Giovanni Trapattoni (Italian pronunciation: [dʒoˈvanni trapatˈtoːni]; born 17 March 1939), sometimes popularly known as "Trap" or "Il Trap", is an Italian football manager and former footballer, considered the most successful club coach in the modern era of Serie A. A former defensive midfielder, as a player he spent almost his entire club career with A.C. Milan, where he won two Serie A league titles (1961–62 and 1967–68), and two European Cups, in 1962–63 and 1968–69. Internationally, he played for Italy, earning 17 caps and being part of the squad at the 1962 FIFA World Cup in Chile.
Trapattoni as manager of the Republic of Ireland team in 2013
|Date of birth||17 March 1939|
|Place of birth||Cusano Milanino, Kingdom of Italy|
|Height||1.75 m (5 ft 9 in)|
|1972–1974||A.C. Milan (youth)|
|2006–2008||Red Bull Salzburg|
|2008–2013||Republic of Ireland|
|* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only|
One of the most celebrated managers in football history, Trapattoni is one of only five coaches, alongside Carlo Ancelotti, Ernst Happel, José Mourinho and Tomislav Ivić to have won league titles in four different European countries; in total, Trapattoni has won 10 league titles in Italy, Germany, Portugal and Austria. Alongside Udo Lattek, he is the only coach to have won all three major European club competitions (European Cup, UEFA Cup, UEFA Cup Winners' Cup) and the only one to make it with the same club (Juventus). Also, he is the only one to have won all official continental club competitions and the world title, achieving this with Juventus during his first spell with the club. He is one of the rare few to have won the European Cup, the Cup Winners' Cup and Intercontinental Cup as both a player and manager.
Regarded as the most famous and consistent disciple of Nereo Rocco, Trapattoni coached his native Italian national team to the 2002 FIFA World Cup and UEFA Euro 2004, but could not replicate his club successes with Italy, suffering a controversial early exit in both competitions. Trapattoni was most recently the manager of the Republic of Ireland national team. He led them to their first European Championships in 24 years, enjoying a successful UEFA Euro 2012 qualifying campaign. This followed narrowly missing out on the 2010 FIFA World Cup, after his team were controversially knocked out by France.
Born in Cusano Milanino near Milan, Trapattoni had a successful career as a player with A.C. Milan, playing either as a central defender or as a defensive midfielder with the main task of passing the ball to more creative players such as Giovanni Lodetti and Gianni Rivera. He won two Serie A titles (1961–62, 1967–68) and two European Cups (1962–63, 1968–69) during his time with Milan, and was one of the stars of the 1963 European Cup Final against Benfica, successfully man-marking Eusébio in the second half. Similarly, in the team's 4–1 victory in the 1969 European Cup Final against Ajax, he drew praise in the Italian media for his defending and ability to nullify the offensive threat of Johann Cruyff.
After taking a break from the national team, Trapattoni thought he could settle with a mid-table team for one last season instead of being at one club all his life, subsequently moving to Varese and, after a successful season with them, retired from professional football and embarked on a highly successful managerial career two years later.
Trapattoni also played for the Italian national team between 1960 and 1964, earning 17 caps and scoring 1 goal. Most notably, he was part of the squad at the 1962 FIFA World Cup in Chile, although he was unable to play any matches during the tournament after sustaining an injury.
Trapattoni is also remembered for his performance in Italy's 3–0 friendly victory over Brazil at the San Siro stadium in Milan on 12 May 1963; during the match, he was able to nullify Pelé's impact on the game through his man-marking ability, with the latter asking to be substituted for Quarentinha in the 26th minute of the second half, whom Trapattoni also successfully defended. However, Pelé later stated in 2000 that his performance was due to stomach pains, and that he was forced to play due to contractual obligations; Trapattoni himself also frequently downplayed his performance during the match, even prior to Pelé's comments, stating: "the truth is that on that day he was half-injured. Tired. I was a good footballer, but let's leave Pelé alone. He was a martian."
Style of playEdit
A talented defensive-minded player, Trapattoni was capable of playing both in defence, as a centre-back, and in midfield, as a defensive midfielder, due to his work-rate and ability to win back possession and subsequently distribute the ball forward to his more offensive-minded teammates. Above all, he was known for his excellent man-marking skills.
1974–86: Early career at A.C. Milan and JuventusEdit
Trapattoni began coaching at Milan as a youth team coach, before becoming caretaker coach. Trapattoni was caretaker coach from 9 April 1974 to 30 June 1974. His first match was the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup semi–final first leg against Borussia Mönchengladbach. Milan won the match 2–0. They got to the final after only losing the second leg 1–0. Milan lost the final 2–0 to East German club 1. FC Magdeburg. Milan finished seventh in Serie A. He was appointed first team coach in 1975.
He won the Serie A league title six times (1976–77, 1977–78, 1980–81, 1981–82, 1983–84, 1985–86), the Coppa Italia twice (1978–79 and 1982–83), the European Cup in 1984–85 (in a final against then-reigning champions Liverpool marked by the Heysel disaster), the Intercontinental Cup in 1985, the Cup Winners' Cup in 1983–84, the European Super Cup in 1984, and the UEFA Cup in 1976–77.
