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FIFA World Player of the Year

Brazilians Ronaldo and Marta, the youngest recipients at age 20, won three and five awards respectively.

The FIFA World Player of the Year was an association football award presented annually by the sport's governing body, FIFA, between 1991 and 2015. Coaches and captains of international teams and media representatives selected the player they deem to have performed the best in the previous calendar year.

Originally a single award for the world's best men's player, parallels awards for men and women were awarded from 2001–2009. The men's award was subsumed into the FIFA Ballon d'Or in 2010 while the women's award remained until 2015. After 2015 both men's and women's awards became part of The Best FIFA Football Awards.

During the men's era, Brazilian players won 8 out of 19 years, compared to three wins – the second most – for French players. In terms of individual players, Brazil again led with five, followed by Italy and Portugal with two each.[1][2] The youngest winner was Ronaldo, who won at 20 years old in 1996, and the oldest winner was Fabio Cannavaro, who won aged 33 in 2006.[3][4] Ronaldo and Zinedine Zidane each won the award three times, while Ronaldo and Ronaldinho were the only players to win in successive years. From 2010 to 2015, the equivalent men's award was the FIFA Ballon d'Or, following a merging of the FIFA World Player of the Year and the France Football Ballon d'Or awards.[5][6] Since 2016, the awards have been replaced by the Best FIFA Men's Player and the Best FIFA Women's Player awards.[7]

Eight women's footballers – three Germans, three Americans, one Brazilian, and one Japanese – have won the award. Marta, the youngest recipient at age 20 in 2006, has won five successive awards, the most of any player. Birgit Prinz won three times in a row and Mia Hamm won twice in a row. The oldest winner is Nadine Angerer, who was 35 when she won in 2013; she is also the only goalkeeper of either sex to win.

Contents

Voting and selection processEdit

The winners are chosen by the coaches and captains of national teams as well as by international media representatives invited by FIFA.[8] In a voting system based on positional voting, each voter is allotted three votes, worth five points, three points and one point, and the three finalists are ordered based on total number of points. Following criticism from some sections of the media over nominations in previous years, FIFA has since 2004 provided shortlists from which its voters can select their choices.[9]

FIFA World Player of the YearEdit

Year Rank Player Team
1991 1st   Lothar Matthäus   Internazionale
2nd   Jean-Pierre Papin   Marseille
3rd   Gary Lineker   Tottenham Hotspur
1992 1st   Marco van Basten   Milan
2nd   Hristo Stoichkov   Barcelona
3rd   Thomas Häßler   Roma
1993 1st   Roberto Baggio   Juventus
2nd   Romário   Barcelona
3rd   Dennis Bergkamp   Internazionale
1994 1st   Romário   Barcelona
2nd   Hristo Stoichkov   Barcelona
3rd   Roberto Baggio   Juventus
1995 1st   George Weah[note 1]   Milan
2nd   Paolo Maldini   Milan
3rd   Jürgen Klinsmann[note 2]   Bayern Munich
1996 1st   Ronaldo[note 3]   Barcelona
2nd   George Weah   Milan
3rd   Alan Shearer[note 4]   Newcastle United
1997 1st   Ronaldo   Internazionale
2nd   Roberto Carlos   Real Madrid
3rd   Dennis Bergkamp   Arsenal
  Zinedine Zidane   Juventus
1998 1st   Zinedine Zidane   Juventus
2nd   Ronaldo   Internazionale
3rd   Davor Šuker   Real Madrid
1999 1st   Rivaldo   Barcelona
2nd   David Beckham   Manchester United
3rd   Gabriel Batistuta   Fiorentina
2000 1st   Zinedine Zidane   Juventus
2nd   Luís Figo[note 5]   Real Madrid
3rd   Rivaldo   Barcelona
2001 1st   Luís Figo   Real Madrid
2nd   David Beckham   Manchester United
3rd   Raúl   Real Madrid
2002 1st   Ronaldo[note 6]   Real Madrid
2nd   Oliver Kahn   Bayern Munich
3rd   Zinedine Zidane   Real Madrid
2003 1st   Zinedine Zidane   Real Madrid
2nd   Thierry Henry   Arsenal
3rd   Ronaldo   Real Madrid
2004 1st   Ronaldinho   Barcelona
2nd   Thierry Henry   Arsenal
3rd   Andriy Shevchenko   Milan
2005 1st   Ronaldinho   Barcelona
2nd   Frank Lampard   Chelsea
3rd   Samuel Eto'o   Barcelona
2006 1st   Fabio Cannavaro[note 7]   Real Madrid
2nd   Zinedine Zidane   Real Madrid
3rd   Ronaldinho   Barcelona
2007 1st   Kaká   Milan
2nd   Lionel Messi   Barcelona
3rd   Cristiano Ronaldo   Manchester United
2008 1st   Cristiano Ronaldo   Manchester United
2nd   Lionel Messi   Barcelona
3rd   Fernando Torres   Liverpool
2009 1st   Lionel Messi   Barcelona
2nd   Cristiano Ronaldo[note 8]   Real Madrid
3rd   Xavi   Barcelona

