 4–0 win over Milan, extending the all-time record of successive Coppa Italia titles. Four days later on 13 May, Juventus secured their seventh consecutive Serie A title, extending the all-time record of successive triumphs in the competition. In July 2018, Juventus broke the record for a fee paid for a player over 30 years old and the record for a fee paid by an Italian club by purchasing the 33-year-old Cristiano Ronaldo from Real Madrid for €112 million, or £99.2 million. On 20 April 2019, Juventus secured their eighth consecutive Serie A title, further extending the all-time record of successive triumphs in the competition. Following Allegri's dismissal, Maurizio Sarri was appointed manager of the club ahead of the 2019–20 season. On 26 July 2020, Juventus secured their ninth consecutive Serie A title, further extending the all-time record of successive triumphs in the competition.
Colours, badge, nicknames and symbols
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Juventus F.C. kits.|
Juventus have played in black and white striped shirts, with white shorts, sometimes black shorts since 1903. Originally, they played in pink shirts with a black tie. The father of one of the players made the earliest shirts, but continual washing faded the colour so much that in 1903 the club sought to replace them. Juventus asked one of their team members, Englishman John Savage, if he had any contacts in England who could supply new shirts in a colour that would better withstand the elements. He had a friend who lived in Nottingham, who being a Notts County supporter, shipped out the black and white striped shirts to Turin. Juventus have worn the shirts ever since, considering the colours to be aggressive and powerful.
Juventus's official emblem has undergone different and small modifications since the 1920s. The previous modification of the Juventus badge took place in 2004, when the emblem of the team changed to a black-and-white oval shield of a type used by Italian ecclesiastics. It is divided in five vertical stripes: two white stripes and three black stripes, inside which are the following elements, while in its upper section the name of the society superimposed on a white convex section, over golden curvature (gold for honour). The white silhouette of a charging bull is in the lower section of the oval shield, superimposed on a black old French shield and the charging bull is a symbol of the comune of Turin. There is also a black silhouette of a mural crown above the black spherical triangle's base. This is a reminiscence to Augusta Tourinorum, the old city of the Roman era which the present capital of Piedmont region is its cultural heiress.
In January 2017, president Andrea Agnelli announced the most recent change to the Juventus badge, revealing a video showing the introduction of the new badge. The badge shows the word Juventus on top, with two capital Js shown together in different fonts with a small opening between them to almost make a bigger J. Agnelli said that the badge reflects "the Juventus way of living". Juventus was the first team in association football history to adopt a star, who added one above their badge in 1958 to represent their tenth Italian Football Championship and Serie A title, and has since become popularized with other clubs as well.
In the past, the convex section of the emblem had a blue colour (another symbol of Turin) and it was concave in shape. The old French shield and the mural crown, also in the lower section of the emblem, had a considerably greater size. The two "Golden Stars for Sport Excellence" were located above the convex and concave section of Juventus' emblem. During the 1980s, the club emblem was the blurred silhouette of a zebra, alongside the two golden stars with the club's name forming an arc above.
Juventus unofficially won their 30th league title in 2011–12, but a dispute with the FIGC, which stripped Juventus of their 2004–05 and 2005–06 titles due to their involvement in the Calciopoli, left their official total at 28. They elected to wear no stars at all the following season. Juventus won their 30th title in 2013–14 and thus earned the right to wear their third star, but club president Andrea Agnelli stated that the club suspended the use of the stars until another team wins their 20th championship, thus having the right to wear two stars, "to emphasise Juventus' superiority". However, for the 2015–16 season, Juventus reintroduced the stars and added the third star to their jersey as well with new kit manufacturers Adidas, in addition to the Coppa Italia badge for winning their tenth Coppa Italia the previous season. For the 2016–17 season, Juventus re-designed their kit with a different take on the trademark black and white stripes. For the 2017–18 season, Juventus introduced the J shaped logo onto the kits.
In September 2015, Juventus officially announced a new project called JKids for its junior supporters on its website. Along with this project, Juventus also introduced a new mascot to all its fans which is called J. J is a cartoon-designed zebra, black and white stripes with golden edge piping on its body, golden shining eyes, and three golden stars on the front of its neck. J made its debut at Juventus Stadium on 12 September 2015.
During its history, the club has acquired a number of nicknames, la Vecchia Signora (the Old Lady) being the best example. The "old" part of the nickname is a pun on Juventus which means "youth" in Latin. It was derived from the age of the Juventus star players towards the middle of the 1930s. The "lady" part of the nickname is how fans of the club affectionately referred to it before the 1930s. The club is also nicknamed la Fidanzata d'Italia (the Girlfriend of Italy), because over the years it has received a high level of support from Southern Italian immigrant workers (particularly from Naples and Palermo), who arrived in Turin to work for FIAT since the 1930s. Other nicknames include; [La] Madama (Piedmontese for Madam), i bianconeri (the black-and-whites), le zebre (the zebras)[e] in reference to Juventus' colours. I gobbi (the hunchbacks) is the nickname that is used to define Juventus supporters, but is also used sometimes for team's players. The most widely accepted origin of gobbi dates to the fifties, when the bianconeri wore a large jersey. When players ran on the field, the jersey, which had a laced opening at the chest, generated a bulge over the back (a sort of parachute effect), making the players look hunchbacked.
The official anthem of Juventus is Juve (storia di un grande amore), or Juve (story of a great love) in English, written by Alessandra Torre and Claudio Guidetti, in the version of the singer and musician Paolo Belli composed in 2007. In 2016, a documentary film called Black and White Stripes: The Juventus Story was produced by the La Villa brothers about Juventus. On 16 February 2018, the first three episodes of a docu-series called First Team: Juventus, which followed the club throughout the season, by spending time with the players behind the scenes both on and off the field, was released on Netflix; the other three episodes were released on 6 July 2018.
|Location||Corso Gaetano Scirea,|
10151 Turin, Italy
|Broke ground||1 March 2009|
|Opened||8 September 2011|
After the first two years (1897 and 1898), during which Juventus played in the Parco del Valentino and Parco Cittadella, their matches were held in the Piazza d'Armi Stadium until 1908, except in 1905 (the first year of the scudetto) and in 1906, years in which it played at the Corso Re Umberto.
From 1909 to 1922, Juventus played their internal competitions at Corso Sebastopoli Camp before moving the following year to Corso Marsiglia Camp, where they remained until 1933, winning four league titles. At the end of 1933, they began to play at the new Stadio Benito Mussolini inaugurated for the 1934 World Championships. After the Second World War, the stadium was renamed as Stadio Comunale Vittorio Pozzo. Juventus played home matches at the ground for 57 years, a total of 890 league matches. The team continued to host training sessions at the stadium until July 2003.
From 1990 until the 2005–06 season, the Torinese side contested their home matches at Stadio delle Alpi, built for the 1990 FIFA World Cup, although in very rare circumstances the club played some home games in other stadia such as Renzo Barbera at Palermo, Dino Manuzzi at Cesena and the Stadio Giuseppe Meazza at Milan.
In August 2006, Juventus returned to play in the Stadio Comunale, then known as Stadio Olimpico, after the restructuring of the stadium for the 2006 Winter Olympics onward. In November 2008, Juventus announced that they would invest around €120 million to build a new ground, the Juventus Stadium, on the site of delle Alpi. Unlike the old ground, there is not a running track and instead the pitch is only 7.5 metres away from the stands. The capacity is 41,507. Work began during spring 2009 and the stadium was opened on 8 September 2011, ahead of the start of the 2011–12 season. Since 1 July 2017, the Juventus Stadium is known commercially as the Allianz Stadium of Turin until 30 June 2030.