Apart from winning the European Cup in 1984–85, Trapattoni came close to conquering the trophy on another occasion, in 1982–83, but Juventus suffered a surprising defeat at the hands of Hamburg in the Athens final, finishing as runners-up.
During his years managing Juventus, Trapattoni established himself as one of the best managers in football history, well-known and respected among fans and journalists throughout Europe. He was renowned for combining expert man-management with almost unmatched tactical knowledge.
1986–94: Inter Milan and return to JuventusEdit
He then managed Juventus for a second time between 1991 and 1994, winning the UEFA Cup in 1992–93.
1994–98: Bayern Munich, return to Serie A, and back to Bayern MunichEdit
Trapattoni coached Cagliari in the 1995–96 season. His first match was a 1–0 loss to Udinese on 26 August 1995. The club's board of directors decided to dismiss him in February 1996, after a string of bad results; Trapattoni was thus fired for the first time in his career. His final match was a 4–1 loss to Juventus. Cagliari were in 13th place at the time of his sacking.
Trapattoni returned to manage Bayern again in July 1996. He is well remembered by German fans for an emotional outburst in broken German during a press conference on 10 March 1998 ("Was erlauben Strunz?" ... Ich habe fertig! [German uses the verb sein(am) and not habe(have) to express "I have finished"]" − How dare Strunz? ... I have finished) where he criticised the attitude of Mehmet Scholl and Mario Basler ("Diese Spieler waren schwach wie eine Flasche leer!" − These players were weak like a bottle empty). In a 2011 interview, Trapattoni himself explained his famous outburst thus:
There are certain situations in life when you need to raise your voice, and that press conference was one of those occasions. I deliberately raised my voice to make myself understood. When you have tired players, you substitute them for fresher players. People are used to this now, but back then in Germany, people wanted good players to play all the time because they were famous, even if they were exhausted. And I said No, players need to perform on the pitch whoever they are, and that is what the press conference was all about.
As Bayern manager Trapattoni won the German Bundesliga in 1996–97, the German Cup (DFB-Pokal) in 1997–98 and the German League Cup (DFB-Ligapokal) in 1997. He left Bayern at the end of the 1997–98 season and was replaced by Ottmar Hitzfeld.
1998–2004: Fiorentina and Italian national teamEdit
Trapattoni coached Fiorentina from 1998 to 2000. With Trapattoni's expert guidance, Fiorentina made a serious challenge for the title in 1998–99, finishing the season in 3rd place, which earned them qualification to the Champions League, also reaching the 1999 Coppa Italia Final. The following season was rather disappointing in Serie A, with Fiorentina finishing in 7th place, but Trapattoni led them to some historic results in the Champions League, beating Arsenal 1–0 at the old Wembley Stadium and Manchester United 2–0 in Florence.
Prior to the tournament, Trapattoni was surrounded by controversy after he omitted fan favourite Roberto Baggio – who had recently recovered from injury – from Italy's final 23-man squad, as he believed that the player was not yet fully fit. Italy were drawn in Group G of the tournament with Ecuador, Croatia and Mexico. They won their first match, beating Ecuador 2–0, but then suffered a surprise 2–1 defeat at the hands of Croatia. In their final group game, Italy drew 1–1 with Mexico, securing qualification to the Round of 16 with a second-place finish in their group, where they faced tournament co-hosts South Korea. Italy lost 2–1 and were eliminated from the World Cup, conceding an equaliser two minutes from full-time and losing in extra time with Ahn Jung-Hwan scoring the golden goal. The game was highly controversial with members of the Italian team, most notably Trapattoni and forward Francesco Totti, suggesting a conspiracy to eliminate Italy from the competition. Trapattoni even obliquely accused FIFA of ordering the official to ensure a South Korean victory so that one of the two host nations would remain in the tournament. The most contentious decisions were an early penalty awarded to South Korea (saved by Gianluigi Buffon), a golden goal by Damiano Tommasi ruled offside, and the sending off of Totti, who received a second yellow card for an alleged dive in the penalty area, all ruled by the referee Byron Moreno. Following the team's exit, Italy were criticised in the Italian and International press for their poor performance and ultra-defensive playing style under Trapattoni, who also came under fire in the Italian media for his tactics, which included initially refusing to play two of the team's star playmakers – Alessandro Del Piero and Francesco Totti – alongside one another during the tournament, and substituting a forward – Del Piero – for a holding midfielder – Gennaro Gattuso – in the second half of Italy's round of 16 match, in order to attempt to defend their 1–0 lead against South Korea.
Italy went on to secure qualification for UEFA Euro 2004 easily, but once again failed to impress at the tournament itself. They were drawn in Group C with Denmark, Sweden and Bulgaria. They drew 0–0 with Denmark and 1–1 with Sweden, beating Bulgaria 2–1 in their final group game. This led to an unexpected early exit from the tournament, despite Italy being undefeated. Denmark and Sweden drew in the group's final match, eliminating Italy who finished in third place of Group C, on account of goal difference. More specifically, Sweden, Denmark and Italy all finished with five points, with each team having defeated Bulgaria but drawn their two other games. As all results between the three teams in question were draws, both the points won in these games and the goal difference accrued in these games still left the teams undivided. The decisive tiebreaker was therefore the goals scored during the games between one another: Italy, having scored the fewest goals of the three teams, were therefore eliminated.
