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Mladá Boleslav (Czech pronunciation: [ˈmladaː ˈbolɛslaf]; German: Jungbunzlau; both meaning "New (or literally Young) Boleslav") is a statutory city in the north of the Czech Republic, on the left bank of the Jizera river about 50 kilometres (31 miles) northeast of Prague. It is the second biggest city in the Central Bohemian Region and a major centre of the Czech automotive industry (Škoda Auto). The city name abbreviation MB became eponymous for colloquial naming of Škoda cars (especially in the communist era) as "embé(čko)".

Mladá Boleslav
Town hall in Mladá Boleslav
Town hall in Mladá Boleslav
Flag of Mladá Boleslav
Flag
Coat of arms of Mladá Boleslav
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): 
City of cars
Mladá Boleslav is located in Czech Republic
Mladá Boleslav
Mladá Boleslav
Location in the Czech Republic
Coordinates: 50°24′45″N 14°54′16″E / 50.41250°N 14.90444°E / 50.41250; 14.90444Coordinates: 50°24′45″N 14°54′16″E / 50.41250°N 14.90444°E / 50.41250; 14.90444
Country Czech Republic
RegionCentral Bohemian
DistrictMladá Boleslav
Founded10th century
Government
 • MayorMUDr. Raduan Nwelati (ODS)
Area
 • Total28.89 km2 (11.15 sq mi)
Elevation
235 m (771 ft)
Population
 (2019-01-01[1])
 • Total44,489
 • Density1,500/km2 (4,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
293 01
Websitewww.mb-net.cz

Contents

HistoryEdit

 
Castle in Mladá Boleslav

Founded in the second half of the 10th century by King Boleslav II as a royal castle. Because there already was a castle known as Boleslav near Prague, this new castle was named Mladá (young) to distinguish it from the older Boleslav, which became known in the 15th century as Stará Boleslav (Old Boleslav). The town received partial city rights in 1334 and 1436, becoming an important site on the road from Prague to northern Bohemia, Lusatia, and Brandenburg. In the 16th century the town was a leading centre of the Unitas Fratrum / Unity of the Brethren / Moravian Church, hosting the Brethren's bishop, Renaissance church, and printing house. After being re-Catholicized in the 17th century, the town's population declined.

In the 17th and 18th centuries, Mladá Boleslav (called Bumsla by Jews) was an important Jewish center.[2] In the 19th century (in fact, the period of decline of the Jewish community), Mladá Boleslav was dubbed "Jerusalem on Jizera". In 1634, Jacob Bassevi von Treuenberg (born 1580 in Verona, Italy), the first ennobled Jew in the Habsburg monarchy, was buried on the Jewish cemetery in Mladá Boleslav.

In the 19th century new prosperity came: the town became an important regional centre as new schools, theatres, museums, and the Laurin & Klement (today Škoda) automobile factory were founded. Since the 1990s the factory is making it one of the richest and most prosperous Czech towns.

Visitors SightsEdit

  • Templ Municipal History Museum - new holographic exhibition in gothic town-palace;
  • Škoda Museum - Car museum;
  • Škoda Manufacturing Plant - Car manufacturing and assembly plant;
  • Brethren renaissance cathedral - public open gallery;
  • Regional Museum - Historical, cultural and social history collections

Notable peopleEdit

International relationsEdit

SportsEdit

The local football team FK Mladá Boleslav plays in the top national division since 2004, four times qualified for the UEFA Cup and European League, beating such opponents as Olympique de Marseille 4-3 on aggregate in 2006 or US Citta di Palermo 2-1 on aggregate in 2007. The local ice hockey team, BK Mladá Boleslav (Bruslařský klub), relegated in 2012 from the Extraliga, but quickly returned in 2014.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Population of municipalities of the Czech republic". Czech Statistical Office. Retrieved 2019-04-30.
  2. ^ Spector, Shmuel; Wigoder, Geoffrey (2001). "The Encyclopedia of Jewish Life Before and During the Holocaust: K-Sered". NYU Press. p. 832. ISBN 9780814793770.

External linksEdit