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Kurashiki (倉敷市, Kurashiki-shi) is a historic city located in western Okayama Prefecture, Japan, sitting on the Takahashi River, on the coast of the Inland Sea.

Kurashiki

倉敷市
Bikan district of Kurashiki
Bikan district of Kurashiki
Flag of Kurashiki
Flag
Official seal of Kurashiki
Chapter
Location of Kurashiki in Okayama Prefecture
Location of Kurashiki in Okayama Prefecture
Kurashiki is located in Japan
Kurashiki
Kurashiki
Location in Japan
Coordinates: 34°35′N 133°46′E / 34.583°N 133.767°E / 34.583; 133.767Coordinates: 34°35′N 133°46′E / 34.583°N 133.767°E / 34.583; 133.767
CountryJapan
RegionChūgoku (San'yō)
PrefectureOkayama Prefecture
Government
 • MayorKaori Itō
Area
 • Total355.63 km2 (137.31 sq mi)
Population
(March 31, 2017)
 • Total483,576
 • Density1,400/km2 (3,500/sq mi)
Symbols
 • TreeCamphor
 • FlowerWysteria
 • BirdKingfisher
Time zoneUTC+9 (JST)
City hall address640 Nishinakashinden, Kurashiki-shi, Okayama-ken
710-8565
Websitewww.city.kurashiki.okayama.jp

As of March 31, 2017, the city has an estimated population of 483,576 and a population density of 1,400 persons per km². The total area is 355.63 km².[1]

Contents

HistoryEdit

The modern city of Kurashiki was founded on April 1, 1928. Previously, it was the site of clashes between the Taira and Minamoto clans during the Heian period. It gradually developed as a river port. During the Edo period, it became an area directly controlled by the shogunate. Distinctive white-walled, black-tiled warehouses were built to store goods. During the Meiji Restoration (Japan's Industrial Revolution period), factories were built, including the Ohara Spinning Mill, which still stands as the nostalgic tourist attraction Ivy Square.[2]

On August 1, 2005, the town of Mabi (from Kibi District), and the town of Funao (from Asakuchi District) were merged with Kurashiki.

AttractionsEdit

 
19th-century warehouses in the Bikan district of Kurashiki
 
Great Seto Bridge (Seto-Ohashi Bridge) seen from Shimotsui, Kurashiki
 
Kurashiki Canal Area

Kurashiki is the home of Japan's first museum for Western art, the Ohara Museum of Art. Established in 1930 by Magosaburō Ōhara, it contains paintings by El Greco, Monet, Matisse, Gauguin, and Renoir. The collection also presents fine examples of Asian and contemporary art. The main building is designed in the style of Neoclassicism.

The old merchant quarter is called the Bikan historical area. It contains many fine examples of 17th century wooden warehouses (kura, 倉) painted white with traditional black tiles, along a canal framed with weeping willows and filled with koi. The area has no electric poles in order to make it more closely resemble the look of the Meiji period. One of the city's former town halls was located in the Kurashiki Kan, a European style building constructed in 1917.

In 1997 a theme park called Tivoli (after the park of the same name in Copenhagen) opened near Kurashiki Station. After ten years of operation it was closed in 2008, with a massive debt.

The Great Seto Bridge connects the city to Sakaide in Kagawa Prefecture across the Inland Sea.

Kenzo Tange, winner of the 1987 Pritzker Prize for architecture, designed the former Kurashiki City Hall in 1960.

EducationEdit

Colleges and universitiesEdit

The city is home to several private universities and one public university.

Primary and secondary schoolsEdit

The city has a North Korean school, Okayama Korean Elementary and Junior High School (岡山朝鮮初中級学校).[3]

SportsEdit

Kurashiki has a variety of Sports clubs, including former Japan Football League side Mitsubishi Mizushima.

Sister/friendship citiesEdit

Kurashiki maintains the following sister/friendship cities:[4]

Notable people from KurashikiEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Official website of Kurashiki city" (in Japanese). Japan: Kurashiki City. Retrieved 12 April 2017.
  2. ^ "Kurashiki's History". City of Kurashiki. August 7, 2006.
  3. ^ ウリハッキョ一覧. Retrieved October 14, 2015.Archived 2005-11-06 at the Wayback Machine." (Archive).
  4. ^ Kurashiki's Sister/Friendship Cities
  5. ^ 星野仙一記念館 [Hoshino Senichi Memorial Hall] (in Japanese). Kurashiki Convention & Visitors Bureau. Retrieved 2 October 2014.
  6. ^ 大原孫三郎から現代まで [From Magosaburo Ohara to the present] (in Japanese). Ohara Museum. Retrieved 2 October 2014.
  7. ^ 7 大山名人記念館(倉敷市芸文館内 (in Japanese). Kurashiki City. Retrieved 30 September 2014.
  8. ^ 棋士紹介:物故棋士一覧 (in Japanese). Japan Shogi Association. Archived from the original on 23 September 2014. Retrieved 30 September 2014.
  9. ^ "Daisuke TAKAHASHI Biography". International Skating Union. Retrieved February 20, 2018.
  10. ^ "Keiji TANAKA Biography". International Skating Union. Retrieved February 20, 2018.

External linksEdit