Source:[1]

From 2010 to 2015, the world's best player was awarded the FIFA Ballon d'Or. In 2016, FIFA created The Best FIFA Men's Player to honour the best player around the world.

Wins by playerEdit

Player 1st 2nd 3rd
  Zinedine Zidane 3 (1998, 2000, 2003) 1 (2006) 2 (1997, 2002)
  Ronaldo 3 (1996, 1997, 2002) 1 (1998) 1 (2003)
  Ronaldinho 2 (2004, 2005) 1 (2006)
  Lionel Messi 1 (2009) 2 (2007, 2008)
  Cristiano Ronaldo 1 (2008) 1 (2009) 1 (2007)
  Luís Figo 1 (2001) 1 (2000)
  Romário 1 (1994) 1 (1993)
  George Weah 1 (1995) 1 (1996)
  Roberto Baggio 1 (1993) 1 (1994)
  Rivaldo 1 (1999) 1 (2000)
  Lothar Matthäus 1 (1991)
  Marco van Basten 1 (1992)
  Fabio Cannavaro 1 (2006)
  Kaká 1 (2007)

Wins by countryEdit

Country Players Total
  Brazil 5 8
  Italy 2 2
  Portugal 2 2
  France 1 3
  Germany 1 1
  Netherlands 1 1
  Liberia 1 1
  Argentina 1 1

Wins by clubEdit

Club Players Total
  Barcelona 5 6
  Real Madrid 4 4
  Milan 3 3
  Juventus 2 3
  Internazionale 2 2
  Manchester United 1 1

FIFA Women's World Player of the YearEdit

Year Rank Player Team
2001 1st   Mia Hamm   Washington Freedom
2nd   Sun Wen   Atlanta Beat
3rd   Tiffeny Milbrett   New York Power
2002 1st   Mia Hamm   Washington Freedom
2nd   Birgit Prinz   1. FFC Frankfurt
3rd   Sun Wen   Atlanta Beat
2003 1st   Birgit Prinz   1. FFC Frankfurt
2nd   Mia Hamm   Washington Freedom
3rd   Hanna Ljungberg   Umeå IK
2004 1st   Birgit Prinz   1. FFC Frankfurt
2nd   Mia Hamm   Washington Freedom
3rd   Marta   Umeå IK
2005 1st   Birgit Prinz   1. FFC Frankfurt
2nd   Marta   Umeå IK
3rd   Shannon Boxx Unattached
2006 1st   Marta   Umeå IK
2nd   Kristine Lilly   KIF Örebro DFF
3rd   Renate Lingor   1. FFC Frankfurt
2007 1st   Marta   Umeå IK
2nd   Birgit Prinz   1. FFC Frankfurt
3rd   Cristiane   VfL Wolfsburg
2008 1st   Marta   Umeå IK
2nd   Birgit Prinz   1. FFC Frankfurt
3rd   Cristiane[note 9]   Corinthians
2009 1st   Marta[note 10]   Santos
2nd   Birgit Prinz   1. FFC Frankfurt
3rd   Kelly Smith[note 11]   Boston Breakers
2010 1st   Marta   Santos
2nd   Birgit Prinz   1. FFC Frankfurt
3rd   Fatmire Bajramaj   1. FFC Turbine Potsdam
2011 1st   Homare Sawa   INAC Kobe Leonessa
2nd   Marta[note 12]   Western New York Flash
3rd   Abby Wambach   magicJack
2012 1st   Abby Wambach Unattached
2nd   Marta   Tyresö FF
3rd   Alex Morgan   Seattle Sounders Women
2013 1st   Nadine Angerer[note 13]   Brisbane Roar
2nd   Abby Wambach   Western New York Flash
3rd   Marta   Tyresö FF
2014 1st   Nadine Keßler   VfL Wolfsburg
2nd   Marta[note 14]   FC Rosengård
3rd   Abby Wambach   Western New York Flash
2015 1st   Carli Lloyd   Houston Dash
2nd   Célia Šašić   1. FFC Frankfurt
3rd   Aya Miyama   Okayama Yunogo Belle

