Harvard Business School

Harvard Business School (HBS) is the graduate business school of Harvard University, a private research university in Boston, Massachusetts. It is consistently ranked among the top business schools in the world and offers a full-time MBA program, management-related doctoral programs, and executive education programs.[2][3] It owns Harvard Business Publishing, which publishes business books, leadership articles, case studies, and Harvard Business Review, a monthly academic business magazine. It is also home to the Baker Library/Bloomberg Center, the school's primary library.

Harvard Business School
Coat of arms
TypePrivate graduate business school
Established1908
Parent institution
Harvard University
AccreditationAACSB International
EndowmentUS$3.8 billion (2020)[1]
DeanSrikant Datar
Academic staff
244 (2020)[1]
Administrative staff
1,989 (2020)[1]
Students865 (732 MBA)[1]
Location, ,
United States

42°22′02″N 71°07′21″W / 42.36722°N 71.12250°W / 42.36722; -71.12250
CampusUrban
Websitewww.hbs.edu

History edit

 
Baker Library/Bloomberg Center

The school was established in 1908.[4] Initially established by the humanities faculty, it received independent status in 1910, and became a separate administrative unit in 1913. The first dean was historian Edwin Francis Gay (1867–1946).[5] Yogev (2001) explains the original concept:

This school of business and public administration was originally conceived as a school for diplomacy and government service on the model of the French Ecole des Sciences Politiques.[6] The goal was an institution of higher learning that would offer a Master of Arts degree in the humanities field, with a major in business. In discussions about the curriculum, the suggestion was made to concentrate on specific business topics such as banking, railroads, and so on... Professor Lowell said the school would train qualified public administrators whom the government would have no choice but to employ, thereby building a better public administration... Harvard was blazing a new trail by educating young people for a career in business, just as its medical school trained doctors and its law faculty trained lawyers.[7]

The business school pioneered the development of the case method of teaching, drawing inspiration from this approach to legal education at Harvard. Cases are typically descriptions of real events in organizations. Students are positioned as managers and are presented with problems which they need to analyze and provide recommendations on.[8]

From the start the school enjoyed a close relationship with the corporate world. Within a few years of its founding many business leaders were its alumni and were hiring other alumni for starting positions in their firms.[9][10][11]

At its founding, the school accepted only male students. The Training Course in Personnel Administration, founded at Radcliffe College in 1937, was the beginning of business training for women at Harvard. HBS took over administration of that program from Radcliffe in 1954. In 1959, alumnae of the one-year program (by then known as the Harvard-Radcliffe Program in Business Administration) were permitted to apply to join the HBS MBA program as second-years. In December 1962, the faculty voted to allow women to enter the MBA program directly. The first women to apply directly to the MBA program matriculated in September 1963.[12]

Harvard Business School played a role in the founding of the first business schools in the United Kingdom, delivering six-week Advanced Management Program courses alongside local staff at Durham in 1964, Bangor in 1965 and at Strathclyde in 1966.[13] It also brought in professors from the newly founded British business schools to see how teaching was carried out at Harvard via an International Teachers Program.[14]

In 2012–2013, HBS administration implemented new programs and practices to improve the experience of female students and recruit more female professors.[15]

International research centers edit

HBS established nine global research centers and four regional offices[16] and functions through offices in Asia Pacific (Hong Kong, Shanghai, Singapore), United States (San Francisco Bay Area, CA), Europe (Paris, opened in 2003),[17] South Asia (India),[18] Middle East and North Africa (Dubai, Istanbul, Tel Aviv), Japan and Latin America (Montevideo, Mexico City, São Paulo).[19]

Rankings edit

Business Rankings
U.S. MBA
Bloomberg (2023)[20]6
QS (2023)[21]2
U.S. News & World Report (2023)[22]5
Global MBA
QS (2023)[23]2
Financial Times (2023)[24]3

As of 2022, HBS is ranked fifth in the nation by U.S. News & World Report,[25] third in the world by the Financial Times,[26] and second in the world by QS World University Rankings.[27]

Student life edit

HBS students can join more than 90 different clubs and student organizations on campus. The Student Association (SA) is the main interface between the MBA student body and the faculty/administration. In addition, the HBS student body is represented at the university level by the Harvard Graduate Council.[28]

Executive education edit

In 2015, executive education contributed $168 million to HBS's total revenue of $707 million.[29] This included:

