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United States Secretary of Commerce

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The United States Secretary of Commerce (SecCom) is the head of the United States Department of Commerce. The Secretary is appointed by the President of the United States with the advice and consent of the United States Senate and serves at the President's pleasure. A member of the President's Cabinet, the Secretary is concerned with promoting American businesses and industries; the Department states its mission to be "to foster, promote, and develop the foreign and domestic commerce".[2]

Secretary of Commerce of the United States of America
Seal of the United States Department of Commerce.svg
Seal of the Department of Commerce
Flag of the United States Secretary of Commerce.svg
Flag of the Secretary of Commerce
Wilbur Ross Official Portrait.jpg
Incumbent
Wilbur L. Ross

since February 28, 2017
United States Department of Commerce
Style Mr. Secretary
Member of Cabinet
Reports to The President
Seat Washington, D.C.
Appointer The President
with Senate advice and consent
Term length No fixed term
Constituting instrument 15 U.S.C. § 1501
Precursor Secretary of Commerce and Labor
Formation March 15, 1913; 104 years ago (1913-03-15)
First holder William Cox Redfield
Succession Tenth[1]
Deputy Deputy Secretary of Commerce
Salary Executive Schedule, level 1
Website www.commerce.gov
The Commerce Secretary's office as it looked in the mid-20th century.

Until 1913 there was one Secretary of Commerce and Labor, uniting this department with the Department of Labor, which is now headed by a separate Secretary of Labor.[3]

Contents

List of Secretaries of CommerceEdit

Parties

  No party (1)   Democratic (20)   Republican (18)

Status
  Denotes acting Commerce Secretary
No. Portrait Name State of Residence Took Office Left Office President(s)
1   William C. Redfield New York March 5, 1913 October 31, 1919 Woodrow Wilson
2   Joshua W. Alexander Missouri December 16, 1919 March 4, 1921
3   Herbert C. Hoover California March 5, 1921 August 21, 1928 Warren G. Harding
Calvin Coolidge
4   William F. Whiting Massachusetts August 22, 1928 March 4, 1929
5   Robert P. Lamont Illinois March 5, 1929 August 7, 1932 Herbert C. Hoover
6   Roy D. Chapin Michigan August 8, 1932 March 3, 1933
7   Daniel C. Roper South Carolina March 4, 1933 December 23, 1938 Franklin D. Roosevelt
8   Harry L. Hopkins New York December 24, 1938 September 18, 1940
9   Jesse H. Jones Texas September 19, 1940 March 1, 1945
10   Henry A. Wallace Iowa March 2, 1945 September 20, 1946
Harry S. Truman
Alfred Schindler
Acting
September 20, 1946 October 7, 1946
11   W. Averell Harriman New York October 7, 1946 April 22, 1948
12   Charles W. Sawyer Ohio May 6, 1948 January 20, 1953
13   Sinclair Weeks Massachusetts January 21, 1953 November 10, 1958 Dwight D. Eisenhower
  Lewis L. Strauss
Acting
West Virginia November 13, 1958 June 30, 1959
14   Frederick H. Mueller Michigan June 30, 1959 August 10, 1959
August 10, 1959 January 19, 1961
15   Luther H. Hodges North Carolina January 21, 1961 January 15, 1965 John F. Kennedy
Lyndon B. Johnson
16   John T. Connor New Jersey January 18, 1965 January 31, 1967
17   Alexander B. Trowbridge New York January 31, 1967 June 14, 1967
June 14, 1967 March 1, 1968
18   Cyrus R. Smith New York March 6, 1968 January 19, 1969
19   Maurice H. Stans New York January 21, 1969 February 15, 1972 Richard Nixon
20   Peter G. Peterson Illinois February 29, 1972 February 1, 1973
21   Frederick B. Dent South Carolina February 2, 1973 March 26, 1975
Gerald Ford
22   Rogers C. B. Morton Maryland May 1, 1975 February 2, 1976
23   Elliot L. Richardson Massachusetts February 2, 1976 January 20, 1977
24   Juanita M. Kreps North Carolina January 23, 1977 October 31, 1979 Jimmy Carter
Luther H. Hodges, Jr.
Acting
North Carolina October 31, 1979 January 9, 1980
25   Philip M. Klutznick Illinois January 9, 1980 January 20, 1981
26   Malcolm Baldrige Connecticut January 20, 1981 July 25, 1987 Ronald Reagan
  Clarence J. Brown Jr.
Acting
Ohio July 25, 1987 October 19, 1987
27   C. William Verity, Jr. Ohio October 19, 1987 January 30, 1989
28   Robert A. Mosbacher Texas January 31, 1989 January 15, 1992 George H. W. Bush
Rockwell A. Schnabel
Acting
January 15, 1992 February 27, 1992
29   Barbara H. Franklin Pennsylvania February 27, 1992 January 20, 1993
30   Ronald H. Brown New York January 20, 1993 April 3, 1996 Bill Clinton
  Mary L. Good
Acting
Texas April 3, 1996 April 12, 1996
31   Mickey Kantor Tennessee April 12, 1996 January 21, 1997
32   William M. Daley Illinois January 30, 1997 July 19, 2000
  Robert L. Mallett
Acting
July 19, 2000 July 21, 2000
33   Norman Y. Mineta California July 21, 2000 January 20, 2001
34   Donald L. Evans Texas January 20, 2001 February 7, 2005 George W. Bush
35   Carlos M. Gutierrez Florida February 7, 2005 January 20, 2009
  Otto J. Wolff
Acting
January 20, 2009 March 26, 2009 Barack Obama
36   Gary F. Locke Washington March 26, 2009 August 1, 2011
  Rebecca M. Blank
Acting
Minnesota August 1, 2011 October 21, 2011
37   John E. Bryson New York October 21, 2011 June 11, 2012
  Rebecca M. Blank
Acting
Minnesota June 11, 2012 June 1, 2013
  Cameron Kerry
Acting
Massachusetts June 1, 2013 June 26, 2013
38   Penny Pritzker Illinois June 26, 2013 January 20, 2017
Vacant January 20, 2017 February 28, 2017 Donald Trump
39   Wilbur L. Ross Florida February 28, 2017 present

