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Julie Isabel Bishop (born 17 July 1956) is an Australian Liberal Party politician who served as Minister for Foreign Affairs from 2013 to 2018 and Deputy Leader of the Liberal Party from 2007 to 2018. Bishop was first elected Member of Parliament (MP) for Curtin in 1998.

The Honourable
Julie Bishop
MP
Portrait of Julie Bishop.jpg
Minister for Foreign Affairs
In office
18 September 2013 – 26 August 2018
Prime MinisterTony Abbott
Malcolm Turnbull
Scott Morrison
Preceded byBob Carr
Succeeded byMarise Payne
Deputy Leader of the Liberal Party
In office
29 November 2007 – 24 August 2018
LeaderBrendan Nelson
Malcolm Turnbull
Tony Abbott
Malcolm Turnbull
Preceded byPeter Costello
Succeeded byJosh Frydenberg
Deputy Leader of the Opposition
In office
3 December 2007 – 18 September 2013
LeaderBrendan Nelson
Malcolm Turnbull
Tony Abbott
Preceded byJulia Gillard
Succeeded byAnthony Albanese
Minister for Education and Science
In office
27 January 2006 – 3 December 2007
Prime MinisterJohn Howard
Preceded byBrendan Nelson
Succeeded byJulia Gillard
Minister for Women
In office
27 January 2006 – 3 December 2007
Prime MinisterJohn Howard
Preceded byKay Patterson
Succeeded byTanya Plibersek
Minister for Ageing
In office
7 October 2003 – 27 January 2006
Prime MinisterJohn Howard
Preceded byKevin Andrews
Succeeded bySanto Santoro
Member of the Australian Parliament
for Curtin
Assumed office
3 October 1998
Preceded byAllan Rocher
Majority20.7%
Personal details
BornJulie Isabel Bishop
(1956-07-17) 17 July 1956 (age 62)
Lobethal, South Australia, Australia
Political partyLiberal
Spouse(s)Neil Gillon (1983–1988)
Domestic partnerDavid Panton (2014–present)
Alma materUniversity of Adelaide[1][2]

Bishop was born in Lobethal, South Australia, and studied law at the University of Adelaide. Prior to entering politics she worked as a commercial lawyer in Perth, Western Australia; she was the local managing partner of Clayton Utz. She was a delegate to the 1998 constitutional convention, and also served as a director of the Special Broadcasting Service (SBS) and as a member of the Murdoch University senate. Bishop was elected to parliament at the 1998 federal election, representing the Division of Curtin in Perth's western suburbs. In the Howard Government, she served as Minister for Ageing (2003–2006), Minister for Education and Science (2006–2007), and Minister for Women (2006–2007).

After the Coalition lost the 2007 election, Bishop was elected deputy leader of the Liberal Party. She was the first woman to hold the position, and had been re-elected to the post at multiple leadership spills since her initial election. During her time as deputy, there were three different Liberal leaders – Brendan Nelson, Malcolm Turnbull, and Tony Abbott. When the Coalition returned to power at the 2013 election, Bishop was appointed Minister for Foreign Affairs in the Abbott Government. She was Australia's first female foreign minister. Issues that arose during her tenure have included the international military intervention against ISIL, the shooting down of Malaysia Airlines Flight 17, and the execution of Australian citizens by Indonesia.

In August 2018, Peter Dutton challenged Turnbull for the leadership of the Liberal Party, due to dissatisfaction from the party's conservative wing. Turnbull defeated Dutton in a leadership ballot, but tensions continued to mount and the party voted in favour of holding a second spill; Bishop chose to be a candidate. In the second vote, Bishop was eliminated in the first round by Peter Dutton and Scott Morrison, with Morrison elected as leader of the Liberal Party and Prime Minister in the second round.[3] Bishop declined to retain the Foreign Affairs portfolio and resigned.