Trapattoni later said: "Sweden against Denmark, I remember the game. Do you know what Johansson [the then UEFA president Lennart Johansson] said? 'If this game finishes in a draw, we will open an investigation' Do you know if he made the investigation? I'm still waiting for the investigation." These comments came eight years later, in 2012.
2004–08: Benfica, Stuttgart, and Red Bull SalzburgEdit
On 5 July 2004, Trapattoni was named as new coach of Benfica. He led them to the 2004–05 Portuguese league title, which was the club's first in 11 years. Benfica also reached the Portuguese Cup final that season, but lost to Vitória de Setúbal. Trapattoni resigned after the end of the 2004–05 season, saying he wanted to be closer to his family (in the north of Italy).
Trapattoni returned to management in the German Bundesliga in June 2005, by signing at VfB Stuttgart. However, during his 20 games at the helm, Stuttgart produced poor results. Denmark internationals Jon Dahl Tomasson and Jesper Grønkjær openly criticised their coach, claiming he was afraid to attack. Trapattoni immediately responded by dropping both players to the bench. With the atmosphere in the team worsening, he was sacked after just seven months, on 9 February 2006, reportedly for "not fulfilling the ambitions of the club". He was replaced as manager by Armin Veh.
In May 2006, Red Bull Salzburg announced they had signed Trapattoni as their new manager and Director of Football, along with one of his former players, Lothar Matthäus, who was to serve as Trapattoni's co-manager. Trapattoni initially cast doubt on this report, claiming he had not signed any contract. But three days later, both he and Matthäus signed and made their hirings official. As he had done with Benfica in Portugal two years before, Trapattoni managed to deliver instantly, winning the league title after a long period of failures for the club; he secured the 2006–07 Austrian Bundesliga, which was Salzburg's first in 10 years. At the end of the season, the club's board of directors unanimously decided to dismiss Matthäus, and Thorsten Fink became Trapattoni's assistant manager.
2008–13: Republic of IrelandEdit
On 11 February 2008, Trapattoni "agreed in principle" to take over the Republic of Ireland manager's job, but finished the season with Red Bull before taking up the Irish position on 1 May. Former Ireland midfielder Liam Brady was expected to be part of the Italian's backroom staff, while Marco Tardelli was confirmed as Trapattoni's assistant manager. Trapattoni signed Brady back in 1980 for Juventus from Arsenal for just over £500,000. Red Bull Salzburg confirmed, on 13 February 2008, that at the end of the 2007–08 season, Trapattoni would be leaving the club to take over as the Republic of Ireland manager. Manuela Spinelli became Trapattoni's interpreter. Because of her ability to speak both Italian and English, she became a familiar sight alongside him during most interviews. She has also appeared on The Late Late Show without Trapattoni.
Trapattoni's first game in charge, a friendly against Serbia on 24 May 2008, ended in a 1–1 draw. His second, another friendly, against Colombia five days later, meant his first victory with the national side, 1–0. This was followed by a 1–1 draw with Norway, his first competitive win against Georgia and a draw with Montenegro in 2010 FIFA World Cup qualification.
Trapattoni's first defeat came in a friendly against Poland on 19 November 2008, a 3–2 loss at Croke Park. He also managed to claim a 1–1 away draw against 2006 FIFA World Cup champions Italy, that he had managed himself from 2000 to 2004, thanks to a late equaliser from Robbie Keane. He finished the qualifying campaign unbeaten, becoming only the third Irish manager to do so, qualifying for a playoff place for the 2010 World Cup.
In September 2009, he signed a new contract with Ireland that would have seen him continue as manager until UEFA Euro 2012. In the first leg of the World Cup playoff in Croke Park on 14 November 2009, France won 1–0 with a goal by Nicolas Anelka. In the second leg in Paris, on 18 November 2009, a goal from Robbie Keane levelled the aggregate scores at 1–1 in the first half. In extra time, however, a William Gallas equaliser put France through 2–1 on aggregate. Replays of the French goal showed that Thierry Henry had twice used his hand to control the ball and was in an offside position before crossing for Gallas to head home.
In May 2011, he managed Ireland as they won the Nations Cup, after a 1–0 win against Scotland. Later that year he managed the Irish national team to UEFA Euro 2012 qualification, following a 5–1 aggregate play-off win against Estonia. Trapattoni was rewarded with a new two-year contract by the Football Association of Ireland (FAI). His success was praised by, among others, Dietmar Hamann.
Ireland exited UEFA Euro 2012 at the group stage, after losing to eventual finalists Spain and Italy. Early in 2014 FIFA World Cup qualification, Ireland suffered a 6–1 defeat to Germany at home with a severely depleted team available. On 29 May 2013, Trapattoni's Ireland side faced off against England for the first time in eighteen years at the Wembley Stadium in a match which ended 1–1. Trapattoni parted ways with the Republic of Ireland national team on 11 September 2013 by mutual consent, after a defeat by Austria effectively ended their chances of qualification for the 2014 World Cup.
