Fukuoka Prefecture (Japanese: 福岡県, Hepburn: Fukuoka-ken) is a prefecture of Japan located on the island of Kyūshū.[3] Fukuoka Prefecture has a population of 5,109,323 (1 June 2019) and has a geographic area of 4,986 km2 (1,925 sq mi).[4] Fukuoka Prefecture borders Saga Prefecture to the southwest, Kumamoto Prefecture to the south, and Ōita Prefecture to the southeast.

Fukuoka Prefecture
福岡県
Japanese transcription(s)
 • Japanese福岡県
 • RōmajiFukuoka-ken
Aerial view of the seaside Momochi [ja] with the Fukuoka Tower and Momochi Seaside Park in the center and with the Fukuoka PayPay Dome to the left side
Aerial view of the seaside Momochi [ja] with the Fukuoka Tower and Momochi Seaside Park in the center and with the Fukuoka PayPay Dome to the left side
Flag of Fukuoka Prefecture
Official logo of Fukuoka Prefecture
Anthem: Kibō no Hikari
Location of Fukuoka Prefecture
Coordinates: 33°36′N 130°35′E / 33.600°N 130.583°E / 33.600; 130.583
CountryJapan
RegionKyushu
IslandKyushu
CapitalFukuoka
SubdivisionsDistricts: 12, Municipalities: 60
Government
 • GovernorSeitaro Hattori[1] (since April 2021)
Area
 • Total4,986.52 km2 (1,925.31 sq mi)
 • Rank29th
Population
 (June 1, 2019)
 • Total5,109,323
 • Rank9th
 • Density1,000/km2 (2,700/sq mi)
 • Dialects
Chikuzen・Buzen・Chikuho
GDP
 • TotalJP¥ 19,942 billion
US$ 183.0 billion (2019)
ISO 3166 codeJP-40
Websitewww.pref.fukuoka.lg.jp/somu/
multilingual/english/top.html
Symbols of Japan
BirdJapanese bush warbler (Cettia diphone)
FlowerUme blossom (Prunus mume)
TreeAzalea (Rhododendron tsutsusi)

Fukuoka is the capital and largest city of Fukuoka Prefecture, and the largest city on Kyūshū, with other major cities including Kitakyushu, Kurume, and Ōmuta.[5] Fukuoka Prefecture is located at the northernmost point of Kyūshū on the Kanmon Straits, connecting the Tsushima Strait and the Seto Inland Sea across from Yamaguchi Prefecture on the island of Honshu, and extends south towards the Ariake Sea.

History edit

Fukuoka Prefecture includes the former provinces of Chikugo, Chikuzen, and Buzen.[6]

Shrines and temples edit

Kōra taisha, Sumiyoshi-jinja, and Hakozaki-gū are the chief Shinto shrines (ichinomiya) in the prefecture.[7]

Geography edit

 
Map of Fukuoka Prefecture      Government Ordinance Designated City      City      Town      Village

Fukuoka Prefecture faces the sea on three sides, bordering Saga, Ōita, and Kumamoto prefectures and facing Yamaguchi Prefecture across the Kanmon Straits.

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
18901,236,015—    
19031,571,158+1.86%
19131,926,417+2.06%
19202,188,249+1.84%
19252,301,668+1.02%
19302,527,119+1.89%
19352,755,804+1.75%
19403,094,132+2.34%
19452,746,855−2.35%
19503,530,169+5.15%
19553,859,764+1.80%
19604,006,679+0.75%
19653,964,611−0.21%
19704,027,416+0.31%
19754,292,963+1.29%
19804,553,461+1.19%
19854,719,259+0.72%
19904,811,050+0.39%
19954,933,393+0.50%
20005,015,699+0.33%
20055,049,908+0.14%
20105,071,968+0.09%
20155,101,556+0.12%
source:[8]

As of 1 April 2012, 18% of the land area of the prefecture was designated as natural parks: Setonaikai National Park, Genkai, Kitakyūshū, and Yaba-Hita-Hikosan quasi-national parks, and Chikugogawa, Chikuhō, Dazaifu, Sefuri Raizan, and Yabegawa Prefectural Natural Parks.[9]

Fukuoka includes the two largest cities on Kyūshū, Fukuoka and Kitakyushu, and much of Kyūshū's industry. It also includes a number of small islands near the north coast of Kyūshū.

Cities edit

Twenty-nine cities are in Fukuoka Prefecture:

Towns and villages edit

These are the towns and villages in each district:

Mergers edit

Economy edit

Fukuoka prefecture's main cities form one of Japan's main industrial centers, accounting for nearly 40% of the economy of Kyūshū.[10] GDP exceeds 154 billion US dollars, comparable to that of a medium-sized country.[11] Major industries include automobiles, semiconductors, and steel. Fukuoka prefecture is where tire manufacturer Bridgestone[12] and consumer electronics chain Best Denki were founded.

