Wario (Japanese: ワリオ, Hepburn: Wario, pronounced [ɰaɾi.o]; English: /ˈwɑːri, ˈwær-/) is a fictional character in Nintendo's Mario series, designed as an arch-rival to Mario. He first appeared in the 1992 Game Boy game Super Mario Land 2: 6 Golden Coins as the main antagonist and final boss. His name is a portmanteau of Mario's name and the Japanese word warui (悪い), meaning "bad". Wario was designed by Hiroji Kiyotake, and is voiced by Charles Martinet, who voices many other characters in the series, such as Mario, Luigi, and Waluigi.

Wario and Mario character
Wario, as seen in promotional artwork for Super Mario Party.
Wario, as seen in promotional artwork for Super Mario Party
First appearanceSuper Mario Land 2: 6 Golden Coins (1992)
Designed byHiroji Kiyotake
Voiced by
  • Charles Martinet (1997–present)
  • Thomas Spindler (Japanese, 1996. International version, 1998–2001)
  • Chikao Ōtsuka (Japanese, 1997–2015, commercials)

Wario has become the protagonist and antihero of the Wario Land and WarioWare series, spanning handheld and console markets. In addition to appearances in spin-offs in the Mario series, he appears in cameos for Kirby Super Star Ultra, Densetsu no Stafy 3 and Pilotwings 64. He has also been featured in other media such as the Super Mario Adventures graphic novel. The character has received a largely positive critical reception.

Concept and creationEdit

One would expect the emblem on Wario's hat to follow this design, but in most appearances the letter W extends outside of the white circle.

A possible inspiration for Wario first appeared in the 1985 game Wrecking Crew in the character of Spike, a construction foreman.[1] Although he bears a slight resemblance to Spike, Wario did not debut until 1992. The first named appearance of the character occurred in the game Super Mario Land 2: 6 Golden Coins. He was designed by game artist Hiroji Kiyotake.[2] Wario's design arose from Super Mario Land's design team's distaste of making a game based around someone else's character. The creation of Wario allowed them a character of their own to "symbolize their situation",[1] and also intended to be a german character.[3]

Wario is portrayed as a caricature of Mario; he has a large head and chin, huge muscular arms, a wide and short body that is slightly obese, short legs, a large, pointier, zig-zagging moustache, and a bellicose cackle. He also wears a plumber outfit with a yellow and purple color scheme, which is a short-sleeved yellow shirt and purple overalls along with a blue W on his hat. He also wears green shoes and white gloves with blue W symbols as well. However, in his early appearances Wario wore a yellow long-sleeved shirt and fuchsia overalls.[4] The name "Wario" is a portmanteau of "Mario" with the Japanese adjective warui (悪い) meaning "bad"; hence, a "bad Mario" (further symbolized by the "W" on his hat, an upside down "M").[5][better source needed] Official Nintendo lore states that Wario was a childhood rival to Mario and Luigi who became jealous of their success.[6] Voice actor Charles Martinet, who has voiced Mario since 1995, is also the voice for Wario. During the audition for the part, Martinet was told to speak in a mean and gruff-sounding tone. He described voicing Wario as a looser task than voicing Mario, since Mario's speaking manner and personality are more free-flowing, rising from the ground and floating into the air, while one of Wario's cornerstones is jealousy.[7] Starting with Wario Land: Super Mario Land 3, Wario experiences rejuvenating effects from garlic in a similar manner as Mario is powered up by mushrooms. Wario often uses Bob-Ombs, as seen in Wario Land: Super Mario Land 3, Wario Blast and Mario Kart: Double Dash!!. The WarioWare series prominently uses bombs as a visual motif to represent the time limit.

