Sheryl Kara Sandberg (born August 28, 1969) is an American technology executive, activist, author, and billionaire. She is the chief operating officer (COO) of Facebook and founder of Leanin.org. In June 2012, she was elected to Facebook's board of directors by the existing board members, becoming the first woman to serve on its board. Before she joined Facebook as its COO, Sandberg was vice president of global online sales and operations at Google, and was involved in launching Google's philanthropic arm Google.org. Before Google, Sandberg served as chief of staff for United States Secretary of the Treasury Lawrence Summers.
Sandberg in 2013
Sheryl Kara Sandberg
August 28, 1969
Washington, D.C., U.S.
|Residence||Menlo Park, California, U.S.|
|Education||Harvard University (BA, MBA)|
|Occupation||COO of Facebook (2008–present)|
|Salary||US$25.2 million (2017)|
|Net worth||US$1.60 billion (2018)|
|Board member of||Facebook|
Women for Women International
Center for Global Development
(m. 1993; div. 1994)
(m. 2004; died 2015)
|Children||2 (with Goldberg)|
In 2012, she was named in the Time 100, an annual list of the most influential people in the world according to Time magazine. As of June 2015[update], Sandberg is reported to be worth over US$1 billion, due to her stock holdings in Facebook and other companies.
Early life and educationEdit
Sandberg was born in 1969 in Washington, D.C. to a Jewish family, the daughter of Adele (née Einhorn) and Joel Sandberg, and the oldest of three children. Her father is an ophthalmologist, and her mother was a college teacher of French language.
Her family moved to North Miami Beach, Florida, when she was two years old. She attended North Miami Beach High School, where she was "always at the top of her class", and graduated ninth in her class with a 4.646 grade point average. She was sophomore class president, became a member of the National Honor Society, and was on the senior class executive board. Sandberg taught aerobics in the 1980s while in high school.
In 1987, Sandberg enrolled at Harvard College. She graduated in 1991 summa cum laude and Phi Beta Kappa with a bachelor's degree in economics and was awarded the John H. Williams Prize for the top graduating student in economics. While at Harvard, she co-founded an organization called Women in Economics and Government. She met then-professor Larry Summers, who became her mentor and thesis adviser. Summers recruited her to be his research assistant at the World Bank, where she worked for approximately one year on health projects in India dealing with leprosy, AIDS, and blindness.
After graduating from business school in the spring of 1995, Sandberg worked as a management consultant for McKinsey & Company for approximately one year (1995–1996). From 1996 to 2001 she again worked for Larry Summers, who was then serving as the United States Secretary of the Treasury under President Bill Clinton. Sandberg assisted in the Treasury's work on forgiving debt in the developing world during the Asian financial crisis.
She later joined Google, where she was responsible for online sales of Google's advertising and publishing products as well as for sales operations of Google's consumer products and Google Book Search. During her time at Google, she grew the ad and sales team from four people to 4,000.
In late 2007, Mark Zuckerberg, co-founder and chief executive of Facebook, met Sandberg at a Christmas party held by Dan Rosensweig. Zuckerberg had no formal search for a Chief Operating Officer (COO), but thought of Sandberg as "a perfect fit" for this role. In March 2008, Facebook announced the hiring of Sandberg for the role of COO and her leaving Google.
After joining the company, Sandberg quickly began trying to figure out how to make Facebook profitable. Before she joined, the company was "primarily interested in building a really cool site; profits, they assumed, would follow." By late spring,[when?] Facebook's leadership had agreed to rely on advertising, "with the ads discreetly presented"; by 2010, Facebook became profitable. According to Facebook, she oversees the firm's business operations including sales, marketing, business development, human resources, public policy, and communications.
In 2012 she became the eighth member (and the first woman) of Facebook's board of directors.
In April 2014, it was reported that Sandberg had sold over half of her shares in Facebook since the company went public. At the time of Facebook's IPO she held approximately 41 million shares in the company; after several rounds of sales she is left with around 17.2 million shares, amounting to a stake of 0.5% in the company, worth about $1 billion.