Trapattoni has managed the Vatican City national football team which is a member of neither FIFA nor UEFA. His first match as manager was played on 23 October 2010 when Vatican City faced a team composed of Italian financial police. Previously, at the age of 71 Trapattoni was quoted as saying, "When I retire, I would like to become coach of the Vatican."
Trapattoni comes from a working-class background and lost his father as a child. A devout Roman Catholic, he regularly attends Regina Pacis Church in his hometown of Cusano Milanino whenever he is home and is a cooperator of Opus Dei. He and his wife Paola have a son and a daughter and are grandparents.
In August 2010, Trapattoni was admitted to a hospital in Dublin, one-day before Ireland's friendly with Argentina. It was initially believed that the shellfish he had eaten before arriving in the country was to blame for him feeling unwell. He underwent surgery in the Mater Misericordiae University Hospital, Dublin on 11 August. He missed the Argentina game due to his surgery. In January 2011, reports in the Italian media, claimed that he was at home recovering from a mild stroke he suffered during surgery on 28 December 2010. The reports claimed that the stroke had caused partial paralysis on the right side of his body. In a statement released through the FAI, Trapattoni said that while he did have scheduled surgery in Italy over Christmas, he had not suffered a stroke.
Style of managementEdit
"Our football is prose, not poetry." Giovanni Trapattoni.
Considered one of the greatest and most successful managers of all time, Trapattoni is highly regarded for his man-management, motivational and organisational abilities, as well as his tactical acumen, being referred to in international media as "the King of Catenaccio" or the "Old Fox". He is known in particular for his direct management style and use of rigorous, innovative tactics, while his teams are usually known for their mental strength, organisation, and use of prepared set plays; Trapattoni was the main author and practitioner of the "zona mista" style of play (or "Gioco all'Italiana"), which was regarded as an evolution of the more traditional and defensive-minded Catenaccio system, which had been popularised in Italy by one of his major influences as a manager, Nereo Rocco; Rocco s tactics mainly focussed on sitting back and defending, and subsequently scoring on counter-attacks with few touches after winning back the ball. The zona mista tactical system came to be known as such as it instead drew elements from both man-marking strategies – such as Italian catenaccio – and zonal marking systems – such as the Dutch total football; this tactical system dominated Italian football from the mid-1970s until the late 1980s, which saw the emergence of Arrigo Sacchi's high-pressing, offensive minded zonal marking system.
Although Trapattoni was known for his defensive minded approach as a manager, his teams often made use of a ball–playing sweeper or libero – with good technique, vision, and an ability to read the game –, who was responsible both for defending and starting attacking plays from the back, as well as a creative and skilful offensive playmaker in midfield behind the forwards. As such, his teams were known for their defensive strength and playing style, as well as their ability to score from counter-attacks. In 2014, Trapattoni attributed his success and tactical intelligence as a manager to his time playing in midfield throughout his playing career, which allowed him to understand both the offensive and defensive phases of the game. Throughout his career, he used several different formations, including a 4–4–2, a 4–3–1–2, 4–2–3–1, 3–4–1–2, and a 3–5–2, as well as his fluid zona mista system; the latter system made use of a sweeper, a man-marking centre-back – or stopper –, two full-backs, a defensive midfielder, a regista or attacking midfielder, a second striker, and two wingers behind a lone striker or centre-forward, although players would often switch positions in this system, with only the stopper having a fixed role.
Trapattoni was noted throughout his career for his ideological confrontations with more attack-minded managers he faced, most famously Johan Cruyff, a rivalry that started in their playing days, with Trapattoni remembering that, in order to stop Cruyff in a match between Italy and the Netherlands, he had to resort to "dirty" tactics, such as pulling at his shirt.
- "A coach must train [the players] with simplicity and establish clear rules when building the team. This simplicity can be expressed through the formulation of a strategy with patterns and tactics based on the following principles: never haggle and delay excessively, pass the ball in depth to verticalise as quickly as possible, control the pace of the game, limit risks, mark behind the ball, use on-field tactical communication to help your players, be alert to the [opposing] team's weaknesses and strengths
- "The tactics must focus on the pressure to recover the ball and then quickly develop the offensive action"
- Ball possession isn't important in itself and sometimes it can be counter-productive "like a person who talks too much". It is better "to have 0% of the possession and 100% of the goals"
- Strong emphasis on training the team in set pieces and dead-ball situations
- Instead of looking for space in the wings, as many managers do, it is more effective to look to exploit spaces behind the opposing team's backline through quick "vertical play" ("gioco verticale"). By inviting the opponent's pressing, the team can then easily exploit the spaces and gaps behind the opponent's defence
- The central area of the pitch, towards which statistically most of the possession is directed, needs to be very well-covered. There, the aim is to cripple the opponent's game and prevail on crucial second balls, thus easily creating "vertical and violent offensive transitions"
- Strikers must be trained to become clinical finishers or "killers" in the mould of Paolo Rossi or Filippo Inzaghi
- Tactical discipline is necessary, but the special genius of standout players should also be encouraged and harnessed to the fullest, with Trapattoni citing his use of Michel Platini and Roberto Baggio as primary examples
Trapattoni is also a popular figure in Italy for his original press conference speeches and trademark quotes, one of the most famous being "don't say cat until you've got it in the bag". During his managerial stints abroad, his sense of humour, coupled with his difficulties with the local language, won him a significant amount of popularity with both fans and the press. His most memorable press conference took place while he was in charge of German club Bayern Munich. In a speech riddled with grammar mistakes and involuntary neologisms, most famously using "Ich habe fertig" (roughly translatable as "I have finished", in place of "I am finished") and "Schwach wie eine Flasche leer" ("weak like a bottle empty"), he soundly attacked many of his players, including Thomas Strunz, whose last name, in Trapattoni's native Lombard language, is a swear word roughly equivalent to "asshole".
