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La Roche-sur-Yon (pronounced [la ʁɔʃ syʁ jɔ̃]) is a commune in the Vendée department in the Pays de la Loire region in western France. It is the capital of the department. Its inhabitants are called Yonnais.

La Roche-sur-Yon
Prefecture and commune
Square Napoléon (Place Napoléon [fr])
Square Napoléon (Place Napoléon [fr])
Coat of arms of La Roche-sur-Yon
Coat of arms
La Roche-sur-Yon is located in France
La Roche-sur-Yon
La Roche-sur-Yon
Location within Pays de la Loire region
La Roche-sur-Yon is located in Pays de la Loire
La Roche-sur-Yon
La Roche-sur-Yon
Coordinates: 46°40′14″N 1°25′34″W / 46.6705°N 1.426°W / 46.6705; -1.426Coordinates: 46°40′14″N 1°25′34″W / 46.6705°N 1.426°W / 46.6705; -1.426
CountryFrance
RegionPays de la Loire
DepartmentVendée
ArrondissementLa Roche-sur-Yon
CantonLa Roche-sur-Yon-1 and La Roche-sur-Yon-2
IntercommunalityLa Roche-sur-Yon Agglomération
Government
 • Mayor (2013–2018) Luc Bouard
Area187.52 km2 (33.79 sq mi)
Population (2010)252,664
 • Density600/km2 (1,600/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code85191 /85000
Elevation32–94 m (105–308 ft)
(avg. 74 m or 243 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Contents

HistoryEdit

The town expanded significantly after Napoleon I chose the site as the new préfecture of the Vendée on 25 May 1804, replacing Fontenay-le-Comte (then under its revolutionary name of Fontenay-le-Peuple). At the time, most of La Roche had been eradicated in the Vendée Revolt (1793–96); the renamed Napoléonville was laid out and a fresh population of soldiers and civil servants was brought in. Napoléonville was designed to accommodate 15,000 people.[1]

The town was called successively:

GeographyEdit

The river Yon flows southward through the commune and crosses the town.

ClimateEdit

Climate data for La Roche-sur-Yon (1981–2010 averages)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 15.9
(60.6)
20.2
(68.4)
24.1
(75.4)
28.1
(82.6)
30.7
(87.3)
36.9
(98.4)
36.6
(97.9)
38.7
(101.7)
33.7
(92.7)
29.9
(85.8)
21.1
(70)
18.7
(65.7)
38.7
(101.7)
Average high °C (°F) 8.5
(47.3)
9.5
(49.1)
12.5
(54.5)
14.9
(58.8)
18.8
(65.8)
22.4
(72.3)
24.5
(76.1)
24.6
(76.3)
21.8
(71.2)
17.3
(63.1)
12.0
(53.6)
8.9
(48)
16.3
(61.3)
Average low °C (°F) 2.6
(36.7)
2.2
(36)
4.0
(39.2)
5.5
(41.9)
9.1
(48.4)
11.8
(53.2)
13.7
(56.7)
13.4
(56.1)
11.1
(52)
9.0
(48.2)
5.2
(41.4)
2.9
(37.2)
7.5
(45.5)
Record low °C (°F) −14.9
(5.2)
−15.4
(4.3)
−10.3
(13.5)
−4.1
(24.6)
−0.3
(31.5)
2.8
(37)
7.2
(45)
5.1
(41.2)
2.5
(36.5)
−4.5
(23.9)
−7.1
(19.2)
−9.5
(14.9)
−15.4
(4.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 103.5
(4.075)
66.0
(2.598)
70.5
(2.776)
67.9
(2.673)
64.5
(2.539)
44.5
(1.752)
51.3
(2.02)
46.1
(1.815)
73.0
(2.874)
107.6
(4.236)
103.5
(4.075)
102.5
(4.035)
900.9
(35.469)
Average precipitation days 12.5 10.1 10.8 11.1 9.1 7.6 7.1 7.2 7.8 12.4 13.4 12.5 121.6
Mean monthly sunshine hours 72.4 102.8 145.4 171.1 198.8 230.6 232.3 229.7 194.2 124.1 81.2 69.4 1,852
Source: Meteo France[2][3]

AdministrationEdit

The Communauté d'agglomération "La Roche-sur-Yon Agglomération" contains 15 communes:

La Roche-sur-Yon is the chief town of the Arrondissement of La Roche-sur-Yon, which covers 11 cantons, 92 communes, and has a population of 230,386 (1999 census).

La-Roche-sur-Yon is chief town of two cantons, Canton of La Roche-sur-Yon-1 and Canton of La Roche-sur-Yon-2.

Main sightsEdit

TransportEdit

The Gare de La Roche-sur-Yon railway station offers connections to Nantes, Paris, Les Sables-d'Olonne, Bordeaux and several regional destinations. The A87 motorway connects La Roche-sur-Yon with Les Sables-d'Olonne and Angers, the A83 with Nantes and Niort.

EducationEdit

The commune has designated attendance zones for its primary schools.[4]

Schools include:

SportsEdit

In 2014 La Roche-sur-yon hosted the 2014 French championship of table tennis[8]

La Roche-sur-Yon's Vendéspace hosted one of the first round ties of the 2014 Davis Cup tennis tournament over the weekend of 31 January - 2 February 2014. France hosted Australia as both teams competed for a place in the World Group quarterfinals.

In 2015 La Roche-sur-Yon, will host the 2015 FIRS Men's Roller Hockey World Cup, the first time that a World Cup of roller hockey is held in France.

In June 2015 La Roche-sur-Yon's Vendéspace will host the qualification tournament for the World Championships in Savate Combat[9]

Twin townsEdit

La Roche-sur-Yon is twinned with:

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Graham Robb, The Discovery of France, Picador, London (2007), pp257-8
  2. ^ "Données climatiques de la station de La Roche-sur-Yon" (in French). Meteo France. Retrieved January 9, 2016.
  3. ^ "Climat Pays de la Loire" (in French). Meteo France. Retrieved January 9, 2016.
  4. ^ "Sectorisation scolaire 2016." La Roche-sur-Yon. Retrieved on September 6, 2016.
  5. ^ a b c d "[1]." La Roche Sur-Yon. Retrieved on September 6, 2016.
  6. ^ a b "Collèges." La Roche Sur-Yon. Retrieved on September 6, 2016.
  7. ^ a b "Lycées." La Roche Sur-Yon. Retrieved on September 6, 2016.
  8. ^ http://www.tennis2table.com/Championnat-de-France/les-championnats-de-france-2014-de-tennis-de-table.html
  9. ^ http://vendespace.vendee.fr/Agenda/Sports/TOURNOI-QUALIFICATIF-DE-SAVATE-BOXE-FRANCAISE/vendredi-05-juin-2015-samedi-06-juin-2015

External linksEdit