  • The Advanced Management Program, a seven-week residential program for senior executives with the stated aim to "Prepare for the Highest Level of Leadership".[30]
  • The General Management Program, a four-month intensive residential program for senior executives who are general managers or within range of such position in their organizations.
  • The Owner/President Management Program, three three-week "units" spread over two years that is marketed to "business owners and entrepreneurs".[31][32]
  • Harvard Business School Online, launched in 2014 as HBX, offers flexible certificate and credential programs taught by Harvard Business School faculty and delivered via an online platform.
  • The Summer Venture in Management Program, a one-week management training program for rising college seniors designed to increase diversity and opportunity in business education. Participants must be employed in a summer internship and be nominated by and have sponsorship from their organization to attend.[33]

Academic units edit

The school's faculty are divided into 10 academic units: Accounting and Management; Business, Government and the International Economy; Entrepreneurial Management; Finance; General Management; Marketing; Negotiation, Organizations and Markets; Organizational Behavior; Strategy; and Technology and Operations Management.[34]

Buildings edit

Older buildings include the 1927-built Morgan Hall, named for J.P. Morgan, and 1940-built Loeb house, named for John L. Loeb Sr. and his son, (both designed by McKim, Mead & White[35][36]), and the 1971-built Burden Hall with a 900-seat auditorium.[37][38]

In the fall of 2010, Tata related companies and charities donated $50 million for the construction of an executive center.[39] The executive center was named as Tata Hall, after Ratan Tata (AMP, 1975), the chairman of Tata Sons.[40] The total construction costs have been estimated at $100 million.[41] Tata Hall is located in the northeast corner of the HBS campus. The facility is devoted to the Harvard Business School's Executive Education programs. At seven stories tall with about 150,000 gross square feet, it contains about 180 bedrooms for education students, in addition to academic and multi-purpose spaces.[42]

Kresge Way was located by the base of the former Kresge Hall, and is named for Sebastian S. Kresge.[43] In 2014, Kresge Hall was replaced by a new hall that was funded by a US$30 million donation by the family of the late Ruth Mulan Chu Chao, whose four daughters all attended Harvard Business School.[44] The Executive Education quad currently includes McArthur, Baker, and Mellon Halls (residences), McCollum and Hawes (classrooms), Chao Center, and Glass (administration).[45]

Most of the HBS buildings are connected by a color-coded basement tunnel system which is open to pedestrian traffic.[46] Tunnels open to maintenance workers only carry steam pipes to the rest of the campus, and connect Kresge with the Blackstone steam plant in Cambridge, via the Weeks Footbridge.[46]

Weeks Footbridge crossing the Charles River at sunset with Harvard Business School on the left and Harvard Kennedy School on the right

Notable alumni edit

MBA edit

DBA edit

Executive Education edit

Advanced Management Program (AMP) edit

Other executive education edit


Case studies edit

See also edit

References edit

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Further reading edit

  • Anteby, Michel. Manufacturing Morals: The Values of Silence in Business School Education. (University of Chicago Press, 2013), a faculty view
  • Bridgman, T., Cummings, S & McLaughlin, C. (2016). Re-stating the case: How revisiting the development of the case method can help us think differently about the future of the business school. Academy of Management Learning and Education, 15(4): 724–741
  • Broughton, P.D. Ahead of the Curve: Two Years at the Harvard Business School. (Penguin Press, 2008), a memoir
  • Cohen, Peter. The gospel according to the Harvard Business School. (Doubleday, 1973)
  • Copeland, Melvin T. And Mark an Era: The Story of the Harvard Business School (1958)
  • Cruikshank, Jeffrey. Shaping The Waves: A History Of Entrepreneurship At Harvard Business School . (Harvard Business Review Press, 2005)
  • McDonald, Duff (2017). The Golden Passport: Harvard Business School, the Limits of Capitalism, and the Moral Failure of the MBA Elite. ISBN 978-0-06-234717-6.
  • Smith, Robert M. The American Business System: The Theory and Practice of Social Science, the Case of the Harvard Business School, 1920–1945 (Garland Publishers, 1986)
  • Yogev, Esther. "Corporate Hand in Academic Glove: The New Management's Struggle for Academic Recognition—The Case of the Harvard Group in the 1920s," American Studies International (2001) 39#1 online

External links edit