The New York Times published a report in 2018 detailing Sandberg's role in handling Facebook's public relations after revelations of Russian interference in the 2016 United States elections and its Cambridge Analytica data scandal. Soon after, on November 29, 2018, the New York Times reported that Sandberg had personally asked Facebook's communications staff to conduct research into George Soros's finances days after Soros publicly criticized tech companies, including Facebook, at the World Economic Forum. In a statement, Facebook said the research into Soros "was already underway when Sheryl [Sandberg] sent an email asking if Mr. Soros had shorted Facebook's stock."
According to The Wall Street Journal, during a meeting Mark Zuckerberg blamed Sandberg personally for the outcome of the Cambridge Analytica scandal, stating that Zuckerberg "blamed her and her teams for the public fallout over Cambridge Analytica," and that Sandberg "confided in friends that the exchange rattled her, and she wondered if she should be worried about her job."
In 2009 Sandberg was named to the board of The Walt Disney Company. She also serves on the boards of Women for Women International, the Center for Global Development and V-Day. She was previously a board member of Starbucks, Brookings Institution and Ad Council.
Other work and venturesEdit
In 2008 Sandberg wrote an article for The Huffington Post in support of her mentor, Larry Summers, who was under fire for his comments about women. She was a keynote speaker at the Jewish Community Federation's Business Leadership Council in 2010. In December 2010, she gave a TED speech titled "Why we have too few women leaders." In May 2011 she gave the Commencement Address at the Barnard College graduation ceremony. She spoke as the keynote speaker at the Class Day ceremony at the Harvard Business School in May 2012. In April 2013, she was the keynote speaker during the second annual Entrepreneur Weekend at Colgate University, in Hamilton, NY. In 2015 she signed an open letter which the ONE Campaign had been collecting signatures for; the letter was addressed to Angela Merkel and Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma, urging them to focus on women as they serve as the head of the G7 in Germany and the AU in South Africa respectively, which will start to set the priorities in development funding before a main UN summit in September 2015 that will establish new development goals for the generation. In 2016, she delivered the Commencement Address at the University of California, Berkeley graduation ceremony. It was the first time she spoke publicly about her husband's death, and stressed the importance of resilience. The following year she delivered the Commencement Address to Virginia Tech's Class of 2017. On June 8, 2018 she gave the Commencement Address for the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in Cambridge, MA.
The book concerns business leadership and development, issues with the lack of women in government and business leadership positions, and feminism. As of the fall of 2013, the book had sold more than one million copies and was on top of the bestseller lists since its launch.
Lean In is intended for professional women to help them achieve their career goals and for men who want to contribute to a more equitable society. The book argues that barriers are still preventing women from taking leadership roles in the workplace, barriers such as discrimination, blatant and subtle sexism, and sexual harassment. Sandberg claims there are also barriers that women create for themselves through internalizing systematic discrimination and societal gender roles. Sandberg argues that in order for change to happen women need to break down these societal and personal barriers by striving for and achieving leadership roles. The ultimate goal is to encourage women to lean in to positions of leadership because she believes that by having more female voices in positions of power there will be more equitable opportunities created for everyone.
A truly equal world would be one where women ran half our countries and companies and men ran half our homes.
Criticism of the book include claims that Sandberg is "too elitist" and another that she is "tone-deaf" to the struggles faced by the average woman in the workplace. Sandberg mentions both of these issues in the introduction of her book, stating that she is "acutely aware that the vast majority of women are struggling to make ends meet and take care of their families" and that her intention was to "offer advice that would have been useful long before I had heard of Google or Facebook.". Furthermore, following the Facebook and Cambridge Analytica data breach scandal, Sandberg's willingness to actually lean in has been put into question. " 'She's not leaning in at all," McNamee said, in a reference Sandberg's widely read book published five years ago. "If ever there was a time for her to lean in, this is it.' " 
In her book, she does suggest other women to lean in during challenges.
...we're failing to encourage women to aspire to leadership. It is time to cheer on girls and women who want to sit at the table, seek challenges, and lean in to their careers.
Instead, she has been perceived as a COO who avoids engaging in this crisis. "Sandberg, the architect of the business model that is now the subject of so much scrutiny, has remained silent in public."  In her book she recognizes those who do tackle crises:
I have the deepest respect for people who provide hands-on help to those in crises. It is the most difficult work in the world.
