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Khan Academy is a non-profit[6] educational organization created in 2008 by Salman Khan with the goal of creating a set of online tools that help educate students.[7] The organization produces short lessons in the form of YouTube videos.[8] Its website also includes supplementary practice exercises and materials for educators. All resources are available to users of the website. The website and its content are provided mainly in English, but is also available in other languages including Spanish, Portuguese, Hebrew, Italian, Russian, Chinese, Turkish, French, Bengali, Hindi, and German.

Khan Academy, Inc.
Khan Academy logo July 2018.svg
MottoA free, world-class education for anyone, anywhere.[1]
Founded2008; 10 years ago (2008)
FounderSalman Khan
Location
ServicesE-learning, Education
Official languages
English, 5 official website translations, ~20,000 closed-captioned videos[2][3]
Key people
Salman Khan (Founder and CEO)
AffiliationsSAT[4][5]
Revenue
US$133.663 million (2014)
ExpensesUS$24.123 million (2015)
Employees
180 (2016)
Websitewww.khanacademy.org

Contents

HistoryEdit

The organization started in 2008 when Salman Khan tutored one of his cousins in mathematics on the Internet using a service called Yahoo! Doodle Images.[9] After a while, Khan's other cousins began to use his tutoring service. Due to the demand, Khan decided to make his videos watchable on the Internet, so he published his content on YouTube.[10] Later, he used a drawing application called SmoothDraw, and now uses a Wacom tablet to draw using ArtRage. Tutorials are recorded on the computer.[11]

The positive responses prompted Khan to quit his job in 2009, and focus on the tutorials (then released under the name Khan Academy) full-time.[12] Khan Lab School, a school founded by Sal Khan and associated with Khan Academy, opened on September 15, 2014 in Mountain View, California.[13] In June 2017, Khan Academy launched Financial Literacy Video Series for college graduates, job seekers and young professionals.

FundingEdit

Khan Academy is a '501(c)(3) nonprofit organization, mostly funded by donations coming from philanthropic organizations.[14] In 2010, Google donated $2 million for creating new courses and translating content into other languages, as part of their Project 10100 program.[15] In 2013, Carlos Slim from the Carlos Slim Foundation in Mexico, made a donation for creating Spanish versions of videos.[16] In 2015, AT&T contributed $2.25 million to Khan Academy for mobile versions of the content accessible through apps.[17] According to Khan Academy's filings with the U.S. Internal Revenue Service, Sal Khan's annual salary in 2015 was $800,000.[18] In 2013, former President and COO Shantanu Sinha also received over $375,000 in compensation.[19]

ContentEdit

Khan Academy's website aims to provide a personalized learning experience, mainly built on the videos which are hosted on YouTube. The website is meant to be used as a supplement to its videos, because it includes other features such as progress tracking, practice exercises,[20] and teaching tools.[21] The material can also be accessed through mobile applications.[22]

The videos display a recording of drawings on an electronic blackboard, which are similar to the style of a teacher giving a lecture. The narrator describes each drawing and how they relate to the material being taught.[23][24] Non-profit groups have distributed offline versions of the videos to rural areas in Asia, Latin America, and Africa.[25][26][27] Videos range from all subjects covered in school and for all grades from kindergarten up to high school. The Khan Academy website also hosts content from educational YouTube channels and organizations such as Crash Course and the Museum of Modern Art.[28]

After you watch the videos you can ask questions, and others will assist you.

It also provides online courses for preparing for standardized tests, including the SAT and MCAT[29] and released LSAT preparation lessons in 2018. [30]

In July 2017, Khan Academy became the official practice partner for the College Board's Advanced Placement.[31]

Language availabilityEdit

Khan Academy videos have been translated into several languages, with close to 20,000 subtitle translations available. These translations are mainly volunteer-driven with help from international partnerships.[32][33] The Khan Academy platform is fully available in English (en), Spanish (es), Portuguese (pt), Turkish (tr), French (fr) and Bangla (bn), and partially[34] available in 26 other languages[35].

Official SAT PracticingEdit

Since 2015, Khan Academy has been the official SAT practicing website. And reports says that studying for the SAT for 20 hours on Khan Academy associated with 115-point average score increase.[36] Many exercises books select questions from the Khan Academy site to be published.

Pixar in a BoxEdit

Khan Academy and Pixar made the Pixar in a Box where everyone can learn to animate bouncing balls, build a swarm of robots, and make virtual fireworks explode.[37]

Khan Academy KidsEdit

Khan Academy introduced a new way of learning for kids in July, 2018. [38] It inspires a lifetime of learning and discovery with free, fun educational program for children ages two to six.[39]

CriticismEdit

Khan Academy has been criticized because its creator Salman Khan lacks a formal background or qualifications in pedagogy, or teaching.[40][41] Statements made in several videos have been questioned for their technical accuracy, especially in the area of history.[42] In response to these criticisms, the organization has corrected errors in its videos, expanded its faculty and formed a network of over 200 content experts.[42]

In an interview from January 2016, Khan defended the value of Khan Academy online lectures while acknowledging their limitations: "I think they're valuable, but I'd never say they somehow constitute a complete education."[13] Khan Academy positions itself as a supplement to in-class learning, with the ability to improve the effectiveness of teachers by freeing them from traditional lectures and giving them more time to tend to individual students' needs.[43]

RecognitionEdit

Khan Academy has gained recognition both nationally and internationally:

