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Marise Ann Payne (born 29 July 1964) is an Australian politician who has been Minister for Foreign Affairs in the Morrison Government since 2018, and was also appointed Minister for Women in 2019. She has been a Senator for New South Wales since 1997, representing the Liberal Party.


Marise Payne
Marise Payne October 2015.jpg
Minister for Foreign Affairs
Assumed office
28 August 2018
Prime MinisterScott Morrison
Preceded byJulie Bishop
Minister for Women
Assumed office
29 May 2019
Prime MinisterScott Morrison
Preceded byKelly O'Dwyer
Minister for Defence
In office
21 September 2015 – 28 August 2018
Prime MinisterMalcolm Turnbull
Scott Morrison
Preceded byKevin Andrews
Succeeded byChristopher Pyne
Minister for Human Services
In office
18 September 2013 – 21 September 2015
Prime MinisterTony Abbott
Malcolm Turnbull
Preceded byJan McLucas
Succeeded byStuart Robert
Senator for New South Wales
Assumed office
9 April 1997
Preceded byBob Woods
Personal details
Born
Marise Ann Payne

(1964-07-29) 29 July 1964 (age 55)
Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Political partyLiberal
Domestic partnerStuart Ayres
EducationMLC School
Alma materUniversity of New South Wales
Websitemarisepayne.com

Payne was born in Sydney and attended the University of New South Wales. She was the first woman to serve as federal president of the Young Liberals (1989–1991). Payne was appointed to the Senate in 1997, in place of Bob Woods. She was elected to a full term in 2001, and has since been re-elected four more times. Payne was first added to the shadow ministry in 2007, and when the Coalition returned to power in 2013 she was made Minister for Human Services in the Abbott Government. Payne was appointed Minister for Defence when Malcolm Turnbull became prime minister, becoming the first woman to hold the position. After Turnbull was replaced by Scott Morrison in August 2018, it was announced that she would replace Julie Bishop as Minister for Foreign Affairs in the new government.

Contents

Early lifeEdit

Payne was born in Sydney, the daughter of Ann Noreen (née Johns) and William Elliott Payne. Her father was a World War II veteran who worked as an accountant and farmer.[1] Payne grew up in Bardwell Park, in Sydney's southern suburbs.[2] She attended MLC School before going on to the University of New South Wales, where she graduated with Bachelor of Arts and Bachelor of Laws degrees.[3] In her second year at university, she was involved in a road accident near Michelago. The car she was travelling in as a passenger rolled over, and she received serious injuries to her neck, fracturing her odontoid process.[2]

Payne joined the Liberal Party in 1982, and was state president of the New South Wales Young Liberals from 1987 to 1988. She then served as federal president of the Young Liberals from 1989 to 1991, the first woman to hold the position, and as a member of the state executive of the New South Wales Liberals from 1991 to 1997.[4] In 1991, Payne was an unsuccessful candidate to fill the casual vacancy caused by the resignation of Senator Peter Baume. At the time she was serving as private secretary to Senator Robert Hill.[5]

In 1994, Payne was appointed vice-chair of the Australian Republican Movement, serving under chairman Malcolm Turnbull.[6] At the time, she was working as an adviser to Premier John Fahey and serving on the Liberal Party's state executive. Tony Abbott, who was then the national executive director of Australians for Constitutional Monarchy, criticised her for accepting the position, stating "anyone who does not support constitutional monarchy is at odds with the party".[7] John Howard accused her of a "conflict of interest", stating she had joined "an organisation dominated by Labor sympathisers".[8]

Senator (1997–present)Edit

Following the resignation of Senator Bob Woods in March 1997, Payne was chosen by the Liberal Party to fill the casual vacancy. She took office on 9 April 1997, and has subsequently been re-elected to the Senate at the 2001, 2007, 2013, and 2016 elections. Her office is located in Parramatta, in Sydney's western suburbs.[4]

