Zamalek Sporting Club (Arabic: نادي الزمالك للألعاب الرياضية), commonly referred to as Al Zamalek, is an Egyptian sports club based in Giza, Egypt. The club is best known for its professional men's football team, which plays in the Egyptian Premier League, the top tier of the Egyptian football league system.[6][7] The club is renowned for its consistent success at both domestic and continental levels.[8][9]

Zamalek SC
Full nameZamalek Sporting Club
Nickname(s)
  • Madraset El fan W El Handasa
    (School of Art and Engineering)[1]
  • El Nady El Malaky
    (The Royal Club)[2]
  • Qaher El Aganeb
    (Conquerer of the Foreigners)[3]
  • El Qalaa El Baida
    (The White Castle)[4]
  • El Fares El Abyed
    (The White Knight)[5]
Short nameZSC-ZAM
Founded12 March 1911; 113 years ago (1911-03-12)
GroundCairo International Stadium
Capacity75,000
ChairmanHussein Labib
Head CoachJosé Gomes
LeagueEgyptian Premier League
2022–23Egyptian Premier League, 3rd
Current season

Founded on 5 January 1911 as Qasr El Nile Club, the club has traditionally worn a white home kit since its inception. The club's name was changed two years later to Cairo International Sports Club (Zamalek),[10] colloquially El Qāhirah El Mokhtalat Club or El Mokhtalat Club. In 1941, The club was granted the honorific title after Farouk I and became officially known as Farouk El Awal Club (transl. Farouk I Club), however, since the 1910s, Zamalek was the club's unofficial name and it became official after the 1952 Egyptian Revolution.[11]

Domestically, Zamalek established itself as one of the two major forces in Egyptian football during the 1920s, as it is the first Egyptian team to ever win a title. Zamalek was the first Egyptian team to win Sultan Hussein Cup in 1921 and 1922, and the first team to win the Egypt Cup in 1922;[12] and the first team to win the Cairo League in 1922–23.[13] It is one of two clubs that have played in every season of the Egyptian Premier League, and one of seven that have never been relegated to the Egyptian Second Division.

At the international level, Zamalek is the most successful football club of the 20th century in Africa (gaining 9 titles versus 7 for their closest rival) and they have won five CAF Champions League titles, two CAF Confederation Cup titles, four CAF Super Cup titles and one African Cup Winners' Cup title. It is also the first Egyptian team ever to win the CAF Super Cup in 1994. Zamalek is also considered the Club of the Afro-Asian Century, Zamalek was the first Egyptian team to participate in and win the Afro-Asian Cup in 1987; and holds the record for most participations (1987, 1994, and 1997) and most titles after winning it a second time in 1997. Zamalek is also the first Egyptian team to ever qualify for the FIFA Club World Cup when they qualified in 2000 to the 2001 championship, despite the cancellation of the championship later on.[14] Zamalek is regularly contending in CAF tournaments and is one of the most successful clubs in Africa.[8]

History edit

Early years (1911–1915) edit

Little is known about the very early years of the club. According to historians,[15][16] the club was established by Belgian lawyer George Merzbach. On 25 December 1910, Merzbach realized that the Cairo Tramways Company’s guest house hosting the celebration on the Nile banks was suitable as a sports club headquarters while attending the company's Christmas celebration. Merzbach decided to establish a new club for Belgians, Egyptians, and foreigners. At the time, Gezira Sporting Club, the main sporting club in Cairo, was exclusively for the British Army and unavailable for non-British foreigners and Egyptians. For the new club, he chose the name Qasr El Nile (transl. The Nile Palace). He did not have difficulties in establishing the club, as he enjoyed strong ties within the Palace of Khedive Abbas II, as well as many friendships with senior officials of Egyptian society. He was also the private lawyer for both Baron Empain and the Cairo Tramways Company.

 
Ibrahim Allam "Juhainah", started the Egyptianization process of the club

On 5 January 1911 the club was established, and it was officially opened on 6 February 1911. The first board of directors consisted of Merzbach as president, archaeologist Howard Carter as vice president, and Noah Amin Abdullah, Ahmed Mahmoud Azzam, Khoury Chalhoub (Lebanese, Representative of the Cairo Tramways Company), and Paolo Esposito (Italian, Representative of the Khedivial Palace) as board members. It was the first club in Cairo to emerge from non-English expatriate communities. They formed sports and social clubs, each with its own identity. An essential aspect of the club was that it was for all people and not for any specific social, economic, or ethnic community. It started out and continued through World War I under Merzbach's presidency.

In 1913, the club moved to what is currently known as the High Court and changed its name to Cairo International Sports Club (C.I.S.C.), colloquially referred to as the El Qāhirah El Mokhtalat Club or El Mokhtalat Club. The second president of the club was Nicolas Arfagi Bianchi, who played as a left winger for the club's football team.

Egyptianization, unprecedented success (1915–1941) edit

 
Dr. Mohamed Badr, the first Egyptian president of the Zamalek SC, after a long struggle with Mr. Bianchi, the head of the French community in Cairo, to restore the club to the Egyptians

In 1915, Ibrahim Allam "Juhainah" moved to the club with his football team, coming from El Sekka El Hadid SC. Zamalek was the first Egyptian team to play against foreign teams. In 1916, they defeated the Scottish Horse by a score of 1–0.

In 1917, Zamalek had the legacy of participating as the first and only Egyptian football club in Sultan Hussein Cup, the first official football competition in Egypt.[17] Zamalek played great matches and reached the final match against the English GHQ Signals team, the first champion of the competition. The championship was managed by the Egyptian Ibrahim Allam and was organized under the auspices of the Sultan of Egypt Hussein Kamel. After Zamalek's historic first season, many Egyptian clubs announced their desire to participate in the competition as they found it serious, official, bearing the name of the country's sultan, and includes a trophy for the winning team. Zamalek's team in the 1910s included Tewfik Abdullah, Gamil Osman, Fouad Gamil, Ali El-Hassani, Abdel Salam Hamdy and Ahmed Kholousi.[18]

In 1917, Ibrahim Allam and the Egyptian members of the club began their revolution to nationalize the club and remove the foreigners from the club's board of directors which mainly consisted of members of the Belgian and French communities. It started with informing the authorities that the club did not have a general assembly for three years, the club records are illegally kept with the club secretary, and have not been legally audited. Allam also put the club under the protection of 17–20 men from Bulaq, to preserve it and protect its Egyptian members. The Ministry of Interior and some foreign embassies in Cairo interfered, but non-Egyptians were not allowed to enter the club. Finally Allam agreed to turn in the club to Mr. Bianchi in the presence of an official force from the police. The Egyptian members realized that it was important to gain a majority at the general members meeting. Accordingly, Allam and the Egyptian members called for an extraordinary general assembly for the club at Al-Shawarby Street.

 
Zamalek SC team that won the first Sultan Hussein Cup in 1921, becoming the first Egyptian team to ever win a title

A decision was made by the general assembly to withdraw confidence from the club's foreign board of directors and elect a new Egyptian board of directors. When the elections were held, the first Egyptian board was elected with Mohammad Badr as president, Mostafa Hassan as treasurer, Ibrahim Allam as General Secretary, and Nicola Arkaji, Mahmoud Bassyouni, Hussein Fawzy, and Abdo El Gabalawy as board members. In 1921, Zamalek won the Sultan Hussein Cup, becoming the first Egyptian team to ever win a title, after its victory over Britain's Sherwood Foresters by a score of 2–1 in the final, the two winning goals were scored by El-Sayed Abaza and Hussein Hegazi.