Source:[1]

In 2016, FIFA created The Best FIFA Women's Player award instead.

Wins by playerEdit

Player 1st 2nd 3rd
  Marta 5 (2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010) 4 (2005, 2011, 2012, 2014) 2 (2004, 2013)
  Birgit Prinz 3 (2003, 2004, 2005) 5 (2002, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010)
  Mia Hamm 2 (2001, 2002) 2 (2003, 2004)
  Abby Wambach 1 (2012) 1 (2013) 2 (2011, 2014)
  Homare Sawa 1 (2011)
  Nadine Angerer 1 (2013)
  Nadine Keßler 1 (2014)
  Carli Lloyd 1 (2015)

Wins by countryEdit

Country Players Total
  Germany 3 5
  Brazil 1 5
  United States 3 4
  Japan 1 1

Wins by clubEdit

Club Players Total
  1. FFC Frankfurt 1 3
  Umeå IK 1 3
  Washington Freedom 1 2
  Santos 1 2
  INAC Kobe Leonessa 1 1
  Brisbane Roar 1 1
  VfL Wolfsburg 1 1
  Houston Dash 1 1

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Weah was signed by Milan from Paris Saint-Germain midway through 1995.
  2. ^ Klinsmann was signed by Bayern Munich from Tottenham Hotspur midway through 1995.
  3. ^ Ronaldo was signed by Barcelona from PSV Eindhoven midway through 1996.
  4. ^ Shearer was signed by Newcastle United from Blackburn Rovers midway through 1996.
  5. ^ Figo was signed by Real Madrid from Barcelona midway through 2000.
  6. ^ Ronaldo was signed by Real Madrid from Internazionale midway through 2002.
  7. ^ Cannavaro was signed by Real Madrid from Juventus midway through 2006.
  8. ^ Cristiano Ronaldo was signed by Real Madrid from Manchester United midway through 2009.
  9. ^ Cristiane was signed by Corinthians from Linköpings F.C. midway through 2008.
  10. ^ Marta was signed by Santos from Los Angeles Sol midway through 2009.
  11. ^ Smith was signed by Boston Breakers from Arsenal Ladies midway through 2009.
  12. ^ Marta was signed by Western New York Flash from Santos midway through 2011.
  13. ^ Angerer was signed by Brisbane Roar from 1. FFC Frankfurt midway through 2013.
  14. ^ Marta was signed by FC Rosengård from Tyresö FF midway through 2014.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "FACTSheet FIFA awards" (PDF). FIFA. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 January 2016. Retrieved 19 January 2016. 
  2. ^ "FIFA Awards". RSSSF.com. Retrieved 1 April 2013
  3. ^ "Brazil legend Ronaldo retires from football". BBC. Retrieved 17 November 2013
  4. ^ "Cannavaro discusses highs and lows" Archived 2013-12-16 at the Wayback Machine.. Football Federation Australia. Retrieved 18 November 2013
  5. ^ "The FIFA Ballon d'Or is born". FIFA.com. Retrieved 12 January 2016
  6. ^ "FIFA Ballon d'Or World Player of the Year: Award History". FIFA.com. Retrieved 12 January 2016
  7. ^ "The birth of The Best FIFA Football Awards". FIFA.com. Retrieved 24 October 2016. 
  8. ^ "Messi, Lloyd, Luis Enrique and Ellis triumph at FIFA Ballon d'Or 2015". FIFA. 11 January 2016. Retrieved 13 January 2016. 
  9. ^ FIFA.com - Thirty-five stars make Zurich shortlist