Lunar New Year
This article needs additional citations for verification. (August 2015) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
The lunar new year is a new year celebration like 1 January in the Gregorian calendar; it's the first day of the lunar year.
- Chinese New Year
- Japanese New Year (prior to 1873) - Ryukyu (present)
- Korean New Year (Seollal)
- Mongolian New Year (Tsagaan Sar)
- Tibetan New Year (Losar)
- Vietnamese New Year (Tết nguyên Đán)
These South Asian traditional lunisolar celebrations are observed according to the local lunisolar calendars. They are influenced by Indian tradition, which marks the solar new year on the sun's entry into Aries in April.
- Gudi Padwa, lunisolar New Year's Day celebrated by Marathi and Konkani Hindus.
- Ugadi, lunisolar New Year's Day celebrated by Hindus of Andhra Pradesh, Telangana and Karnataka states in India.
- Meitei Cheiraoba, Lunisolar New Year's Day celebrated by Meitei people
- Kashmiri New Year (Navreh), lunisolar New Year's Day celebrated by Kashmiri Pandits
- Nyepi, in Bali, Indonesia
These South and Southeast Asian New Year celebrations are quite similar to each other in that they have dates based on the solar cycle ("solar new year"), but are part of the local lunisolar calendar system or were historically observed according to the local lunisolar calendars, and thus do not generally align with the first day of the lunisolar year. They are influenced by Indian (Indic) tradition (occurring on 13/14 April):
- Burmese New Year (Thingyan): New year falls in April, but is not the first day of the Burmese lunisolar calendar year
- Cambodian New Year (Chaul Chnam Thmey)
- Lao New Year
- Nepali New Year
- Odia New Year (Pana Sankranti)
- Sinhala and Tamil New Year
- Thai New Year (Songkran)
- Pohela Boishakh (Bengali New Year)
- Puthandu (Tamil New Year)
- Water-Sprinkling Festival (Dai New Year)
- Sangken (in Arunachal Pradesh and parts of Assam, India)
- Vishu, (Malayalee New Year)
- Maithili New Year, in Mithila, Nepal
Lunar New Year celebrations that originated in Western Asia fall on other days:
- Islamic New Year or Muslim New Year is not lunisolar but follows a purely lunar calendar of 12 months that retrogresses through the Gregorian and Julian calendar years. The day of Muslim New Year may thus fall in any season on the calendar.
- In Judaism (Rabbinic and Karaite) and Samaritan religious and secular traditions, there are as many as four lunar new year observances. Each tradition uses a slightly different version of the Hebrew Calendar but they are all lunisolar, so the days always fall in the same season.
- 1 Nissan/Abib (Aviv) is the first day of the religious new year in Rabbinic Judaism and the first day of the religious and secular new years in Karaite Judaism and Samaritanism. Rabbinic Judaism calls this the New Year for Kings and similarly numbers Nissan (aka Aviv) as the first month. Nissan/Abib begins in the spring. The climax of this lunar new year is the festival of Passover, which begins on 15 Nissan/Abib (Aviv).
- 1 Elul is the date on which the Samaritan calendar advances a year, on the theory that 1 Elul commemorates the creation of the earth. It corresponds to the New Year for Animal Tithes in the Rabbinic tradition. This is a very late summer/early autumn holiday.
- Rosh Hashanah in Rabbinic Judaism begins with the new moon of the month of Tishrei. It is the date on which the Rabbinic calendar advances a year, on the theory that 1 Tishrei is the day on which the world was born. Rosh Hashanah also inaugurates the ten days known as the High Holy Days/High Holidays or Days of Awe, culminating with Yom Kippur; which is the holiest day of the year in Rabbinic Judaism. For Samaritans and Karaites, Passover remains the holiest day of the year, so they observe 1 Tishrei as Yom Teruah, meaning "Day of Noise" (whereas Rosh Hashanah means "Head of the Year"). It is an autumn holy day.
- Tu BiShvat is the New Year for Trees in Rabbinic Judaism. It is a festive holiday rather than a holy day
- Wamg, Frances Kai-Hwa (23 January 2017). "10 Lunar New Year facts to help answer your pressing questions". NBC News. Retrieved 14 February 2018.
- DuBois, Jill (2004). Korea. Volume 7 of Cultures of the world (illustrated, revised ed.). Marshall Cavendish. p. 114. ISBN 978-0761417866. Retrieved 19 February 2015.
- Roshen Dalal (2010). Hinduism: An Alphabetical Guide. Penguin Books. p. 150. ISBN 978-0-14-341421-6.