Contents

Early lifeEdit

Bishop was born on 17 July 1956 in Lobethal, South Australia. She is the third of four children born to Isabel Mary (née Wilson) and Douglas Alan Bishop; she has two older sisters and a younger brother.[4] Bishop has described her parents as "classic Menzies Liberals". Her father was a returned soldier and orchardist, while her mother's family were sheep and wheat farmers.[1] Both her mother and grandfather William Bishop were active in local government, serving terms as mayor of the East Torrens District Council.[4]

Bishop grew up on an apple and cherry orchard in Basket Range. The year before she was born, it was burned to the ground in the Black Sunday bushfires. Bishop began her education at Basket Range Primary School and later attended St Peter's Collegiate Girls' School in Adelaide.[4] She was the head prefect in her final year.[5] Bishop went on to study law at the University of Adelaide. She worked two part-time jobs as a barmaid while at university – one at Football Park and one at a pub in Uraidla.[4][5] She graduated with a Bachelor of Laws degree in 1978.[6]

Professional careerEdit

After graduating law school, Bishop joined Wallmans, an Adelaide-based law firm, as its first female articled clerk.[7] She left after less than a year, in part due to an incident where a senior partner asked her to perform waitressing duties.[4] In 1982, aged 26, she became a partner in the firm of Mangan, Ey & Bishop.[4] The following year, Bishop moved to Perth, Western Australia, and joined Robinson Cox as a solicitor specialising in commercial litigation. She was made a full partner in 1985.[8] According to Kerry Stokes, "in the legal profession she was a very determined, reasoned person [...] there's not been much written about what a good executive Julie was - responsible for administering and running a partnership, not just a lawyer".[1]

In the late 1980s, Robinson Cox was hired by CSR Limited to defend against compensation claims brought by asbestos mining workers, who had contracted mesothelioma while working for Midalco, a subsidiary of CSR. Bishop was part of the team assigned to the case, which developed an argument that a company was not legally responsible for the actions of its subsidiaries. The Supreme Court of Western Australia eventually decided to pierce the corporate veil and hold CSR liable for Midalco's actions; the lead litigant died before the conclusion of the case, which lasted eight months.[9] After becoming a public figure, Bishop was accused by opponents of acting immorally by involving herself in the case. She has said she conducted herself ethically and professionally,[8] and in accordance with procedural advice given by barristers Robert French and David Malcolm (both future judges).[10]

As a legal advisor to the Western Australian Development Corporation, Bishop assisted in the incorporation of several new government enterprises, including Gold Corporation (the operator of the Perth Mint), LandCorp, and Eventscorp (a division of Tourism Western Australia).[8] Robinson Cox merged into the larger firm of Clayton Utz in 1992, and she was made managing partner of the firm's Perth office in 1994.[6] In the same year, she took up an appointment as chair of the state government's Town Planning Appeal Tribunal, serving a three-year term.[11] In 1996, Bishop attended Harvard Business School for eight weeks to complete an advanced management program for senior managers.[12] She has credited one of her lecturers there, George C. Lodge, with inspiring her to enter public life.[13] In 1997, she was elected to the senate of Murdoch University and appointed as a director of the Special Broadcasting Service (SBS).[6]

Early political involvementEdit

Bishop joined the Liberal Party in 1992. She has credited the WA Inc scandal with making her think she "did not ever want to see a Labor government elected again".[8] She was chosen as the president of the party's CBD branch in the same year she joined the party, serving until 1997.[6] In 1998, Senator Nick Minchin invited her to serve as an appointed delegate to the 1998 national constitutional convention. She was a "minimalist republican", and voted against the final model because she considered it too radical and unlikely to succeed at a referendum. At the convention, she became acquainted with Peter Costello, at the time serving as federal treasurer under John Howard.[13]

Howard GovernmentEdit

First years in parliamentEdit

Prior to the 1998 federal election, Bishop won Liberal preselection for the Division of Curtin, which takes in Perth's western suburbs. Her preselection bid received the support of Premier Richard Court, who had earmarked her as a future member of federal cabinet.[8] The seat had been held for 17 years by Allan Rocher, who was a personal friend of Prime Minister John Howard but had left the Liberals in 1995 to sit as an independent. Howard did not want the Liberals to run a candidate against Rocher, and refused to campaign for Bishop; however, Peter Costello and Alexander Downer both supported her candidacy and Costello launched her campaign.[13] At the election, she reclaimed the seat for the Liberals with a large swing in her favour.[4]

