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Liberal Party of Australia (New South Wales Division)

The Liberal Party of Australia (New South Wales Division), commonly known as the New South Wales Liberals, is the state division of the Liberal Party of Australia in New South Wales. The party currently governs in New South Wales in coalition with the National Party of Australia (NSW). The party is part of the federal Liberal Party which governs nationally in Coalition with the National Party of Australia.

Liberal Party of Australia (NSW Division)
LeaderGladys Berejiklian
PresidentPhilip Ruddock
Founded1944 (as United Democratic Party)
HeadquartersEast Sydney
IdeologyLiberalism
Liberal conservatism
Classical Liberalism
Social Liberalism
Political positionCentre-right
National affiliationLiberal Party of Australia
Legislative Assembly
35 / 93
Legislative Council
11 / 42
NSW Seats in the House of Representatives
16 / 46
NSW Seats in the Senate
5 / 12
NSW Local Councillors
184 / 1,480

The party traces its roots to August 1944, when the Democratic Party and Liberal Democratic Party, which had both emerged from the remains of the NSW branch of the United Australia Party, merged as the United Democratic Party. A year later, with the formation of the federal Liberal Party, the UDP became the NSW branch of the new party.

In the 66 years since its foundation the party has won seven state elections to the Labor Party's 13, and has spent 20 years in office (1965 to 1976, 1988 to 1995 and 2011 to the present) to Labor's 46. Eight leaders have become Premier of New South Wales; of those, five, Sir Robert Askin, Nick Greiner, Barry O'Farrell, Mike Baird and Gladys Berejiklian, have won at least one state election.

Parliamentary party leadersEdit

Leader of the Liberal Party
Incumbent
The Hon. Gladys Berejiklian MP

since 23 January 2017
Inaugural holderReginald Weaver
Formation20 April 1945
DeputyThe Hon. Dominic Perrottet MP

The position of leader of the Liberal Party of Australia New South Wales Division is a formal role held by a Liberal member of the Parliament of New South Wales. As the Liberal Party has, since its foundation in 1945, been either the largest or second largest party in the New South Wales Legislative Assembly, its leader is usually either the Premier or the Leader of the Opposition, depending on the majority or minority respectively of the party. The current leader of the Liberal Party is Gladys Berejiklian, and the deputy leader is Dominic Perrottet. Both have served in those roles since 23 January 2017. Berejiklian is currently Premier of New South Wales, a post she has held since 23 January 2017.

The role is selected by state members of the parliamentary party, but the position is non-fixed in duration, and is usually only vacated upon resignation, retirement from politics, or a spill motion with the support of the majority of the parliamentary members.

The leader only has a role in a parliamentary context; the party division as a whole is governed by a President and Vice-Presidents, who act on the advice of the party division's Director and Deputy Directors. The division also gathers annually at a State Conference to vote on and develop policy to be used by the party's elected representatives. The majority of the twenty Liberal Leaders have been deposed, either after losing elections or when their colleagues determined they could not win an election.

# Party leader[1] Assumed office[2] Left office[2] Premier Reason for departure Time in office
1 Reginald Weaver 20 April 1945 12 November 1945 Death in office 206 days
2 Alexander Mair 13 November 1945 20 March 1946 1939–1941 Resignation; Premier under UAP 127 days
3 Sir Vernon Treatt 20 March 1946 10 August 1954 Resignation 8 years, 143 days
4 Murray Robson 17 August 1954 20 September 1955 Deposed 1 year, 34 days
5 Pat Morton 20 September 1955 17 July 1959 Deposed 3 years, 300 days
6 Sir Robert Askin 17 July 1959 3 January 1975 1965–1975 Retirement 15 years, 170 days
7 Tom Lewis 3 January 1975 23 January 1976 1975–1976 Deposed 1 year, 20 days
8 Sir Eric Willis 23 January 1976 16 December 1977 1976 Resignation 1 year, 327 days
9 Peter Coleman 16 December 1977 7 October 1978 Loss of seat at 1978 election 295 days
10 John Mason 24 October 1978 29 May 1981 Deposed 2 years, 217 days
11 Bruce McDonald 1 June 1981 12 October 1981 Loss of seat at 1981 election 133 days
12 John Dowd 20 October 1981 15 March 1983 Resignation 1 year, 146 days
13 Nick Greiner 15 March 1983 24 June 1992 1988–1992 Resignation prior to no confidence motion 9 years, 101 days
14 John Fahey 24 June 1992 4 April 1995 1992–1995 Resignation following 1995 election 2 years, 284 days
15 Peter Collins 4 April 1995 7 December 1998 Deposed 3 years, 247 days
16 Kerry Chikarovski 7 December 1998 28 March 2002 Deposed 3 years, 111 days
17 John Brogden 28 March 2002 29 August 2005 Resignation 3 years, 154 days
18 Peter Debnam 1 September 2005 4 April 2007 Resignation following 2007 election 1 year, 218 days
19 Barry O'Farrell 4 April 2007 16 April 2014 2011–2014 Resignation 7 years, 9 days
20 Mike Baird 17 April 2014 23 January 2017 2014–2017 Resignation 2 years, 282 days
21 Gladys Berejiklian 23 January 2017 present 2017–present 2 years, 239 days