Juventus is the best-supported football club in Italy, with over 12 million fans or tifosi, which represent approximately 34% of the total Italian football fans according to a research published in September 2016 by Italian research agency Demos & Pi, as well as one of the most supported football clubs in the world, with over 300 million supporters (41 million in Europe alone), particularly in the Mediterranean countries to which a large number of Italian diaspora have emigrated. The Torinese side has fan clubs branches across the globe.
Demand for Juventus tickets in occasional home games held away from Turin is high, suggesting that Juventus have stronger support in other parts of the country. Juventus is widely and especially popular throughout mainland Southern Italy, Sicily and Malta, leading the team to have one of the largest followings in its away matches, more than in Turin itself.
Juventus have significant rivalries with two main clubs. Their traditional rivals are fellow Turin club Torino; matches between the two sides are known as the Derby della Mole (Turin Derby). The rivalry dates back to 1906 as Torino was founded by break-away Juventus players and staff. Their most high-profile rivalry is with Internazionale, another big Serie A club located in Milan, the capital of the neighbouring region of Lombardy. Matches between these two clubs are referred to as the Derby d'Italia (Derby of Italy) and the two regularly challenge each other at the top of the league table, hence the intense rivalry. Until the Calciopoli scandal which saw Juventus forcibly relegated, the two were the only Italian clubs to have never played below Serie A. Notably, the two sides are the first and the second most supported clubs in Italy and the rivalry has intensified since the later part of the 1990s; reaching its highest levels ever post-Calciopoli, with the return of Juventus to Serie A.
The rivalry with A.C. Milan is a rivalry between the two most titled teams in Italy. The challenge confronts also two of the clubs with greater basin of supporters as well as those with the greatest turnover and stock market value in the country. The match-ups between Milan and Juventus, is regarded as the championship of Serie A, and both teams were often fighting for the top positions of the standings, sometimes even decisive for the award of the title. They also have rivalries with Roma, Fiorentina and Napoli.
The Juventus youth set-up has been recognised as one of the best in Italy for producing young talents. While not all graduates made it to the first team, many have enjoyed successful careers in the Italian top flight. Under long-time coach Vincenzo Chiarenza, the Primavera (Under-20) squad enjoyed one of its successful periods, winning all age-group competitions from 2004 to 2006. Like Dutch club Ajax and many Premier League clubs, Juventus operates several satellite clubs and football schools outside of the country (i.e. United States, Canada, Greece, Saudi Arabia, Australia and Switzerland) and numerous camps in the local region to expand talent scouting.
The youth system is also notable for its contribution to the Italian national senior and youth teams. 1934 World Cup winner Gianpiero Combi, 1936 Gold Medal and 1938 World Cup winner Pietro Rava, Giampiero Boniperti, Roberto Bettega, 1982 World Cup hero Paolo Rossi and more recently Claudio Marchisio and Sebastian Giovinco are a number of former graduates who have gone on to make the first team and full Italy squad.
- As of 30 June 2020
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
Juventus U23 and Youth Academy
- As of 1 August 2020
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
Other players under contract
- As of 3 August 2020
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
Out on loan
- As of 3 August 2020
- As of 8 August 2020
|Head Coach||Andrea Pirlo|
|Assistant Coach||Giovanni Martusciello|
|First Team Coach||Marco Ianni|
|Goalkeeping Coach||Claudio Filippi|
|Head of Fitness||Daniele Tognaccini|
|Fitness Coach||Andrea Pertusio|
|Duccio Ferrari Bravo|
|Head of Sport Science||Roberto Sassi|
|Sport Science Specialist and Fitness Coach||Antonio Gualtieri|
|Sport Science Officer||Darragh Connolly|
|Head of Medical||Luca Stefanini|
|Head of First Team Medical||Nikos Tzouroudis|
|First Team Medic||Marco Freschi|
|Head of Match Analysis||Riccardo Scirea|
|Match Analyst||Domenico Vernamonte|
|Match Analyst||Giuseppe Maiuri|
Juventus have had numerous chairmen (Italian: presidenti, lit. 'presidents' or Italian: presidenti del consiglio di amministrazione, lit. 'chairmen of the board of directors') over the course of their history, some of which have been the owners of the club, others have been corporate managers that were nominated by the owners. On top of chairmen, there were several living former chairmen, that were nominated as the honorary chairmen (Italian: Presidenti Onorari, lit. 'honorary presidents').
Italy's most successful club of the 20th century and the most successful club in the history of Italian football, Juventus have won the Italian League Championship, the country's premier football club competition and organised by Lega Nazionale Professionisti Serie A (LNPA), a record 36 times and have the record of consecutive triumphs in that tournament (nine, between 2011–12 and 2019–20). They have also won the Coppa Italia, the country's primary single-elimination competition, a record 13 times, becoming the first team to retain the trophy successfully with their triumph in the 1959–60 season, and the first to win it in three consecutive seasons from the 2014–15 season to the 2016–17 season, and went on to win it a fourth consecutive time in 2017–18. In addition, the club holds the record for Supercoppa Italiana wins with eight, the most recent coming in 2018.
Overall, Juventus have won 68 official competitions,[k] more than any other Italian club: 57 domestic trophies (which is also a record) and 11 official international competitions, making them, in the latter case, the second most successful Italian club in European competition. The club is fifth in Europe and eleventh in the world with the most international titles won officially recognised by their respective association football confederation and Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA).[l] In 1977, the Torinese side become the first in Southern Europe to have won the UEFA Cup and the first—and only to date—in Italian football history to achieve an international title with a squad composed by national footballers. In 1993, the club won its third competition's trophy, an unprecedented feat in the continent until then and the most for an Italian club. Juventus was also the first Italian club to achieve the title in the European Super Cup, having won the competition in 1984 and the first European club to win the Intercontinental Cup in 1985, since it was restructured by Union of European Football Associations (UEFA) and Confederación Sudamericana de Fútbol (CONMEBOL)'s organizing committee five years beforehand.
The club has earned the distinction of being allowed to wear three Golden Stars (Italian: stelle d'oro) on its shirts representing its league victories, the tenth of which was achieved during the 1957–58 season, the 20th in the 1981–82 season and the 30th in the 2013–14 season. Juventus were the first Italian team to have achieved the national double four times (winning the Italian top tier division and the national cup competition in the same season), in the 1959–60, 1994–95, 2014–15 and 2015–16 seasons. In the 2015–16 season, Juventus won the Coppa Italia for the 11th time and their second-straight title, becoming the first team in Italy's history to complete Serie A and Coppa Italia doubles in back-to-back seasons; Juventus would go on to win another two consecutive doubles in 2016–17 and 2017–18.
The club is unique in the world in having won all official confederation competitions and they have received, in recognition to winning the three major UEFA competitions—first case in the history of the European football and the only one to be reached with the same coach— The UEFA Plaque by the Union of European Football Associations (UEFA) on 12 July 1988.
The Torinese side was placed seventh—but the top Italian club—in the FIFA's century ranking of the best clubs in the world on 23 December 2000 and nine years later was ranked second best club in Europe during the 20th Century based on a statistical study series by International Federation of Football History & Statistics, the highest for an Italian club in both.