He is also known for a two-fingered whistle he uses to capture the attention of his players during games. He also brought a bottle of holy water during 2002 FIFA World Cup games when he was in charge of the Italian national team. He kept the same tradition while in charge of Benfica.
|Italy national team|
- Scores and results list Italy's goal tally first.
|1.||9 June 1963||Praterstadion, Wien, Austria||Austria||1–0||1–0||Friendly|
- As of 10 September 2013.
|A.C. Milan||9 April 1974||30 June 1974||11||4||5||2||6||4||+2||36.36|
|Juventus||1 July 1976||30 June 1986||450||244||136||70||720||334||+386||54.22|
|Inter Milan||1 July 1986||30 June 1991||233||126||61||46||342||169||+173||54.08|
|Juventus||1 July 1991||30 June 1994||140||74||42||24||235||119||+116||52.86|
|Bayern Munich||1 July 1994||30 June 1995||46||17||18||11||68||59||+9||36.96|
|Cagliari||1 July 1995||30 June 1996||37||13||8||16||41||54||−13||35.14|
|Bayern Munich||1 July 1996||30 June 1998||90||55||22||13||192||89||+103||61.11|
|Fiorentina||1 July 1998||30 June 2000||99||44||31||24||149||109||+40||44.44|
|Italy||6 July 2000||15 July 2004||44||25||12||7||68||30||+38||56.82|
|Benfica||5 July 2004||31 May 2005||51||29||10||12||82||50||+32||56.86|
|VfB Stuttgart||17 June 2005||9 February 2006||31||11||13||7||37||31||+6||35.48|
|Red Bull Salzburg||May 2006||30 April 2008||87||48||19||20||158||85||+73||55.17|
|Republic of Ireland||1 May 2008||11 September 2013||64||26||22||16||86||64||+22||40.63|
- Serie A: 1961–62, 1967–68
- Coppa Italia: 1966–67
- European Cup: 1962–63, 1968–69
- European Cup Winners' Cup: 1967–68
- Serie A: 1976–77, 1977–78, 1980–81, 1981–82, 1983–84, 1985–86
- Coppa Italia: 1978–79, 1982–83
- European Cup: 1984–85
- UEFA Cup Winners' Cup: 1983–84
- UEFA Cup: 1976–77, 1992–93
- European Super Cup: 1984
- Intercontinental Cup: 1985
Red Bull Salzburg
Republic of Ireland
- A.C. Milan Hall of Fame
- Seminatore d'Oro: 1976–77, 1985
- Premio l'Allenatore dei Sogni: 1992
- Panchina d'Oro: 1997
- Champions of Europe plaque: 2006
- European Football Coach of the Year: 1985, 1991
- European Coach of the Season: 1984–85, 1992–93
- Philips Manager of the Year Award: 2012
- Italian Football Hall of Fame: 2012
- ESPN 12th Greatest Manager of All Time: 2013
- France Football 12th Greatest Manager of All Time: 2019
- World Soccer 19th Greatest Manager of All Time: 2013
- "Homepage - AC Milan". acmilan.com. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007.
- "Club Italia – FIGC". FIGC – Federazione Italiana Giuoco Calcio. Archived from the original on 18 December 2004. Retrieved 19 March 2007.
- Di Maggio, Roberto (13 April 2003). "Giovanni Trapattoni – International Appearances". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved 12 February 2009.
- "Trapattoni wants Italy deal". BBC Sport. 30 March 2004. Retrieved 15 October 2008.
- James Horncastle (6 August 2013). "Greatest Managers, No. 12: Trapattoni". ESPN FC. Retrieved 7 February 2015.
- "Giovanni Trapattoni". Union des Associations Européennes de Football. 31 May 2010. Retrieved 27 December 2010.
- "Football Philosophers" (PDF). The Technician. Union des Associations Européennes de Football. 46: 5. May 2010.
- "TRAPATTONI Giovanni: il viaggio del Maestro" (in Italian). Storie di Calcio. Retrieved 21 May 2020.
- "Coppa Campioni 1968/69: MILAN" (in Italian). storiedicalcio.altervista.org. Retrieved 21 May 2020.
- Index of Matches FIFA.com, 1962 World Cup
- "La mitica storia del Trap Leggende, gaffe e trofei". La Gazzetta dello Sport (in Italian). Retrieved 21 May 2020.