In video games in which Wario makes a cameo appearance, he is often portrayed as a villain. However, the development team for Wario Land: Shake It! stated that he was not really a villain, and they did not consider him one during development. They focused on his behavior, which alternates between good and evil.[8] Etsunobu Ebisu, a producer on Shake It!, considered Wario to be a reckless character, who uses his strength to overwhelm others. Tadanori Tsukawaki, the design director of Shake It!, described Wario as manly, and said he was "so uncool that he ends up being extremely cool". Because of this, he wanted Wario to act macho rather than silly and requested that the art designers emphasize his masculinity.[9] Wario was chosen as the star of the WarioWare series because he often acted stupid.[10]


Wario Land seriesEdit

Wario made his first appearance as a villain in the 1992 Game Boy video game Super Mario Land 2: 6 Golden Coins, in which he captured Mario's castle.[11] He also served as a villain in the 1993 Japan-only puzzle game Mario & Wario, in which he drops a bucket on the head of Mario, Princess Peach, or Yoshi.[12] This was followed by the first game in the Wario Land series, Wario Land: Super Mario Land 3 (1994), a platform game which marked Wario's first appearance as a protagonist and introduced his first villains, Captain Syrup and her Brown Sugar Pirates.[11][13] His next adventure, Virtual Boy Wario Land, plays similarly and incorporates the ability to move in and out of the background.[11] A sequel for the Game Boy game, Wario Land II, was released in 1998; it featured Captain Syrup's return as the antagonist. This game also introduces Wario's invulnerability, allowing him to be burnt or flattened without sustaining damage.[11] In 2000 Wario Land 3 was released to the Game Boy Color as another sequel; it used the same mechanics and concepts of its predecessor.[11] The following year, the sequel Wario Land 4 debuted on the Game Boy Advance, incorporating Wario's ability to become burnt or flattened and reintroducing the ability to become damaged from standard attacks.[11] In 2003, Wario World, the first console Wario platform game, was released for the Nintendo GameCube; it featured three-dimensional graphics and gameplay and did not incorporate any major elements from previous platform games.[11] Wario: Master of Disguise was released for the Nintendo DS in 2007. The game introduced touch screen control of Wario and incorporated puzzles into the gameplay.[14] The series' most recent release, Wario Land: Shake It!, was released for the Wii in 2008 and reintroduced Captain Syrup. The game uses a hand-drawn animation style, and Wario's design required more than 2,000 frames of animation.[9]

WarioWare seriesEdit

Wario as seen in the WarioWare series.

In 2003, the Wario franchise introduced a new series of games, the first of which was WarioWare, Inc.: Mega Microgames! for the Game Boy Advance. The game's premise involved Wario's decision to open a game development company to make money, creating short "microgames" instead of full-fledged games. The game's gameplay focused on playing a collection of microgames in quick succession. Mega Microgames! was later remade as WarioWare, Inc.: Mega Party Games! for the GameCube; it featured the same microgames but lacked a story mode and focused more on multi-player.[11] In 2004, two sequels were released for the game. The first was the Game Boy Advance game WarioWare: Twisted!, which used the cartridge's tilt sensor to allows microgames to be controlled by tilting the handheld left and right.[15] The second was the Nintendo DS release WarioWare: Touched!, which incorporates the DS's touch screen and microphone in its gameplay.[16] One of the Wii's launch games in 2006 was WarioWare: Smooth Moves, which used the Wii Remote's motion sensing technologies in a variety of ways.[17] The Nintendo DS and Nintendo DSi have offered two new releases, 2008's WarioWare: Snapped!, which can be downloaded with the DSiWare service and uses the DSi's built-in front camera in its gameplay,[18] and the 2009 Nintendo DS game WarioWare D.I.Y., which allows players to create microgames.[19]Game & Wario for the Nintendo Wii U was released on June 23, 2013. [20] Although it does not use the WarioWare name, it incorporates gameplay and characters from the WarioWare series. The game also pays tribute to the original Game & Watch games.[21] In 2018, the Nintendo 3DS game WarioWare Gold was released, featuring over 300 microgames and combining elements from Twisted and Touched.