After the Liberal Party lost the 2001 state election in Western Australia, Bishop was suggested by multiple media sources as a possible replacement for Richard Court as state Liberal leader (and thus Leader of the Opposition).[13] It was later confirmed that Court favoured an arrangement where he would resign his seat in the Legislative Assembly to allow Bishop to replace him.[14] However, Bishop eventually rejected the deal.[13]

Elevation to the ministryEdit

 
Bishop while Education Minister in 2007

Bishop was appointed Minister for Ageing by Prime Minister John Howard in 2003. She was later promoted to Minister for Education and Science and Minister for Women in 2006 and served in those positions until the defeat of the Howard Government at the 2007 federal election.

As education minister, Bishop's policies centred on the development of national education standards as well as performance-based pay for teachers.[15] On 13 April 2007, the Australian State Governments jointly expressed opposition to Bishop's pay policy. In the 2007 budget, the Federal Government announced a $5 billion "endowment fund" for higher education, with the expressed goal of providing world-class tertiary institutions in Australia.[16] Some of Bishop's public comments on education, including the remark that "the states have ideologically hijacked school syllabi and are wasting $180 million in unnecessary duplication", were criticised by teachers. An advance media kit for a 2006 speech claimed parts of the contemporary curriculum came "straight from Chairman Mao"; the remark was dropped from her speech.[17][18]

In 2006, Bishop was offered substantial donations to the Liberal Party by Tim Johnston, the Perth-based head of the fraudulent company Firepower International. He sought her co-operation in obtaining substantial Commonwealth funding for his operations, and received an invitation a dinner party with John Howard at The Lodge based on her recommendation, as well as a fundraising dinner in Perth. However, he failed to make the promised donations and refused to pay for his ticket to the fundraising dinner.[19]

Deputy Leader of the OppositionEdit

Following the 2007 election, Bishop was elected Deputy Leader of the Liberal Party on 29 November 2007; Brendan Nelson was elected Leader. In a ballot of Liberal Party room members, Bishop comfortably won with 44 votes, one more than the combined total of her two competitors, Andrew Robb (with 25 votes) and Christopher Pyne (with 18 votes).[20]

On 22 September 2008, Bishop was promoted to the role of Shadow Treasurer by Nelson's successor as Opposition Leader, Malcolm Turnbull, making her the first woman to hold that portfolio.[21][22] On 16 February 2009, however, she was moved from that position, with widespread media speculation that her colleagues were dissatisfied with her performance in the role. She was instead given the job of Shadow Minister for Foreign Affairs.[23] After Tony Abbott was elected Liberal Leader following the 2009 leadership spill, Bishop retained her roles as Deputy Leader and Shadow Minister for Foreign Affairs.[24][25]

In 2010, Bishop defended the suspected forgery of Australian passports by Mossad, saying that many countries practised the forging of passports for intelligence operations, including Australia.[26] The Rudd Government attacked Bishop over the statements, saying she had "broken a long-standing convention" of not speculating about intelligence practices.[27][28] She later clarified her statement, saying, "I have no knowledge of any Australian authority forging any passports of any nation."[29]

Following the Coalition's narrow loss in the 2010 federal election, Bishop was re-elected unanimously as Deputy Leader by her colleagues and retained the position of Shadow Minister for Foreign Affairs, while also being given the additional responsibility of Shadow Minister for Trade.[30]

Minister for Foreign AffairsEdit

 
Bishop being sworn in as Foreign Minister by Quentin Bryce at Government House in 2013

After the Coalition won the 2013 federal election, new Prime Minister Tony Abbott confirmed Bishop as Minister for Foreign Affairs; she was sworn in by Governor-General Quentin Bryce on 18 September 2013. She became the only female member of the cabinet and was given the third-highest rank, after Abbott and Deputy Prime Minister Warren Truss.[31] In the months following her appointment several media reports claimed that Bishop, along with Social Services Minister Scott Morrison, were regarded internally as the best performing ministers in the Government.[32]