Sandberg released her second book, Option B, in April 2017. Option B is co-authored with Adam Grant, a professor at the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania. The book puts emphasis on grief and resilience in challenges within life. It offers practical tips for creating resilience in the family and community. 2.75 million copies have been sold since publication.
In March 2014, Sandberg and Lean In sponsored the Ban Bossy campaign, a television and social media campaign designed to discourage the word bossy from general use due to its perceived harmful effect on young girls. Several video spots with spokespersons including Beyoncé, Jennifer Garner, and Condoleezza Rice among others were produced along with a web site providing school training material, leadership tips, and an online pledge form to which visitors can promise not to use the word.
Sheryl Sandberg & Dave Goldberg Family FoundationEdit
In November 2016, Sandberg renamed her Lean In Foundation to the Sheryl Sandberg & Dave Goldberg Family Foundation. This new foundation will serve as an umbrella for LeanIn.Org and a new organization around her book, Option B. Sandberg also transferred roughly $100,000,000 in Facebook stock to fund the foundation and other charitable endeavors.
Sandberg married Brian Kraff in 1993, and divorced a year later. In 2004, she married Dave Goldberg, then an executive with Yahoo! and later CEO of SurveyMonkey. The couple has a son and a daughter. Sandberg and Goldberg frequently discussed being in a shared earning/shared parenting marriage. Sandberg also raised the issue of single parenting conflicting strongly with professional and economic development in America.
On May 1, 2015, Dave Goldberg died unexpectedly, and his death was originally reported as resulting from sustaining a head trauma falling from a treadmill, while the couple was vacationing in Mexico. Sandberg has subsequently said that her husband's cause of death was due to an arrhythmia, and not due to falling from a treadmill.
Former First Lady Michelle Obama said Sandberg’s belief that women can always “have it all” is “a lie”. “It’s not always enough to lean in because that shit doesn’t work all the time,” Obama reportedly said. 
|Sheryl Sandberg: Why we have too few women leaders, TED|
|Barnard College Commencement Speech, Barnard College|
- Sandberg has been ranked one of the 50 "Most Powerful Women in Business" by Fortune Magazine:
- On the list of 50 "Women to Watch" by The Wall Street Journal.
- Sandberg was named one of the "25 Most Influential People on the Web" by Business Week in 2009.
- She has been listed as one of the world's 100 most powerful women by Forbes. In 2014, Sandberg was listed as ninth, just behind Michelle Obama, and in 2017 Number 4.
- In 2012, Newsweek and The Daily Beast released their first "Digital Power Index", a list of the 100 most significant people in the digital world that year (plus 10 additional "Lifetime Achievement" winners), and she was ranked #3 in the "Evangelists" category.
- In 2012, she was named in Time 100, an annual list of the 100 most influential people in the world assembled by Time.
- Lean In was shortlisted for the Financial Times and Goldman Sachs Business Book of the Year Award (2013).
- In 2013, she was ranked #8 on "The World's 50 Most Influential Jews" conducted by The Jerusalem Post.
- Carlyle, Erin (October 14, 2014). "Facebook COO Sheryl Sandberg Sells Atherton Home For $9.25 Million". Forbes.com. Retrieved April 23, 2017.
- "Compensation Information for Sheryl K. Sandberg, COO of FACEBOOK INC". Salary.com. Retrieved April 23, 2017.
- "Sheryl Sandberg". Forbes.com. June 20, 2018. Retrieved June 20, 2018.
- "Weddings/Celebrations; Sheryl Sandberg, David Goldberg". The New York Times. April 18, 2004. p. Style. Retrieved July 16, 2011.
- Eldon, Eric (June 25, 2012). "Sheryl Sandberg, Facebook's Long-Time COO, Becomes First Woman On Its Board Of Directors". TechCrunch. Retrieved October 7, 2012.
- Kent, Muhtar (April 18, 2012). "Sheryl Sandberg - The 100 Most Influential People". Time. Retrieved April 20, 2012.
- de Jong, David (January 21, 2015). "Sheryl Sandberg Becomes One of Youngest U.S. Billionaires". Bloomberg. Retrieved January 21, 2014.
