Sankt Pölten (German pronunciation: [zaŋkt ˈpœltn̩] (listen)), mostly abbreviated to the official name St. Pölten, is the capital and largest city of the State of Lower Austria in northeast Austria, with 52,716 inhabitants as of 1 January 2015. St Pölten is a city with its own statute (or Statutarstadt) and therefore it is both a municipality and a district in the Mostviertel.
A view of Sankt Pölten in 2005
Location of St. Pölten within Lower Austria
|• Mayor||Matthias Stadler (SPÖ)|
|• Total||108.44 km2 (41.87 sq mi)|
|Elevation||267 m (876 ft)|
|• Density||500/km2 (1,300/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
3100, 3104, 3105, 3106, 3107, 3108, 3140, 3151, 3385
- 1 Geography
- 2 History
- 3 Politics
- 4 Economy
- 5 Public facilities
- 6 International relations
- 7 Culture and objects of interest
- 8 Notable people
- 9 Literature
- 10 References
- 11 External links
The city's main railway station, St. Pölten Hauptbahnhof, is located directly on the West railway of the ÖBB and is also the terminus of the Leobersdorfer Railway, the Mariazellerbahn, the regional railway to Tulln and the regional railway to Krems. It is at the intersection of the Western Motorway A1 and the Kremser Speedway S33, and is traversed by the Vienna Road B1. St Pölten is a junction of the Wieselbus bus lines, which provides radial connections between the capital and the different regions of Lower Austria.
In the cityEdit
Between 1911 and 1976, a tramline operated in St Pölten. Today, a network of eleven bus lines operates at regular intervals within the city. Every summer, a free tourist train in the city centre connects the ancient parts of the city with the government district.
St Pölten is divided into the following subdistricts: Altmannsdorf, Dörfl at Ochsenburg, Eggendorf, Ganzendorf, Hafing, Harland, Hart, Kreisberg, Matzersdorf, Mühlgang, Nadelbach, Oberradlberg, Oberwagram, Oberzwischenbrunn, Ochsenburg, Pengersdorf, Pottenbrunn, Pummersdorf, Ragelsdorf, Ratzersdorf at the Traisen, Reitzersdorf, Schwadorf, Spratzern, St Georgen on the Steinfelde, St Pölten, Stattersdorf, Steinfeld, Teufelhof, Unterradlberg, Unterwagram, Unterzwischenbrunn, Viehofen, Völtendorf, Waitzendorf, Wasserburg, Weitern, Wetzersdorf, Windpassing, Witzendorf, Wolfenberg, Wörth and Zwerndorf.
|Climate data for St Polten|
|Average high °C (°F)||1.8
|Average low °C (°F)||−3.3
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||31
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||55.2||87.4||129.7||168.8||224.6||221.9||234.9||232.5||165.8||118.3||58.8||45.4||1,743.3|
|Source: Weatherbase |
The oldest part of the city is built on the site of the ancient Roman city of Aelium Cetium that existed between the 2nd and the 4th century. In the year 799, it was called Treisma. St Pölten did not become a town until 1050 and officially became a city in 1159. Until 1494 St Pölten was part of the diocese of Passau, and then became the property of the state. A Benedictine monastery was founded in 771. In 1081 it hosted the Augustinian Chorherren and in 1784 their Kollegiatsstift closed. Since 1785, this building has hosted the cathedral of St Pölten. The city replaced Vienna as the capital of Lower Austria with a resolution by the Lower Austrian parliament on 10 July 1986. The Lower Austrian government has been hosted in St Pölten since 1997.
The name St Pölten is derived from Hippolytus of Rome. The city was renamed to Sankt Hippolyt, then St Polyt and finally St Pölten.
The municipal council consists of 42 members and since the municipal elections in 2016 it consists of the following parties:
- 26 Social Democratic Party of Austria (SPÖ) – the mayor and the first vice mayor
- 9 Austrian People's Party (ÖVP) – the second vice mayor
- 6 FPÖ
- 1 The Greens – The Green Alternative
The city's senate consists of 11 members:
- SPÖ: Martin Fuhs, Mag. Renate Gamsjäger, Engineer Franz Gunacker, Robert Laimer, Wolfgang Nowak, Mag. Johann Rankl, Mag. Ingrid Heihs
- ÖVP: Alfred Neuhauser, Josef Fraberger
- Greens: Silvia Buschenreiter
On 9 July 2004 the municipal council elected the former senator for culture Mag. Matthias Stadler (SPÖ) as the new mayor of St Pölten. The first vice mayor is Susanne Kysela (SPÖ); the second vice mayor is Johannes Sassmann (ÖVP).
Coat of arms, colours and sealsEdit
The colours of the city are red and yellow. The seal of the city contains its coat of arms surrounded by the text Landeshauptstadt St. Pölten. The administration's seal of the magistrate also contains the city's coat of arms with the text Magistrat der Stadt St. Pölten.
As of 15 May 2001, 40,041 people worked in 2,711 companies in the city. 23 of those companies are large-scale enterprises with more than 200 employees each.
