Usa (宇佐市, Usa-shi) is a city located in Ōita Prefecture, Japan at the tip of Kunisaki Peninsula in northern Kyushu.

Usa
宇佐市
Flag of Usa
Location of Usa in Ōita Prefecture
Location of Usa in Ōita Prefecture
Usa is located in Japan
Usa
Usa
 
Coordinates: 33°31′55″N 131°20′58″E / 33.5319719°N 131.3495446°E / 33.5319719; 131.3495446Coordinates: 33°31′55″N 131°20′58″E / 33.5319719°N 131.3495446°E / 33.5319719; 131.3495446
CountryJapan
RegionKyushu
PrefectureŌita Prefecture
Government
 • MayorShuji Korenaga
Area
 • Total439.12 km2 (169.55 sq mi)
Population
 (March 1, 2017)
 • Total55,534
 • Density130/km2 (330/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
Phone number0978-32-1111
Address1-1030 Ōaza-Ueda, Usa-shi, Ōita-ken
879-0492
ClimateCfa
WebsiteCity of Usa
Symbols
FlowerRhododendron
TreeQuercus gilva

Notable for the Usa Jingū, the head shrine of all 40,000 Hachiman shrines across Japan, the city annually attracts as many as 1.8 million worshipers from all over the country on New Year's Day. There are other tourist attractions in the city, such as the temple of Hongan-ji Betsuin, making it one of the prefecture's leading tourist cities.

As of March 2017, the city has an estimated population of 55,534 and a population density of 130 persons per km². The total area is 439.12 km².

HistoryEdit

The town of Usa became a city on April 1, 1967. On March 31, 2005, the towns of Ajimu and Innai (both from Usa District) were merged into Usa.

GeographyEdit

Usa is located at the tip of the Kunisaki Peninsula in northern Kyushu.

Usa is made up of three areas.

  • Usa, the area surrounding the Usa Jingū (also known as the Usa Shrine)
  • Yokkaichi, the area surrounding the Hongan-ji temple, and an administrative town from the Edo Period
  • Nagasu, a port area

ClimateEdit

Usa has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa) with hot summers and cool winters. Precipitation is significant throughout the year, but is somewhat lower in winter. The average annual temperature in Usa is 14.9 °C (58.8 °F). The average annual rainfall is 1,729.1 mm (68.07 in) with July as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 26.4 °C (79.5 °F), and lowest in January, at around 4.0 °C (39.2 °F).[1] The highest temperature ever recorded in Usa was 37.8 °C (100.0 °F) on 31 July 2015; the coldest temperature ever recorded was −9.0 °C (15.8 °F) on 26 February 1981.[2]

Climate data for Innai, Usa (1991−2020 normals, extremes 1977−present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 21.8
(71.2)
26.1
(79.0)
27.5
(81.5)
31.4
(88.5)
33.0
(91.4)
35.5
(95.9)
37.8
(100.0)
37.4
(99.3)
35.1
(95.2)
30.9
(87.6)
28.4
(83.1)
24.5
(76.1)
37.8
(100.0)
Average high °C (°F) 9.4
(48.9)
10.5
(50.9)
14.2
(57.6)
19.8
(67.6)
24.5
(76.1)
26.8
(80.2)
30.9
(87.6)
31.7
(89.1)
27.6
(81.7)
22.6
(72.7)
17.2
(63.0)
11.7
(53.1)
20.6
(69.0)
Daily mean °C (°F) 4.0
(39.2)
4.9
(40.8)
8.3
(46.9)
13.4
(56.1)
18.2
(64.8)
21.8
(71.2)
25.8
(78.4)
26.4
(79.5)
22.5
(72.5)
16.7
(62.1)
11.0
(51.8)
5.9
(42.6)
14.9
(58.8)
Average low °C (°F) −0.7
(30.7)
−0.4
(31.3)
2.5
(36.5)
7.1
(44.8)
12.4
(54.3)
17.6
(63.7)
21.9
(71.4)
22.3
(72.1)
18.5
(65.3)
11.7
(53.1)
5.7
(42.3)
0.9
(33.6)
10.0
(49.9)
Record low °C (°F) −8.3
(17.1)
−9.0
(15.8)
−8.6
(16.5)
−3.2
(26.2)
0.7
(33.3)
6.2
(43.2)
12.4
(54.3)
15.0
(59.0)
5.6
(42.1)
−0.6
(30.9)
−3.8
(25.2)
−7.5
(18.5)
−9.0
(15.8)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 59.5
(2.34)
70.7
(2.78)
106.2
(4.18)
114.7
(4.52)
130.5
(5.14)
302.4
(11.91)
307.2
(12.09)
178.5
(7.03)
220.7
(8.69)
115.8
(4.56)
69.0
(2.72)
53.9
(2.12)
1,729.1
(68.07)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 8.4 8.7 11.2 9.9 9.3 13.7 12.6 10.1 10.8 7.5 8.0 7.6 117.8
Mean monthly sunshine hours 127.5 130.2 159.0 181.7 191.4 127.8 162.7 187.8 141.9 161.1 141.7 129.0 1,841.8
Source: Japan Meteorological Agency[2][1]

DemographicsEdit

Per Japanese census data, the population of Usa in 2020 is 52,771 people.[3] Usa has been conducting censuses since 1950.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1950 98,429—    
1955 95,317−3.2%
1960 87,460−8.2%
1965 77,025−11.9%
1970 71,020−7.8%
1975 67,777−4.6%
1980 67,811+0.1%
1985 67,960+0.2%
1990 65,541−3.6%
1995 63,819−2.6%
2000 62,349−2.3%
2005 60,809−2.5%
2010 59,015−3.0%
2015 56,258−4.7%
2020 52,771−6.2%
Usa population statistics[3]

TourismEdit

AttractionsEdit

Futaba no Sato, a museum dedicated to sumo wrestler Futabayama Sadaji, is located in the city. There is a statue outside the museum, built by the government in 1999, depicting the names and hand prints of three sumo wrestlers who have won more than 60 competitive bouts. In addition to Futubayama, Tanikaze Kajinosuke and Hakuhō Shō are represented on the statue.[4]

 
West gate of Usa Shrine

Usa Jingū is situated in the city, and attracts as many as 1.8 million visitors annually.[4] Nearby is the Ōita Prefectural Museum of History.

AnecdotesEdit

Product labelingEdit

There have been claims that products made in this town and exported to the US in the 1960s carried the label "MADE IN USA", for it to appear as if the product was made in the United States. There are reports that the name of the town was changed to "USA" for this purpose. The aforementioned claims are false. The city had this name long before the 1960s. Usa is a city and products must be labeled by country of origin, making it highly improbable that this would be an adequate loophole. In addition, any products being imported to the U.S. marked as being "made in USA" would have been flagged.[5]

Notable peopleEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b 気象庁 / 平年値(年・月ごとの値). JMA. Retrieved April 22, 2022.
  2. ^ a b 観測史上1~10位の値(年間を通じての値). JMA. Retrieved April 22, 2022.
  3. ^ a b Usa population statistics
  4. ^ a b c "A visit to Usa, the Japanese city that knows how to win". Japan Times. Retrieved 3 April 2015.
  5. ^ "Made in USA". Snopes. January 16, 2007. Retrieved December 12, 2009.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Usa, Ōita at Wikimedia Commons