- "Sheryl Sandberg Insider Trading". Retrieved September 30, 2018.
- Auletta, Ken (July 11, 2011). "A Woman's Place". The New Yorker. Retrieved July 16, 2011.
- Harris, Paul (March 16, 2013). "The Facebook executive on a self-help mission". The Japan Times. Retrieved April 29, 2018.
- "Benjamin A. Einhorn - Death Notice - Classified". Miami Herald. October 27, 2007 – via Newsbank.
- Dorschner, John (February 26, 2012). "Sheryl Sandberg: From North Miami Beach High to Facebook's No. 2". The Miami Herald. Archived from the original on October 8, 2014. Retrieved October 8, 2014.
- "Sheryl Sandberg on Facebook's Future". BusinessWeek. April 8, 2009. Retrieved July 22, 2010.
- "Can Sheryl Sandberg Change Silicon Valley?". The New Yorker.
- "Executive Bios". Facebook. Retrieved July 22, 2010.
- Hempel, Jessi (April 11, 2008). "Sheryl Sandberg: Facebook's new number two to Zuckerberg". Money.CNN.com. Retrieved July 22, 2010.
- "Sheryl Sandberg, An Inside View of Facebook". Newsweek. October 4, 2008. Retrieved July 22, 2010.
- Luscombe, Belinda (March 7, 2013). "Confidence Woman". Time. p. 4. Retrieved October 8, 2014.
- "Executive Profile* Sheryl K. Sandberg, Chief Operating Officer, Facebook, Inc". Bloomberg Businessweek. Retrieved February 11, 2012.
- "Sheryl Sandberg: Lead, Lead Again | Masters of Scale podcast — WaitWhat". WaitWhat. Retrieved March 19, 2018.
- Swisher, Kara (March 4, 2008). "Sheryl Sandberg Will Become COO of Facebook". All Things Digital. Retrieved July 22, 2010.
- "Management - Facebook Newsroom". FB.com. 2012. Archived from the original on June 16, 2012. Retrieved July 24, 2012.
- Raice, Shayndi; Lublin, Joann S. (June 25, 2012). "Sheryl Sandberg Joins Facebook Board". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved October 7, 2012.
- Sheryl Sandberg sells half her stake in Facebook, The Irish Times, April 2, 2014
- Frankel, Sheera et al (November 14, 2018) "Delay, Deny and Deflect: How Facebook’s Leaders Fought Through Crisis." New York Times. (Retrieved November 15, 2018.)
- Rosenberg, Matthew; Confessore, Nicholas. "Sheryl Sandberg Is Said to Have Asked Facebook Staff to Research George Soros". The New York Times. Retrieved November 30, 2018.
In a statement, Facebook said that the company had already begun researching Mr. Soros when Ms. Sandberg made her request. “Mr. Soros is a prominent investor and we looked into his investments and trading activity related to Facebook,” the company said. “That research was already underway when Sheryl sent an email asking if Mr. Soros had shorted Facebook’s stock.” The company said that while Ms. Sandberg “takes full responsibility for any activity that happened on her watch,” she did not personally direct any research on Freedom from Facebook, an anti-Facebook coalition whose members were among the subjects of Definers’ later work.
- Seetharaman, Deepa. "With Facebook at 'War,' Zuckerberg Adopts More Aggressive Style". WSJ. Retrieved November 19, 2018.
- Szalai, Jennifer (January 26, 2019) "O.K., Google: How Much Money Have I Made for You Today?" New York Times. (Retrieved January 16, 2019.)
- "UPDATE 2-Disney nominates Facebook's Sandberg to board". Reuters. December 23, 2009. Retrieved July 22, 2010.
- Arrington, Michael (March 27, 2009). "Facebook COO Sandberg Joins Starbucks Board Of Directors". Techcrunch.com. Retrieved July 22, 2010.
- "Sheryl Sandberg: Larry Summers' True Record on Women". Huffington Post. December 8, 2008. Retrieved July 22, 2010.
- "Sheryl Sandberg BLC Breakfast" Archived January 16, 2013, at the Wayback Machine (video). 2010. Business Leadership Council, Jewish Community Federation and Endowment Fund.