In 1922, Zamalek won the first edition of the Egypt Cup and two weeks later won the Sultan Hussein Cup for the second time, after winning Sherwood Foresters in the final by a score of 3–1. Also in 1922, the Cairo League was launched, and Zamalek won its first title in 1922. Besides Hussein Hegazi, the club managed to create a new generation of talented players such as; Ali Riadh, Ibrahim Yakan, El-Sayed Abaza, Mahmoud Marei and Ali El-Hassani. This team won several titles for Zamalek in the 1920s. They defeated the English Stars 3–0 in 1922. On 5 January 1923, Zamalek won the friendly contest against Al Ahly by a score of 5–0, goals scored by Ali Riadh, Hussein Hegazi and Sadek Fahmy (three goals), the first player to score a hat-trick in the Cairo derby.[19]

 
Mohammed Haidar Pasha, Zamalek's 4th and longest serving president

After the first board, a new saif in 1923 was formed with Lieutenant General Mohammed Haidar Pasha as president and Youssef Mohamad as secretary. The new board of directors held its first meeting and decided to continue the fight. They informed the authorities of the missing club records. As a result, no general members' meetings were held for the next few years and later, Mr. Shoudoi, the Belgian club secretary was summoned and agreed to turn in the club records. Mohammed Haider Pasha is the fourth president of Zamalek Sporting Club and the longest serving president in its history and managed the club for almost three decades.

Haider Pasha served as Minister of War in the coalition ministry headed by Hussein Sirri Pasha in 1946, and remained in office until 1952. Haider Pasha remained Commander-in-Chief of the Egyptian Army by royal decree, regardless of successive governments, due to King Farouk's insistence on him remaining in his position. Zamalek's strongman also assumed the presidency of the Egyptian Football Association in 1937 and continued to chair successive boards every two years until 1944. Fouad Serageddin Pasha assumed the presidency of the association and Haidar Pasha returned again as president from 1945 to 1952. During his 29-year career as Zamalek's president, Haidar pasha defended the Zamalek's rights and strengthened the club's position, and gave a political weight to the club with the Royal Family and Egyptian public life. He assured that Zamalek's headquarters stay in El-Balloon Theater area in 1945, when the government wanted to move it to Haram Street, and he insisted that it must stay on the Nile banks as a symbol of giving to the society.

 
Mohamed Latif, Zamalek's forward

In the winter of 1924, the club moved to a location on the west bank of the River Nile, and west of Gezira island, and became known as the Cairo International Sports Club (C.I.S.C.)-Zamalek.[20] The 1924 location is occupied by El-Balloon Theater today. Around that time Zamalek received the moniker "Qahir-al-Aganib" (the conqueror of foreigners) due to their many victories against renowned foreign teams.[21] In several occasions in Egypt in the 1920s, the team won foreign teams either in friendly matches or official ones. This increased the popularity of the club and of the sport as a whole in Egypt especially that Egyptian teams such as Zamalek can beat the foreign teams. Zamalek finished as champions in the 1925 King Fouad Cup, for the first time. In 1925, In continuation of their fame as "Qahir-al-Aganib" (the conqueror of foreigners), Zamalek played four friendly matches against English clubs and won them all, the club defeated the English Howitzers by a score of 6–0, and the English Kings 2–1, and England's Coast Guards 1–0, and the English Wonders 4–1.

In 1928, Hussein Hegazi, who is considered the founding father of Egyptian football toured the country's secondary schools to search for new players to join Zamalek, and with those students, Hegazi played against Al Ahly in the 1928 Cairo League and won. The students cheered on Al Ahly, and it was the first time that the name Zamalek was associated with the school's nickname, but the traditional chant was not born yet. Despite this, it was not completed until 1952, when Zamalek sold 20 trees for 1000 Egyptian pounds and gave them to a contractor to build new stands for the Helmy Zamora Stadium, the traditional chant was completed for the first time and it became, "Oh Zamalek, oh, school of play, art, and engineering".

 
Farouk I Prince of Egypt handing the Egypt Cup to Ahmed Salem, Zamalek SC football team's captain, 4 August 1932

On the occasion of the opening of the club's new headquarters, Zamalek played against the English Army Club on 7 October 1928, and Zamalek won by a score of 1–0, and Zamalek also won on 23 October 1928, one of the British teams with a great score of 14–0. This match witnessed only three players from Zamalek scoring 14 goals, namely Gamal El-Prince, Hussein Hegazy, and El-Sayed Abaza. Zamalek proved that they are "Qahir-al-Aganib" (the conqueror of foreigners).

Zamalek won two consecutive Cairo League titles in the 1928–29, 1929–30 seasons, the club managed to lead the league with the help of Mohamed Latif, Ismail Rafaat, Hussein Hegazi and Ali El-Hassani. After Zamalek won their second league title in 1929, they played a friendly game against Hungary national football team and Zamalek won 2–1. In the 1929–30 season, Zamalek won their second straight league title in a row. In this season Mostafa Taha was Zamalek's new rising star, Taha, who was just 19, in his second season with the club, scored his first goal in the Cairo derby. He moved to Al Ahly for two seasons from 1931 to 1933 before returning to Zamalek in 1933. With Zamalek, he won seven Cairo League titles, five Egypt Cup titles and the King Fouad Cup for one time. He was a great goal scorer and he is Zamalek's all-time top scorer in the Cairo derby with 12 goals, he scored over 100 goals for the team in all competitions. Taha retired as Zamalek's captain in 1945.[22][23]

 
Abdulrahman Fawzi, led the team as a player and coach

In the 1930s, Zamalek achieved several titles, winning the 1931–32 Egypt Cup after defeating their rival, Al Ahly, with a score of 2–1, with goals from Ismail Raafat and Said El-Hadary. After the retirement of Zamalek's veteran striker Hussein Hegazi in 1931, the club bought Ali El-Hassani from Al Ahly for the third and last time, together El-Hassani with Abdulrahman Fawzi who moved to Zamalek in 1934, Mohamed Latif, Sayed Marei, Ibrahim Halim, Ahmed Salem, Ismail El-Samkari, Helmy Zamora, Hassan El Far and Mostafa Taha managed to win the Cairo League title twice in the 1931–32 and 1933–34 seasons, and in the same year, Zamalek won the 1934 King Fouad Cup title for the second time.

 
Zamalek's football team in 1939

In the 1934–35 Egypt Cup, Zamalek faced Cairo Police in the quarterfinals and won 2–0, played against Al Ittihad in the semifinals and won 3–1, goals scored by Mostafa Taha (two goals) and Sayed Marei. Zamalek won the cup after defeating Al Ahly in the final with a score of 3–0, goals scored by Helmy Zamora, Sayed Marei and Ismail El-Samkari. On December 2, 1938, Hussein Labib scored the winning goal for Zamalek over Al Ahly in the 1938 Egypt Cup final rematch, announcing his team's victory after the two teams tied in the first match with a score of 1-1, Labib also scored his team's goal. Zamalek won the 1939–40 Cairo League title for their sixth time.

Domestic dominance (1941–1952) edit

 
Zamalek's squad that dominated all football competitions in Egypt; Egypt Cup, Cairo League and King's Cup, 1941

Zamalek started the 1940s with dominating all the major football tournaments in Egypt, this decade, Zamalek was growing as a sports, social and educational institution. Zamalek won the 1939–40 and 1940–41 Cairo League consecutively and the 1940 King Fouad Cup. With Mohamed Latif still on the pitch and with the help of Tewfik Abdullah, the head coach and Zamalek's forward in the 1920s, the team was unbeatable.