- Luca, Bottura (11 August 2000). "Pelè smonta una leggenda, ma anche stavolta Trapattoni lo anticipa". Il Corriere della Sera (in Italian). p. 37. Archived from the original on 7 July 2012. Retrieved 21 May 2020.
- "A.C. Milan Hall of Fame: Giovanni Trapattoni". acmilan.com. A.C. Milan. Retrieved 31 March 2015.
- "AC Milan .:. Coaches from A-Z". Worldfootball. Retrieved 31 January 2013.
- "AC Milan » Fixtures & Results 1973/1974". World Football. Retrieved 23 July 2016.
- "Italy » Serie A 1973/1974 » 30. Round". World Football. Retrieved 23 July 2016.
- "Juventus .:. Coaches from A-Z". Worldfootball. Retrieved 31 January 2013.
- "Inter .:. Coaches from A-Z". Worldfootball. Retrieved 31 January 2013.
- "Bayern München .:. Coaches from A-Z". Worldfootball. Retrieved 31 January 2013.
- "Cagliari Calcio .:. Coaches from A-Z". Worldfootball. Retrieved 31 January 2013.
- "Cagliari Calcio » Fixtures & Results 1995/1996". World Football. Retrieved 23 July 2016.
- Trapattoni, un esonero mascherato Corriere della Sera, 14 februari 1996
- "Italy » Serie A 1995/1996 » 21. Round". World Football. Retrieved 23 July 2016.
- "Trapattoni und die neue Ruhe bei den Bayern". Die Welt (in German). 11 September 1996. Retrieved 31 January 2013.
- "Short version of press conference (English subtitles)". YouTube. Retrieved 10 June 2012.
- on YouTube[dead link]
- FOOTBALLDOCTOR (30 December 2011). "Giovanni Trapattoni" – via YouTube.
- Di Maggio, Roberto. "ITALIAN NATIONAL TEAM COACHES". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved 30 January 2013.
- "Trapattoni: "Basta con Baggio Ora pensiamo al Mondiale"". La Repubblica (in Italian). 12 May 2002. Retrieved 7 January 2015.
- Vincenzi, Massimo (3 June 2002). "L'Italia parte bene Battuto l'Ecuador 2–0". la Repubblica (in Italian). Retrieved 29 January 2015.
- Olivero, Dario (8 June 2002). "Il film: la cronaca di Italia-Croazia". la Repubblica (in Italian). Retrieved 29 January 2015.
- Vincenzi, Massimo (16 June 2002). "Totti, orgoglio di campione "Mi rifarò contro la Corea"". la Repubblica. Retrieved 29 January 2015.
- "Del Piero e l' Ecuador tengono a galla l' Italia" (in Italian). Il Corriere della Sera. 14 June 2002. Retrieved 29 January 2015.
- "Angry Italy blame 'conspiracy'". Soccernet. 19 June 2002. Archived from the original on 23 November 2006. Retrieved 6 August 2006.
- Ghosh, Bobby (24 June 2002). "Lay Off the Refs". Time. Retrieved 28 April 2010.
- "Fifa investigates Moreno". BBC News. 13 September 2002.
- Bandini, Nicky (21 May 2018). "World Cup stunning moments: Italy shocked by South Korea in 2002". The Guardian. Retrieved 24 February 2020.
- "I dubbi del Trap Del Piero-Totti insieme?". Panorama (in Italian). Retrieved 13 January 2015.
- Vincenzi, Massimo (19 June 2002). "Vieri la star Maldini il peggiore". La Repubblica (in Italian). Retrieved 24 February 2020.
- VINCENZI, MASSIMO (18 June 2002). "Golden gol della Corea L'Italia torna a casa". La Repubblica (in Italian). Retrieved 24 February 2020.
- "Cassano's last-gasp winner all for nought as Trapattoni pays price for early exit". The Guardian. 23 June 2004. Retrieved 6 February 2015.
- "Giovanni Trapattoni believes he is due some luck as he leads the Republic into Euro 2012". RTÉ Sport. 9 June 2012. Retrieved 9 June 2012.
- "Benfica unveil Trapattoni". BBC Sport. 5 July 2004. Retrieved 11 September 2017.
- "Benfica clinch first title since 1994". ESPN FC. 23 May 2005. Retrieved 11 September 2017.
- "Trapattoni in Stuttgart: "Stolz, Trainer beim VfB zu sein"". Der Spiegel (in German). 17 June 2005. Retrieved 31 January 2013.
- "VfB Stuttgart schmeißt Trapattoni hinaus". Die Welt (in German). 10 February 2006. Retrieved 31 January 2013.
- Ennis, Darren (11 February 2008). "Trapattoni set to get Ireland job". Reuters. Retrieved 11 February 2008.
- "Trapattoni named Republic manager". BBC Sport. 13 February 2008. Retrieved 13 February 2008.
- "Tardelli to be Republic assistant". BBC Sport. 14 February 2008. Retrieved 14 February 2008.
- "Red Bull Salzburg announcement; Trapattoni leaving club at end of 2007/08". 220.127.116.11. Retrieved 10 June 2012.[permanent dead link]
- Hyland, Paul (11 November 2011). "Time Irish cracked the code". Evening Herald. Retrieved 11 November 2011.