Juventus have been proclaimed World's Club Team of the Year twice (1993 and 1996) and was ranked in 3rd place—the highest ranking of any Italian club—in the All-Time Club World Ranking (1991–2009 period) by the IFFHS.[m]
|Domestic||Italian Football Championship /
|36||1905, 1925–26,[n] 1930–31, 1931–32, 1932–33, 1933–34, 1934–35, 1949–50, 1951–52, 1957–58, 1959–60, 1960–61, 1966–67, 1971–72, 1972–73, 1974–75, 1976–77, 1977–78, 1980–81, 1981–82, 1983–84, 1985–86, 1994–95, 1996–97, 1997–98, 2001–02, 2002–03, 2011–12, 2012–13, 2013–14, 2014–15, 2015–16, 2016–17, 2017–18, 2018–19, 2019–20|
|Coppa Italia||13||1937–38, 1941–42, 1958–59, 1959–60, 1964–65, 1978–79, 1982–83, 1989–90, 1994–95, 2014–15, 2015–16, 2016–17, 2017–18|
|Supercoppa Italiana||8||1995, 1997, 2002, 2003, 2012, 2013, 2015, 2018|
|Continental||European Cup/UEFA Champions League||2||1984–85, 1995–96|
|UEFA Cup Winners' Cup||1||1983–84|
|UEFA Cup||3||1976–77, 1989–90, 1992–93|
|European Super Cup/UEFA Super Cup||2||1984, 1996|
|UEFA Intertoto Cup||1||1999|
|Worldwide||Intercontinental Cup||2||1985, 1996|
Club statistics and records
Alessandro Del Piero holds Juventus' official appearance record of 705 appearances. He took over from Gaetano Scirea on 6 April 2008 against Palermo. He also holds the record for Serie A appearances with 478. Including all official competitions, Del Piero is the all-time leading goalscorer for Juventus, with 290—since joining the club in 1993. Giampiero Boniperti, who was the all-time topscorer since 1961 comes in second in all competitions with 182. In the 1933–34 season, Felice Borel scored 31 goals in 34 appearances, setting the club record for Serie A goals in a single season. Ferenc Hirzer is the club's highest scorer in a single season with 35 goals in 26 appearances in the 1925–26 season (record of Italian football). The most goals scored by a player in a single match is 6, which is also an Italian record. This was achieved by Omar Sívori in a game against Internazionale in the 1960–61 season.
The first ever official game participated in by Juventus was in the Third Federal Football Championship, the predecessor of Serie A, against Torinese in a Juventus loss 0–1. The biggest victory recorded by Juventus was 15–0 against Cento, in the second round of the Coppa Italia in the 1926–27 season. In the league, Fiorentina and Fiumana were famously on the end of Juventus' biggest championship wins, with both beaten 11–0 in the 1928–29 season. Juventus' heaviest championship defeats came during the 1911–12 and 1912–13 seasons: they were against Milan in 1912 (1–8) and Torino in 1913 (0–8).
The signing of Gianluigi Buffon in 2001 from Parma cost Juventus €52 million (100 billion lire), making it the then-most expensive transfer for a goalkeeper of all-time until 2018. On 20 March 2016, Buffon set a new Serie A record for the longest period without conceding a goal (974 minutes) in the Derby della Mole during the 2015–16 season. On 26 July 2016, Argentine forward Gonzalo Higuaín became the third highest football transfer of all-time and highest ever transfer for an Italian club, at the time, when he was signed by Juventus for €90 million from Napoli. On 8 August 2016, Paul Pogba returned to his first club, Manchester United, for an all-time record for highest football transfer fee of €105 million, surpassing the former record holder Gareth Bale. The sale of Zinedine Zidane from Juventus to Real Madrid of Spain in 2001 was the world football transfer record at the time, costing the Spanish club around €77.5 million (150 billion lire). On 10 July 2018, Cristiano Ronaldo became the highest ever transfer for an Italian club with his €100 million transfer from Real Madrid.
UEFA club coefficient ranking
- As of 13 March 2020
Contribution to the Italy national team
Overall, Juventus are the club that has contributed the most players to the Italy national team in history, being the only Italian club that has contributed players to every Italy national team since the 2nd FIFA World Cup. Juventus have contributed numerous players to Italy's World Cup campaigns, these successful periods principally have coincided with two golden ages of the Turin club's history, referred as Quinquennio d'Oro (The Golden Quinquennium), from 1931 until 1935, and Ciclo Leggendario (The Legendary Cycle), from 1972 to 1986.
Below are a list of Juventus players who represented the Italy national team during World Cup winning tournaments.
- 1934 FIFA World Cup (9): Gianpiero Combi, Virginio Rosetta, Luigi Bertolini, Felice Borel IIº, Umberto Caligaris, Giovanni Ferrari, Luis Monti, Raimundo Orsi and Mario Varglien Iº
- 1938 FIFA World Cup (2): Alfredo Foni and Pietro Rava
- 1982 FIFA World Cup (6): Dino Zoff, Antonio Cabrini, Claudio Gentile, Paolo Rossi, Gaetano Scirea and Marco Tardelli
- 2006 FIFA World Cup (5): Fabio Cannavaro, Gianluigi Buffon, Mauro Camoranesi, Alessandro Del Piero and Gianluca Zambrotta
Two Juventus players have won the golden boot award at the World Cup with Italy, Paolo Rossi in 1982 and Salvatore Schillaci in 1990. As well as contributing to Italy's World Cup winning sides, two Juventus players Alfredo Foni and Pietro Rava, represented Italy in the gold medal winning squad at the 1936 Summer Olympics. Three Juventus players represented their nation during the 1968 European Football Championship win for Italy: Sandro Salvadore, Ernesto Càstano and Giancarlo Bercellino.
The Torinese club has also contributed to a lesser degree to the national sides of other nations. Zinedine Zidane and captain Didier Deschamps were Juventus players when they won the 1998 World Cup with France, as well as Blaise Matuidi in the 2018 World Cup, making it as the association football club which supplied the most FIFA World Cup winners globally (25). Three Juventus players have also won the European Football Championship with a nation other than Italy, Luis del Sol won it in 1964 with Spain, while the Frenchmen Michel Platini and Zidane won the competition in 1984 and 2000 respectively.
|Public (Societa per azioni)|
|Founded||Turin, Italy (27 July 1967 )|
|Founder||Enrico Canfari, Eugenio Canfari, Gioacchino Armano, Alfredo Armano, Luigi Gibezzi, Umberto Malvano, Carlo Vittorio Varetti, Domenico Donna, Luigi Forlano|
Number of employees
Since 27 June 1967, Juventus Football Club has been a società per azioni (S.p.A.) and since 3 December 2001 the Torinese side is listed on the Borsa Italiana. As of 31 December 2015, the Juventus' shares are distributed between 63.8% to EXOR N.V., the Agnelli family's holding (a company of the Giovanni Agnelli and C.S.a.p.a Group), 5.0% to Lindsell Train Ltd. and 31.2% to other shareholders.(<2.0%) As of 5 July 2016, Lindsell Train Ltd. increased its holding to 10% and then Exor S.P.A decreased to 60.0%. Since 2012, Jeep became the new sponsor of Juventus, a car brand acquired by FIAT after the 2000s global financial crisis.
Along with Lazio and Roma, Juventus is one of only three Italian clubs quoted on Borsa Italiana (Italian stock exchange); it also has a secondary listing on Borsa Italiana's sister stock exchange, the London Stock Exchange. Juventus was also the only association football club in the country member of STAR (Segment of Stocks conforming to High Requirements, Italian: Segmento Titoli con Alti Requisiti), one of the main market segment in the world. However, Juventus had to move from the STAR segment to MTA market due to 2011 financial results.
The club's training ground was owned by Campi di Vinovo S.p.A, controlled by Juventus Football Club S.p.A. to 71.3%. In 2003, the club bought the lands from the subsidiary and later the company was dissolved. Since then, Juventus has not had any subsidiary.
From 1 July 2008, the club has implemented a safety management system for employees and athletes in compliance with the requirements of international OHSAS 18001:2007 regulation and a Safety Management System in the medical sector according to the international ISO 9001:2000 resolution.
