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The 1934 FIFA World Cup was the first World Cup for which teams had to qualify (in the inaugural World Cup of 1930, the participating teams were invited to play by FIFA). When 32 teams entered the 1934 competition, FIFA organized qualification (or preliminary) rounds to select 16 teams for the final tournament.[1] Even Italy, the host of the World Cup, had to qualify (the only time the hosts had to qualify, and one of only two occasions on which the hosts have ever taken part in the qualification process),[1][a] The previous champions, Uruguay, refused to defend their title because many European nations declined to take part in the 1930 FIFA World Cup held in Uruguay.[2][1]

1934 FIFA World Cup Qualification
Tournament details
Teams32 (from 3 confederations)
Tournament statistics
Matches played26
Goals scored139 (5.35 per match)
Top scorer(s)Spain Isidro Lángara
Cuba Mario López
Mexico Dionisio Mejía
(7 goals each)
1938

A total of 27 teams played at least one qualifying match. A total of 27 qualifying matches were played, and 141 goals were scored (an average of 5.22 per match).[1] The first match, between Sweden and Estonia, began in Stockholm on 11 June 1933, with Swedish player Knut Kroon scoring the first goal. The final match was played in Rome only three days before the start of the tournament on 24 May 1934, as late entrants the United States beat Mexico in a play-off to become the sixteenth and final team to qualify.

Listed below are the dates and results of the qualification rounds.

Contents

FormatEdit

Chile, Peru and Turkey all withdrew before qualifying began,[1] while Denmark, Finland, Latvia and Norway all withdrew before draw.

The 32 teams were divided into 12 groups, based on geographical considerations, as follows:

  • Groups 1 to 8 – Europe: 12 places, contested by 21 teams.
  • Groups 9, 10 and 11 – Americas: 3 places, contested by 8 teams.
  • Group 12 – Africa and Asia: 1 place, contested by 3 teams (including Turkey).

The 12 groups had different rules, as follows:

  • Group 1 had 3 teams. The teams played against each other once. The group winner would qualify.
  • Groups 2, 3 and 5 had 2 teams each. The teams played against each other on a home-and-away basis. The group winners would qualify.
  • Group 4 had 3 teams. The teams played against each other twice. The group winner and runner-up would qualify.
  • Groups 6, 7 and 8 had 3 teams each. The teams played against each other once. The group winners and runners-up would qualify.
  • Groups 9 and 10 had 2 teams each. The group winners would qualify.
  • Group 11 had 4 teams. There would be three rounds of play:
    • First Round: Haiti played against Cuba in three matches at home. The winner would advance to the Second Round.
    • Second Round: Mexico played against the winner of the First Round in three matches at home. The winner would advance to the Final Round.
    • Final Round: USA played against the winner of the Second Round in a single match on neutral ground. The winner would qualify.
  • Group 12 had 3 teams. After Turkey withdrew before the matches began, the remaining 2 teams played against each other on a home-and-away basis. The group winner would qualify.

GroupsEdit

Group 1Edit

Rank Team Pld W D L GF GA GAv Pts
1   Sweden 2 2 0 0 8 2 4.00 4
2   Lithuania 1 0 0 1 0 2 0.00 0
3   Estonia 1 0 0 1 2 6 0.33 0
Sweden  6–2  Estonia
Kroon   7'
L. Bunke   10'
Ericsson   13'70'
T. Bunke   43'
Andersson   79' (pen)
Report Kass   47'
Kuremaa   61'

Lithuania  0–2  Sweden
Report Hansson   55'65'

Estonia v Lithuania was not played since neither team could qualify with a win.[3]

Sweden qualified.

Group 2Edit

Rank Team Pld W D L GF GA GAv Pts
1   Spain 2 2 0 0 11 1 11.0 4
2   Portugal 2 0 0 2 1 11 0.09 0
Spain  9–0  Portugal
González   3'
Lángara   13'14' (pen.)46'71'85'
Regueiro   65'70'
Ventolrà   68'
Report

Portugal  1–2  Spain
Silva   10' Report Lángara   12'25'

11-1 on aggregate; Spain qualified.

Group 3Edit

Rank Team Pld W D L GF GA GAv Pts
1   Italy 1 1 0 0 4 0 4.00 2
2   Greece 1 0 0 1 0 4 0.00 0
Italy  4–0  Greece
Guarisi   40'
Meazza   44'71'
Ferrari   69'
Report
Attendance: 20,000

Italy qualified, as Greece declined to play the second match.[2][1]

Group 4Edit

Rank Team Pld W D L GF GA GAv Pts
1   Hungary 2 2 0 0 8 2 4.00 4
2   Austria 1 1 0 0 6 1 6.00 2
3   Bulgaria 3 0 0 3 3 14 0.21 0
Bulgaria  1–4  Hungary
Baikushev   27' Report Sárosi   29'
Szabó   61' (pen.)
Toldi   88'
Markos   89'
Attendance: 10,000

Austria  6–1  Bulgaria
Horvath   19'22'33'
Zischek   59'
Viertl   62'
Sindelar   67'
Report Lozanov   66'

Hungary  4–1  Bulgaria
Szabó   9'58'
Solti   60'73'
Report Todorov   61'

Bulgaria withdrew, and the remaining matches were not played since Hungary and Austria were already assured of the top two spots.[1]

Hungary and Austria qualified.