Other appearancesEdit

In Wario's Woods, Wario appears as the main antagonist who wants to take over the forest and is defeated by Toad.[11] That same year, Wario was also in the video game Wario Blast: Featuring Bomberman!, a remake of a Bomberman game for the Game Boy which incorporated Wario as a playable character.[11] Wario has been a playable character in the Mario Kart series starting with Mario Kart 64 , he has appeared in 30 Mario sports games, including the Mario Tennis, Mario Golf, Mario Baseball, Mario Strikers, and Mario & Sonic series.[22][23] Wario has also appeared in all installments of the Mario Party series except Mario Party Advance.[11] Wario is a playable character in 2 platformers for the Nintendo DS, the remake Super Mario 64 DS (2004) and Yoshi's Island DS (2006) as an infant version of himself,[11][24] as well as the 2001 puzzle game Dr. Mario 64. Sporting both his traditional attire from the Wario Land series and Mario series, and the biker outfit from the WarioWare series, Wario also appears as a playable fighter in Super Smash Bros. Brawl as well as its follow-ups, Super Smash Bros. for Nintendo 3DS and Wii U and Super Smash Bros. Ultimate. Wario's cameos include aiding protagonist Stafy in the video game Densetsu no Stafy 3 and being present in the scenery of Pilotwings 64.[11][25] Wario appears in Super Mario Maker as a Mystery Mushroom costume, once again sporting his biker attire from the WarioWare games. The Super Mario Adventures graphic novel, which is a collection of comics originally serialized in the video gaming magazine Nintendo Power, features Wario in two of the stories. One of the stories focuses on Wario's past, explaining his rivalry with Mario.[26]

Promotion and receptionEdit

Since his appearance in Wario Land: Super Mario Land 3, Wario has become a well-established mascot for Nintendo,[27] and he has received a largely positive reception. Nintendo Power described Wario as a "pretty uncool dude" which they "cannot help but like." They also listed his mustache as one of the best in Nintendo games.[28] Computer and Video Games found the levity of Wario's games "liberating" compared to big Nintendo franchises such as Mario and The Legend of Zelda. They also mention that, regarding the character, they "empathise more with the hopelessly materialistic Wario than goody brown-shoes Mario. Deep down, we'd all rather chase pounds over princesses."[29] IGN editor Travis Fahs comments that while Wario is not the most likeable character, his strong confidence overshadows his flaws and makes him entertaining.[30] The website later ranked Wario 31st in a list of the "Top 100 Videogame Villains".[31] In the book A Parent's Guide to Nintendo Games: A Comprehensive Look at the Systems and the Games, Craig Wessel described Wario as a "sinister twist" on Mario.[32] In Icons of Horror and the Supernatural: An Encyclopedia of Our Worst Nightmares, Volume 1, S. T. Joshi cites Waluigi and Wario as examples of alter egos, and how popular it is to feature such character archetypes.[33] Den of Geek ranked Wario on Super Smash Bros. Ultimate as the 18th best playable character.[34] In August 2019, a screenshot of Mario & Sonic at the Olympic Games Tokyo 2020 showing Wario in his swimwear appeared to depict him without nipples, leading fans and video game website Polygon to jokingly speculate about his lack of anatomical features. [35]


