|Hakozaki Shrine (筥崎宮 Hakozaki-gū)|
Hakozaki Shrine's rōmon
|Glossary of Shinto|
During the first Mongol invasion on November 19, 1274 (Bun'ei 11, 20th day of the 10th month), the Japanese defenders were pushed back from the several landing sites. In the ensuring skirmishes, the shrine was burned to the ground. When the shrine was reconstructed, a calligraphy Tekikoku kōfuku (敵国降伏; surrender of the enemy nation) was put on the tower gate. The calligraphy was written by Emperor Daigo, dedicated by Emperor Daijo Kameyama to supplicated to defeat enemies who invade.
The shrine is highly ranked among the many shrines in Japan. It was listed in Engishiki-jinmyōchō (延喜式神名帳) edited in 927. In 11th century or 12th century, the shrine was ranked as Ichinomiya (一宮; first shrine) of Chikuzen Province.
From 1871-1946, Hakozaki was officially designated a Kanpei-taisha (官幣大社), in the first rank of government supported shrines. Other similar Hachiman shrines were Iwashimizu Hachimangū of Yawata in Kyoto Prefecture and Usa Shrine of Usa in Ōita Prefecture.
The annual Tamaseseri Festival (January 3) and the Hojoya Festival (September 12–18) attract many to visit the shrine.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Hakozaki Shrine.|
- Ponsonby-Fane, Richard. (1962). Studies in Shinto and Shrines, p. 339.
- Mongol Invasions of Japan
- Davis, Paul K. (2001). 100 decisive battles: from ancient times to the present, p. 147.
- Turnbull, Stephen R. (2003). Genghis Khan & the Mongol Conquests 1190–1400, p. 66.
- Ponsonby-Fane, Richard Arthur Brabazon. (1959). The Imperial House of Japan, pp. 124-126.
- Ponsonby-Fane, Shrines, p. 195.
- Fukuoka/Hakata Tourist Information website: Hakozaki Shrine.
- Davis, Paul K. (1999). 100 Decisive Battles: From Ancient Times to the Present. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-514366-9; OCLC 0195143663
- Ponsonby-Fane, Richard Arthur Brabazon. (1962). Studies in Shinto and Shrines. Kyoto: Ponsonby Memorial Society. OCLC 399449
- Turnbull, Stephen R. (2003). Genghis Khan & the Mongol Conquests, 1190-1400. London: Taylor & Francis. ISBN 978-0-415-96862-1
- (in Japanese) Hakozaki Shrine website
- (in Japanese) Fukuoka/Hakata Tourist Information website, Hakozaki Shrine, images + video