The club is one of the founders of the European Club Association (ECA), which was formed after the dissolution of the G-14, an international group of Europe's most elite clubs of which Juventus were also a founding member.
According to the Deloitte Football Money League, a research published by consultants Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu on 17 January 2014, Juventus are the ninth-highest earning football club in the world with an estimated revenue of €272.4 million, the most for an Italian club. The club is also ranked ninth on Forbes' list of the most valuable football clubs in the world with an estimate value of US$850 million (€654 million), making them the second richest association football club in Italy.
Juventus re-capitalized on 28 June 2007, increasing €104,807,731.60 of share capital. The team made an aggregate net loss in the following seasons (2006 to date): –€927,569 (2006–07), –€20,787,469 (2007–08), net income €6,582,489 (2008–09) and net loss €10,967,944 (2009–10). After an unaudited €43,411,481 net loss was recorded in the first nine months of 2010–11 season, the board of directors announced that a capital increase of €120 million was planned, scheduled to submit to the extraordinary shareholder's meeting in October. Eventually, the 2010–11 season net loss was €95,414,019. In the 2012–13 season, Juventus continued to recover from recent seasons' net losses thanks to the biggest payment in UEFA's Champions League 2012–13 revenue distribution, earning €65.3 million. Despite being knocked out in the quarterfinal stage, Juventus took the lion's share thanks to the largesse of the Italian national TV market and the division of revenues with the only other Italian team making the competition's final phase, Milan. Confirming the trend of marked improvement in net result, the 2013–14 financial year closed with a loss of €6.7 million, but with the first positive operating income since 2006. In the 2014–15 season, by the excellent sports results achieved (the fourth year in a row of Serie A titles, the tenth Coppa Italia title and playing the Champions League final), net income reached €2.3 million. Compared to the loss of €6.7 million last year, 2014–15 showed a positive change of €9 million and returned to a profit after six years since 2008–09. As Italy's famous pink sports newspaper, La Gazzetta dello Sport, produced its annual list of salaries in Serie A, there was one headline that stuck out above all the rest .CR7 that has elevated Juve's total spend. The Old Lady has no less than nine players earning €6 million or more per season compared to just three who take home more than that figure in the entirety of the rest of the league. Their struggles in selling players during the previous transfer window has also served to increase their overall spend on wages. Juve tried and failed to sell Paulo Dybala, Sami Khedira, Gonzalo Higuain and Mario Mandzukic in the summer, players who cost the club €26.8 million per season in salaries.
Kit suppliers and shirt sponsors
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Juventus F.C. kits.|
|Period||Kit manufacturer||Shirt sponsor|
|2007–2010||FIAT (New Holland)|
|2012–2015||FIAT/FCA Italy (Jeep)|
|2015–present||2015–2019 (4 years)||€23.25 million per year||Original contract terms: Total €139.5 million / 2015–2021 (6 years)|
The contract was prematurely extended under improved terms
at the end of the 2018–2019 season
|2019–2027 (8 years)||Total €408 million
(€51 million per year)
- Called "Sporting tradition" (Italian: Tradizione sportiva), it is the historical ranking made by Federazione Italiana Giuoco Calcio (FIGC) based on the weighted score of the official titles won by the clubs in the seasonal competitions since 1898 and the overall seasons in which it has participated in the first three professional levels since the creation of the round-robin tournament (1929). The governing body of Italian football often uses it in promotion and relegation and broadcast cases.
- During the Italian resistance against nazi-fascism (1943–1945), the club, at the time a multisports association, was controlled by Torinese industrialist and former club player Piero Dusio through car house Cisitalia. However, various members of the Agnelli family have held various positions at executive level in the club since 1939.
- Frédéric Dick, a son of Alfred Dick, was a Swiss footballer and joined the team of the Juventus that won the tournament of the Second Category in 1905.
- The other club was Barcelona with its captain the Argentinian star Lionel Messi. Messi was awarded Ballon d'Or for four years in a row from 2009 to 2013.
- The zebra is Juventus' official mascot because the black and white vertical stripes in its present home jersey and emblem remembered the zebra's stripes.
- Presidential Committee of War.
- Honorary chairman.
- Chairmen on interim charge.
- Also current honorary chairmen.
- Managers on interim charge.
- Including exclusively the official titles won during its participation in the top flight of Italian football.
- Fifth most successful European club for confederation and FIFA competitions won with 11 titles. Fifth most successful club in Europe for confederation club competition titles won (11).
- Since the 1990–91 season, Juventus have won 24 official trophies: seven Serie A titles, four Coppa Italia titles, eight Supercoppa Italiana titles, one Intercontinental Cup-FIFA World Club Cup, one European Cup-UEFA Champions League, one UEFA Cup, one UEFA Intertoto Cup and one UEFA Super Cup.
- Up until 1921, the top division of Italian football was the Federal Football Championship. Since then, it has been the First Division, the National Division and the Serie A.
- "Juventus Football Club: The History". Juventus Football Club S.p.A. official website. Archived from the original on 29 July 2008. Retrieved 9 August 2008.
- "Buon compleanno, Juventus Stadium!" (in Italian). juventus.com. 8 September 2016. Archived from the original on 9 September 2016. Retrieved 8 September 2016.
- Fabio Rossi; et al. (2003). "Sport e comunicazione nella società moderna". Enciclopedia dello sport (in Italian). Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana. Archived from the original on 13 August 2017.
- "Old Lady sits pretty". Union des Associations Européennes de Football. Archived from the original on 21 July 2011. Retrieved 26 June 2003.
- "Juventus building bridges in Serie B". Fédération Internationale de Football Association. 20 November 2006. Archived from the original on 7 November 2017.
- Consiglio Federale FIGC (27 May 2014). Federazione Italiana Giuoco Calcio (ed.). Comunicato ufficiale n. 171/A (PDF) (in Italian). pp. 11–13. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 September 2014. Retrieved 1 November 2014.
- "Al Ahly é o clube com mais títulos internacionais; São Paulo é o 7º" (in Portuguese). Placar. 21 February 2014. Archived from the original on 11 March 2014. Retrieved 12 March 2014.
- Manzo & Peirone 2006, p. 86.
- Tranfaglia & Zunino 1998, p. 193.
- Hazard & Gould 2005, pp. 209, 215. sfn error: no target: CITEREFHazardGould2005 (help)
- "Breathing in football and Alpine air in Turin". Union des Associations Européennes de Football. 8 January 2015. Archived from the original on 9 October 2017. Retrieved 23 May 2017.
- Deloitte Sports Business Group (January 2017). Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu Ltd. (ed.). Planet Football (PDF). Deloitte Football Money League 2017. p. 5. Archived (PDF) from the original on 19 November 2017.
- "Juventus Football Club" (in Italian). Borsa Italiana S.p.A. 14 April 2015. Archived from the original on 12 January 2015.
- "Giovanni Trapattoni". Union des Associations Européennes de Football. 31 May 2010. Archived from the original on 3 July 2011. Retrieved 27 December 2010.
- "1985: Juventus end European drought". Union des Associations Européennes de Football. 8 December 1985. Archived from the original on 8 December 2013.
- Paul Saffer (10 April 2016). "Paris aim to join multiple trophy winners". Union des Associations Européennes de Football. Archived from the original on 3 June 2017.
- "The FIFA Club of the Century" (PDF). FIFA. Archived from the original (PDF) on 23 April 2007. Retrieved 28 May 2014.
- "Europe's Club of the Century". International Federation of Football History & Statistics. 10 September 2009. Archived from the original on 24 May 2012.
