Shimonoseki (下関市 Shimonoseki-shi) is a city located in Yamaguchi Prefecture, Japan（Shimonoseki is a biggest city in Yamaguchi Prefecture）. It is at the southwestern tip of Honshu, facing the Tsushima Strait and also Kitakyushu across the Kanmon Straits.
Location of Shimonoseki in Yamaguchi Prefecture
|• Mayor||Shintaro Maeda (since 2017)|
|• Total||716.14 km2 (276.50 sq mi)|
|Population (October 1, 2016)|
|• Density||370/km2 (960/sq mi)|
|• Tree||Camphor Laurel|
|• Flower||Crinum asiaticum|
|Time zone||UTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)|
|City hall address||
1-1 Nanbu, Shimonoseki-shi, Yamaguchi-ken|
The city prior to 1902 was commonly known as Bakan (馬關) and formally Akamagaseki (赤間關).
On February 13, 2005, Shimonoseki absorbed the towns of Hōhoku, Kikugawa, Toyota and Toyoura (all from Toyoura District) to create the new and expanded city of Shimonseki. Since October 1, 2005, the city has been designated as a core city by the Japanese Government.
The geographical position of Shimonoseki has given it historical importance, especially with the Bombardment of Shimonoseki in 1864 and the Treaty of Shimonoseki, where a defeated China handed over Taiwan, Penghu, and Port Arthur to the victorious Japanese in 1895.
|Climate data for Shimonoseki, Yamaguchi|
|Average high °C (°F)||8.5
|Daily mean °C (°F)||5.8
|Average low °C (°F)||3.4
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||73.5
|Average snowfall cm (inches)||5
|Average relative humidity (%)||65||66||68||73||75||80||82||78||76||70||69||66||72|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||89.7||106.1||165.9||176.0||200.7||159.0||183.0||213.2||164.4||177.6||132.2||100.0||1,867.8|
|Source: NOAA (1961-1990)|
Major companies and institutesEdit
- Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Ltd., Shimonoseki Shipyard and Machinery Works
- Yamaguchi Financial Group, Inc.
- The Yamaguchi Bank, Ltd.
- Momiji Bank,Ltd.
- YM Securities Co.,Ltd.
- Hayashikane Sangyo Co., Ltd.
- Chofu Seisakusho Co., Ltd.
- Harakosan Co., Ltd.
- Minato-Yamaguchi Co., Ltd.
- Yamaguchi Shimbun
- Minato Shimbun
Ferries from Shimonoseki Port International TerminalEdit
- The Kanpu ferry to Pusan in South Korea regularly.
- The Gwangyang Beech to Gwangyang in South Korea regularly.
- The Orient ferry to Shanghai in China regularly.
- The Orient ferry to Qingdao in China was suspended in November 2015. 
- The main Shinkansen station
- The main JR West stations
- Sanyō Main Line
- San'in Main Line
Regular bus services are provided by Sanden Kohtsu, as well as by group companies of Sanden Kohtsu.
- Bus companies (A loop-line bus in the city.)
- Sanden Kohtsu Co.,Ltd.
- Blue Line Kohtsu Co.,Ltd.
- Intercity bus services (arrival and departure in Shimonoseki city) go to the following destinations: Tokyo, Osaka, Kobe, Hiroshima, Fukuoka, Fukuoka Airport, etc.
- Shimonoseki interchange
- Ozuki interchange
- Ozuki Bypass
- Shimonoseki-Kita Bypass
Shimonoseki is served by four airports outside the city.
Universities and collegesEdit
- National Fisheries University (水産大学校 Suisan daigakkō) (Yoshimi)
- Shimonoseki City University (Daigaku-cho)
- University of East Asia (Shin-Shimonoseki Station)
- Baiko Gakuin University (Higashieki)
- Shimonoseki Junior College (Sakurayama-cho)
Primary and secondary schoolsEdit
This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (October 2015)
The city has a North Korean school, Yamaguchi Korean Elementary and Junior High School (山口朝鮮初中級学校). It formerly housed two other North Korean schools, Yamaguchi Korean High School and Shimonoseki Korean Elementary and Junior High School (下関朝鮮初中級学校).
Shimonoseki is home to many festivals that are held throughout the year. Of these, the most famous are Shimonoseki Kaikyo Festival and Shimonoseki Bakan Festival.
- Shimonoseki Fugu (Blowfish) Festival (February) : Haedomari Market
- Kawatana Onsen(hot spring) Festival (April)
- Shimonoseki Kaikyo Festival (May) : Karato, Ganryujima Island
- Suhouteisai Festival (August) : Castle town Chofu
- Kanmon Kaikyo Fireworks Festival (August) : Karato(Aruka Port area)
- Shimonoseki Bakan Festival (August) : Along the street from Karato-cho to Shimonoseki Station
- TOUR de Shimonoseki (October/November)
- Shimonoseki Kaikyo Marathon (November)
- Shimonoseki Fish Festival (November) : Shimonoseki Fishing Port
- Little Busan Fest (November) : Green Mall
- Kōzan-ji - The butsuden completed in 1320 is a National Treasure of Japan.
- Akama Shrine
- Kaikyō Yume Tower
- Shimonoseki City Art Museum
- Shimonoseki Chofu Museum
- Shimonoseki City Archaeological Museum
- Shimonoseki Marine Science Museum (Shimonoseki City Aquarium) (Kaikyo Kan)
- Doigahama Site Anthropological Museum
- The firefly museum of toyota town
- The Yamagin Archive (やまぎん史料館) of the Yamaguchi Bank
Crime and safetyEdit
- US Department of State. (1906). A digest of international law as embodied in diplomatic discussions, treaties and other international agreements (John Bassett Moore, ed.), Vol. 5, p. 759.
- "Shimonoseki Climate Normals 1961-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved January 6, 2013.
- "オリエントフェリー運航一時休止について（お知らせ）" (PDF). Archived from the original on 2016-02-07.
- "ウリハッキョ一覧" (Archive). Chongryon. Retrieved on October 14, 2015.
- "ウリハッキョ一覧" (). Chongryon. November 6, 2005. Retrieved on October 15, 2015.
- http://kam.edu.city.shimonoseki.yamaguchi.jp/~kyouiku/下関市内小中学校/ list of elementary and junior high schools
- http://www.shimosho.ed.jp/wordpress/ Shimonoseki Commercial High School
- "The 7th President announces the succession, The Goda-ikka, The Prefectural Police on red alert", 21 October 2009, Yamaguchi Shimbun (in Japanese)
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-05-16. Retrieved 2007-06-16.
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