Deputy leadersEdit

Party Leader Start of Term End of Term
Athol Richardson 1945 1945
Vernon Treatt 1946 1946
Walter Howarth 1946 1954
Robert Askin 1954 1959
Eric Willis 1959 1975
John Maddison 1975 1977
John Mason 1977 1978
Bruce McDonald 1978 1981
Jim Cameron 1981 1981
Kevin Rozzoli 1981 1983
Rosemary Foot 1983 1986
Peter Collins 1986 1992
Bruce Baird 1992 1994
Kerry Chikarovski 1994 1995
Ron Phillips 1995 1999
Barry O'Farrell 1999 2002
Chris Hartcher 2002 2003
Barry O'Farrell 2003 2007
Jillian Skinner 2007 2014
Gladys Berejiklian 2014 2017
Dominic Perrottet 2017 present

Election resultsEdit

Election Seats won ± Total votes % Position Leader
1944
12 / 90
 2 239,610 18.91% Opposition Reginald Weaver
1947
18 / 90
 6 470,485 29.60% Opposition Vernon Treatt
1950
29 / 94
 11 604,428 37.51% Opposition Vernon Treatt
1953
22 / 94
 9 432,739 27.94% Opposition Vernon Treatt
1956
27 / 94
 5 594,740 35.11% Opposition Pat Morton
1959
28 / 94
 1 603,718 35.35% Opposition Pat Morton
1962
25 / 94
 3 671,716 34.85% Opposition Bob Askin
1965
31 / 94
 6 807,868 39.59% Minority Coalition Bob Askin
1968
39 / 94
 4 831,514 38.47% Coalition Bob Askin
1971
32 / 96
 7 799,801 35.74% Coalition Bob Askin
1973
34 / 99
 2 843,325 33.85% Coalition Bob Askin
1976
30 / 99
 4 978,886 36.29% Opposition Eric Willis
1978
18 / 99
 12 754,796 26.98 Opposition Peter Coleman
1981
14 / 99
 4 775,463 27.62% Opposition Bruce McDonald
1984
22 / 99
 8 967,395 32.17% Opposition Nick Greiner
1988
39 / 109
 17 1,147,613 35.80% Coalition Nick Greiner
1991
32 / 99
 7 1,053,100 34.16% Minority Coalition Nick Greiner
1995
29 / 99
 3 1,121,190 32.84% Opposition John Fahey
1999
20 / 93
 9 927,368 24.82% Opposition Kerry Chikarovski
2003
20 / 93
 0 944,888 24.72% Opposition John Brogden
2007
22 / 93
 2 1,061,269 26.94% Opposition Peter Debnam
2011
51 / 93
 29 1,602,457 38.58% Coalition Barry O'Farrell
2015
37 / 93
 14 1,545,168 35.08% Coalition Mike Baird
2019
35 / 93
 2 1,307,982 32.15% Coalition Gladys Berejiklian

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Liberal Party of Australia (New South Wales Division) (2009). "Leaders of the Liberal Party – Past and Present". Archived from the original on 20 July 2008. Retrieved 29 October 2009. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  2. ^ a b Parliament of New South Wales (15 September 2008). "Former Members Index A-Z". Retrieved 29 October 2009.