- (Demos & Pi 2016:3; 10)
- AA.VV. (2016) . Repucom S.A. (ed.). Sports DNA., cf. also (Bilancio di sostenibilità 2016:7)
- Hazard & Gould 2005, p. 209. sfn error: no target: CITEREFHazardGould2005 (help)
- Giovanni De Luna. 100 secondi: Nasce la Juventus (in Italian). RAI Storia. Event occurs at 0:01:13. Archived from the original on 10 August 2017.
- Sappino 2000, pp. 712–713, 1491–1492.
- Peter Staunton (10 July 2010). "Ten World Cup teams influenced by one club". NBC Sports. Archived from the original on 13 July 2010. Retrieved 23 October 2010.
- "Storia della Juventus Football Club". magicajuventus.com (in Italian). Archived from the original on 21 January 2008. Retrieved 8 July 2007.
- Modena, Panini Edizioni (2005). Almanacco Illustrato del Calcio – La Storia 1898–2004.
- "FIFA Classic Rivalries: Torino vs Juventus". Fédération Internationale de Football Association. Archived from the original on 14 December 2011. Retrieved 29 June 2007.
- Papa & Panico 1993, p. 271.
- "Italy – International matches 1930–1939". The Record Sport Soccer Statistics Foundation. Archived from the original on 16 January 2009. Retrieved 4 January 2009.
- "European Footballer of the Year ("Ballon d'Or")". The Record Sport Soccer Statistics Foundation. Archived from the original on 16 January 2009. Retrieved 8 June 2007.
- "Tanti auguri, Presidente!" (in Italian). Juventus Football Club S.p.A. official website. Archived from the original on 6 July 2009. Retrieved 3 July 2009.
- "Albo d'oro Serie A TIM". Lega Nazionale Professionisti Serie A (in Italian). Archived from the original on 18 October 2010. Retrieved 21 May 2012.
- "Italy – International matches 1970–1979". The Record Sport Soccer Statistics Foundation. Archived from the original on 13 February 2009. Retrieved 4 January 2009.
- "Italy – International matches 1980–1989". The Record Sport Soccer Statistics Foundation. Archived from the original on 10 February 2009. Retrieved 4 January 2009.
- Glanville 2005, p. 263.
- "List of the Ballon d'Or Winners". www.topendsports.com. Archived from the original on 27 October 2019. Retrieved 27 October 2019.
- "List of the Ballon d'Or Winners". Topend Sports. Archived from the original on 10 August 2015. Retrieved 1 July 2015.
- "Olsson urges anti-racism action". Union des Associations Européennes de Football. 13 May 2005. Archived from the original on 14 March 2013. Retrieved 22 January 2011.
- "Un dilema histórico" (in Spanish). El Mundo Deportivo. 23 September 2003. Archived from the original on 23 September 2003. Retrieved 23 September 2008.
- "1985: Juventus end European drought". Union des Associations Européennes de Football. 8 December 1985. Archived from the original on 8 December 2013. Retrieved 26 February 2013.
- Goldblatt 2007, p. 602.
- "Tris bianconero nel segno del Divin Codino" (in Italian). Storie di Calcio. Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 10 August 2015.
- "1995/96: Juve hold their nerve". Union des Associations Européennes de Football. 22 May 1996. Archived from the original on 3 January 2012.
- "1996: Dazzling Juve shine in Paris". Union des Associations Européennes de Football. 1 March 1997. Archived from the original on 12 March 2017.
- "Toyota Cup 1996". Fédération Internationale de Football Association. 26 November 1996. Archived from the original on 21 January 2012.
- "UEFA Champions League 1996–97: Final". Union des Associations Européennes de Football. 28 May 1997. Archived from the original on 4 February 2010.
- "UEFA Champions League 1997–98: Final". Union des Associations Européennes de Football. 20 May 1997. Archived from the original on 4 February 2010.
- "Italian trio relegated to Serie B". BBC. 14 July 2006. Archived from the original on 14 July 2006. Retrieved 14 July 2006.
- "Juventus promoted back to Serie A in style". espnfc.us. 19 May 2007. Archived from the original on 4 November 2016. Retrieved 3 November 2016.
- "Juventus may ask for Serie A titles to be reinstated". The Independent. Archived from the original on 15 October 2017.
- "Penale Sent. Sez. 3 Num. 36350 Anno 2015" (PDF) (in Italian). Federazione Italiana Giuoco Calcio. 24 March 2015. p. 138. Archived (PDF) from the original on 15 January 2016. Retrieved 10 September 2015.
- "Tavecchio tells Juventus: Drop €443m lawsuit and we'll talk about your two Scudetti". Goal.com. Archived from the original on 2 April 2015.
- "Calciopoli, Cassazione: "Moggi? Strapotere su Figc e tv"". Archived from the original on 26 September 2015. Retrieved 10 September 2015.
- "Calciopoli, il Tar boccia il ricorso: niente risarcimento alla Juve". la Repubblica (in Italian). 6 September 2016. Archived from the original on 18 September 2018. Retrieved 18 September 2018.
- "Moggi ban confirmed". Football Italia. 16 March 2017. Archived from the original on 27 March 2020. Retrieved 27 March 2020.
- "Ranieri appointed Juventus coach". BBC News. 4 June 2007. Archived from the original on 23 June 2007. Retrieved 4 June 2007.
- "Via Ranieri, ecco Ferrara" (in Italian). Union des Associations Européennes de Football. Archived from the original on 21 May 2009. Retrieved 19 May 2009.
- "Ferrara handed Juventus reins". Union des Associations Européennes de Football. Archived from the original on 17 July 2009. Retrieved 5 June 2009.
- "Zaccheroni nuovo allenatore della Juventus" (in Italian). Juventus Football Club S.p.A. official website. 29 January 2010. Archived from the original on 1 February 2010. Retrieved 29 January 2010.
- "Conte replaces Del Neri at Juventus". ESPN Soccernet. 31 May 2011. Archived from the original on 26 October 2012. Retrieved 1 January 2016.
- "Juventus open doors to new home with Notts County as starstruck guests". The Guardian. 1 January 2016. Archived from the original on 5 March 2017.
- "Champions Juventus finish season unbeaten". UEFA. 13 May 2012. Archived from the original on 8 August 2016. Retrieved 16 May 2016.
- "A Scudetto built on defense". juventus.com. 15 May 2012. Archived from the original on 6 June 2015.
- "Juventus 3–0 Cagliari". BBC. 18 May 2014. Archived from the original on 19 May 2014. Retrieved 19 May 2014.
- "2013–14 SERIE A REVIEW". Football Italia. Archived from the original on 22 April 2016. Retrieved 16 May 2016.
- "Juventus complete Serie A title hat-trick as Roma slump at Catania". The Guardian. 5 May 2014. Archived from the original on 19 May 2014. Retrieved 19 May 2014.
- "Europa League: 10-man Benfica fends off Juventus, returns to final". Sports Illustrated. 1 May 2014. Archived from the original on 28 May 2014. Retrieved 27 May 2014.
- Luca Pasquaretta (1 May 2014). "Juventus-Benfica 0–0: batosta europea Portoghesi in finale, bianconeri eliminati. Battaglia anche nel dopopartita". Il Messaggero (in Italian). Archived from the original on 4 May 2014. Retrieved 27 May 2014.
- Carlo Campo (20 May 2015). "Juventus win record 10th Coppa Italia title". thescore.com. Retrieved 4 April 2016.
- Bernabéu, Sid Lowe at Santiago (13 May 2015). "Real Madrid 1-1 Juventus (Juventus win 3-2 on agg) | Champions League semi-final second leg match report" – via www.theguardian.com.
- "2015 Champions League final: Juventus 1–3 Barcelona – as it happened". The Guardian. 6 June 2015. Archived from the original on 26 March 2016. Retrieved 4 April 2016.