In December 2014, Bishop became only the second woman to serve as acting prime minister, after Julia Gillard.[33][34] Throughout her tenure as foreign minister, Bishop had been frequently tipped by political commentators as a possible future leader of the Liberal Party and prime minister.[35][36][37][38]

New Colombo PlanEdit

Months after the Abbott Government took office, Bishop announced the implementation of a New Colombo Plan which would provide undergraduate students with funding to study in several different locations within the Indo-Pacific. The plan started off in pilot form and after initial success the full program was rolled out in 2015.[39]

ISIS fightersEdit

In a 2015 speech explaining the Australian Government's measures against ISIS, Bishop compared the psychological underpinnings of ISIS with that of Nazism. Citing Eric Hoffer's seminal work The True Believer, she argued that the declared Caliphate drew from the same source that drove the masses to support Hitler; "Invincibility was – until the US-led airstrikes – all part of its attraction."[40]

In October 2014, Man Haron Monis wrote to Attorney-General George Brandis asking if he (Monis) could contact the leader of ISIS, two months before he took hostages in the Sydney siege. On 28 May 2015, Bishop told Parliament that the letter was provided to a review of the siege, before correcting the record three days later.[41][42]

UN Security CouncilEdit

 
Bishop meeting United Nations General Secretary Ban Ki-moon in November 2014

Although Bishop fought against the Gillard Government's campaign to gain Australia a temporary two-year seat on the United Nations Security Council, she was widely lauded for her commanding performance when representing Australia on the Council in her capacity as Foreign Minister. She negotiated a successful resolution that was adopted by the Council in regards to gaining full access to the crash site of Flight MH17.[43]

During the month of November 2014, Bishop chaired the Security Council and led meeting to discuss the threat of foreign fights, UN peacekeeping and the Ebola epidemic.[43] Later, Bishop led negotiations to pass a resolution to set up an independent criminal tribunal into the downing of Flight MH17. Although Russia vetoed the resolution, Bishop was widely praised by other delegates for her work and for her strong statement following the veto that "the anticipated excuses and obfuscation by the Russian Federation should be treated with the utmost disdain".[44]

IranEdit

In April 2015, Bishop paid an official visit to Iran, following the conclusion of a visit to India. She was the first Australian government minister to visit the country since 2003, having been personally invited by Iran's foreign minister, Mohammad Javad Zarif. They discussed the proposed nuclear deal and issues relating to Iranian asylum seekers in Australia.[45] Bishop wore a headscarf or a hat for the duration of her visit, and did not shake hands with male dignitaries in order to avoid offending local sensibilities. She received some criticism for doing so, with Andrew Bolt rhetorically asking whether she should have "subjugated herself" to Islamic law. Head coverings are not mandatory for foreign women visiting Iran. In response, she said: "As a matter of fact I wear scarves and hats and headgear quite often as part of my everyday wear".[46][47]

MyanmarEdit

In early September 2017, as the Rohingya crisis in Myanmar became ethnic cleansing, Bishop said that Australia was deeply concerned by the escalating violence in Myanmar's Rakhine State and would provide up to A$5 million to help Rohingya refugees in Bangladesh.[48][49] In 2018, Bishop called "for an end to the violence, for full and unhindered humanitarian access … and a full and transparent accountability of the human rights abuses".[50] She also said that Australia's relationship with Myanmar Army "is designed to help promote positive change in Myanmar".[51]

IndonesiaEdit

Bishop was involved at the highest level of negotiations with the Indonesian Government in attempts to save the lives of convicted drug smugglers Myuran Sukumaran and Andrew Chan. Demonstrating Australia's opposition to the death penalty, Bishop was widely applauded for the manner in which she conducted negotiations. This was in stark contrast to the criticism faced by Tony Abbott who was ridiculed for remarks he made in regards to foreign aid provided by Australia to Indonesia. Despite the Government's efforts, both Chan and Sukumaran were executed in April 2015.[52] As a result of the executions, Bishop recalled the Australian Ambassador from Indonesia in condemnation of their decision.[52]