Well-known company headquartered in Fukuoka are as follows: [13]

  • TOTO Ltd. (founded in 1917)
  • Yasukawa Electric Corporation (founded in 1915)
  • PIETRO Co., Ltd. (founded in 1980)
  • ZENRIN CO., Ltd. (founded in 1949)
  • SANIX INCORPORATED (founded in 1975)
  • HASEGAWA Co.Ltd. (founded in 1929)
  • Plenus Co., Ltd. (founded in 1976)
  • LEVEL-5 Inc. (founded in 1998)
  • Star Flyer Inc. (founded in 2002)
  • DAIICHI KOUTSU SANGYO Co., Ltd. (founded in 1960)
  • Shabondama Soap Co., Ltd. (founded in 1910)
  • MoonStar Company. (founded in 1873)
  • Shinoken Group. Co., Ltd. (founded in 1990)

Universities edit

One of Japan's top 5 universities, Kyushu University, is located in Fukuoka.

Institution Location
Fukuoka University Fukuoka
Kurume University Kurume
Kyushu Institute of Technology Kitakyūshū and Iizuka
Kyushu University Fukuoka and Kasuga
Seinan Gakuin University Fukuoka
Kyushu Institute of Information Sciences Dazaifu
Kyushu Sangyo University Fukuoka
Fukuoka Women's University Fukuoka
Fukuoka University of Education Munakata

Demographics edit

 
Fukuoka prefecture population pyramid

According to October 2018 estimates, the population in Fukuoka Prefecture reached 5,111,494 inhabitants, making the prefecture the 9th most populated of Japan's 47 prefectures. It is one of the few prefectures with a steadily increasing population.[14]

Culture edit

 
Fukuoka City Museum
 
Fukuoka Asian Art Museum
Bulwarks against Mongol Invasion video
  • Fukuoka Art Museum – In Ohori Park; contains a wide selection of contemporary and other art from around the world
  • Fukuoka Asian Art Museum – contains art from Asia
  • Fukuoka City Museum – displays a broad range of items from the region's history, including a spectacular gold seal
  • Genko Historical Museum [ja] (元寇史料館, Museum of the Mongol Invasion) in Higashi Koen [ja] (East Park) displays Japanese and Mongolian arms and armor from the 13th century as well as paintings on historical subjects; open on weekends
  • Hakata Machiya Folk Museum – Dedicated to displaying the traditional ways of life, speech, and culture of the Fukuoka region
  • Fukuoka Castle – a castle in Chūō-ku, Fukuoka
  • Hakata Gion Yamakasa – Japanese festival celebrated 1–15 July
  • Ōhori Park – a registered Place of Scenic Beauty
  • Kyushu National Museum – The collections cover the history of Kyūshū from prehistory to the Meiji era with particular emphasis on the rich history of cultural exchange between Kyūshū and neighboring China and Korea
  • HKT48 Theater – where the idol group HKT48 performs every day
  • LinQ – the Kyushu idol group meaning "Love in Kyushu", local theater where the LinQ performs weekly on Saturday and Sunday in Tenjin Best Hall
  • Bairin-jiRinzai temple and garden in Kurume

Major events and festivals edit

  • Hakata Dontaku Harbour Festival, Tenjin, Fukuoka on May 3 and 4
  • Hakata Gion Yamagasa, Kushida Shrine, Fukuoka in July
  • Kokura Gion Yamagasa, Kitakyushu in July
  • Tobata Gion Yamagasa, Kitakyushu in July
  • Kurosaki Gion Yamagasa, Kitakyushu in July
  • Kitahara Hakushu Festival, Yanagawa on November 1 to 3[citation needed]

Sports edit

 
Level5 Stadium, home of Avispa Fukuoka
 
Fukuoka Yahuoku Dome, home of the Softbank Hawks

The sports teams listed below are based in Fukuoka.

Football (soccer)
Baseball
Basketball
Rugby
 
Mikuni World Stadium, home of Giravanz Kitakyushu

The prefecture hosts the Fukuoka International Cross Country competition. The prefecture also hosted the Fukuoka Marathon, which was an elite marathon in which marathon world records were established twice during its 75 year existence.[15] Its final race took place in 2021.[16]

Crime and safety edit

Fukuoka Prefecture has the most designated yakuza groups among all of the prefectures, at five: the Kudo-kai, the Taishu-kai, the Fukuhaku-kai, the Dojin-kai and the Namikawa-kai.[17] Between 2004 and 2009, and in early 2011,[18] Fukuoka Prefecture led the nation in gun-related incidents.[19] These incidents were mostly related to the local yakuza syndicates, specifically the Kudo-kai, the Dojin-kai, and the Kyushu Seido-kai.[18]

Fukuoka Prefecture had the highest frequency of youth crime among the prefectures of Japan from 2003 to 2007.[20]

According to statistics from the national police, the crime rate in Fukuoka was the eighth-highest in 2017, lower than in Osaka, Tokyo, Hyogo, Aichi, Saitama, Chiba and Ibaraki.[21]

Tourism edit

 
Fukuoka Tower from Seaside Momochi
 
Riverwalk Kitakyushu
 
A sightseeing boat in Yanagawa Canal
 
Dazaifu Tenmangū

The most popular place for tourism is Fukuoka City, especially during the Dontaku festival, which attracts millions of visitors from across Japan during Golden Week.[22] Fukuoka is the main shopping, dining, transportation and entertainment hub in Kyushu.