- "Serie A, 'Gran Galà del calcio': trionfa la Juve". Corriere dello Sport (in Italian). 14 December 2015. Archived from the original on 18 June 2015. Retrieved 9 September 2015.
- "Official: Juventus retain Scudetto!". Football Italia. 25 April 2016. Archived from the original on 27 April 2016. Retrieved 25 April 2016.
- "Juventus claim back-to-back doubles after 11th Coppa Italia success". eurosport.com. 21 May 2016. Archived from the original on 7 October 2016. Retrieved 21 May 2016.
- "Milan 0–1 Juventus (AET): Morata grabs extra-time winner to seal another double". goal.com. 21 May 2016. Archived from the original on 24 May 2016. Retrieved 21 May 2016.
- "Coppa Italia: Morata in extra time". Football Italia. 21 May 2016. Archived from the original on 25 May 2016. Retrieved 21 May 2016.
- "Juventus wins historic third straight Coppa Italia". beinsports.com. 17 May 2017. Archived from the original on 22 August 2017. Retrieved 17 May 2017.
- "Juventus Clinch Sixth Consecutive Serie A Title Against Crotone". espnfc.us. 21 May 2017. Archived from the original on 23 May 2017. Retrieved 21 May 2017.
- "Real Madrid and Cristiano Ronaldo see off Juventus to win Champions League". The Guardian. 3 June 2017. Archived from the original on 3 June 2017. Retrieved 3 June 2017.
- "Panic erupts during Champions League viewing in Italy, injuring 1,000". BNO News. 4 June 2017. Archived from the original on 3 June 2017. Retrieved 4 June 2017.
- "Coppa: Force Four Juve flatten Milan". Football Italia. 9 May 2018. Archived from the original on 10 May 2018. Retrieved 13 May 2018.
- "Juventus Seven-Up". Football Italia. 13 May 2018. Archived from the original on 14 May 2018. Retrieved 13 May 2018.
- "Cristiano Ronaldo: Juventus sign Real Madrid forward for £99.2m". BBC Sport. 10 July 2018. Archived from the original on 10 July 2018. Retrieved 27 August 2018.
- "Juventus fightback to secure Scudetto". Football Italia. 20 April 2019. Archived from the original on 20 April 2019. Retrieved 20 April 2019.
- Simpson, Christopher. "Juventus Confirm Massimiliano Allegri Will Step Down as Manager". Bleacher Report. Retrieved 9 August 2020.
- Penza, Danny (16 June 2019). "OFFICIALLY OFFICIAL: Juventus hire Maurizio Sarri as its new manager". Black & White & Read All Over. Retrieved 9 August 2020.
- "JUVENTUS CHAMPIONS OF ITALY". Football Italia. 26 July 2020. Retrieved 27 July 2020.
- "Black & White". Notts County F.C. official website. Archived from the original on 5 June 2010. Retrieved 7 November 2008. Extracts taken from the Official History of Notts County.
- "Black and White and More: Juventus' future, now". juventus.com. 16 January 2017. Archived from the original on 18 January 2017. Retrieved 16 January 2017.
- "FIFA awards special 'Club World Champion' badge to AC Milan". Fédération Internationale de Football Association. 7 February 2008. Archived from the original on 21 June 2015. Retrieved 14 April 2016.
- "Juventus reveal star-less shirts". football-italia.net. Football Italia. 11 July 2012. Archived from the original on 11 August 2016. Retrieved 16 June 2016.
- Gladwell, Ben (6 May 2014). "Juventus won't add 3rd star to badge". ESPN FC. Archived from the original on 18 October 2014. Retrieved 18 October 2014.
- Danny Penza (1 July 2015). "Juventus' new 2015–16 adidas jerseys have officially arrived". SBNation. Archived from the original on 25 April 2016. Retrieved 14 April 2016.
- "Juventus' new 2015–16 adidas jerseys have officially arrived". SB Nation. 1 July 2015. Archived from the original on 19 August 2016. Retrieved 21 August 2016.
- "Juventus unveil 2016–17 kit". Football Italia. 14 May 2016. Archived from the original on 17 May 2016. Retrieved 14 May 2016.
- "Presenting the new adidas home kit for 2017/18". juventus.com. 7 June 2017. Archived from the original on 9 June 2017. Retrieved 7 June 2017.
- "Juventus launches JKids". juventus.com. 10 September 2015. Archived from the original on 12 September 2015. Retrieved 10 September 2015.
- "Venite ad incontrare J allo Stadium!" (in Italian). juventus.com/it. 16 September 2015. Archived from the original on 16 October 2015. Retrieved 16 September 2015.
- Granzotto, Paolo (16 June 2006). "Juve, la Signora "gobba" che ci prova". Il Giornale (in Italian). Archived from the original on 15 January 2014. Retrieved 21 December 2012.
- "Paolo Belli: biografia e discografia" (in Italian). 2017. Archived from the original on 15 April 2013.
- Daniele Solavaggione (30 September 2016). "Arriva "Bianconeri – Juventus Story"". La Stampa (in Italian). Archived from the original on 20 February 2018.
- "First Team: Juventus FC coming to Netflix on February 16!". juventus.com. 22 January 2018. Archived from the original on 23 January 2018. Retrieved 22 January 2018.
- "L'immobiliare Juve: dopo lo stadio ecco la Continassa". Gazzetta dello Sport. 7 August 2015. Archived from the original on 9 March 2016. Retrieved 20 August 2016.
- "Juventus places: Olympic Stadium". Juventus Football Club S.p.A. official website. Archived from the original on 8 March 2008. Retrieved 12 March 2008.
- "Juventus places: Delle Alpi Stadium". Juventus Football Club S.p.A. official website. Archived from the original on 21 January 2008. Retrieved 12 March 2008.
- "Second agreement with the ICS for the financing of further works in the framework of the stadium area" (PDF). Juventus Football Club S.p.A. official website. 14 May 2010. Archived from the original (PDF) on 12 June 2015. Retrieved 3 January 2016.
- "Call it Allianz Stadium". juventus.com. 1 June 2017. Archived from the original on 4 June 2017. Retrieved 1 June 2017.
- "With Allianz until 2030!". juventus.com. 12 February 2020. Archived from the original on 12 March 2020. Retrieved 12 February 2020.
- "Napoli: Back where they belong". Fédération Internationale de Football Association. Archived from the original on 26 June 2007. Retrieved 22 June 2007.
- "I club esteri". Centro Coordinamento Juventus Club DOC (in Italian). Archived from the original on 21 December 2007. Retrieved 1 November 2008.
- "Supporters by region" (in Italian). calcioinborsa.com. Archived from the original on 5 February 2007. Retrieved 5 February 2007.
- "Juve-Inter, storia di una rivalità". Tuttosport (in Italian). 22 September 2008. Archived from the original on 30 September 2009.
- "Juve e Milan, la sfida infinita storia di rivalità e di campioni". La Repubblica (in Italian). 15 May 2003. Archived from the original on 6 January 2010. Retrieved 26 August 2009.
- "The History of Clasico". Serie A TIM on Facebook.com. Retrieved 20 November 2015.[non-primary source needed]
- "Milan-Juve in Field History". acmilan.com. Archived from the original on 28 November 2012. Retrieved 22 November 2012.
- "Juve-Roma, rivalità antica". Tuttosport (in Italian). 31 October 2008. Archived from the original on 29 August 2013.
- "Quell'antica ruggine tra Juve e Fiorentina". La Gazzetta dello Sport (in Italian). 22 January 2009. Archived from the original on 1 July 2017.