By August 2015, Bishop stated that Australia's relationship with Indonesia was "back on track" after privately meeting with the Indonesian Foreign Minister to discuss the fallout from the executions.[53]

ChinaEdit

In May 2018, Geoff Raby, a former Australian Ambassador to China, criticised Bishop's handling of Australia–China relations, stating she had neglected the relationship between the countries and had angered Chinese leaders with "strident public comments on the South China Sea" and a speech questioning China's regional leadership. He called on Malcolm Turnbull to "replace the Foreign Minister with someone better equipped for the demands of the job". In response, Bishop said that Raby was "profoundly ignorant [...] about the level of engagement between Australia and China at present and the state of the relationship", and that he had not spoken to her or her office in several years. Turnbull said the opinion piece was "utterly wrong" and described Bishop as "a formidable foreign minister, a great diplomat and a great colleague".[54]

Resignation and replacementEdit

On 26 August, Bishop issued a statement indicating that she would resign as Minister for Foreign Affairs.[55] She was replaced by Senator Marise Payne on 28 August 2018.[56]

Liberal leadership issuesEdit

February 2015 leadership spillEdit

In February 2015, in response to rising criticisms of his leadership, Tony Abbott called a spill of leadership positions. Both Julie Bishop and Communications Minister Malcolm Turnbull were reported by the media as considering challenging for the leadership. Opinion poll results consistently showed that both Bishop and Turnbull were preferred by the public to Abbott.[57] Eventually a motion to move a leadership spill fell by 61 votes to 39, and Abbott consequentially remained in office.[58]

September 2015 leadership spillEdit

On 14 September 2015, Malcolm Turnbull challenged Tony Abbott for the leadership of the Liberal Party. After Turnbull was successfully elected, Bishop defeated a challenge from Kevin Andrews to retain her position as Deputy Leader by 70 votes to 30.[59] Hours before Turnbull's challenge, Bishop had visited Abbott to advise him he had lost the confidence of the Parliamentary Liberal Party. She is said to have intended to vote for Abbott in the leadership vote until he declared her position vacant as well as his, after which she voted for Turnbull.[60] Bishop was retained as Foreign Minister following the formation of the Turnbull Government.

August 2018 leadership spillsEdit

On 21 August 2018, Malcolm Turnbull called a leadership spill and defeated challenger Peter Dutton by 48 votes to 35. The deputy leadership was also declared vacant, with Bishop re-elected as deputy leader unopposed. Over the following days, there was widespread speculation about a second spill being called, and multiple media outlets reported on 23 August that Bishop would be a candidate for the leadership if that eventuated.[61] A second spill was called on 24 August, and Bishop was eliminated on the first ballot with 11 votes out of 85 (or 12.9 percent). Morrison was elected leader over Dutton on the second ballot, and Josh Frydenberg was chosen as deputy leader. Bishop is the first woman to formally stand for the leadership of the Liberal Party, and only the second woman to stand for the leadership of one of Australia's two major parties, after the Labor Party's Julia Gillard.[62]

Political positionsEdit

Bishop is regarded as a being a moderate within the Liberal Party, and has described as holding similar views to Malcolm Turnbull. She has stated that she regards herself a "very liberal minded person",[63] an "economic dry and a social liberal",[13] and a "Menzian Liberal".[5]

Bishop is in favour of an Australian republic, having served as a delegate at the Constitutional Convention of 1998.[64] When a conscience vote has been allowed by the Liberal Party, Bishop has always voted in a "progressive" manner, voting in favour of allowing stem cell research and for removing ministerial oversight of the abortion pill RU486.[65]

Same-sex marriageEdit

During the internal debate on same-sex marriage which divided the Liberal Party in August 2015, Bishop refused to publicly declare her personal views on the matter. However, her statement that she was "very liberally minded" on the topic was taken by many to be an allusion towards support of same-sex marriage.[66] In a television interview in November 2015, Bishop confirmed that she supported same-sex marriage.[67][68]