In the 1940–41 league's season, Zamalek achieved impressive results, they won eight matches out of ten, scoring five goals or more in five matches. Zamalek scored 37 goals and received only 9 goals. On 30 May 1941, Zamalek was supposed to face Al Ahly in the final match of the league, Zamalek was two points ahead of Ahly with goal difference of 28 compared to Ahly's 13, which means that Ahly needed to win with eight goals or more to win the title. Al Ahly withdrew and Zamalek played an exhibition match instead against El Sekka on that day to celebrate the title.

In 1941, Farouk I, King of Egypt and Sudan, who was himself a fan of Zamalek, bestowed the royal sponsorship on the club, and the club name was renamed to Nady Farouk El Awal (transl. Farouk I Club). Farouk was named the club's honorary president, and Ismail Bek Chirine of Mohammed Ali's family took the post of vice president.[24][25][26]

 
Haidar Pasha (left) with King Farouk I, the Honorary President of Zamalek SC attending the 1944 Egypt Cup final, ended with the largest win in the history of the Cairo derby with a 6–0 win for Zamalek, 2 June 1944

In 1944, Haider pasha persuaded King Farouk to watch the Egypt Cup final and he agreed, Farouk is photographed while watching the 1944 Egypt Cup final, while Zamalek won Al Ahly by a score of 6–0. In this period, a new generation of talents emerged in Egypt, the majority were Zamalek players, such as; Yehia Emam, Hanafy Bastan, Omar Shendi, Zoklot, Abdel-Karim Sakr, Halim Thalouth and Mohsen El-Sehaimi. This period witnessed the biggest victories in the history of the Cairo derby (contested with Al Ahly), a pair of 6–0 wins for Zamalek in 1942 Cairo Derby for the 1941–42 Cairo League and 1944 Egypt Cup final. This record scoreline in the Cairo derby has not been broken since.[26]

Zamalek won the Cairo League for five times in the 1940s; 1940–41, 1943–44, 1944–45, 1946–47 and 1948–49. Stability in the top management of the club helped to succeed and achieve subsequent titles. Mohammad Haider Pasha was on the head of the Zamalek's administration for nearly three decades. Several football players moved back and forth from Zamalek and Al Ahly, however, each team has its own style and football strategy. Even the team's lineup itself was stable enough for a whole decade.

 
Yehia Emam and Hanafy Bastan, Zamalek's iconic players of the 1940s

Abdel-Karim Sakr, who moved from Al Ahly to Zamalek in 1939 in a record transfer, played for Zamalek for 14 seasons, scored over 100 goals for the club. Zamalek's management thought that bringing Sakr to the team would not only help improve the team's attacking ability but also stop him from scoring in Zamalek. Sakr was a prolific goal scorer and helped the team in the 1940s in winning several titles and winning as well the Cairo derby. Sakr is the only player who scored in both matches against Al Ahly that finished by a score of 6–0 for Zamalek in 1941–42 Cairo League and 1944 Egypt Cup final.

In 1948, the newly formed Egyptian League was launched, Zamalek played against Al Masry in the first match on October 22, and Zamalek won by a score of 5–1. The first goal in the history of the Egyptian League was scored by Zamalek's Mohamed Amin, and the first hat-trick was scored by Zamalek's Saad Rustom.

 
Zamalek football team in the 1950–1951 season

Despite not finishing the first two seasons in a good position in the league, Zamalek won the Cairo League for three consecutive seasons. In the 1948–49 Cairo League, Zamalek won the league with narrow margin. In the beginning of the 1950s, Zamalek won the Cairo League for three consecutive seasons; 1950–51, 1951–52 and 1952–53, tying with Al Ahly with 14 titles each. Zamalek finished runner-up in the 1950–51 Egyptian League, winning 11 matches and the champions; Al Ahly won 10, with both finishing with 25 points out of 18 matches, Zamalek lost the title to goal difference. In the 1952 Egypt Cup final, Zamalek defeated Al Ahly in the final with a score of 2–0, Sharif El-Far scored the two goals, Zamalek won their 8th title.

Post-1952 period (1952–1960) edit

 
Abdel-Latif Abu-Rajelha, Zamalek's 8th president

After the 1952 revolution, and on 18 August 1952, the club's president, Mohammed Haidar Pasha, announced the change of the club's name to Zamalek, retrospectively starting July 23, after the area where the club was situated. The club later moved for the last time to 26 July Street, and occupied an area of 35 acres (140,000 m2) and hosted 24 different sports. A new board was formed with Mahmoud Shawky as president and secretary and Mohammad Hassan Helmy as assistant secretary. At the time, the rules required that half the club board be changed every year, and Helmy took the position of secretary-general. In 1954, the stadium needed renovations, so the board sought a businessman to take over the club and guide the renovation. Abd El Hamid El-Shawarbi became the president, and although he was elected for a second period, he was not able to do the job he wanted. Mohammed Haidar Pasha and Hagg Sayed El Annany contributed to forming the VIP stands and the first-class stands, which happened while El Shawarbi was outside Egypt. When he returned, he resigned and the board continued after Shawky stepped up from his deputy position to continue till September 1955.

 
Essam Baheeg, Zamalek's icon of the 1950s, led the team to the league and cup titles as a player and coach

Businessman Abdel-Latif Abu-Rajelha became the club president in 1956. By 1956, the rules had been changed allowing the board to stay for three years. Shawky stepped down for Abo Regeila, although he was re-elected as a club president. Although Abu-Rajelha was re-elected for a second term, he had to leave Egypt after he lost money from the governmental policy of nationalization against private property. The club continued to search for another businessman, and chose Alwe El Gazzar, the owner of El Sheikh Sherieb Company and the president of the board of directors of The Coca-Cola Company in Egypt at this time.[27][28][29][30]

Essam Baheeg was arguably Zamalek's most valuable player in the 1950s, and credit for his discovery in particular goes to Mohammed Haidar Pasha, the club's president at the time, as Haider Pasha included him in 1949 in the youth team when he was 18 years old. Quickly, Baheeg was able to secure a distinguished position in the starting lineup for the first team and the Egypt national football team as well, thanks to his talent and skills, and he gradually turned into an icon. Baheeg was known for his extreme loyalty and dedication to Zamalek, which increased his popularity among the club's fans and Egyptian football fans in general. He did not play for any other club throughout his 12-year football career, and is considered a symbol of the club throughout its history. Baheeg was a key player in the Egypt national football team and helped his country lift the African Cup of Nations trophy in 1959 by scoring the two winning goals in the final against Sudan. He became a head coach after retirement, and coached Zamalek in the 1980s for only one season and won four titles with the team.

 
Zamalek squad in 1959

This era saw the emergence of a new generation of players who besides their talents as footballers were known with their loyalty for Zamalek such as; Essam Baheeg, Alaa El-Hamouly, Sharif El-Far, Yaken Hussein, Samir Qotb, and Nour El-Dali.

One of the fiercest Egyptian goal scorers of this era was Alaa El-Hamouly, he was the top scorer of the 1956–57 Egyptian League season, he won with Zamalek seven titles of the Egypt Cup in his 13 seasons with the team, he is Zamalek's all-time top scorer in the Egypt Cup with 23 goals, he is also Zamalek's 2nd all-time top scorer of the Cairo derby with 9 goals.

In 1959, Zamalek bought Ali Mohsen, a Yemeni striker, he scored two goals in the 3–2 win over El Olympi in the 1960 Egypt Cup final and was the first non-Egyptian top scorer of the League's 1960–61 season. Zamalek won 6 titles of the Egypt Cup from 1952 to 1960, starting with 1952 through 1955, followed by four consecutive titles in; 1957, 1958 (shared), 1959 and 1960. The club won the Cairo League for 3 consecutive seasons; 1950–51, 1951–52, 1952–53, the tournament was stopped til the final season of 1957–58 and it was defunct permanently.