After three years, he still talks about Shay Givens and John Shea yet this time, he made sure he had everyone's name right – even as far as asking his translator, Manuela Spinelli, for assistance in identifying which hack was which.
- Hannigan, Mary (16 November 2011). "The cat is in the sack and drinking the cream". The Irish Times. Retrieved 16 November 2011.
He's becoming more Irish than the Irish themselves, that fella. He half promised a song if Estonia didn't do a John Treacy, and honestly, what you wouldn't pay to hear him duet with his translator Manuela Spinelli on, say, The Fields of Athenry.
- "Manuela, la lady che mette nel sacco il "trappese" del signor Giovanni". Corriere della Sera. 15 November 2011. Retrieved 15 November 2011.
- "Trapattoni e il gatto: No say is in the sac". La Repubblica. 11 November 2011. Retrieved 11 November 2011.
- Hannigan, Mary (21 February 2011). "Manuela's keen vision avoids trap of getting lost in translation". The Irish Times. Retrieved 21 February 2011.
Yes, it was Giovanni Trapattoni's translating sidekick Manuela Spinelli on the Late Late Show...
- "Republic of Ireland 2–3 Poland". RTÉ Sport. 19 November 2008. Archived from the original on 23 February 2009. Retrieved 19 March 2009.
- "Trapattoni signs new Ireland deal". ESPN. 25 September 2009. Retrieved 17 November 2009.
- "Anelka's deflected strike hurts Irish". ESPN. 14 November 2009. Retrieved 17 November 2009.
- Winter, Henry (19 November 2009). "France 1 Republic of Ireland 1, agg 2–1: match report". The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 19 November 2009.
- "Henry's hand ends Irish World Cup hopes". The Irish Times. 19 November 2009. Retrieved 19 November 2009.
- "20 years of drama in Irish football, Chapter 5: 'Trap was like the Pope, I know because I worked with both'". The 42. 15 May 2020. Retrieved 15 May 2020.
- Malone, Emmet (30 May 2011). "Keane equals record and secures title". The Irish Times. Retrieved 31 May 2011.
- "Republic of Ireland manager Giovanni Trapattoni: Home Nations Cup triumph proves we can beat anyone". Goal.com. 30 May 2011. Retrieved 31 May 2011.
- Mason, Glenn (15 November 2011). "Ireland 1–1 Estonia". RTÉ Sport. Archived from the original on 16 November 2011. Retrieved 15 November 2011.
- "Trapattoni hails his 'fantastic team'". RTÉ Sport. 15 November 2011. Archived from the original on 16 November 2011. Retrieved 15 November 2011.
- "Trapattoni agrees new deal with Ireland". RTÉ Sport. 29 November 2011. Archived from the original on 30 November 2011. Retrieved 29 November 2011.
- "Hamann hails Trapattoni influence". RTÉ Sport. 17 February 2012. Archived from the original on 19 February 2012. Retrieved 17 February 2012.
- "Republic of Ireland 1–6 Germany". RTÉ News. 12 October 2012.
- "Giovanni Trapattoni stands down as Republic of Ireland manager". BBC Sport. 11 September 2013. Retrieved 11 September 2013.
- "Giovanni Trapattoni and Marco Tardelli leave Ireland by 'mutual consent'". The Score. 11 September 2013. Archived from the original on 12 September 2013. Retrieved 11 September 2013.
- "The things they say: Giovanni Trapattoni". FIFA. Retrieved 19 March 2012.
- "Trapattoni betreut Vatikan-Auswahl" (in German). fussball24.de. Retrieved 16 May 2014.
- "The real Il Trap". Irish Independent. 16 February 2008.
- "The true cost of landing Trapattoni". Irish Independent. 17 February 2008.
- "Giovanni Trapattoni's trappings of success". The Sunday Times. 17 February 2008.
- "Giovanni Trapattoni in hospital". ESPN Soccernet. 10 August 2010. Retrieved 10 August 2010.
- "Trapattoni to undergo surgery" Archived 14 August 2010 at the Wayback Machine. RTÉ Sport. 11 August 2010.
- "Giovanni Trapattoni to undergo surgery and will miss Argentina game". The Guardian. 11 August 2010.
- "Trapattoni says stroke reports are untrue". RTÉ Sport. 5 January 2011. Archived from the original on 8 January 2011. Retrieved 5 January 2011.
- ‘Il Trap’, la leyenda escrita en prosa Tomas Maganha, Martiperarneu.com, 13 June 2012
- Trapattoni, el 'rey del catenaccio', encaja siete goles en casa Sport.es, 25 March 2008
- Estonian boss Ruutli wary of wily ‘old fox’ Trapattoni Cathal Derva, Independent.ie, 11 November 2011
- "Mondiali: Trapattoni, "Catenaccio"? Noi giochiamo così..." [World Cup: Trapattoni, "Catenaccio"? We play that way...] (in Italian). ADNKronos. 4 June 2002. Retrieved 19 April 2013.
- "CALCIO, CRUYFF; TRAPATTONI: PROVAI A MARCARLO MA ROMPEVA OGNI SCHEMA". La Repubblica (in Italian). Retrieved 19 February 2020.