  1. ^ a b Oxford, David (February 1, 2008). "The History of Wario: Part 1". Kombo. Archived from the original on June 3, 2008. Retrieved May 8, 2010.
  2. ^ Fahs, Travis (July 27, 2009). "IGN Presents the History of Game Boy". IGN. Retrieved August 8, 2009.
  3. ^ "Voice Actor Says Wario Was Originally Intended To Be A German Character". Siliconera. December 15, 2016.
  4. ^ "E3 2002: Hands on Wario World". IGN. May 23, 2002. Retrieved August 29, 2011.
  5. ^ "IGN: Wario Biography". IGN. March 29, 2010. Archived from the original on July 12, 2009. Retrieved June 12, 2010.
  6. ^ "Cart Queries". GamePro (68). IDG. March 1995. p. 11.
  7. ^ Oxford, David (September 15, 2008). "Charles Martinet Celebrates 15 Years of Wario with Kombo". Kombo. Archived from the original on May 9, 2010. Retrieved October 1, 2009.
  8. ^ "Wario Land Interview". IGN. September 30, 2008. Archived from the original on November 18, 2008. Retrieved September 6, 2009.
  9. ^ a b "Drawing Wario: The animation of Wario Land". Nintendo of UK. September 18, 2008. Retrieved September 6, 2009.
  10. ^ "Nintendo R&D1 Interview with the WarioWare team". Kikizo. April 7, 2006. Retrieved September 6, 2009.
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "The Chronicles of Wario: A Retrospect". GameZone. February 15, 2005. Retrieved October 26, 2012.
  12. ^ "Mario and Wario for SNES". GameSpot. Retrieved June 30, 2009.
  13. ^ Dillard, Corbie (February 17, 2012). "Wario Land: Super Mario Land 3". Nintendo Life. Retrieved October 1, 2009.
  14. ^ Harris, Craig (March 2, 2007). "Wario: Master of Disguise Review". IGN. Retrieved October 1, 2009.
  15. ^ Gerstmann, Jeff (May 13, 2005). "WarioWare: Twisted! Review". GameSpot. Retrieved March 11, 2013.
  16. ^ Gerstmann, Jeff (February 11, 2005). "Warioware: Touched! Review". GameSpot. Retrieved March 11, 2013.
  17. ^ Gerstmann, Jeff (January 12, 2007). "Warioware: Smooth Moves Review". GameSpot. Retrieved March 11, 2013.
  18. ^ Ramsay, Randolph (April 3, 2009). "WarioWare: Snapped! Review". GameSpot. Retrieved March 11, 2013.
  19. ^ Harris, Craig (March 25, 2010). "WarioWare D.I.Y. Review – IGN". IGN. Retrieved March 11, 2013.
  20. ^ Ashcraft, Brain (December 5, 2012). "Game & Wario Is Nintendo's Newest Party Game". Kotaku. Archived from the original on January 28, 2013. Retrieved January 30, 2013.
  21. ^ Fletcher, JC (June 6, 2012). "Wii U's Game and Wario makes me Wario-wary". Joystiq. Retrieved March 10, 2013.
  22. ^ Casamassina, Matt (August 25, 2005). "Mario Superstar Baseball Review". IGN. Retrieved October 3, 2009.
  23. ^ Thomas, Aaron (January 30, 2008). "Mario & Sonic at the Olympic Games Review". GameSpot. Retrieved October 3, 2009.
  24. ^ Harris, Craig (November 6, 2006). "Yoshi's Island DS Review". IGN. Retrieved October 1, 2009.
  25. ^ Dillard, Corbie (May 29, 2009). "Densetsu no Stafi 3 (Retro) review". Nintendo Life. Retrieved October 1, 2009.
  26. ^ Takekuma, Kentaro; Nozawa, Charlie (January 1993). "Mario VS Wario". 44. Nintendo Power. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  27. ^ Thomas, Lucas M. (August 17, 2009). "The DSi Virtual Console Wishlist – DS Feature at IGN". IGN. Retrieved June 12, 2010.
  28. ^ Nintendo Power 250th issue!. South San Francisco, California: Future US. 2010. pp. 46, 47.
  29. ^ "Time Machine: Wario". Computer and Video Games. December 31, 2010. Retrieved August 26, 2011.
  30. ^ Fahs, Travis (July 25, 2008). "Wario Land: Super Mario Land 3 Retro Review – Game Boy Review at IGN". IGN. Retrieved June 12, 2010.
  31. ^ "Wario is number 31". IGN. Retrieved February 24, 2011.
  32. ^ Wessel, Craig (2001). A Parent's Guide to Nintendo Games: A Comprehensive Look at the Systems and the Games. Mars Publications. Retrieved June 12, 2010.
  33. ^ Joshi, S. T. (2007). Icons of horror and the supernatural: an encyclopedia of our worst nightmares, Volume 1. Greenwood Publishing Group. ISBN 9780313337819. Retrieved June 12, 2010.
  34. ^ "Super Smash Bros. Characters Ranked". Den of Geek.
  35. ^ Diaz, Ana (August 22, 2019). "We have some questions after seeing Wario shirtless". Polygon. Retrieved September 21, 2019.

External linksEdit