Dazaifu is popular for its many temples and historical sites, as well as the Kyushu National Museum.

Yanagawa is sometimes called "the Venice of Japan" for its boat tours on the abundant, calm rivers that wind through the city.[23]

Kitakyushu features one of the famous night views of Japan from atop Mt. Sarakura, accessible via cablecar. The Mojiko area features waterfront dining, a market, and several preserved historical buildings. The Kanmon Kaikyo Tunnel which connects Kyushu (Moji ward, Kitakyushu) and Honshu (Shimonoseki) is free to walk through. The city center in Kokurakita ward contains the Riverwalk and Itsutsuya shopping complexes, Kokura castle, and the Uomachi Gintengai shopping arcade, the oldest shopping arcade in Japan.[24]

In the "19 best places to visit in 2019" published by the U.S. CNN, Fukuoka Prefecture was chosen as the only destination in Japan. [25]

Transportation edit

 
Hakata Station
 
Nishitetsu Tenjin Ōmuta Line
 
Hakata Ferry Terminal

Railway services edit

Airports edit

Sister regions edit

Citations edit

  1. ^ Hattori Elected, Fukuoka Governor (April 12, 2021). "Hattori Elected Fukuoka Governor for 1st Time". Jiji Press. NHK. Retrieved 11 May 2022.
  2. ^ "2020年度国民経済計算(2015年基準・2008SNA) : 経済社会総合研究所 - 内閣府". 内閣府ホームページ (in Japanese). Retrieved 2023-05-18.
  3. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Fukuoka-ken" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 218, p. 218, at Google Books.
  4. ^ "都道府県 人口ランキング". Retrieved November 27, 2018.
  5. ^ Nussbaum, "Fukuoka" in p. 218, p. 218, at Google Books.
  6. ^ Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" in p. 780, p. 780, at Google Books.
  7. ^ "Nationwide List of Ichinomiya," p. 3 Archived May 17, 2013, at the Wayback Machine; retrieved 2012-10-26.
  8. ^ Statistics Bureau of Japan
  9. ^ "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture" (PDF). Ministry of the Environment. 1 April 2012. Retrieved 8 December 2013.
  10. ^ "九州のポテンシャル". 福岡銀行. Retrieved 2023-05-16.
  11. ^ "Fukuoka". JETRO. Retrieved 2023-05-16.
  12. ^ "Bridgestone Holds the Opening Ceremony for its Kitakyushu Plant". Bridgestone. August 4, 2009. Archived from the original on October 27, 2013. Retrieved September 17, 2009.
  13. ^ "意外と知らない福岡に本社を置く有名企業13社". 2019-02-07. Retrieved 2023-05-23.
  14. ^ Growing Cities, In Japan (13 November 2019). "List of cities that are exceeding the birth rate". www.villagehouse.jp. Retrieved 11 May 2022.
  15. ^ Nakamura, Ken. Marathon - A history of the Fukuoka International Marathon Championships by K. Ken Nakamura - Part 1 1947-1966. IAAF. Retrieved on 2010-02-28.
  16. ^ Johnson, Len (2021-12-06). "Farewell to Fukuoka".
  17. ^ "福岡県内の指定暴力団"
  18. ^ a b "Gunfire, The worst in the nation, None has been solved" Archived 2012-09-05 at archive.today, 23 June 2011, Nishinippon Shimbun (in Japanese)
  19. ^ "Fukuoka yakuza groups tackle police pressure in all-out war", 4 May 2010, The Tokyo Reporter, from Friday May 14, p.22-23 (in Japanese)
  20. ^ 非行防げ、捜査員奮闘…少年犯罪全国ワースト1の福岡 Archived 2009-02-12 at the Wayback Machine, Yomiuri Shimbun (in Japanese)
  21. ^ "「犯罪の県民性」大阪が全国ワースト、殺人1位、すり2位". Diamond Online. 2 June 2018. Retrieved November 27, 2018.
  22. ^ "Hakata Dontaku Festival". Japan National Tourism Organization. Retrieved November 27, 2018.
  23. ^ "水の国 柳川". 筑後七国よかとこ巡り旅. Retrieved November 27, 2018.
  24. ^ "Uomachi-gintengai Street". Kitakyushu City Travel Guide. Retrieved November 27, 2018.
  25. ^ "CNN Travel's 19 best places to visit in 2019". CNN travel. 2 January 2019. Retrieved 2023-05-16.
  26. ^ Hawaii and, Fukuoka friendship agreement. "HAWAII-FUKUOKA SISTER STATE RELATIONSHIP". http://hawaiifukuokakenjinkai/. Fukuoka Keniinkai. Retrieved 11 May 2022.

General references edit

External links edit