- Sannucci, Corrado (25 May 2002). "Trap, il santone intoccabile che si ispira a Rocco". La Repubblica (in Italian). Retrieved 19 May 2020.
- "Giovanni Trapattoni: A Career of 2 Halves That Defined the Golden Era of Calcio at Juventus". Sports Illustrated. 12 August 2019. Retrieved 20 May 2020.
- Lo Presti, Salvatore. "TRAPATTONI, Giovanni" (in Italian). Treccani: Enciclopedia dello Sport (2002). Retrieved 21 May 2020.
- "Trapattoni, l'alfabeto del Trap: dal compleanno ai social network" (in Italian). sport.sky.it. 17 March 2019. Retrieved 21 May 2020.
- MURA, GIANNI (7 July 2000). "La prima volta di Trapattoni". La Repubblica (in Italian). Retrieved 21 May 2020.
- Zucchelli, Nicola (28 June 2019). "Analisi Tattica: la Juventus di Giovanni Trapattoni" (in Italian). assoanalisti.it. Retrieved 21 May 2020.
- Feltri, Mattia; Giovannini, Roberto (2 September 2014). "Renzi vara la fase 2: "Giudicatemi a maggio 2017"". La Stampa (in Italian). Retrieved 25 May 2020.
- "Juventus, Trapattoni ricorda: "Mi rivedo in Conte"". La Gazzetta dello Sport (in Italian). 5 February 2014. Retrieved 21 May 2020.
- "L'Italia che cambia: per ogni ct c'è un modulo diverso" (in Italian). sport.sky.it. 20 December 2016. Retrieved 26 February 2020.
- "Trapattoni: "My players were breathless."". The Guardian. 3 June 2002. Retrieved 21 May 2020.
- Fontana, Mattia (12 August 2014). "La storia della tattica: dal Catenaccio al calcio totale" (in Italian). Eurosport. Retrieved 21 May 2020.
- Moore, Glenn (23 November 1999). "Football: CHAMPIONS' LEAGUE: Ferguson wary of Trapattoni's trap". The Independent. Retrieved 21 May 2020.
- "Italia, ecco la formazione contro l'Ecuador". Il Corriere della Sera (in Italian). 30 May 2002. Retrieved 21 May 2020.
- "Italy: Giovanni Trapattoni". The Guardian. 7 June 2004. Retrieved 21 May 2020.
- "Italy v Denmark – Preview". World Soccer. 14 June 2004. Retrieved 21 May 2020.
- "Cina, esordio mondiale con sconfitta Il Belgio rovina la festa al Giappone: 2-2". Il Corriere della Sera (in Italian). Retrieved 21 May 2020.
- "Italy looks for redemption at Euro". CBC News. 14 June 2004. Retrieved 21 May 2020.
- "Trapattoni, Cruyff e i Magnifici sei: "Il suo calcio è stata una rivoluzione"". Il Corriere dello Sport (in Italian). 24 March 2016.
- Mario Sconcerti, "Gli anni Settanta e il ritorno della Juventus" in Storia delle Idee del Calcio, 2014 Baldini & Castoldi s.r.l, ISBN 978-88-6865-114-5
- Giovanni Trapattoni with Bruno Longhi, Non dire gatto: La mia vita sempre in campo, tra calci e fischi (Autobiography), 2015 RCS Libri S.p.A., ISBN 978-88-58-68229-6
- Analisi Tattica: la Juventus di Giovanni Trapattoni Asso Analisti, 28 June 2019
- "Working class hero Trap stays close to his roots". The Independent. 8 November 2009. Retrieved 5 January 2011.
- "Germany Unity Series: When Giovanni Trapattoni Lost It – "Was Erlauben Struuunz?"". Goal.com. 3 December 2010. Retrieved 5 January 2011.
- "Who Is Giovanni Trapattoni?". The Independent. 13 February 2008. Archived from the original on 15 January 2012. Retrieved 5 January 2011.
- "Shane Hegarty: Trapattoni has kept faith... and so should we". Irish Independent. 12 September 2011.
- "Giovanni Trapattoni". National Football Teams. Benjamin Strack-Zimmerman. Retrieved 10 June 2012.
- "Giovanni Trapattoni – International Appearances". Rsssf.com. Retrieved 10 June 2012.
- "La UEFA premia i grandi del Milan" (in Italian). UEFA. 4 April 2006. Retrieved 31 March 2015.
- "Trapattoni wins manager of the year award". RTE. Retrieved 31 March 2015.
- "BARESI, CAPELLO AND RIVERA ACCEPTED IN HALL OF FAME". acmilan.com. A.C. Milan. 26 November 2013. Retrieved 20 April 2015.
- "Greatest Managers, No. 12: Trapattoni". espn.com. ESPN. 6 August 2013. Retrieved 20 November 2019.
- "Top 50 des coaches de l'historie". France Football. 19 March 2019. Retrieved 19 March 2019.
- Jamie Rainbow (4 July 2013). "The Greatest Manager of all time". World Soccer.
- Jamie Rainbow (2 July 2013). "The Greatest XI: how the panel voted". World Soccer.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Giovanni Trapattoni.|