Payne was a backbencher for her first decade in the Senate, from 1997 to 2007. When she took her seat, The Sydney Morning Herald ran a headline describing her as "The Senator John Howard Didn't Want".[2] She was preselected in third place on the Coalition ticket at the 2001 election, with Howard intervening to ensure Helen Coonan ranked ahead of her as the first Liberal candidate.[9] Prior to the 2007 election, members of the Liberal Party's conservative faction attempted to have Payne removed from the ticket. However, for the sake of unity Howard and Bill Heffernan intervened to ensure that she retained a winning place on the Coalition ticket.[10][11] Payne served on various Senate committees during that time, notably as chair of the Joint Standing Committee on Foreign Affairs, Defence and Trade and the Senate Legal and Constitutional Committee.[4]

Payne was appointed as a shadow parliamentary secretary after the Coalition lost the 2007 election, with responsibility for foreign affairs (2007–2008) and international development assistance and indigenous affairs (2008–2009). When Tony Abbott became Leader of the Opposition in December 2009, she was appointed Shadow Minister for COAG and Modernising the Federation. After the 2010 election, she was instead made Shadow Minister for Housing and Shadow Minister for Indigenous Development and Employment.[4]

Abbott Government (2013–2015)Edit

When the Coalition won the 2013 federal election, Payne was appointed Minister for Human Services in the Abbott Government. In March 2014, she announced that Medicare offices would close on Saturdays, as there had been a "60 per cent reduction in walk-ins into Medicare shopfronts on Saturdays".[12] In June 2014, she announced the creation of "myGov hybrid government shopfronts", which are designed to assist customers with setting up online accounts for government services such as Centrelink, Medicare, the Australian Taxation Office, and the National Disability Insurance Scheme.[13]

Turnbull Government (2015–2018)Edit

 
Payne with U.S. Secretary of Defense Ash Carter in October 2015.
 
Payne with Itsunori Onodera and James Mattis at a trilateral meeting in June 2018.

After Malcolm Turnbull defeated Tony Abbott in a leadership spill, Payne was elevated to the cabinet and appointed Minister for Defence in the Turnbull Government from 21 September 2015. She was the first woman to hold the position, which has existed since Federation in 1901.[14] Neil James, the executive director of the Australia Defence Association, welcomed her appointment, stating: "Too many defence ministers have been shoved sideways into this portfolio in the twilight of the parliamentary careers because it's seen as a badge of seniority, and defence suffers. Marise Payne is a politician with a large part of her parliamentary career still ahead of her, and with this appointment, unlike the last few, there’s more to be optimistic about than to be pessimistic about."[11]

Payne oversaw the final months of the long-anticipated 2016 Defence White Paper, which she launched in February 2016 with Turnbull and Chief of the Defence Force Mark Binskin. She also launched the government's Integrated Investment Program and the Defence Industry Policy Statement.[15] A spokeswoman for the Chinese Foreign Ministry criticised the white paper for its "negative" remarks about the South China Sea. Payne responded that "we have a strong defence relationship [with China] but we do have a point of difference in this regard and we are certainly not going to take a backward step in articulating our position".[16] In April 2016, she and Turnbull announced that French firm DCNS, now called Naval Group, had been awarded a $50 billion contract to build a new fleet of submarines for the Royal Australian Navy. The submarine project will be undertaken in Adelaide rather than in France, generating 2,800 jobs.[17] Payne had abdominal surgery in late 2016, which resulted in the deferral of the "two-plus-two" meeting between the foreign and defence ministers of Australia and Japan.[18]

In January 2018, the Australian Financial Review reported that Turnbull had considered replacing Payne with Christopher Pyne in the December 2017 cabinet reshuffle. She would then have been appointed to succeed Mark Higgie as the Australian Ambassador to NATO and the European Union. Her department reportedly began preparing briefing papers for the new minister, but in the end the move was not carried out.[19]

Morrison Government (2018–present)Edit

Malcolm Turnbull was replaced by Scott Morrison as Liberal leader and prime minister on 24 August 2018. Foreign minister Julie Bishop, an unsuccessful candidate for the Liberal leadership, announced her resignation from cabinet on 26 August. Morrison subsequently announced that Payne would succeed Bishop as Minister for Foreign Affairs in the new government. She was sworn in on 28 August, becoming Australia's second female foreign minister.[20]

After the government's re-election at the 2019 election, Payne was also appointed Minister for Women.[4]