Sustained success (1960–1984) edit

 
Zamalek SC squad in 1964

With the beginning of the 1960s, a new generation emerged in Zamalek and the Egyptian football, such as Ahmed Rifaat, Nabil Nosair, Hamada Emam, Raafat Attia, Abdou Noshi, Aldo Stella, Ahmed Mostafa and Mahmoud Abou-Regaila. This era was one of the first periods in which competitions and conflicts occurred between Zamalek and Al Ahly, due to a number of writers publishing articles that inflamed one party at the expense of the other. Al Ahly was then going through a difficult period in its history, and there were a large number of issues related to corruption that struck the Egyptian sports field, which were embodied by the journalist writer Yusuf Sibai in one of his novels and several articles. Abu Regeila was an Egyptian businessman and pioneer of public transport buses in Cairo. During his reign, the construction of the Zamalek Stadium was established, as well as the social building continued as the club's official president until 1961. In 1961, Zamalek invited Real Madrid to play a match in Cairo. Hamada Emam was a popular player on the club who helped sustain the club's profile. In 1962, there was a new board came to power with Hassan Amer as a president, emeritus deputy Shawky, Mohamed Latif, Galal Kereitam, Mahmoud Emam, and Mahmoud Hafez. Amer ramained as president until the 1967 War.

 
Hamada Emam, Zamalek's forward in the 1960s, nicknamed the "Fox"

In 1966, Zamalek invited West Ham United F.C. to play in Cairo, West Ham were the title holders of the 1964–65 European Cup Winners. Zamalek made a phenomenal match and hammered the European champions with a score of 5–1, at a time when the English club was at the peak of its glory and playing in its ranks were six of the stars of the England national team, headed by Bobby Moore. Hamada Emam scored a hat-trick, Taha Basry and Abdel-Karim El-Gohary scored the other two goals.[31][32][33]

After the 1967 war, Zamalek hosted Ismaily SC and Al Masry SC clubs, as well as the other Suez Canal teams at its grounds.[34] In 1967, Minister of Youth and Sports Talaat Khairy decided that the club boards would be appointed rather than elected, and Mohammed Hassan Helmy took over the presidency[35] and was the first Egyptian sportsman to become a president of a club. He remained as president until July 1971 where the rules were changed to allow board elections again and to forbid anyone from being president if they had already held to presidency for two consecutive terms. Tawfeek El Kheshen took over the presidency and the honorary presidency was given to Mohamed Hassan Helmy.

 
Zamalek SC squad in 1969

In 1973, Mohammed Hassan Helmy was re-elected president. Helmy is one of the most famous figures of Zamalek. He joined Zamalek in 1934 as a player in the youth team, he played for 14 years in Zamalek. he won the Cairo League for six times and the Egypt Cup for five times. He was a member of the Egypt national football team. After his retirement, he began his administrative work as a member of the Zamalek Football Committee in 1948, and four years later he was chosen as general secretary of the club in the first general assembly in Zamalek. Then he was appointed full-time director of the club in 1966, in the same year in which he was elected as board member. He held several administrative positions in the Egyptian Football Association, including his presidency of the Competitions Committee and the Technical Committee. In May 1978, he served as president of the Egyptian Football Association. Helmy served as Zamalek's president from 1967 through 1984, except a year in 1971–1972 of El-Kheshen. Helmy also held the position of the president of the Egyptian Football Association. He was primarily credited with establishing most of the facilities of the Zamalek Club. He was famous for his volunteer work, as he refused any pay for his role in the club.

 
Mohamed Hassan Helmy, second longest serving president, first Egyptian footballer to become a club's president. The club's old stadium (current training ground) is named after him

The 1970s football team was one of the best generations of football in Zamalek, and it included legendary players in the history of Egyptian and Arab football. This era's team included talented players such as Taha Basry, Hassan Shehata, Ali Khalil, Farouk Gaafar, Ibrahim Youssef, Mahmoud Saad and Mahmoud El-Khawaga.[36]

In the 1975 Egypt Cup final, which Zamalek played against Ghazl El Mahalla, they won by a score of 1–0, Shehata scored the winning goal giving his team their 15th title and himself the 1st one. Shehata and his colleagues led their team to the 1977–78 Egyptian Premier League title. Hassan Shehata is arguably one of the greatest footballers in Egyptian football history. He is one of the icons of Zamalek throughout its long history. He was called the "Master" for his dribbling skills and goals. He was the Egyptian League top scorer for two seasons in 1976–77 and 1979–80, he scored 108 goals for Zamalek. He was included in the Egypt national football team in 1969, where he played his first international match and since then, he was in the starting lineup until his retirement. Besides his honours with the club, Shehata won the EFA Egyptian Player of the Year award in 1976, and was awarded the Order of the Republic (first class) in 1980. Shehata worked as a head coach after his retirement, and as an Egypt's head coach, he won with Egypt national football team three consecutive African Cup of Nations titles.[37][38]

 
Hassan Shehata, nicknamed the "Master"

In the 1978–79 league season, Zamalek's striker Ali Khalil had a famous incident of high integrity, when he scored an incorrect goal after he shot the ball which passed through the torn outer net and landed in the goal against Ismaily in a famous match. Unfortunately, this goal was important in the chase for the league title, however he encountered the referee Ahmed Bilal, the referee of the match, and told him that the ball was not a goal, and the goal was canceled after it had been awarded amid major objections from the Ismaily players and fans.[39][40]

In the 1970s, several Zamalek players were football stars who can simply lead a team by themselves such as; Ali Khalil, who started his football career in Zamalek's youth team in 1969, and played for the first team in 1971. Khalil spent his whole career with Zamalek. He was an outstanding goal scorer who scored 94 goals for Zamalek in 9 seasons. Khalil was one of Egypt's most popular players of the 1970s. He scored in both of the 1977 and 1979 Egypt Cup finals. Nicknamed "Dangerous Ali", Khalil was the Egyptian Premier League's top scorer in 1976-77 and 1979–80 seasons.[41] In the same generation, the midfielder Farouk Gaafar also started his youth career in Zamalek and spent his whole career with the club.[42] He was a talented player with intelligence and incredible football skills that made him a great player in the squad and in the Egyptian national football team.[43][44] Nicknamed the "King of Midfield", Gaafar was the first captain to lift the African Cup of Champions Clubs in 1984.[45][46]

 
Zamalek squad in 1978

In the same era Taha Basry, the Egyptian "Eusebio", as media and audiences used to call him, who played in the 1960s, and after a spell in Kuwait, returned to Zamalek in 1974 to become the captain of the team that won the league title in 1977–78 season and the cup title twice in 1975 and 1977.[47][48]

Zamalek won the Egypt Cup for another two times in the 1970s, in 1977 and 1979. Besides the Egyptian Premier League trophy in the 1959–60 season. Zamalek won the Egyptian Premier League in 1963–64, 1964–65, 1977–78, and 1983–84. The club also won the October League Cup, which is the tournament that was held as an alternative to the Egyptian Premier League after canceling the league due to the 1973 War and as Egypt was hosting the 1974 African Cup of Nations. Other trophies in this period include; 1963–64 Giza League, Friendship International Cup in 1970, Egyptian Television Cup (Defunct Egyptian Super Cup) in 1971 and 1982, and the Alexandria Summer League (Arabian competition) in 1982.[49]