In August 2015, Bishop spoke in favour of holding a plebiscite on the matter, believing that the issue should be put to a democratic vote so that it could no longer distract from the government's policy agenda. This ultimately became the policy adopted by the government.[69] Following the postal plebiscite in 2017, which resulted in a "Yes" vote, Bishop stated that she had voted in support of same-sex marriage.[70]

Personal lifeEdit

In 1983, Bishop married property developer Neil Gillon. She took his surname, but reverted to her maiden name after the couple divorced in 1988. She subsequently had relationships with Senator Ross Lightfoot and former Lord Mayor of Perth Peter Nattrass.[71][72] Bishop's partner since 2014 has been David Panton, a winemaker and property developer.[73] She has attracted criticism for using over $32,000 of family travel public funding for Panton since 2015, but not including him on her register of parliamentary interests. Bishop has stated that Panton is neither her husband nor her de facto partner, as they do not live together, and thus not including him on her interests register is within the rules.[74]

Bishop does not have children. In response to repeated media inquiries about the subject, she has stated that "I'm not having kids, there's no point lamenting what was or what could have been", and that she feels "incredibly lucky that I've had the kind of career that is so consuming that I don't feel I have a void in my life".[75]

HonoursEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

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  2. ^ "About Julie Bishop". Hon Julie Bishop MP.
  3. ^ "Scott Morrison wins Liberal party leadership spill". Nine News. 24 August 2018. Retrieved 24 August 2018.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g King, Madonna (21 November 2014). "Less of a Bishop, more of a pope". The Sydney Morning Herald. Sydney. Retrieved 21 November 2014.
  5. ^ a b c Snow, Deborah (23 September 2013). "The talented Miss Julie". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 23 August 2018.
  6. ^ a b c d "Hon Julie Bishop MP". Parliament of Australia. Retrieved 23 August 2018.
  7. ^ Spagnolo, Joe (15 September 2013). "New Foreign Affairs Minister Julie Bishop, primed to take on the world". PerthNow. Retrieved 23 August 2018.
  8. ^ a b c d e Walker, Tony (28 February 2014). "Julie Bishop's worldly ambition". The Australian Financial Review. Retrieved 23 August 2018.
  9. ^ Priest, Marcus (28 November 2012). "Bishop defended CSR's asbestos corporate veil". The Australian Financial Review. Retrieved 23 August 2018.
  10. ^ Maher, Sid (19 November 2012). "I was advised by the best on asbestos cases, says Julie Bishop". The Australian. Retrieved 14 July 2014.
  11. ^ "Julie Bishop to chair Town Planning Appeal Tribunal". Government of Western Australia. 21 November 1993. Retrieved 23 August 2018.
  12. ^ Davis, Mark (7 September 2007). "True blue to her boots". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 20 October 2013.
  13. ^ a b c d e f Grattan, Michelle (11 October 2003). "New kid on the block". The Age. Melbourne. Retrieved 28 November 2007.
  14. ^ Provost, Jenelle (26 February 2001). "New WA Liberals leader takes on divided party (transcript)". The 7:30 Report. ABC Television. Retrieved 28 November 2007.
  15. ^ Bishop, Julie (30 January 2007). "Rudd revolution will take more than rhetoric – Opinion". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 13 June 2010.
  16. ^ "Hon Julie Bishop MP – Budget 2007–08 Media Releases". Dest.gov.au. 8 May 2007. Archived from the original on 9 March 2011. Retrieved 13 June 2010.
  17. ^ "Thatcher v Mao – what a week for ideology – Opinion". The Age. Melbourne. 7 October 2006. Retrieved 6 May 2007.
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  19. ^ Ryle G. & Magnay J. Firepower chief had dinner with Howard. The Sydney Morning Herald 15 July 2008
