2006 FIFA World Cup qualification (CAF)
The qualification was composed of two Rounds. 9 teams entered the competition directly on the Second Round: the 5 teams that qualified for the 2002 World Cup Finals (Cameroon, Nigeria, Senegal, South Africa, and Tunisia) and the 4 highest-ranking teams in the June 25, 2003 FIFA world rankings (Congo DR, Côte d'Ivoire, Egypt, and Morocco). The other 42 teams were paired 2-by-2 and played knock-out matches home-and-away. The 21 winners would advance to the Second Round.
In the Second Round, the 30 teams were divided in 5 groups of 6 teams each. Teams in each group would play against each other in a home-and-away basis. The team with most points in each group would qualify to the World Cup.
The competition also constituted the qualification competition for the 2006 African Nations Cup with the top three nations of each group qualifying (except for Egypt, which qualifies as the host nation, the fourth nation in Egypt's group qualifying in Egypt's place).
The African qualifying zone saw 4 out of 5 finals places going to World Cup debutants (Angola, Togo, Côte d'Ivoire and Ghana). Nigeria missed out on a fourth consecutive finals appearance while Cameroon did not reach their fifth consecutive finals.
The African zone also featured a group of death — Group 3, which brought together Africa's most frequent World Cup qualifier Cameroon with the two eventual finalists of the 2006 Africa Cup of Nations: Egypt and the Ivory Coast.
If teams were even on points at the end of group play, the tied teams were ranked by:
- Greatest number of points obtained in the group matches between the teams concerned
- Goal difference resulting from the group matches between the teams concerned
- Greatest number of goals scored in the group matches between the teams concerned
- Goal difference in all group matches
- Greatest number of goals scored in all group matches
- A play-off on neutral ground. If, after 90 minutes, this match ended in a draw, two 15-minute periods of extra time would be played. If the score was still level after extra time, a penalty shoot-out would determine the winner.
This was a change from the 2002 FIFA World Cup, where total goal difference was the first tiebreaker.
|Team 1||Agg.||Team 2||1st leg||2nd leg|
|São Tomé and Príncipe||0–9||Libya||0–1||0–8|
|Burkina Faso||w/o||Central African Republic|
- Togo qualified for the 2006 FIFA World Cup.
- Togo, Senegal, and Zambia qualified for the 2006 African Cup of Nations.
- Head-to-head points: Congo DR 4, South Africa 1.
- Ghana qualified for the 2006 FIFA World Cup.
- Ghana, Congo DR, and South Africa qualified for the 2006 African Cup of Nations.
- Côte d'Ivoire qualified for the 2006 FIFA World Cup.
- Côte d'Ivoire, Cameroon, and Libya qualified for the 2006 African Cup of Nations (Egypt qualified directly as hosts.)
- Head-to-head points: Angola 4, Nigeria 1.
- Angola qualified for the 2006 FIFA World Cup.
- Angola, Nigeria, and Zimbabwe qualified for the 2006 African Cup of Nations.
The following five teams from CAF qualified for the final tournament.
|Team||Qualified as||Qualified on||Previous appearances in FIFA World Cup1|
|Togo||Second Round Group 1 winners||8 October 2005||0 (debut)|
|Ghana||Second Round Group 2 winners||8 October 2005||0 (debut)|
|Ivory Coast||Second Round Group 3 winners||8 October 2005||0 (debut)|
|Angola||Second Round Group 4 winners||8 October 2005||0 (debut)|
|Tunisia||Second Round Group 5 winners||8 October 2005||3 (1978, 1998, 2002)|
- 1 Bold indicates champions for that year. Italic indicates hosts for that year.
- 11 goals
- 9 goals
- 8 goals
- 7 goals
- 6 goals
- 5 goals
- 4 goals
- 3 goals
- 2 goals
- 1 goal
- 1 own goal