Group 5Edit

Rank Team Pld W D L GF GA GAv Pts
1   Czechoslovakia 1 1 0 0 2 1 2.00 2
2   Poland 1 0 0 1 1 2 0.5 0
Poland  1–2  Czechoslovakia
Martyna   52' (pen) Report Silný   33'
Pelcner   77'
Attendance: 16,000

Poland were unable to travel to Prague for the second match as the Polish government denied the team visas for political reasons. Therefore, Czechoslovakia qualified.[4]

Group 6Edit

Rank Team Pld W D L GF GA GAv Pts
1   Romania 2 1 1 0 4 3 2.00 3
2    Switzerland 2 0 2 0 4 4 2.00 2
3   Yugoslavia 2 0 1 1 3 4 0.75 1
Yugoslavia  2–2   Switzerland
Kragić   50'
Marjanović   61'
Report Frigerio   76'
Jäggi   80'
Attendance: 17,000

Switzerland   2–2[b]  Romania
Hufschmid   75'
Hochstrasser   80' (pen.)
Report Sepi   18'
Dobay   67'

Romania  2–1  Yugoslavia
Schwartz   38'
Dobay   74'
Report Kragić   71'
Attendance: 20,000

Romania and Switzerland qualified.

Group 7Edit

Rank Team Pld W D L GF GA GAv Pts
1   Netherlands 2 2 0 0 9 4 2.25 4
2   Belgium 2 0 1 1 6 8 0.75 1
3   Irish Free State 2 0 1 1 6 9 0.67 1
Irish Free State  4–4  Belgium
Moore   27'48'56'75' Report Capelle   15'
S. Vanden Eynde   30'
F. Vanden Eynde   47'60'

Netherlands  5–2  Irish Free State
Smit   41'85'
Bakhuys   67'78'
Vente   83'
Report Squires   44'
Moore   57'

Belgium  2–4  Netherlands
Grimmonprez   51'
Voorhoof   71'
Report Smit   60'
Bakhuys   62'84'
Vente   64'
Attendance: 42,000

Netherlands and Belgium qualified (Belgium finished above the Irish Free State on goal average).[1]

Group 8Edit

Rank Team Pld W D L GF GA GAv Pts
1   Germany 1 1 0 0 9 1 9.00 2
2   France 1 1 0 0 6 1 6.00 2
3   Luxembourg 2 0 0 2 2 15 0.13 0
Luxembourg  1–9  Germany
Mengel   27' Report Rasselnberg   2'35'57'89'
Wigold   12'
Albrecht   24'
Hohmann   30'52'53'

Luxembourg  1–6  France
Speicher   47' Report Aston   3'
Nicolas   26'67'85'89' (pen.)
Liberati   80'

Germany v France was not played since both teams were already assured of the top two spots.[3]

Germany and France qualified.

Group 9Edit

Rank Team Pld W D L GF GA GAv Pts
1   Brazil
2   Peru Withdrew

Peru withdrew, so Brazil qualified automatically.[1]

Group 10Edit

Rank Team Pld W D L GF GA GAv Pts
1   Argentina
2   Chile Withdrew

Chile withdrew, so Argentina qualified automatically.[1]

Group 11Edit

First roundEdit

Rank Team Pld W D L GF GA GAv Pts
1   Cuba 3 2 1 0 10 2 5.00 5
2   Haiti 3 0 1 2 2 10 0.20 1
Haiti  1–3  Cuba
St. Fort   85' (pen.) Report López   20' (pen.)
H. Socorro   61'
Martínez   64'
Attendance: 6,000
Referee: John Williams (United States)

Haiti  1–1  Cuba
St. Fort   25' (pen.) Report López   85'
Attendance: 6,000
Referee: John Williams (United States)

Haiti  0–6  Cuba
Report H. Socorro   5'
López   18'86'
F. Socorro   37'
Ferrer   62'
Soto   78'
Attendance: 5,000
Referee: John Williams (United States)

10-2 on aggregate; Cuba advanced to the Second Round.

Second roundEdit

Rank Team Pld W D L GF GA GAv Pts
1   Mexico 3 3 0 0 12 3 4.00 6
2   Cuba 3 0 0 3 3 12 0.25 0
Mexico  3–2  Cuba
Mejía   12'14'16' Report López   40'63'

Mexico  5–0  Cuba
Sota   24'
Mejía   31'40'79'
Rosas   72'
Report

Mexico  4–1  Cuba
Alonso   32'75'
Ruvalcaba   41'
Marcos   55'
Report López   15'

12-3 on aggregate; Mexico advanced to the Final Round.

