FC Lorient

Football Club Lorient-Bretagne Sud (French pronunciation: ​[lɔʁjɑ̃ bʁətaɲ syd]; commonly referred to FC Lorient or simply Lorient) is a French association football club based in Lorient, Brittany. The club was founded in 1926 and will play in Ligue 1 in the 2020–21 season after promotion from Ligue 2 in the 2019–20 season. Lorient plays its home matches at the Stade Yves Allainmat, named after the former mayor of Lorient. The stadium is surnamed Stade du Moustoir because of its location within the city. The team is managed by Christophe Pélissier.

Lorient
FC Lorient logo.svg
Full nameFootball Club Lorient-Bretagne Sud
Nickname(s)Les Merlus (The Merlucciidaes)
Le FCL
Founded1926; 94 years ago (1926)
GroundStade du Moustoir,
Lorient
Capacity18,890
ChairmanLoïc Fery
ManagerChristophe Pélissier
LeagueLigue 1
2019–20Ligue 2, 1st (promoted)
WebsiteClub website
Current season

Lorient had a relatively bleak history nationally prior to 1998 when the club made its first appearance in Ligue 1 in the 1998–99 season. Prior to that, Lorient spent the majority of its life as an amateur club. Lorient's achieved its biggest honour in 2002 when the club won the Coupe de France defeating Bastia 1–0 in the final. Lorient has never won Ligue 1, but has won the Championnat National earning this honour in 1995. Regionally, the club has won five Brittany Division d'Honneur titles and six Coupe de Bretagne.

Lorient has most notably served as a springboard club for several present-day internationals such as Laurent Koscielny, André-Pierre Gignac, Michaël Ciani, Kevin Gameiro, Karim Ziani, Bakari Koné, Matteo Guendouzi, and Seydou Keita. French international Yoann Gourcuff, the son of Christian Gourcuff, began his career at the club before moving to Derby Breton rivals Rennes.

HistoryEdit

Football Club Lorient was founded on 2 April 1926. Lorient was formed off of La Marée Sportive, a club founded a year earlier by Madame Cuissard, a store patron who originated from Saint-Étienne, and her son Joseph. The club began play as an amateur club under the Czechoslovakian manager Jozef Loquay and won the Champions de l'Ouest in 1929, which placed the club into the Division d'Honneur of the Brittany region. In 1932, Lorient won the league and, four years later, repeated this performance. The onset of World War II limited the club's meteoric rise in the region and the departure of several players who either joined the war effort or left to play abroad effectively disseminated the club.

Following the war, Antoine Cuissard, the grandson of Madame Cuissard, joined the club as a player with intentions of rebuilding it in honour of his grandmother. Lorient began play in the Division d'Honneur. Cuissard began one of the first Lorient players to maintain a place in the France national team while playing with the club. In 1954, he played on the team that qualified for the 1954 FIFA World Cup. Lorient quickly recovered and, by 1948, was playing in the Championnat de France amateur (CFA). The club spent two years in the league before falling back to the Division d'Honneur. In 1957, Lorient was promoted back to the CFA, but struggled due to being limited financially. Subsequently, the club sought sponsors with the hopes of becoming professional. In 1967, under the chairmanship of both Jean Tomine and René Fougère, Lorient placed a bid to turn professional and was elected to Division 2 by the French League. Incoming president Henri Ducassou agreed to do his best to make professionalism prosper in Lorient.

In the second division, Lorient struggled in the early seventies to consistently stay up in the league table. In the 1974–75 and 1975–76 seasons, the club came close to promotion to Division 1, finishing 3rd in its group on each occasion, one place short of the promotion play-offs. However, the following season, Lorient was relegated to Division 3. The potential of that team had proved above its classification when the club qualified for its first French FA Cup quarter-finals in history. The club subsequently struggled financially and domestically. It went bankrupt in 1978. During this period, under the name "Club des Supporters du FC Lorient" (the supporters legally took over to keep the FC Lorient name alive), Lorient played in the Division Supérieure Régionale (sixth tier of the French football pyramid). In the early 1980s, Georges Guenoum took over the club as president and hired former Lorient player Christian Gourcuff as manager. Surprisingly, under Gourcuff, Lorient quickly climbed back up the French football ladder. In 1983, the club won the Brittany Division d'Honneur title and, the following season, won Division 4. In 1985, they won Division 3 and so were back in Division 2 eight years after their demise at that level! Gourcuff left the club after its first Division 2 campaign, with relegation only being effective through an unfavourable goal difference. Lorient spent the next five years in Division 3 playing under two managers. It went financially bust again in 1990 but was nevertheless allowed to stay in Division 3. In 1991, Gourcuff returned to the club and after almost a decade playing in Division 3, Lorient earned promotion back to Division 2 after winning the second edition of the Championnat National.