- "Sheryl Sandberg: Why we have too few women leaders". TED. December 21, 2010. Retrieved March 12, 2013.
- "Facebook Executive to Barnard Graduates: "This world needs you to run it"". Barnard College. May 17, 2011. Retrieved October 7, 2012.
- "Sheryl Sandberg Addresses the Harvard Business School Class of 2012". YouTube. June 21, 2009. Retrieved October 7, 2012.
- "Facebook's Sheryl Sandberg helps Colgate launch second annual Entrepreneur Weekend". Colgate University. April 15, 2013. Retrieved May 16, 2013.
- Tracy McVeigh. "Poverty is sexist: leading women sign up for global equality | Life and style". The Guardian. Retrieved May 8, 2015.
- "Sheryl Sandberg Opens Up About Husband's Death in UC Berkeley Commencement Speech - NBC News". May 15, 2016. Archived from the original on May 15, 2016. Retrieved May 15, 2016.CS1 maint: Unfit url (link)
- "Sheryl Sandberg, COO of Facebook, to be 2018 commencement speaker". MIT Tech. December 7, 2017. Retrieved December 7, 2017.
- Bort, Julie (February 5, 2013). "Details From Sheryl Sandberg's New Book". Business Insider. Retrieved September 22, 2013.
- Bosker, Bianca (February 26, 2013). "Sheryl Sandberg's 'Lean In' Paints A Portrait Of The Facebook COO As A Young Woman". Huffingtonpost.com. Retrieved September 22, 2013.
- Gara, Tom (February 6, 2013). "Exclusive: First Look At Sheryl Sandberg's New Book". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved September 22, 2013.
- Sandberg, Sheryl (2013). Lean In: Women, Work, and the Will to Lead. Alfred A Knopf. ISBN 9780385349949.
- Gara, Tom (February 6, 2013). "Sheryl Sandberg's Breakthrough Hug With Mark Zuckerberg". Corporate Intelligence. Blogs.wsj.com. Retrieved September 22, 2013.
- Traister, Rebecca (March 7, 2013). "Sheryl Sandberg's 'Lean In' offers a feminist view from the top". Archived from the original on March 14, 2013. Retrieved September 22, 2013.
- Helft, Miguel (October 10, 2013). "Sheryl Sandberg: The real story". Fortune. Time Inc. Archived from the original on October 10, 2013. Retrieved October 11, 2013.
- Sandberg, Sheryl (2013). Lean In: Women Work and the Will to Lead. Knopf. p. 8.
- Sandberg, Sheryl (2013). Lean In: Women Work and the Will to Lead. Knopf. p. 7.
- Dowd, Maureen (February 23, 2013). "Pompom Girl for Feminism". New York Times Sunday Review Op Ed Pages.
- Lombrozo, Tanya (March 31, 2013). "Should All Women Heed Author's Advise to 'Lean In'?". NPR blog.
- Sandberg, Sheryl (2013). Lean In: Women Work and the Will to Lead. Knopf. p. 10.
- Sandberg, Sheryl (2013). Lean In: Women Work and the Will to Lead. Knopf. p. 11.
- Solon, Olivia (March 29, 2018). "Sheryl Sandberg: Facebook business chief leans out of spotlight in scandal". The Guardian.
- Sandberg, Sheryl (2013). Lean In: Women Work and the Will to Lead. Knopf. p. 202.
- Sandberg, Sheryl (2013). Lean In: Women Work and the Will to Lead. Knopf. p. 71.
- "Sheryl Sandberg". Forbes. Retrieved November 15, 2017.
- "Sheryl Sandberg leans into her next book, "Option B", about grieving and healing". Recode. Retrieved November 15, 2017.
- Jolie Lee (May 10, 2014). "Beyonce, Jennifer Garner, Jane Lynch join 'Ban Bossy" campaign. USA Today 10 March 2014 | Retrieved 8 Aug 2014". USAToday.com. Retrieved August 8, 2014.
- "Facebook COO Sandberg's ludicrous crusade against bossy". New York Post. March 17, 2014. Retrieved March 20, 2014.
- "Beyoncé, Jennifer Garner, Jane Lynch join prominent women in #BanBossy campaign". New York Daily News. March 10, 2014. Retrieved August 8, 2014.