- Alfonso Formato. "Napoli – Juventus, le tappe di una rivalità più sociale che sportiva". International Business Times. Archived from the original on 26 May 2015.
- "Juve, la strategia di Bettega: tornano i giovani". Tuttosport (in Italian). 9 January 2010. Archived from the original on 2 October 2011.
- "Juventus Soccer Schools International" (in Italian). Juventus Soccer School. 16 May 2010. Archived from the original on 23 March 2013.
- "La signora Juventus è ringiovanita bene". La Gazzetta dello Sport (in Italian). 21 January 2009. Archived from the original on 23 February 2016.
- Juventus.com. "First Team Men". Juventus.com. Retrieved 30 June 2020.
- "Squadra – JUVENTUS | Lega Serie A". www.legaseriea.it (in Italian). Archived from the original on 4 October 2019. Retrieved 14 February 2020.
- Cite error: The named reference
giovanibianconeri.itwas invoked but never defined (see the help page).
- "UFFICIALE: Pescara, arriva il centrocampista Clemenza - TUTTOmercatoWEB.com". www.tuttomercatoweb.com. Archived from the original on 1 February 2020. Retrieved 1 February 2020.
- "UFFICIALE: Pescara, colpo Kastanos. Preso in prestito dalla Juve - TUTTOmercatoWEB.com". www.tuttomercatoweb.com. Archived from the original on 22 August 2019. Retrieved 22 August 2019.
- "UFFICIALE: Perugia, preso Nicolussi Caviglia dalla Juventus - TUTTOmercatoWEB.com". www.tuttomercatoweb.com. Archived from the original on 2 September 2019. Retrieved 2 September 2019.
- "List of Juventus F.C. Presidents". Juworld.net (in Italian). Archived from the original on 17 June 2017. Retrieved 22 April 2017.
- "List of Juventus F.C. managers". MyJuve.it (in Italian). Archived from the original on 24 December 2007. Retrieved 25 July 2007.
- "Juventus building bridges in Serie B". Fédération Internationale de Football Association. Archived from the original on 26 September 2008. Retrieved 20 November 2006.
- "Juventus win two Serie A titles in one day as men and women triumph". The Guardian. 20 April 2019. Archived from the original on 22 July 2019. Retrieved 20 April 2019.
- "Albo d'oro TIM Cup". Lega Nazionale Professionisti Serie A (in Italian). Archived from the original on 27 May 2012. Retrieved 21 May 2012.
- "Football Europe: Juventus F.C." Union des Associations Européennes de Football. Archived from the original on 31 December 2006. Retrieved 26 December 2006.
- "Italian Football Federation: Profile". Union des Associations Européennes de Football. Archived from the original on 20 October 2010. Retrieved 23 October 2010.
- "Confermato: I più titolati al mondo!" (in Italian). A.C. Milan S.p.A. official website. 30 May 2013. Archived from the original on 8 June 2013. Retrieved 19 June 2013.
- "UEFA Europa League: Facts & Figures". Union des Associations Européennes de Football. Archived from the original on 6 May 2007. Retrieved 14 May 2007.
- "Legend: UEFA club competitions". Union des Associations Européennes de Football. 21 August 2006. Archived from the original on 31 January 2010. Retrieved 26 February 2013.
- "La primera final italiana". La Vanguardia (in Spanish). 15 May 2003. p. 55. Archived from the original on 28 June 2012. Retrieved 15 November 2009.
- "Sorteo de las competiciones europeas de fútbol: el Fram de Reykjavic, primer adversario del F.C. Barcelona en la Recopa". La Vanguardia (in Spanish). 13 July 1988. p. 53. Archived from the original on 17 November 2009. Retrieved 15 November 2009.
- "Tutto inizio' con un po' di poesia". La Gazzetta dello Sport (in Italian). 24 May 1997. Archived from the original on 30 April 2011. Retrieved 24 April 2015.
- "The 'Top 25' of each year (since 1991)". International Federation of Football History & Statistics. Archived from the original on 2 January 2008. Retrieved 3 January 2008.
- "All-Time Club World Ranking (since 1 January 1991)". International Federation of Football History & Statistics. Archived from the original on 14 October 2013. Retrieved 31 December 2009.
- "US Palermo 2:3 Juventus". World Football. 6 April 2008. Retrieved 20 April 2020.
- "Manchester United confirm signing of David de Gea". BBC Sport. BBC. 29 June 2011. Archived from the original on 29 June 2011. Retrieved 30 June 2011.
- "Acquistato Buffon". Juventus FC (in Italian). 3 July 2001. Archived from the original on 8 December 2014. Retrieved 6 April 2010.
- "Reports and Financial Statements at 30 June 2002" (PDF). Juventus FC. 28 October 2002. Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 June 2015. Retrieved 3 November 2012.
- "Juve land £23m Buffon". BBC Sport. BBC. 4 July 2001. Archived from the original on 18 June 2010. Retrieved 6 April 2010.
- Parma AC SpA bilancio (financial report and accounts) on 30 June 2002 (in Italian), PDF purchased in Italian CCIAA Archived 30 April 2014 at the Wayback Machine
- "Buffon sets new Serie A record". Football Italia. 20 March 2016. Archived from the original on 1 April 2016. Retrieved 3 April 2016.
- "Gonzalo Higuain's £75m Juventus move – its place in history and what it means for football". eurosport.com. 26 July 2016. Archived from the original on 30 July 2016. Retrieved 26 July 2016.
- "Higuain joins Juventus". juventus.com. 26 July 2016. Archived from the original on 26 July 2016. Retrieved 26 July 2016.
- "Official: Pogba signs for Man Utd for €105m". Football Italia. 8 August 2016. Archived from the original on 12 September 2019. Retrieved 8 August 2016.
- "Zidane al Real". Juventus FC (in Italian). 9 July 2001. Archived from the original on 6 August 2001. Retrieved 29 August 2013.
- "Reports and Financial Statement at 30 June 2002" (PDF). Juventus FC. 20 September 2002. Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 June 2015. Retrieved 29 August 2013.
- "Cristiano Ronaldo signs for Juventus!". juventus.com (Press release). 10 July 2018. Archived from the original on 31 July 2018. Retrieved 10 July 2018.
- UEFA.com. "Member associations – UEFA Coefficients – Club coefficients". UEFA. Archived from the original on 26 August 2019. Retrieved 22 August 2019.
- "Italian national team: J-L Italian club profiles". Italian national team records & statistics. Archived from the original on 3 February 2007. Retrieved 1 November 2006.
- "Juve players at the World Cup". Juventus Football Club S.p.A. official website. Archived from the original on 30 September 2007. Retrieved 23 August 2009.
- "Italian National Team Honours – Club Contributions". Forza Azzurri. Archived from the original on 9 June 2007. Retrieved 8 June 2007.
- "European Championship 1968 – Details Final Tournament". The Record Sport Soccer Statistics Foundation. Archived from the original on 11 June 2007. Retrieved 8 June 2007.
- Norman Hubbard (14 March 2012). "Clubs' World Cup". ESPN. Archived from the original on 17 March 2012. Retrieved 14 March 2012.
- "European Championship". The Record Sport Soccer Statistics Foundation. Archived from the original on 17 July 2012. Retrieved 8 June 2007.
- "Relazione finanziaria annuale al 30 giugno 2016 definitiva" (PDF). juventus.com. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 October 2016. Retrieved 4 October 2016.
- (CONSOB 2007:53)
- "IPO: Juventus Football Club" (in Italian). Borsa Italiana S.p.A. official website. Retrieved 31 March 2007.[dead link]
- "SHARE CAPITAL AND OWNERSHIP". juventus.com. Archived from the original on 13 July 2016. Retrieved 5 July 2016.