 
Jean-Claude Darcheville scored the game-winning goal for Lorient in the 2002 Coupe de France final.

Lorient spent two seasons in the second division and, in the 1997–98 season, surprised many by running away with the league alongside champions Nancy. The 1998–99 season marked Lorient's first appearance in Division 1 in the club's history. The appearance was brief with Lorient struggling to meet the financial demands and stronger competition of the league. The club finished in 16th place and were relegated. Amazingly, Lorient finished equal on points with Le Havre with both clubs having the same number of wins, losses, and draws. However, due to Le Havre having a better goal difference, Lorient was relegated. After only two seasons in Division 2, Lorient were back in the first division for the 2001–02 season. Prior to the promotion, in April 2001, a takeover of the club led by Alain Le Roch led to internal problems, which resulted in the departure of Gourcuff and one of the club's best players, Ulrich Le Pen, soon after. The club hired Argentine manager Ángel Marcos to replace Gourcuff. However, Marcos lasted only a few months.

Despite the initial issues, Lorient strengthened its squad in preparation for its return to the first division by recruiting players such as Pascal Delhommeau, Moussa Saïb, Johan Cavalli, and Pape Malick Diop. Led by Yvon Pouliquen, the new signings joined the likes of Jean-Claude Darcheville, Arnaud Le Lan, and Seydou Keita and surprised many by reaching the final of the Coupe de la Ligue. Lorient was defeated by Bordeaux in the final. Lorient continued its impressive cup form by winning the Coupe de France just two months later. In the match, Lorient faced Bastia and defeated the Corsicans 1–0 courtesy of a goal from Darcheville. The title was the club's first major honour. The celebration would however end on a sourer note as Lorient was relegated from league play in the same season. The club participated in the UEFA Cup the following season, falling to Turkish side Denizlispor in the first round on away goals.

Lorient returned to the first division, now called Ligue 1, in 2006 with a completely revamped team. Instead of spending money on players, the club focused its efforts on improving its academy and promoted several players to the first-team such as André-Pierre Gignac, Virgile Reset, Jérémy Morel, and Diego Yesso during the club's stint in Ligue 2. Lorient was also influenced by the arrival of the Malian international Bakari Koné. The club, in its return to Ligue 1, finished mid-table in three straight seasons. In the 2009–10 season, Lorient performed well domestically. In October 2009, the club reached 5th place in the table; its highest position that late in the season ever. Lorient eventually finished the campaign in 7th place; its best finish in Ligue 1.

In the 2016-2017 Ligue 1 season, Lorient played against Ligue 2 side ES Troyes in the promotion/relegation play off match. Lorient lost the tie 2–1 and were relegated to Ligue 2 after an 11 year stay in the top flight.[1][2]

On 30 April 2020, Lorient were promoted to Ligue 1 after the LFP decided to end the seasons of both Ligue 1 and Ligue 2 early due to the Coronavirus pandemic. Lorient were top of the Ligue 2 table at the time of the decision.[3]