Political positionsEdit

Payne is viewed as a member of the Liberal Party's moderate or "small-l liberal" wing. In a 2008 interview, she stated: "I am a liberal, I am a member of the Liberal Party. I have always called myself a liberal. If I had wanted to be a conservative I would have gone to London and joined the Conservative Party."[10] Payne is a republican, and served as vice-chair of the Australian Republican Movement in the 1990s. According to Senator Simon Birmingham, she argued forcefully against the Northern Territory National Emergency Response in the Liberal partyroom.[2] In 2002, she said she had "very real concerns" about how mandatory detention of illegal immigrants affected women and children, proposing that they instead be released into the community.[3] In 2004, in response to calls for the federal government to withdraw Medicare funding of abortions, she stated "people should not be prepared to see the rights and health of Australian women go backwards".[21]

Personal lifeEdit

Payne is in a long-term relationship with Stuart Ayres, who is a minister in the New South Wales state government. She is 16 years his senior.[11] The couple met while campaigning together at the 2007 federal election.[2] As of 2010, they were building a home together in Mulgoa.[22]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "New Aussie defence minister's quiet rise". The Straits Times. 28 September 2015. Retrieved 26 August 2018.
  2. ^ a b c d e "Meet Meet Marise Payne, Australia's first female Defence Minister". The Sydney Morning Herald. 15 December 2015. Retrieved 26 August 2018.
  3. ^ a b "National Interest: Senator Marise Payne". ABC News. 12 May 2002. Retrieved 26 August 2018.
  4. ^ a b c d e "Senator the Hon Marise Payne". Aph.gov.au. Retrieved 25 November 2017.
  5. ^ "NSW Liberals select Tierney for Senate seat". The Canberra Times. 11 February 1991.
  6. ^ "Republican Lib slates Downer". The Canberra Times. 4 July 1994.
  7. ^ "Liberals split as republic gains support". The Canberra Times. 5 July 1994.
  8. ^ "Hewson hits at party's 'Gestapo' line". The Canberra Times. 6 July 1994.
  9. ^ "Payne and gain". The Sydney Morning Herald. 29 May 2002. Retrieved 26 August 2018.
  10. ^ a b Norman Abjorensen (26 August 2018) [originally published December 2008]. "'We are diverse, there's no doubt about that... it's one of the great strenghts but also great challenges of the Liberal Party'". Inside Story. Retrieved 26 August 2018.
  11. ^ a b c "Marise Payne is Australia's first female Defence Minister but is she up to the job?". News.com.au. 21 September 2015. Retrieved 14 July 2016.
  12. ^ "Medicare offices to close on Saturdays, Human Services Minister Marise Payne says". ABC News. 20 March 2014. Retrieved 27 August 2018.
  13. ^ "Online government seeks retail therapy to sell one-stop-shop and shed jobs". Government News. 12 June 2014. Retrieved 27 August 2018.
  14. ^ Chan, Gabrielle. "Malcolm Turnbull names new ministry, promoting women and supporters". The Guardian. The Guardian. Retrieved 20 September 2015.
  15. ^ "Defence White Paper: spending on weaponry and military forces is not an 'either/or' proposition (transcript)". 7.30 (ABC). 25 February 2016. Retrieved 27 August 2018.
  16. ^ "Marise Payne Doesn't Seem All That Bothered By China's Anger Over Defence White Paper". Huffington Post. 25 February 2016. Retrieved 27 August 2018.
  17. ^ "Australian submarines: France wins 50 billion contract". Theaustralian.com.au. Retrieved 25 November 2017.
  18. ^ "Payne ill health leads to deferral of Australia-Japan talks". The Conversation. 13 December 2016. Retrieved 27 August 2018.
  19. ^ "Defence Minister Marise Payne was almost removed in December". The Australian Financial Review. 26 January 2018. Retrieved 26 August 2018.
  20. ^ "Scott Morrison announces new ministry with Julie Bishop replaced by Marise Payne as foreign affairs minister". ABC News. 26 August 2018. Retrieved 26 August 2018.
  21. ^ "Abortion out of control, says minister". The Age. 2 November 2004. Retrieved 28 August 2018.
  22. ^ "Age no barrier for Liberal cougar Marise Payne and her cub". The Daily Telegraph. 14 May 2010. Retrieved 26 August 2018.

External linksEdit