African Uprising (1984–2005) edit

 
Zamalek SC won the first African title CAF Champions League in 1984

Zamalek won the first African title in 1984 against Nigeria's Shooting Stars after beating them in Cairo 2–0 and in Nigeria 0–1. In 1984, Amer became president, followed by Hassan Abo el Fetouh in 1988 until 1990. In 1986, Zamalek won the 1986 African Cup of Champions Clubs, achieving their second title. In 1987, Zamalek won the Japanese side Furukawa Electric in the Afro-Asian Club Championship with Effat Nssar and Gamal Abdel-Hamid scoring the two goals, retaining the 1987 Afro-Asian Club Championship for the first time for an Egyptian club. In the 1987–88 season, Zamalek won the Egyptian League title with Essam Baheeg as the team's coach. Gamal Abdel-Hamid was the season's top scorer. He was a prolific goal scorer, and scored over 90 goals for Zamalek in his decade with the team.[50] He is one of the all-time top scorers of the Egyptian Premier League.[51] He was Egypt's captain in the 1990 World Cup. Abdel-Hamid is regarded as one of the best forwards in the history of African football.[52][53]

 
Ibrahim Youssef, Zamalek's defender nicknamed "The Black Deer"

In 1990, Galal Ibrahim became the temporary president of the club after Hassan Abo el Fetouh died in office, Ibrahim remained president until September 1990, when the general club meeting was held and Nour El-Dali was elected president. In 1992, Galal Ibrahim became the new president. Je remained in office from 1992 to 1996, and the rules were changed to require that the vice treasurer be selected mostly by the board members; Hamada Emam was selected by default to that position while Abdel Hamid Shaheen was elected treasurer. The board members were Ahmed Shereen Fawzy, Mahmoud Marouf, Mohamad Fayez El Zummur, Raouf Gasser, and Tarek Ghonaim.

The new rules required the board to have two members under the age of 30; for these two spots, Samy Abo El Kheir and Ihab Ibrahim were elected. The members appointed by the high committee for youth and sports were Mohamad Amer, General Hanafy Reyad, and Farouk Abo El Nasr.

 
Nour El-Dali, Zamalek's 17th president

In 1993, Zamalek won the 1993 African Cup of Champions Clubs final after beating Ghanaian giants Asante Kotoko, followed by the 1994 African Super Cup, which was the first time in history to be with two Egyptian contenders, Zamalek won Al Ahly in the African Game of the 20th Century by Ayman Mansour's goal.

By 1994, Shaheen was not able to continue his duties due to his sickness, but the board chose to keep him in the position in honor of his devotion to the club, and Farouk Abo El Nasr was appointed to take over his duties while Shaheen stayed in his position. In 1995, four members in the board were removed due to their six absences from board meetings: Mahmoud Marouf, Mohamad Fayez El Zummur, and Amer. They were replaced with Mortada Mansour, Mahmoud Abdallah, Mounnir Hassan, and Ibrahim Latif. The high committee for youth and sports objected on linking the appointed members with the elected ones, Hassan and Ibrahim Latif forfeited their positions. The newly two appointed members for the club board were Amer and El Nasr in support of their abilities and dedication. Fawzy was selected to be treasurer till the new elections.

 
Zamalek football team in caf champions league 1993

On 4 July, Abd El Menem Emarah decided to release the club board and the Egyptian Football Association board after the game between Al-Ahly and Zamalek in 1995–96, and the board froze football activities in the club. A one-year temporary club board was selected with Kamal Darwish as president, Abdel Aziz Kabil as vice president, and board members Hanafy Reyad, Magdy Sharaf, Ismail Selim, Azmy Megahed, and Mohamad Abd El Rahman Fawzy. Accountant Mahmoud Badr El Deen was appointed as treasurer.

In 1996, Zamalek won their 4th CAF Champions League title, followed by the 1997 CAF Super Cup. In the same year, Zamalek won the South Korean side Pohang Steelers in the 1997 Afro-Asian Club Championship, to be the only team to win this championship for two times in a record never broken to date.

 
Zamalek Squad that won the CAF Champions League in 2002

Kamal Darwish was the president of Zamalek club for two terms from 1996 to 2005. Zamalek won 16 football titles during his reign, but overall he achieved 1186 championships in 24 games and he assumed the chairmanship of the board of directors in 2013 on a temporary board for the second time. He is the president with the most achievements in the history of Zamalek.[54] In 2000, there was a friendly match between Zamalek and Palestine national football team in Gaza after breaking the Zionist siege. Zamalek was named the best club in the world by the IFFHS in February 2003. It was also the first Egyptian team to qualify for the 2001 FIFA Club World Cup in Spain, though that competition did not happen because of funding problems. Zamalek won the CAF Champions League in 2002, one African Super Cup title in 2003, and the first two championships in the Egyptian Super Cup in 2001 and 2002.

 
Hazem Emam, Zamalek's attacking midfielder

Zamalek is the only team to achieve seven championships between the 2002–03 and 2003–04 seasons, surpassing FC Barcelona, who won six championships in one year. Zamalek also won the Egyptian Premier League three times in; 2000–01, 2002–03 and 2003–04 seasons, the Egypt Cup in 1999 and 2002.[55][56] Hazem Emam was the icon of this generation for Zamalek, he won 14 titles with Zamalek and won the 1998 African Cup of Nations with the Egypt national football team, and he was nicknamed the "imam of the talented players".[57]

Regression (2005–2013) edit

In 2005, many boards were dismissed by the Minister of Sport, which led to organizational uncertainty from 2005 to 2013, and changed the form of competition in Egypt for years. The football team only won two titles in this period; the Egypt Cup in 2008 and 2013. Shikabala is one of the most prominent talents in the history of Egyptian football, who carried the banner of Zamalek and preserved the popularity of Zamalek in that difficult period. The level of Zamalek continued to decline, and its administration destabilized since Mortada Mansour assumed the presidency of the club in 2005. The council did not last long and was dissolved, and a council headed by Morsi Atallah came to run the club before Mansour returned to head the council. Mansour dissolved the board of directors before restoring it, and the National Sports Council intervened to appoint a council headed by Muhammad Amir for a year before elections were held in May 2009, which resulted in the election of Mamdouh Abbas as the club's president; Abbas' council was dissolved in 2010 after Mansour obtained a court ruling stating that the elections were rigged. The administrative authority appointed an interim council to manage the club headed by Galal Ibrahim, before Abbas' council returned when Mansour abandoned his lawsuit. Taher Abu Zaid disbanded Abbas' council, and formed an interim council headed by Kamal Darwish to head Zamalek, but by appointment.[58]

Reconstruction and reform edit

Mortada Mansour's era and beyond (2014–2020; 2021–2023) edit

 
Zamalek Sporting Club headquarters in 2015

In 2014, Mortada Mansour took over the club. Zamalek won the 2014 Egypt Cup, playing in the final against Smouha Winn 1–0. In the next season 2014–15 season, Zamalek won the Egyptian Premier League, and broke the record in obtaining the largest number of points in the league. The team won the 2015 Egypt Cup title at the end of the year, defeating Al Ahly in the final by a score of 2–0, and reached the semi-finals of the African CAF Confederation Cup in 2015.[59] In 2016, Zamalek reached the finals in the CAF Champions League and won the 2016 Egypt Cup after winning Al Ahly again in the final and the Egypt Super Cup. In 2018, the Zamalek football team won the 2018 Egypt Cup again.

 
Zamalek and RS Berkane squads in the 2019 Confederation Cup final
 
Zamalek club won the African Confederation Cup in 2019

In 2019 Zamalek won the CAF Confederation Cup,[60] the 2019 Egypt Cup, the Saudi-Egyptian Super Cup, the 2020 Egyptian Super Cup, and the 2020 CAF Super Cup. Since 2014, the football team won 11 championships, the last of which was the Egyptian Super Cup and the CAF Super Cup that were achieved in the span of one week.[61][62] Mansour announced that "The trademark 'Real Football Club of the Century' is registered in the Ministry of Supply and Trade in Egypt."[63] Zamalek sent a complaint to the Egyptian Football Association in preparation for escalating the case of the Century Club to FIFA and the International Sports Court.