PlayersEdit

Current squadEdit

As of 6 October 2020.[4]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player
1 GK   FRA Matthieu Dreyer
2 DF   GLP Andrew Gravillon (on loan from Inter)
5 DF   MAD Thomas Fontaine
6 MF   FRA Laurent Abergel
7 FW   CIV Stéphane Diarra
8 MF   ENG Trevoh Chalobah (on loan from Chelsea)
9 FW   TUR Umut Bozok
10 MF   FRA Enzo Le Fée
11 MF   FRA Quentin Boisgard
12 MF   FRA Sylvain Marveaux
13 FW   NGA Terem Moffi
14 DF   FRA Jérôme Hergault
15 DF   FRA Julien Laporte
16 GK   FRA Teddy Bartouche
17 DF   FRA Houboulang Mendes
No. Pos. Nation Player
18 MF   FRA Fabien Lemoine (captain)
19 FW   COD Yoane Wissa
20 DF   FRA Matthieu Saunier
21 DF   MAD Jérémy Morel
22 MF   FRA Jonathan Delaplace
23 MF   FRA Thomas Monconduit
24 MF   CMR Franklin Wadja
25 DF   FRA Vincent Le Goff
27 FW   AUT Adrian Grbić
28 FW   FRA Armand Laurienté
29 FW   FRA Pierre-Yves Hamel
30 GK   FRA Paul Nardi
GK   FRA Thomas Callens
DF   FRA Yoann Étienne
DF   TOG Josué Homawoo

Out on loanEdit

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player
GK   FRA Maxime Pattier (on loan at Saint-Brieuc)
DF   FRA Quentin Lecoeuche (on loan at Ajaccio)
DF   FRA Tom Renaud (on loan at Cholet)
No. Pos. Nation Player
MF   FRA Julien Ponceau (on loan at Rodez)
FW   FRA Junior Burban (on loan at Saint-Priest)
FW   FRA Samuel Loric (on loan at Avranches)

Reserve squadEdit

As of 11 October 2018.[5]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player
38 DF   FRA Peter Ouaneh
MF   FRA Simon Bourhis
DF   FRA Lois Mouyokolo
DF   FRA Dylan Olliveaux
DF   FRA Tom Renaud
MF   FRA Maxime Carneiro
MF   FRA Milan Guendouzi
MF   FRA Ilyes Nakoubi
FW   FRA Christian Kitenge
FW   FRA Baptiste Mouazan
FW   FRA Kemy Amiche
FW   FRA Junior Burban
DF   FRA Ruddy Ebondo
No. Pos. Nation Player
MF   FRA Maxence Fortier
DF   FRA Adrien Julloux
31 MF   FRA Enzo Le Fée
FW   FRA Jérémy Le Saos
MF   FRA Makan Sidibé
34 MF   FRA Tristan Boubaya
GK   FRA Teddy Bartouche
MF   FRA Paul Bellon
MF   FRA Paul Bellon
GK   FRA Abdoul Coulibaly
DF   FRA Pierre-Étienne Lemaire
GK   FRA Lenny Montfort

Notable playersEdit

Below are the notable former and current players who have represented Lorient in league and international competition since the club's foundation in 1926. To appear in the section below, a player must have played in at least 100 official matches for the club.

For a complete list of FC Lorient players with a Wikipedia article, see here.

Management and staffEdit

Club officialsEdit

Senior club staff[6]

Managerial historyEdit

HonoursEdit

DomesticEdit

RegionalEdit

  • Division d'Honneur (Bretagne)
    • Champions (5): 1932, 1936, 1957, 1983, 1995[9]
  • Coupe de Bretagne
    • Champions (6): 1958, 1970, 1982, 1990, 2000, 2002

European footballEdit

FC Lorient in Europe
Season Competition Round Country Club Home Away Aggregate
2002–03 UEFA Cup First round   Denizlispor 3–1 0–2 3–3 (a)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ http://www.beinsports.com/au/football/video/troyes-promoted-to-ligue-1/554193
  2. ^ http://www.ligue1.com/club/fc-lorient
  3. ^ "Paris St-Germain awarded French title as season finished early". www.bbc.co.uk.
  4. ^ "L'équipe professionnelle 2020-21". FC Lorient Official Site. Retrieved 4 March 2019.
  5. ^ "L'équipe réserve 2018-19". fclweb.fr. Retrieved 29 August 2018.
  6. ^ "Présentation". FC Lorient. Archived from the original on 4 December 2010. Retrieved 11 January 2011.
  7. ^ "France – Trainers of First and Second Division Clubs". RSSSF. Retrieved 11 January 2011.
  8. ^ "Entraîneurs". FC Lorient. Archived from the original on 13 March 2011. Retrieved 11 January 2011.
  9. ^ The 1995 title was won by the club's reserve team.