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  21. ^ "Malcolm Turnbull Shadow Ministry team". The Daily Telegraph. Sydney. 22 September 2008. Retrieved 18 July 2014.
  22. ^ Hudson, Phillip (22 September 2008). "Nelson's men dumped". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 18 July 2014.
  23. ^ Coorey, Phillip (16 February 2009). "Bishop quits as shadow treasurer". The Sydney Morning Herald. AAP. Retrieved 16 February 2009.
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  25. ^ Sharp, Ari (8 December 2009). "Abbott reveals new frontbench after reshuffle". The Age. Melbourne. Retrieved 18 July 2014.
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  28. ^ Lester, Tim (25 May 2010). "Australia forges passports too, says Bishop". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 13 June 2010.
  29. ^ Grattan, Michelle; Lester, Tim; Koutsoukis, Jason. "Passport gaffe trips Liberals' deputy leader". The Age. Melbournedate=26 May 2010. Retrieved 18 July 2014.
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  32. ^ Fitzgerald, Ross (20 December 2014). "Tony Abbott's top performers line up for promotion in ministry reshuffle". rossfitzgerald.com. Retrieved 9 July 2016.
  33. ^ Ireland, Judith (5 December 2014). "The highs, lows and whoas of Federal Parliament in 2014". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 17 April 2017.
  34. ^ Lewis, Rosie (31 December 2014). "Julie Bishop: We must sell budget cuts". The Australian. Retrieved 17 April 2017.
  35. ^ Reith, Peter (28 July 2014). "Why Julie Bishop should be our next Coalition PM". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 17 April 2017.
  36. ^ Matthewson, Paula (7 October 2014). "Julie Bishop: right woman, wrong time". ABC News. Retrieved 17 April 2017.
  37. ^ Reith, Peter (23 October 2014). "Julie Bishop a 'hero' for women; could be prime minister, says Liberal MP Teresa Gambaro". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 17 April 2017.
  38. ^ Peatling, Stephanie (10 March 2015). "Julie and Julia: How Julie Bishop appears to have avoided the traps that snared Julia Gillard". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 17 April 2017.
  39. ^ "Bumper year for New Colombo Plan". InDaily – Adelaide News.
  40. ^ Bishop, Julie (18 March 2015). "Battling the Orwellian nightmare of Islamic State's mind control". Australian Financial Review. Retrieved 21 March 2015.
  41. ^ "Labor accuses Federal Government of misleading Parliament over Man Haron Monis letter, calls on Prime Minister to 'come clean'". ABC News. 4 July 2015.
  42. ^ "Sydney siege: Tony Abbott's office knew Julie Bishop had misled Parliament three days before correction". The Sydney Morning Herald. 4 July 2015.
  43. ^ a b "The irony behind Julie Bishop's success at the United Nations Security Council". The Sydney Morning Herald.
  44. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 25 September 2015. Retrieved 21 September 2015.
  45. ^ "Julie Bishop to use Iran visit to discuss nuclear program and tackling Islamic State". The Sydney Morning Herald. 14 April 2015. Retrieved 23 August 2018.
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  47. ^ "Foreign Minister Julie Bishop enters Iran in hat and headscarf". The Sydney Morning Herald. 18 April 2015. Retrieved 23 August 2018.
  48. ^ "Australia pledges $5 million to Rohingya". Skynews.com.au. 2017-09-09.
  49. ^ "Rohingya in Australia hold protest to call for action over Myanmar violence," September 9, 2017, SBS News
  50. ^ "Rohingya Muslims should not be repatriated to Myanmar until credible investigation, Julie Bishop says". ABC News. 29 April 2018.
  51. ^ "Bishop: Australia to retain military links with Myanmar despite Rohingya crisis". SBS News. 28 June 2018.
  52. ^ a b "Bali 9: How Tony Abbott and Julie Bishop learnt of the executions". The Sydney Morning Herald.