- Swisher, Kara (November 30, 2016). "Sheryl Sandberg is donating more than $100 million in Facebook stock to charity". Recode. Retrieved December 23, 2016.
- "Sheryl Sandberg". FrostSnow. Retrieved November 15, 2017.
- "Sheryl Sandberg (COO of Facebook/Former Chief of Staff US Department of the Treasury)". Amazingwomenrock.com.
- Dominic Rushe. "Sheryl Sandberg: the first lady of Facebook takes the world stage | From". The Guardian. Retrieved April 23, 2017.
- Naziri, Jessica (May 4, 2013). "David Goldberg, SurveyMonkey CEO and husband of Sheryl Sandberg". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved October 19, 2013.
- Esther Addley. "Sheryl Sandberg 'does more than her fair share of childcare' | Inequality". The Guardian. Retrieved April 23, 2017.
- "Dave Goldberg Bio". DailyENews. May 2, 2015. Retrieved May 2, 2015.
- King, Hope. "Dave Goldberg, husband of Facebook exec Sheryl Sandberg, dies suddenly". CNN Money. Retrieved May 2, 2015.
- Kara, Swisher. "Full transcript: Sheryl Sandberg talks grief, resilience, and "Option B" on Recode Decode". www.recode.net. Vox Media. Retrieved May 9, 2017.
- Conley, Kevin (April 15, 2010). "Sheryl Sandberg: What She Saw at The Revolution". Vogue. Retrieved October 8, 2014.
- "Hillary Clinton racks up business endorsements". Politico. July 23, 2016.
- "Michelle Obama Is Done With the Gospel of 'Lean In'". The Cut. The Cut. Retrieved December 2, 2018.
- Sheryl Sandberg: Why we have too few women leaders December 2010; accessed March 12, 2013.
- Barnard College Commencement Speech May 17, 2011; accessed March 12, 2013.
- Benner, Katie (2007). "The Power 50 – Sheryl Sandberg (29) – FORTUNE". CNN.com. Retrieved July 22, 2010.
- "50 Most Powerful Women – Sheryl Sandberg (34)". CNN.com. October 16, 2008. Retrieved July 22, 2010.
- "50 Most Powerful Women – 22. Sheryl Sandberg". CNN.com. September 15, 2009. Retrieved July 22, 2010.
- "50 Most Powerful Women – 16. Sheryl Sandberg (16) – FORTUNE". CNN.com. September 29, 2010. Retrieved September 29, 2010.
- "50 Most Powerful Women – 10. Sheryl Sandberg (10)". Fortune. Retrieved December 9, 2014.
- "Sheryl Sandberg". Fortune. September 8, 2016. Retrieved May 26, 2017.
- "These Are the Top 10 Most Powerful Women in Business". Fortune. Retrieved April 12, 2018.
- "These Are the Top 10 Most Powerful Women in Business". Fortune. Retrieved October 22, 2018.
- "The Other Women to Watch". The Wall Street Journal. November 19, 2007. Retrieved July 22, 2010.
- "50 Women to Watch in 2008". The Wall Street Journal. November 10, 2008. Retrieved July 22, 2010.
- "The 25 Most Influential People on the Web: The Adult: Sheryl Sandberg". BusinessWeek. September 8, 2009. Retrieved July 22, 2010.
- "The world's 100 most powerful women". Forbes. Retrieved August 24, 2011.
- "The World's 100 Most Powerful Women". Forbes. Retrieved June 24, 2014.
- "World's Most Powerful Women". Forbes. Retrieved March 29, 2018.
- "Digital Power Index: Evangelists #3". The Daily Beast. Archived from the original on October 4, 2012. Retrieved October 7, 2012.
- Hill, Andrew (September 18, 2013). "Finalists that are worthy of a bruising debate". Financial Times. Retrieved September 21, 2013.
- "Top 50 most influential Jews 2013: Places 1-10". The Jerusalem Post. May 14, 2013. Retrieved September 22, 2013.
- Swisher, Kara (July 29, 2016). "Sheryl Sandberg leans into her next book, 'Option B,' about grieving and healing". Recode. Retrieved December 23, 2016.