The Ministry of Youth and Sports suspended Zamalek's board of directors due to financial violations on Sunday 29 November 2020. The Egyptian Ministry of Sports and Youth named Emad Abdel-Aziz as Zamalek's new president to succeed Ahmed Bakry, who died due to COVID-19.[64] Then Hussein Labib has been appointed the new Zamalek president of normalization committee.[65] And the football team was able to obtain the Egyptian Premier League championship after the absence of six years from achieving the championship and The club was also able to win the Egypt Cup in the same year, despite the difficult conditions that the club was going through in 2020–21 season.[66][67]

On 22 November 2021, Mansour and his board of directors officially returned to Zamalek SC management, following the departure of the normalization committee until the club's elections.[68] On 12 February 2022, Mansour became the president of Zamalek club for the third time, after the elections held by the club through the general assembly.[69] In the 2021–22 season, the football team managed to achieve the Egyptian League for the second year in a row and Egypt cup, despite the penalty of the International Football Association (FIFA) to suspend the players' registration.[70][71]

On August 19, 2023, the Board of Directors of Zamalek submitted a collective resignation following the administration's failure to solve the club's crises and debts. This failure resulted in a ban on registering players, an inability to win most of the games and championships, and the cessation of work at the club's branch in 6th of October City. The Youth and Sports Directorate appointed Hassan Moussa as executive management of the Zamalek Club, Ahmed Fouad Al-Watan as financial director, and Ayman Abdel Moneim as director of sports activities. The Ministry of Youth and Sports announced, in an official statement, the replacement of Hassan Moussa, CEO of Zamalek Club, with Imad Mustafa El-Banani until the elections for the new Board of Directors are held .[72][73][74]

Hussein Labib's era (since 2023) edit

On 21 October 2023, the unified list, headed by Hussein Labib, succeeded in winning the elections of Zamalek Club, by a large margin of votes from their closest rivals in all positions, except for the position of vice president, which witnessed a fierce competition between Hisham Nasr and Hany El Attal, before the former won it by a margin of more than 400 votes, to start the White Club a new era with the Labib board for the next 4 years. Zamalek SC have defeated RS Berkane on away goals to win the 2023/24 CAF Confederation Cup title For the second time in its history, the number of continental titles rose to 14.[75]

Names edit

  • Qasr El Nile Club (The Nile Palace) (1911–1913)
  • Cairo International Sports Club (C.I.S.C.), a.k.a. El Mokhtalat Club (Mixed Courts) (1913–1941)
  • Farouk El Awal Club (Farouk I Club) (1941–1952)
  • Zamalek Sporting Club (ZSC) (1952–present)

Renamed after Egypt's Zamalek Nile Island, one of the most prestigious areas of the capital and the word itself is an Egyptian-slang of the classical and standard Arabic word, (Arabic: ذو ملك, Arabic pronunciation: [Zu-Molk]), meaning Preciously owned.[76]

Crest and colors edit

In 1913, the Cairo International Sports Club "Zamalek" was the official name of the club. In 1941, the royal emblem of the Kingdom of Egypt and Sudan was the official emblem of the club at the time; when the club's name changed from "Mixed Club" to "Farouk Club" by royal order from Farouk I. After the 1952 revolution on the royal rule in Egypt, the club's name and logo changed; the logo became a mixture of the sporting model and the ancient Egyptian civilization. The logo's main colors express peace and struggle and have not changed since its establishment. The home jersey uses the original Zamalek colours.[77] In the upper half of the logo, the arrow that points towards the target appears in a pharaonic uniform as an indication of the common goal between it and Zamalek.[78]

 
Zamalek SC icon

Zamalek is famous for the stability of its basic colors, which have not changed throughout the club's history, which extends since 1911, as it is distinguished by the white dress with two parallel red lines in the middle. The team shirt is displayed on the chest, and the color symbolizes.

Kits edit

Kit suppliers and shirt sponsors edit

Period Kit manufacturer Shirt sponsor
1999–2001 Diadora Philips
2001–2004 Adidas Chipsey/Pepsi
2004–2005 Venecia None
2005–2007 Adidas SIPES
2007–2008 Venecia KFC/Lion Chips
2008–2011 Adidas Ceramica Royal
2011–2012 York
2012–2013 Prego
2013–2014 Twist
2014–2015 SAIB Bank/Pepsi
2015–2016 Macron[79] SAIB Bank/Hyundai
2016–2017 Joma TE/Lactel/Oppo/JAC
2017–2018 TE/Lactel/Oppo/JAC
2018–2019 Puma
2019–2020 SAIB Bank / Lactel / Oppo / Molto
2020–2021 SAIB Bank / Lactel / Oppo / Molto
2021–2024 Tempo Sport[80][81] Nile Developments / Se7en /Regina /Oniro

Kit evolution edit

 
 
 
 
 
 
Classic
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1984
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1992–1993
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1994–1995
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1996–1997
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1997–1998
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2000–2001
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2002–2003
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2005–2007
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2008–2010
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2011–2012
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2012–2015
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2015–2016
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2016–2017
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2017–2018
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2018–2019
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2019–2020
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2021–present

Source:[82]

Grounds edit

Helmy Zamora Stadium edit

 
Helmy Zamora Stadium, the stadium seating demolished completely in 2015 with only the grass playing field remaining

Helmy Zamora Stadium, formerly known as Zamalek Stadium, is a multi-use stadium in Giza, Egypt. Originally, it was Zamalek's home ground, the stadium was developed over the years to become known as Helmy Zamora Stadium. In 1959, the stadium was officially opened and hosted a match between Zamalek and Dukla Prague on this occasion. It was named Zamalek Stadium, and was later renamed to the Helmy Zamora Stadium, after Helmy Zamora, a legend of the club. Zamalek continued to play some of their home games at Helmy Zamora Stadium.

In 1974, and after Zamalek's stadium disaster, the Cairo International Stadium became the main official stadium of Zamalek. Currently, the stadium holds the team training and friendly games.[83][84][85] It was renamed in 2014 -2023 to Abdel-Latif Abu-Rajelha Stadium after the former president of Zamalek, Abdel-Latif Abu-Rajelha. The stadium could hold 40,000 spectators before the capacity was reduced to 20,000, and later renamed Helmy Zamora Stadium in October 2023.[86][87][88]

Cairo International Stadium edit

 
Panorama view of Cairo International Stadium

Cairo International Stadium in the home ground of Zamalek, as the Helmy Zamora Stadium is not suitable for hosting the first team's official matches due to its limited capacity, its central downtown location, and in need for renovations. The players train in Helmy Zamora Stadium but play their home matches in Cairo International Stadium for local matches and continental matches.[89][90][91]

Supporters edit

 
Ultras White Knights during Zamalek SC Centennial

Zamalek has an ultras group named the Ultras White Knights that was founded on 17 March 2007 and is known for its pyrotechnic displays. Their motto is "Brotherhood in blood and fans of the free public Club". They were involved in clashes on 8 February 2015 before the league match between Zamalek and ENPI Club at the Cairo Air Defense Stadium, where 20 people were killed.[92]

Stadiums disasters edit

Helmy Zamora Stadium disaster 1974 edit

At least 48 people died in a stampede at a friendly game against Czechoslovak club Dukla Prague at the Helmy Zamora Stadium in 1974.[93]

30 June Stadium stampede 2015 edit

 
The icon of the martyrs of the fans of Zamalek, the twenty martyrs

On 8 February 2015, 20 supporters were killed by policemen outside the 30 June Stadium.[94][95][96][97][98][99]