  53. ^ "Relations with Indonesia back on track: Julie Bishop". The Sydney Morning Herald.
  54. ^ Vicky Xiuzhong Xu (16 May 2018). "Julie Bishop hits back at former China ambassador Geoff Raby's calls for her sacking". ABC News. Retrieved 23 August 2018.
  55. ^ Uria, Daniel (26 August 2018). "New Australian PM selects cabinet, foreign affairs minister resigns". UPI. Archived from the original on 28 Aug 2018. Retrieved 28 August 2018.
  56. ^ "Minister for Foreign Affairs Senator the Hon Marise Payne". Australian Government Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade. Archived from the original on 28 Aug 2018. Retrieved 28 Aug 2018.
  57. ^ "Julie Bishop says she won't challenge Tony Abbott for leadership, nor is she rounding up backbench support". 1015fm. Archived from the original on 25 September 2015.
  58. ^ "'Damaged goods': Abbott survives leadership coup". thenewdaily.com.au.
  59. ^ "Julie Bishop says Tony Abbott failed to 'turn things around'". 9news.com.au. 15 September 2015. Retrieved 15 September 2015.
  60. ^ Pamela Williams, "How to stage a coup", The Australian, 20 October 2015.
  61. ^ "Julie Bishop finally stares down the leadership barrel". The Australian Financial Review. 23 August 2018. Retrieved 23 August 2018.
  62. ^ http://www.abc.net.au/news/2018-08-24/live-scott-morrison-replaces-malcolm-turnbull-as-pm-after-spill/10159462?section=politics
  63. ^ "Julie Bishop Softens Stance on Gay Marriage, Says She's 'Very Liberal Minded'". The Huffington Post.
  64. ^ "Liberals quietly go monarchist under Abbott". crikey.com.au.
  65. ^ "Does she or doesn't she? Julie Bishop's gay marriage silence polarises colleagues". The Sydney Morning Herald.
  66. ^ "Julie Bishop hints at support for same-sex marriage". The Sydney Morning Herald.
  67. ^ Keany, Francis (3 November 2015). "Foreign Minister Julie Bishop announces support for same-sex marriage, backs plebiscite". ABC. Sydney. Retrieved 30 April 2016.
  68. ^ Massola, James (2 November 2015). "Foreign Affairs Minister Julie Bishop lends support to same-sex marriage". The Sydney Morning Herald. Sydney. Retrieved 30 April 2016.
  69. ^ "Julie Bishop Exclusive: 'I Am Showing Leadership On Same Sex Marriage'". The Huffington Post.
  70. ^ https://www.perthnow.com.au/news/wa/julie-bishop-revealed-she-voted-yes-in-same-sex-marriage-survey-ng-74a59f42df6e61bb29fda31f4e549920
  71. ^ Mayes, Andrea (10 August 2007). "Rise and rise of Julie Bishop". The Sunday Times. Perth. Archived from the original on 30 December 2012. Retrieved 13 July 2014.
  72. ^ Snow, Deborah (23 September 2013). "The talented Miss Julie". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 20 October 2013.
  73. ^ "David Panton - Julie Bishop's hunky partner is a property developer". dailymail.co.uk. Retrieved 20 October 2017.
  74. ^ Karp, Paul (28 February 2018). "Bishop's partner 'family' for travel claims but 'not spouse' for interests register". the Guardian. Retrieved 17 June 2018.
  75. ^ "Foreign Minister Julie Bishop reveals why she never had children". news.com.au. 17 March 2018. Retrieved 23 August 2018.
  76. ^ Medal of Merit, Embassy, Consulate-General and Consulates, Australia, 5 September 2014, retrieved 8 September 2014

External linksEdit

Parliament of Australia
Preceded by
Allan Rocher
Member for Curtin
1998–present
Incumbent
Political offices
Preceded by
Kevin Andrews
Minister for Ageing
2003–2006
Succeeded by
Santo Santoro
Preceded by
Brendan Nelson
Minister for Education and Science
2006–2007
Succeeded by
Julia Gillard
Preceded by
Kay Patterson
Minister for Women
2006–2007
Succeeded by
Tanya Plibersek
Preceded by
Julia Gillard
Deputy Leader of the Opposition
2007–2013
Succeeded by
Anthony Albanese
Preceded by
Bob Carr
Minister for Foreign Affairs
2013–2018
Succeeded by
Marise Payne
Party political offices
Preceded by
Peter Costello
Deputy Leader of the Liberal Party
2007–2018
Succeeded by
Josh Frydenberg