|Part of World War Two|
Strike photo taken during the attack by carrier planes.
|Type||Offensive bombing raids|
|Commanded by||Admiral James Somerville,|
|Executed by|| United States
Transom was the second of two raids—Operation Cockpit (against Sumatra) being the first—that marked the first big offensive raids by the British Fleet Air Arm in the Far East. The Royal Navy was building the British Pacific Fleet, its naval strength in the Indian Ocean, in preparation for joining the war in the Pacific. Transom provided experience in naval air raids and replenishment at sea. Aeroplanes from the aircraft carrier USS Saratoga also took part in the raids on Sumatra and Java, after a joint training exercise with the British ships. Seven land-based B-24 heavy bombers of the 380th Bombardment Group, U.S. Army Air Forces, made a follow-up night attack on Surabaya Harbor, from their base at Corunna Downs Airfield, in Western Australia.
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