Source: Department of Commerce: Secretaries

Living former Secretaries of CommerceEdit

As of October 2017, there are eleven living former Secretaries of Commerce, the oldest being Frederick B. Dent (served 1973-1975, born 1922). The most recent Secretary of Commerce to die was Juanita M. Kreps (served 1977-1979, born 1921), on July 5, 2010. The most recently serving Secretary to die was Ron Brown (1993-1996, born 1941), who died in office on April 3, 1996.

Name Term of office Date of birth (and age)
Peter G. Peterson 1972–1973 (1926-06-05) June 5, 1926 (age 91)
Frederick B. Dent 1973–1975 (1922-08-17) August 17, 1922 (age 95)
Barbara H. Franklin 1992–1993 (1940-03-04) March 4, 1940 (age 77)
Mickey Kantor 1996–1997 (1939-08-07) August 7, 1939 (age 78)
William M. Daley 1997–2000 (1948-08-09) August 9, 1948 (age 69)
Norman Mineta 2000–2001 (1931-11-12) November 12, 1931 (age 85)
Donald Evans 2001–2005 (1946-07-27) July 27, 1946 (age 71)
Carlos Gutierrez 2005–2009 (1953-11-04) November 4, 1953 (age 63)
Gary F. Locke 2009–2011 (1950-01-21) January 21, 1950 (age 67)
John Bryson 2011–2012 (1943-07-24) July 24, 1943 (age 74)
Penny Pritzker 2013–2017 (1959-05-02) May 2, 1959 (age 58)

Line of successionEdit

The line of succession for the Secretary of Commerce is as follows:[4]

  1. Deputy Secretary of Commerce
  2. General Counsel of the Department of Commerce
  3. Under Secretary of Commerce for International Trade
  4. Under Secretary of Commerce for Economic Affairs
  5. Under Secretary of Commerce for Standards and Technology
  6. Under Secretary of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere and Administrator of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
  7. Under Secretary of Commerce for Export Administration
  8. Chief Financial Officer of the Department of Commerce and Assistant Secretary of Commerce for Administration
  9. Boulder Laboratories Site Manager, National Institute of Standards and Technology

ReferencesEdit