  • In April 2012, the founder and executive director of Khan Academy, Salman Khan, was listed among the TIME's 100 Most Influential People for 2012.[44]
  • Khan was one of five winners of the 2014 Heinz Award. His award was in the area of "Human Condition."[45]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "About". Khan Academy. Retrieved 2013-08-15.
  2. ^ "Khan Academy International". Khan Academy International. Khan Academy. Retrieved 6 November 2016.
  3. ^ "Is Khan Academy available in other languages?". Khan Academy Help Center. Khan Academy. Retrieved 6 November 2016.
  4. ^ Tanz, Jason. "Can Khan Academy's Free SAT Prep Level the Playing Field?". WIRED. Retrieved 6 November 2016.
  5. ^ "Official SAT® Practice". Khan Academy. Khan Academy. Retrieved 7 November 2016.
  6. ^ "Nonprofit Explorer – ProPublica". ProPublica. Retrieved 2015-11-07.
  7. ^ "One Man, One Computer, 10 Million Students: How Khan Academy Is Reinventing Education". Forbes. Retrieved 2015-11-07.
  8. ^ Sampson, Demetrios G.; Ifenthaler, Dirk; Spector, J. Michael; Isaias, Pedro (2014-07-17). Digital Systems for Open Access to Formal and Informal Learning. Springer. ISBN 9783319022642.
  9. ^ de Bertodano, Helena (2012-09-28). "Khan Academy: The man who wants to teach the world". The Telegraph. Retrieved 2018-09-27.
  10. ^ Dreifus, Claudia (2014-01-27). "Salman Khan Turned Family Tutoring Into Khan Academy". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2015-11-07.
  11. ^ Khan Academy: The future of education?. 60 Minutes. CBS News. March 11, 2012 – via YouTube.
  12. ^ Temple, James (2009-12-14). "Salman Khan, math master of the Internet". SFgate. Retrieved 2009-12-23.
  13. ^ a b Westervelt, Eric (January 5, 2016). "'A Bit of a Montessori 2.0': Khan Academy Opens A Lab School". Here & Now. WBUR and NPR. Retrieved 2016-01-06.
  14. ^ "The Funders Pouring Money Into the Khan Academy – Inside Philanthropy: Fundraising Intelligence – Inside Philanthropy". www.insidephilanthropy.com. Retrieved 2015-11-07.
  15. ^ "$10 million for Project 10^100 winners". The Official Google Blog. 2010-09-24. Retrieved 2010-09-24.
  16. ^ "Mexico's Carlos Slim funds Khan academy in Spanish". Marketplace.
  17. ^ "AT&T Awards $2.25 Million for Mobile Learning Platform". Philanthropy News Digest (PND). Retrieved 2015-11-07.
  18. ^ "2015 Form 990 for Khan Academy" (PDF). Retrieved 2018-01-14.
  19. ^ "Nonprofit Explorer – KHAN ACADEMY INC – ProPublica'". ProPublica. Retrieved 2015-09-22.
  20. ^ "Khan Academy". PCMAG. Retrieved 2015-11-07.
  21. ^ "How Are Teachers and Students Using Khan Academy?". MindShift. Retrieved 2015-11-07.
  22. ^ "Khan Academy for ipad review". theappzine. Archived from the original on 2016-03-04.
  23. ^ Kaplan, David A. (2010-08-24). "Innovation in Education: Bill Gates' favorite teacher". CNN Money. Archived from the original on 2010-12-23. Retrieved 2011-01-05.
  24. ^ "Need a tutor? YouTube videos await". USA Today. AP. 2008-12-12. Retrieved 2011-01-05.
  25. ^ "A free world-class education for anyone anywhere". About (FAQ). Khan academy.
  26. ^ "Laureate: Salman Khan". Education Award. The Tech Awards. 2009. Archived from the original on 2014-07-03. Retrieved 2014-06-11.
  27. ^ "Salman Khan". CNBC. Retrieved 2015-11-07.
  28. ^ Khan Academy – Partner Content
  29. ^ "Test prep | Khan Academy". Khan Academy. Archived from the original on 2015-04-20. Retrieved 2017-07-25.
  30. ^ "Khan Academy launches free Official LSAT Prep". 2018-06-01. Retrieved 2018-08-29.
  31. ^ "Khan Academy is the Official Practice Partner for AP". 2017-07-27. Retrieved 2018-01-02.
  32. ^ "Volunteers | Khan Academy". Khan Academy. Retrieved 2017-03-06.
  33. ^ "Supporters | Khan Academy". Khan Academy. Retrieved 2017-03-06.
  34. ^ "Is Khan Academy available in other languages?". Khan Academy Help Center. Retrieved 2018-03-17.
  35. ^ "Is Khan Academy available in other languages?". Khan Academy Help Center. Retrieved 2018-08-16.
  36. ^ "Studying for the SAT for 20 hours on Khan Academy associated with 115-point average score increase". Khan Academy. Retrieved 2018-09-08.
  37. ^ "Pixar in a Box | Partner content | Khan Academy". Khan Academy. Retrieved 2018-09-08. line feed character in |title= at position 35 (help)
  38. ^ Khan Academy (2018-07-12), Introducing Khan Academy Kids, retrieved 2018-09-08
  39. ^ "Khan Academy". Khan Academy. Retrieved 2018-09-08.
  40. ^ Christopher Danielson; Michael Paul Goldenberg (2012-07-27). "How well does Khan Academy teach?". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2014-11-15.
  41. ^ Strauss, Valerie (2012-07-27). "Does the Khan Academy know how to teach?". The Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved 2015-11-07.
  42. ^ a b Strauss, Valerie (2013-10-22). "Khan Academy using contractors to check Web site's videos". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2014-11-15.
  43. ^ Khan, Sal, Let's use video to reinvent education, TED (conference), retrieved 2017-03-06
  44. ^ Special, Time.
  45. ^ "The Heinz Awards: Salman Khan". The Heinz Awards.

External linksEdit