- "Juventus Football Club Azionisti". borsaitaliana.it. Archived from the original on 14 August 2016. Retrieved 5 July 2016.
- "Calcio: Consob, Lindsell Train sale al 10,01% nel capitale Juventus". metronews.it. Retrieved 5 July 2016.[permanent dead link]
- "Azionisti rilevanti di Juventus Football Club S.p.A". consob.it. Archived from the original on 7 August 2016. Retrieved 5 July 2016.
- "Juventus Football Club". Borsa Italiana S.p.A. official website. Archived from the original on 22 July 2011. Retrieved 5 January 2011.
- "Exclusion of ordinary Juventus shares from the "Star" segment" (PDF). Juventus FC. 19 September 2011. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 April 2015. Retrieved 26 October 2011.
- (CONSOB 2007:47; 107)
- "Board of Directors approves report for 2nd Quarter 2002/2003 and the purchase of land from the subsidiary Campi di Vinovo S.p.A." (PDF). Juventus Football Club S.p.A. official website. 10 February 2003. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 April 2015. Retrieved 18 October 2011.
- "Juventus Football Club S.p.A: Objectives and Strategies". Juventus Football Club S.p.A. official website. Archived from the original on 18 August 2009. Retrieved 25 August 2009.
- "Coaching and Medical Staff". Juventus Football Club S.p.A. official website. Archived from the original on 18 August 2009. Retrieved 25 August 2009.
- "Agreement heralds new era in football". Union des Associations Européennes de Football. 21 January 2008. Archived from the original on 14 March 2013. Retrieved 22 January 2011.
- "The Deloitte Football Money League 2014" (PDF). Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu. 17 January 2014. pp. 5, 8–9, 23. Archived (PDF) from the original on 7 September 2014. Retrieved 23 September 2014.
- Ozanian, Mike. "The World's Most Valuable Soccer Teams 2017". Forbes. Archived from the original on 6 June 2017. Retrieved 6 October 2017.
- "Reports and Financial Statements at 30 June 2007" (PDF). Juventus Football Club S.p.A. official website. 26 October 2007. Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 June 2015. Retrieved 1 August 2011.
- "Reports and Financial Statements at 30 June 2008" (PDF). Juventus Football Club S.p.A. official website. 28 October 2008. Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 June 2015. Retrieved 1 August 2011.
- "Annual Financial Report at 30 June 2009" (PDF). Juventus Football Club S.p.A. official website. 27 October 2009. Retrieved 1 August 2011.[permanent dead link]
- "Annual Financial Report at 30 June 2010" (PDF). Juventus Football Club S.p.A. official website. 28 October 2010. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 May 2015. Retrieved 1 August 2011.
- "Interim management statement at 31 March 2011" (PDF). Juventus Football Club S.p.A. official website. 11 May 2011. Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 June 2015. Retrieved 1 August 2011.
- "The Board of Directors Approves Development Plan And Proposes a Euros 120 Million Capital Increase" (PDF). Juventus Football Club S.p.A. official website. 23 June 2011. Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 June 2015. Retrieved 1 August 2011.
- "2010–11 bilancio" (PDF). Juventus Football Club S.p.A. official website (in Italian). 18 October 2011. Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 June 2015. Retrieved 14 November 2011.
- Brad Allen (24 July 2013). "Juventus triumph in Champions League revenue carve-up". SportsPro.com. Archived from the original on 5 October 2013. Retrieved 4 October 2013.
- "The BoD approves the draft financial statements as of 30 June 2014 and calls the ordinary Shareholders' meeting" (PDF). Juventus Football Club S.p.A. official website. 23 September 2014. Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 June 2015. Retrieved 24 September 2014.
- "Board approves draft financial statements" (PDF). Juventus Football Club S.p.A. official website. 11 September 2015. Archived from the original (PDF) on 16 October 2015. Retrieved 11 September 2015.
- Penza, Danny (24 October 2013). "Juventus announce six-year deal with Adidas". Black & White & Read All Over. Archived from the original on 9 February 2019. Retrieved 7 February 2019.
- "Juventus announce Adidas deal | Football Italia". www.football-italia.net. Archived from the original on 9 February 2019. Retrieved 7 February 2019.
- "Juventus Extends Adidas Kit Deal". Archived from the original on 9 February 2019. Retrieved 7 February 2019.
- "Juventus sign €408m partnership extension with Adidas | Goal.com". www.goal.com. Archived from the original on 9 February 2019. Retrieved 11 March 2020.
- Arpino, Giovanni; Bàrberi Squarotti, Giorgio; Romano, Massimo (1992). Opere (in Italian and Piedmontese). Milan: Rusconi Editore. ISBN 88-18-06084-8.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Canfari, Enrico (1915). Storia del Foot-Ball Club Juventus di Torino (in Italian). Tipografia Artale.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Clark, Martin (1996) . Modern Italy; 1871–1995. 2. Milan: Longman. ISBN 0-582-05126-6.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Dolci, Fabrizio; Janz, Oliver (2003). Non omnis moriar: gli opuscoli di necrologio per i caduti Italiani nella Grande Guerra; bibliografia analitica (in Italian). Edizioni di Storia e Letteratura. ISBN 88-8498-152-2.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Glanville, Brian (2005). The Story of the World Cup. London: Faber and Faber. ISBN 0-571-22944-1.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Goldblatt, David (2007). The Ball is Round: A Global History of Football. London: Penguin. ISBN 978-0-14-101582-8.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Hazzard, Patrick; Gould, David (2001). Fear and loathing in world football. Berg Publishers. ISBN 1-85973-463-4.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Manzo, Luciana; Peirone, Fulvio, eds. (2006) . Sport a Torino. Luoghi, eventi e vicende tra Ottocento e Novecento nei documenti dell'Archivio Storico della Città (PDF) (in Italian). Archivio Storico Città di Torino. TO 01465329.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Kuper, Simon; Szymanski, Stefan (2010). Calcionomica. Meraviglie, segreti e stranezze del calcio mondiale (in Italian). ISBN Edizioni. ISBN 88-7638-176-7.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Papa, Antonio; Panico, Guido (1993). Storia sociale del calcio in Italia (in Italian). Bologna: Il Mulino. p. 271. ISBN 88-15-08764-8.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Sappino, Marco (by) (2000). Dizionario biografico enciclopedico di un secolo del calcio italiano (in Italian). 2. Milan: Baldini Castoldi Dalai Editore. ISBN 88-8089-862-0.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Tranfaglia, Nicola; Zunino, Pier Giorgio (1998). Guida all'Italia contemporanea, 1861–1997 (in Italian). 4. Garzanti. ISBN 88-11-34204-X.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Graziano, Mirko (9 October 2011). "Azzurro Juve, miniera d'oro". La Gazzetta dello Sport (in Italian). 115 (237).CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Papi, Giacomo (8 April 2004). "Il ragazzo che portava il pallone". Diario della settimana (in Italian). 13/14.
- "Football Philosophers" (PDF). The Technician. Union des Associations Européennes de Football (UEFA). 46. May 2010.
- "Bilancio di sostenibilità 2015–16" (PDF) (in Italian). Juventus Football Club S.p.A. October 2016. Archived from the original (PDF) on 31 October 2016. Retrieved 14 June 2017.
- "Prospetto informativo OPV 24 maggio 2007" (PDF) (in Italian). Commissione Nazionale per le Società e la Borsa (CONSOB). Archived from the original (PDF) on 10 April 2008. Retrieved 24 May 2007.
- "LI Osservatorio sul Capitale Sociale degli italiani – Il tifo calcistico in Italia" (PDF) (in Italian). Demos & Pi. 15 September 2016. Retrieved 14 June 2017.