Statistics and records edit

Appearances[100] edit

 
Abdel Wahed El-Sayed is the player with the most titles and the played the highest number of games for Zamalek
Name Years League Cup Super Cup African Arab Total
  Abdel-Wahed El-Sayed 1997–2014 345 (0) 40 (0) 4 (0) 88 (0) 27 (0) 504   (0)
  Abdel Halim Ali 1999–2009 219 (81) 27 (18) 3 (0) 58 (23) 32 (13) 339   (138)
  Tarek El-Sayed 1995–2008 207 (19) 23 (2) 2 (0) 56 (5) 35 (0) 323   (26)
  Mohamed Aboul Ela 1999–2009 144 (9) 27 (0) 3 (0) 51 (1) 23 (1) 248   (11)
  Besheer El-Tabei 1997–2004
2007–2008
146 (9) 21 (0) 2 (0) 42 (0) 22 (2) 223   (11)

Goal-scorers edit

 
Abdel Halim Ali, Zamalek's historical top scorer in all competitions
 
Alaa El-Hamouly, Zamalek's all-time top scorer in the Egypt Cup

Awards winners edit

African Footballer of The Year

The following players won African Footballer of the Year while playing for Zamalek:

EFA Egyptian Player of the Year

Matches edit

Individual edit

League edit

  • Ayman Younes scored the fastest goal in 1990 against Souss after 13 seconds.
  • Mohamed Amin scored the first goal in the Egyptian League against El Masry.
  • Saad Rostom scored the first hat trick for Zamalek in the league against El Masry.

The following players have won the top scorer award in the league while playing with Zamalek:

Season Player Goals
1956–57   Alaa El-Hamouly 16
1960–61   Ali Mohsen 16
1976–77   Ali Khalil 17
  Hassan Shehata
1978–79   Ali Khalil 12
1979–80   Hassan Shehata 14
1987–88   Gamal Abdel-Hamid 11
1997–98   Abdul Hamid Bassiouny 15
2000–01   Tarek El-Said 13
2001–02   Hossam Hassan 18
2003–04   Abdel Halim Ali 21
2010–11   Shikabala 13
2021–22   Zizo 19

Cup edit

  • Hussein Yasser scored the fastest goal in the cup against Al Ahly in 2010 after 46 seconds.

Rivalries edit

Cairo Derby edit

The Cairo Derby is a football match between Zamalek and Al Ahly. The derby is played twice each season with two matches in the Egyptian Premier League, but it is not uncommon to find the teams meeting each other in the Egypt Cup, especially in the finals, and in the CAF Champions League.[113][114]

Mit Okba Derby edit

The Mit Okba derby is a football match between Zamalek and Tersana SC. Both teams are located in the Mit Okba region in Giza. The derby was one of the most important matches of the Egyptian Premier League during the sixties and seventies of the twentieth century, but it gradually lost its value after Tersana SC's performance started to deteriorate and the club has been relegated more than once to the Egyptian Second Division where it currently plays after being relegated for the sixth time in the 2008–09 season.[115]

Club of the century edit

In February 2014 administration of Zamalek announced the nickname of the club as the Club of the Century, as the most successful club of the 20th century in Africa (gaining 9 titles versus 7 for its closest rival).

 
Zamalek banner for African football century club

CAF ranking of African Clubs titles at the end of 20th century edit

Pos Club Titles Trophies won
1
  Zamalek
7 (+2)
4 African Cup of Champions Clubs, 1 CAF Cup Winners' Cup, 2 CAF Super Cup, (2 Afro-Asian Club Championship)
2
  Al-Ahly
6 (+1)
2 African Cup of Champions Clubs, 4 CAF Cup Winners' Cups, (1 Afro-Asian Club Championship)
3
  ES Tunis
4 (+1)
1 African Cup of Champions Clubs; 1 CAF Cup Winners' Cup, 1 CAF Cup, 1 CAF Super Cup, (1 Afro-Asian Club Championship)
  Raja Casablanca
4 (+1)
3 African Cup of Champions Clubs, 1 CAF Super Cup, (1 Afro-Asian Club Championship)
  Canon Yaoundé
4
3 African Cup of Champions Clubs, 1 CAF Cup Winners' Cup
  JS Kabylie
4
2 African Cup of Champions Clubs, 1 CAF Cup Winners' Cup, 1 CAF Cup

Finances and ownership edit

In 2018, Presentation Sports obtained a contract that increased from 100 million Egyptian pounds to 120 million annually to sponsor the club increased This increase in the sponsorship contract will be other than 20% over the amount mentioned in each year including broadcasting rights.[116]

The financial cost of the new team uniform reached 9 million Egyptian pounds.[117]

The board of directors of the National Bank of Egypt signed a contract with Zamalek's management to rent three stores in the club wall on the League of Arab States Street with a usufruct for 25 years, with a rent for two years in advance. Zamalek Club signed a cooperation protocol with Banque Misr, from which it obtains immediate returns of 10 million pounds under the protocol. In return, Banque Misr has the right to use two local walls of the Zamalek Club wall for 20 years in exchange for 5 million pounds and an annual rent of 1.560 million pounds.[118][119]

The report of the Controller at the Zamalek Club revealed that the budget surplus for the fiscal year 2018–2019 reached 170 million Egyptian pounds.[120]

The temporary committee that runs the Zamalek club has signed a cooperation protocol with the Ministry of Military Production (Egypt) for a construction and sports boom. Imad Abdel Aziz, head of the temporary committee at Zamalek Club, stated that this protocol will contribute to building 6 October branch.[121]

Zamalek Club and Aerosport Sports Club of the Ministry of Civil Aviation signed a protocol of joint cooperation aimed at benefiting from the expertise of Zamalek.[122]

Zamalek SC has signed a cooperation protocol with the "I-Friends Sports" company, to establish a branch of the club in the United Arab Emirates.[123]

In popular culture edit

Zamalek TV edit

Zamalek Club owns a TV channel known as Zamalek TV, which broadcasts on Nilesat in SD quality. The broadcast began experimentally on 31 December 2019 before the channel launched on 22 January 2020. The channel focuses on news about the club.[124][125]

Zamalek Magazine edit

Zamalek magazine is an official Zamalek weekly magazine that is issued every Thursday, and contains news and reviews about the club and interviews with the players.

Documentaries edit

In 2015, a documentary entitled Zamalek, O Engineering, playing, Art and Engineering, was produced by Abu Dhabi Sports. It was presented in two parts, and presents the history of the club since its foundation.[126][127]

Another documentary film produced in 2016, Al Hekaya Mpethanish(The story does not end ),covers the club's history in the five championships in the African Champions League, and was produced by DMC Sport channel.

Another documentary film was produced by the CBC network in 2017, entitled Helmy Zamora. It covers the story of Helmy or Zamora the icon of Zamalek club.

Another documentary film was produced in 2019 with the title Zamalek Club, the National and Dignity Club. It was produced by the club, and shows the history of the club since its establishment.

Another documentary film produced in 2020 entitled Zamalek Legends: A long history of stars who inhabited the memory, produced by Abu Dhabi Sports channel, covers the highlight of the club's most prominent stars from different generations.

Another documentary film produced in 2020 entitled Zamalek – The Road to the African Super 2020, produced by beIN SPORTS Arabia channel, documents Zamalek's journey in winning the 2019 CAF Confederation Cup.

Another documentary film produced in 2020 entitled Zamalek, the Road to the Semi-finals 2020, produced by beIN SPORTS Arabia channel, describes Zamalek won the African Super Cup championship against Espérance Sportive de Tunis, and won the local super championship against Al Ahly.

