Buzen Province

Buzen Province (豊前国, Buzen no kuni) was an old province of Japan in northern Kyūshū in the area of Fukuoka Prefecture and Ōita Prefecture.[1] It was sometimes called Hōshū (豊州), with Bungo Province. Buzen bordered on Bungo and Chikuzen Provinces.

Map of Japanese provinces (1868) with Buzen Province highlighted


The ruins of the ancient capital of the province were found near Toyotsu, Fukuoka. The castle town of Kokura was also in Buzen, and a seat of many feudal rulers.

View of Buzen Province, woodblock print by Hiroshige, 1854

During the Meiji period, the provinces of Japan were converted into prefectures. Maps of Japan and Buzen Province were reformed in the 1870s.[2]

After the abolition of the clan system in 1871 Buzen Province became Kokura Prefecture for four years until it was absorbed by Fukuoka Prefecture in 1876. At the same time, the province continued to exist for some purposes. For example, Buzen is explicitly recognized in the 1894 treaties with the United States and the United Kingdom.[3]

Shrines and templesEdit

Usa jinjū was the chief Shinto shrine (ichinomiya) of Buzen. [4]

Historical districtsEdit

See alsoEdit



  • Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric and Käthe Roth. (2005). Japan encyclopedia. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5; OCLC 58053128
  • Papinot, Edmond. (1910). Historical and Geographic Dictionary of Japan. Tokyo: Librarie Sansaisha. OCLC 77691250

External linksEdit

  Media related to Buzen Province at Wikimedia Commons