Several media companies are based in St Pölten. These are "@cetera", a literary-cultural magazine; "City-Flyer", an online magazine describing the cultural offerings of the city, which is published on paper monthly; "Campus Radio", a radio station from the University of Applied Sciences; "HiT FM", a radio station broadcasting in Lower Austria; "LetHereBeRock", an online youth magazine about the alternative rock scene; NÖN, a Lower Austrian newspaper; the Austrian Broadcasting Corporation for Lower Austria; and the local television channel "P3tv".
The largest companies based in St Pölten are the furniture producer Leiner, the paper manufacturer Salzer, and the family owned engineering conglomerate Voith.
- Bundesgymnasium and Bundesrealgymnasium St. Pölten (public gymnasium)
- Public educational facility for kindergarten pedagogy and social pedagogy
- Public economics school and economics academy
- Bundesreal- and Bundesoberstufenrealgymnasium (BORG) Schulring (public high-level gymnasium)
- St. Pölten University of Applied Sciences (fields: computer simulation, media management, social work, telecommunication and media)
- Public higher educational facility for professions in economics and school for social professions
- Public higher technical educational facility and laboratory (fields: EDP and organisation, electronics, electrical engineering, machine engineering, economic engineering) with university of applied sciences for machine construction
- New Design University (interior architecture and graphics design)
- Lower Austrian state academy
- Philosophical-theological university
- Folk high school
- Lower Austrian institute for promotion of economy development (WIFI)
Leisure and sports sitesEdit
Swimming is available at Aquacity (indoor swimming pool), the St. Pölten outdoor swimming pool and Ratzersdorf Lake (a bathing pond where a nudist beach, beach volleyball, and miniature golf) are available. For fitness training there is the City-Treff - Pueblo, the Lifeline, the Reebok and the Seepark. In addition, the city has:
- American Football Club - St. Pölten Invaders
- Badminton Club
- Golf club St. Pölten
- Skittles at the leisure park Megafun
- Miniature golf at the Tennis-Allround Center
- Model aircraft airport of the BSV VOITH
- Riding club St. Pölten-Wagram
- Shooting range of the private Schützenkompagnie
- Gliding club St. Pölten
St Pölten hosts a primary base of the Lower Austrian state sports school.
Every year in the third week of May the ATP tournament takes place in St Pölten. There are multiple local tennis stadiums, including the Arena im Aufeld, the tennis centre Allround, the tennis courts by the local ice sport association 1872, the courts in St. Georgen, the courts at the Ratzersdorfer Pond, the courts in the Lower Austrian state sports school and the courts of the leisure park Megafun.
Twin towns — Sister citiesEdit
St Pölten is twinned with the following cities:
Culture and objects of interestEdit
- Lower Austrian state theatre
- Bühne im Hof
- Festspielhaus St. Pölten
- Diocese museum St. Pölten
- Museum im Hof
- Lower Austrian state museum
- Lower Austrian documentation institute for modern art
- Private museum "Wilhelmsburger ornament and utensil dishes"
- City museum St. Pölten
- Repertory theatre Cinema Paradiso
- Former synagogue
- Klangturm (tower), the city's landmark
- Stadtsäle (public event hall)
- Youth culture hall frei.raum
- VAZ (Veranstaltungszentrum, event-centre)
- Drunter & Drüber (≈"haywire"; "higgledy-piggledy"; "topsy-turvy"), a pub in the inner city
- Tonkünstler Orchestra
- Business Center Niederösterreich
- Apotheke zum goldenen Löwen (pharmacy since 1545), oldest shop in town, famous baroque facing
- ATP tennis tournament
- Cinema at the cathedral (Film am Dom)
- Capital city festival
- International culture and film festival
- Parliament festival
- St Pölten festival weeks "Klangweile"
- St Pölten Höfefest
- FM4 Frequency Festival
- Martin Fiala, composer[self-published source?]
- Jörg Demus, (1928–2019), pianist
- Alfred Gusenbauer, (born 1960), politician (SPÖ) and former chancellor of Austria
- Andreas Lattner, computer scientist
- Erwin Leder, (born 1951), actor (Das Boot, Underworld)
- Karl Österreicher (1923–1995), conductor, music educator
- Julius Raab, (1891-1964), conservative politician, chancellor of Austria 1953-1961
- Mario Ranieri, DJ and producer
- Bernhard Wicki, actor and director
- Lolita, singer and actress
- Don Manuel, Portuguese Infant, younger brother of King John V, lived in St Pölten for some time in the 1730s
- Oliver Stummvoll, model
- The Clairvoyants, magician-mentalist duo
- "Dauersiedlungsraum der Gemeinden Politischen Bezirke und Bundesländer - Gebietsstand 1.1.2018". Statistics Austria. Retrieved 10 March 2019.
- "Einwohnerzahl 1.1.2018 nach Gemeinden mit Status, Gebietsstand 1.1.2018". Statistics Austria. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
- "St. Pöltner Stadtrecht 1977". Retrieved 28 February 2015.
- "Weatherbase". Weatherbase. Retrieved 8 December 2012.
- "City of Brno Foreign Relations - Statutory city of Brno" (in Czech). City of Brno. 2003. Archived from the original on 15 January 2016. Retrieved 6 September 2011.
- "Brno - Partnerská města" (in Czech). City of Brno. 2006–2009. Retrieved 17 July 2009.
- de:Martin Fiala (Komponist)