Anthem edit

Malaki (Royal) is the Zamalek Club's anthem in the year of the Zamalek Club's centenary in 2011, with words, composition and singing by the artist Aziz Al-Shafi’i.[128] The words are as follows:

Royal, Royal, Zamalek, Royal

Zamalek, My precious, Your flag is always high

Royal, Royal, Zamalek, Royal

Zamalek, My precious, Your flag is always high

We'll be by your side even before you call us

You're not just a club to us

We're always by your side and with you

No matter what happens, we'll stay behind you

We'll cheer for our club with the loudest voice

Zamalek fans and pride is ours

Royal, Royal, Zamalek, Royal

Zamalek, My precious, Your flag is always high

Egyptian since the day you were born, you're a symbol for your country

Who can deny your history, who can forget your glories

We're always by your side and with you

No matter what happens, we'll stay behind you

We'll cheer for our club with the loudest voice

Zamalek fans and pride is ours.

Honours edit

Zamalek is one of the top twenty clubs that won the most championships in the world. The club is the seventh with the most continental and international championships, with 14 continental honors. Zamalek won 82 official titles with a total of 102 titles.[129][130][131][132][133][134]

Zamalek SC honours
Type Competition Titles Seasons
Domestic Egyptian Premier League 14 1959–60, 1963–64, 1964–65, 1977–78, 1983–84, 1987–88, 1991–92, 1992–93, 2000–01, 2002–03, 2003–04, 2014–15, 2020–21, 2021–22[135]
Egypt Cup 28 1921–22, 1931–32, 1934–35, 1937–38, 1940–41, 1942–43, 1943–44, 1951–52, 1954–55, 1956–57, 1957–58, 1958–59, 1959–60, 1961–62, 1974–75, 1976–77, 1978–79, 1987–88, 1998–99, 2001–02, 2007–08, 2012–13, 2013–14, 2014–15, 2015–16, 2017–18, 2018–19, 2020–21[136]
Egyptian Super Cup 4 2001–02, 2002–03, 2016–17, 2019–20[137][138]
Sultan Hussein Cup 2 1920–21, 1921–22
October League 1 1974
Egyptian Friendship Cup 1 1986
Egyptian Confederation Cup 1S 1995
Cairo League 14 1922–23, 1928–29, 1929–30, 1931–32, 1933–34, 1939–40, 1940–41, 1943–44, 1944–45, 1946–47, 1948–49, 1950–51, 1951–52, 1952–53
Continental CAF Champions League 5 1984, 1986, 1993, 1996, 2002[139][140]
African Cup Winners' Cup 1 2000
CAF Confederation Cup 2 2018–19, 2023–24

[141][142]

CAF Super Cup 4 1994, 1997, 2003, 2020[143]
Intercontinental Afro-Asian Cup 2 1987, 1997
Regional Arab Club Championship 1 2003
Saudi-Egyptian Super Cup 2S 20032018
  •   record
  • S shared record

Players edit

Current squad edit

As of 6 February 2024[144]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player
1 GK   EGY Mohamed Awad
2 DF   EGY Hossam Abdel Maguid
3 DF   PLE Yaser Hamed
4 DF   EGY Omar Gaber
5 MF   EGY Ahmed Hamdi
6 DF   EGY Mostafa El Zenary
7 FW   SEN Ibrahima Ndiaye
8 MF   EGY Nabil Emad
9 FW   EGY Nasser Mansi
10 MF   EGY Shikabala (captain)
11 FW   EGY Mostafa Shalaby
12 MF   EGY Mohamed Ashraf
13 DF   EGY Ahmed Abou El Fotouh
14 FW   EGY Youssef Ibrahim
15 MF   EGY Ziad Kamal (on loan from ENPPI SC)
16 GK   EGY Mohamed Sobhy
17 MF   EGY Muhammad Shehata (on loan from Tala'ea El Gaish SC)
18 MF   EGY Sayed Abdallah
No. Pos. Nation Player
19 MF   EGY Abdallah El Said
20 DF   EGY Mahmoud Alaa
21 MF   EGY Seif Farouk
22 MF   EGY Nasser Maher
23 FW   BEN Samson Akinyoola
24 DF   TUN Hamza AlMathlouthi
25 MF   EGY Ahmed Mostafa
26 MF   EGY Mohab Yaser
27 FW   EGY Mohamed Atef
28 DF   EGY Mahmoud Hamdy
29 DF   EGY Mohamed Abdel Shafy (vice-captain)
30 FW   TUN Seif-eldine AlJaziri
32 GK   EGY Moaaz Alaaeldin
34 GK   EGY Abdul-Rahman Nafad
35 MF   EGY Ahmed Abdel Rahim
40 MF   UGA Travis Mutyaba
51 FW   EGY Mohamed Salah Zaki

Youth team and reserves edit

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player
45 GK   EGY Mahmoud Ashraf
36 DF   EGY Ahmed Refaai
DF   EGY Abdul-Rahman Ali
DF   EGY Mohie Jumaa
DF   EGY Hassan Abu Al-Maati
MF   EGY Karim Abdoun
No. Pos. Nation Player
MF   EGY Tarek Alaa
42 MF   EGY Mohamed ElSayed
FW   EGY Youssef Hassan
41 FW   EGY Amaar Yasser
FW   EGY Muhammad Sameh

Out on loan edit

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player
FW   EGY Ali Yasser (on loan to Modern Future FC)
MF   EGY Abduallah Mohamed (on loan to Modern Future FC)
DF   EGY Muhammad Tarek (on loan to Al Masry SC)
MF   EGY Mohamed Hossam-eldin (on loan to El Sekka El Hadid SC)
MF   EGY Mostafa Shokry (on loan to El Sekka El Hadid SC)
No. Pos. Nation Player
DF   EGY Ahmed Mahmoud Ahmed (on loan to El Gouna)
MF   EGY Hamdy Alaa (on loan to Smouha)
MF   EGY Maged Hany (to Baladiyat El Mahalla)
FW   EGY Hossam Ashraf (to Baladiyat El Mahalla)

Players under contract edit

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player

Notable players edit

This list includes players that have appeared in at least 100 league games or have reached international status.

Source:[145][146]

Staff edit

Current technical staff edit

 
José Gomes the Coach of Zamalek Club
Position Name
Coaching Staff
Head coach

  José Gomes

Assistant coach

  André Bikey

  Ahmed Magdy

Goalkeeping coach   Luis Vicente
Fitness and conditioning Coach   João Miguel
Football Sector Management
Team Director   Abdel-Wahed El-Sayed
Scouting and Performance analysis team Head   Ziad Al-Baroudi
Scouting and Performance analysis of Technical team Member   Muhammad Alaa
Head of the Administrative Scale   Amr Abou ElEzz
Players Affairs Manager   Ahmed Ibrahim
Administrator   Ibrahim Zarea
  Abdallah Hussein

Medical staff edit

Position Name
Team Doctor   Mohammed Osama
Physiotherapist Specialist   Mohamed Ismail
  Sameh Hassan
Rehabilitation Specialist   Amr AlMatarawy

  Mostafa Abdo

Masseur   Mohamed Al-Sayed
  Said Swailam

Management edit

Board of directors edit

Office Name
President   Hussein Labib
Vice President   Hisham Nasr
Secretary of the fund   Hossam Al-Mandouh
board member   Ahmed Souliman
board member   Hussein El-Sayed
board member   Amr Al-Adham
board member   Hani Berzi
board member   Hani Shukri
board member   Muhammad Tariq
board member   Nayera Al-Ahmar
board member   Rami Nasuhi
board member   Ahmed Khaled

[147] [148] [149] [150] [151]

Other sports edit

Zamalek participates in many sports besides football, such as Handball, Athletics, Volleyball, and Basketball. Zamalek has won many domestic, Arab and African tournaments and participated in world championships.[152][153]

References edit

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