Final roundEdit

Rank Team Pld W D L GF GA GAv Pts
1   United States 1 1 0 0 4 2 2.00 2
2   Mexico 1 0 0 1 2 4 0.50 0
United States  4–2  Mexico
Donelli   28'32'74'87' Report Alonso   25'
Mejía   75'
Attendance: 12,000

United States qualified.

Group 12Edit

The Palestine football team consisted exclusively of Jewish and British players.[8] FIFA states in reference to the 1930s Palestine Mandate team that the 'Palestine team' that had participated in previous competitions in the 1930s was actually the forerunner of today's Israel team and as such bears no relation to the national team of the Palestinian authority.[9] However, the region currently known as Palestine is considered "one of the first Asian teams to compete in the FIFA World Cup qualifiers".[10]

Rank Team Pld W D L GF GA GAv Pts
1   Egypt 2 2 0 0 11 2 5.50 4
2   Palestine, British Mandate 2 0 0 2 2 11 0.18 0
  Turkey withdrew
Egypt  7–1  Palestine, British Mandate
El-Tetsh   11'35'51'
Taha   21'79'
Latif   43'87'
Report Nudelmann   61'
British Army Ground, Cairo, Egypt
Attendance: 13,000
Referee: Stanley Wells (England)

  Palestine, British Mandate1–4  Egypt
Sukenik   54' Report Latif   2'
El-Tetsh   7'22'
Fawzi   35'

11-2 on aggregate; Egypt qualified.

Qualified teamsEdit

Only six of the teams qualifying for the final competition – Argentina, Belgium, Brazil, France, Romania, and the USA – had already attended the World Cup in 1930.[1] 5 of the 16 teams subsequently failed to qualify for the 1938 finals: Argentina, Austria, Egypt, Spain and United States.

 
1934 FIFA World Cup qualification participants
 
Qualifying countries
Team Finals Appearance Streak Last Appearance
  Argentina 2nd 2 1930
  Austria 1st 1
  Belgium 2nd 2 1930
  Brazil 2nd 2 1930
  Czechoslovakia 1st 1
  Egypt 1st 1
  France 2nd 2 1930
  Germany 1st 1
  Hungary 1st 1
  Italy 1st 1
  Netherlands 1st 1
  Romania 2nd 2 1930
  Spain 1st 1
  Sweden 1st 1
   Switzerland 1st 1
  United States 2nd 2 1930

GoalscorersEdit

7 goals
5 goals
4 goals
3 goals
2 goals
1 goal

FootnotesEdit

  1. ^ Although South Africa were automatically qualified for the 2010 World Cup as hosts, they took part in the 2010 African qualifiers. The Confederation of African Football used its 2010 World Cup qualifiers as the qualifiers for the 2010 Africa Cup of Nations, an event for which South Africa had to qualify separately. They were eliminated at the second of three rounds of qualifying.
  2. ^ According to some sources, Romania fielded an ineligible player. As a consequence, FIFA awarded Switzerland a 2–0 win for the match.[5][6] However, FIFA reports a 2–2 draw.[7]
  3. ^ The match to decide whether USA or Mexico would qualify was played in Italy only three days before the start of the final tournament, as the USA team submitted their entry too late. Thus, the match was played on Italian ground, so that the winner would effectively stay for the tournament.[1]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "History of the FIFA World Cup Preliminary Competition (by year)" (PDF). FIFA.com. FIFA. July 2007. Archived (PDF) from the original on 15 June 2010. Retrieved 18 June 2018.
  2. ^ a b Hart, Jim (27 July 2016). "When the World Cup rolled into fascist Italy in 1934". These Football Times. Retrieved 14 June 2018.
  3. ^ a b "FIFA World Cup, 1934 - qualifying". 11v11.com. Retrieved 16 June 2018.
  4. ^ "World Cup 1934 - Qualifying". RSSSF.com. Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved 17 June 2018.
  5. ^ Seal, Brian (29 May 2015). "29 October 1933 – When Crossing The Border Crosses The Line". This Day In Football History. Archived from the original on 17 June 2018. Retrieved 17 June 2018.
  6. ^ "World Cup 1934 Qualifying". RSSSF.com. Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved 17 June 2018.
  7. ^ "1934 World Cup Italy Qualifiers". FIFA.com. FIFA. Retrieved 17 June 2018.
  8. ^ Rake, Julian (24 October 2008). "A long wait for a home game". Reuters. Retrieved 19 June 2018.
  9. ^ "FIFA Fact Sheet: History of the FIFA World Cup (TM) Preliminary Competition (see page 43)" (PDF). FIFA.com. FIFA. 2010. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 June 2010. Retrieved 9 June 2010.
  10. ^ "Palestine (PLE)". FIFA.com. FIFA. Archived from the original on 10 November 2007. Retrieved 23 September 2011.

External linksEdit