Akita (秋田市, Akita-shi, Japanese: [aꜜki̥ta]) is the capital city of Akita Prefecture, Japan, and has been designated a core city since 1 April 1997. As of 1 January 2020[update], the city has an estimated population of 305,625, 136,628 households and a population density of 340 persons per km2. The total area of the city is 906.07 square kilometres (349.84 sq mi).
|First official recorded||659 AD|
|City Settled||April 1, 1889|
|• Mayor||Motomu Hozumi|
|• Total||906.07 km2 (349.84 sq mi)|
(January 1, 2020)
|• Density||340/km2 (870/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)|
|- Tree||Zelkova serrata|
|- Flower||Satsuki azalea|
|Address||1-1 Sanno 1-chome, Akita-shi 010-8560|
The area of present-day Akita was part of ancient Dewa Province, and has been inhabited for thousands of years. The Jizōden ruins within the city limits are a major archaeological site with artifacts from the Japanese Paleolithic period through the Jōmon and Yayoi periods. During the Nara period, the Yamato court established Akita Castle in 733 AD to bring the local Emishi tribes under its control. The area was ruled by a succession of local samurai clans in the Sengoku period, before coming under the control of the Satake clan of Kubota Domain during the Edo period. Under the Tokugawa shogunate, a castle town developed around Kubota Castle.
Meiji and Taishō ErasEdit
With the start of the Meiji period, Kubota Domain was abolished, and its castle town divided into the towns of Akita and Kubota. Akita Prefecture was established in 1871, and Shima Yoshitake was named the first governor. Ancient Akita District was divided into Kitaakita and Minamiakita Districts in 1878. Most of Akita town burned down in a great fire on 30 April 1886.
With the establishment of the modern municipalities system on 1 April 1889, the city of Akita was officially established, including former Kubota and Akita towns. The port area was separated into Tsuchizaki-Minato Town, which became part of Minamiakita District. The first city hall was located inside the former Minamiakita District office. In September 1898, the Imperial Japanese Army's 17th Infantry Regiment was based in Akita. The first public library was opened in 1898, electrification of Tsuchizaki began in 1901, and Akita Station was opened in 1902, as well as running water and telephone services in 1907.
War devastated the city on 14 August 1945. During the Tsuchizaki air raid, over 250 people were killed when 134 USAAF B-29 Superfortress, attacked the city from midnight to the early dawn. A Nippon Oil oil refinery in the Tsuchizaki area was targeted.
On 1 April 1997, Akita was designated as a core city with increased autonomy. The Akita Shinkansen began operations the same year. In August 2001, the World Games were held in Akita, with the opening ceremony held in the Yabase Track and Field Stadium. In 2004, the city celebrated its 400th anniversary and its beginnings as Kubota Castle town.
On 11 January 2005, the towns of Kawabe and Yūwa (both from Kawabe District) were merged into Akita. Kawabe District was dissolved as a result of this merger. The location of Akita City Hall did not change, and former Kawabe and Yūwa Town Halls are used as civic centers. The 62nd National Sports Festival of Japan was held in Akita in 2007.
Akita belongs to a climatic transition zone humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa) and is the most populous city having absolute northern extremity of this climate zone within Japan, bordering very closely with the humid continental climate (Köppen Dfa) zone, comparable to New York City, USA. Akita is characterized with cold, very snowy, winters, and very warm, humid summers. Monthly averages range from 0.1 °C (32.2 °F) in January to 24.9 °C (76.8 °F) in August. Due to its location near the Sea of Japan coast, it receives heavy snowfall, with just above 377 centimetres (148 in) per season, with accumulation occurring mostly from December to March. Precipitation is well-distributed and significant throughout the year, but is greater in the latter half. Over two thirds of all days see some precipitation, either rain or snow.
|Climate data for Akita (1991−2020 normals, extremes 1882−present)|
|Record high °C (°F)||13.7
|Average high °C (°F)||3.1
|Daily mean °C (°F)||0.4
|Average low °C (°F)||−2.1
|Record low °C (°F)||−19.8
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||118.9
|Average snowfall cm (inches)||100
|Average precipitation days (≥ 0.5 mm)||23.8||20.0||17.4||13.2||12.7||11.4||13.2||11.7||13.5||16.0||19.6||23.6||196.0|
|Average relative humidity (%)||74||72||68||67||71||74||79||76||74||73||73||74||73|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||39.0||64.3||121.5||168.6||184.9||179.5||150.3||186.9||160.8||143.1||83.2||45.3||1,527.4|
|Source: Japan Meteorological Agency|
Akita has a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city assembly with 39 members. The city contributes 12 members to the Akita Prefectural Assembly. In terms of national politics, the city is part of Akita District 1 of the lower house of the Diet of Japan.
The economy of Akita remains heavily dependent on agriculture (particularly rice cultivation), forestry and mineral extraction. Akita contains one of the most important oil fields in Japan. Oil refining, woodworking, metalworking, and the production of silk textiles are the main industries. Akita is also home to two regional banks that serve Akita prefecture and the greater Tōhoku region: Akita Bank and Hokuto Bank.
The Akita Thermal Power Station is located in the city.
- Akita University
- Akita Prefectural University
- Akita International University
- North Asia University
- Seirei Women's Junior College
- Japanese Red Cross Akita College of Nursing
- Akita University of Art
- Akita Nutrition Junior College
- Misono Gakuen Junior College
- Open University of Japan Akita learning center
Primary and secondary educationEdit
Akita has 44 city and one national elementary schools, 22 city, one prefectural, one national and one private middle schools, and one combined city middle/high school. There are eight prefectural, one city and seven private high schools, as well as four prefectural and one national special education school.
- Akita Rinkai Railway Company (freight)
- Akita Expressway
- Nihonkai-Tōhoku Expressway
- National Route 7
- National Route 13
- National Route 46
- National Route 101
- National Route 285
- National Route 341
- Site of Kubota Castle (Senshu Park)
- Site of Akita Castle (Takashimizu Park), National Historc Site
- Minato Castle (Tsuchizaki Gaiku Park, Shinmeisha)
- Jizōden ruins, National Historic Site
- Akita Prefectural Museum
- Akita Senshū Museum of Art
- Akita Museum of Art
- Akita Omoriyama Zoo
- Akita Port Tower Selion
- CNA Arena Akita
- Sakigake Yabase Baseball Stadium
- Akita Prefectural Baseball Stadium
- Akita Yabase Athletic Field
- Akita Prefectural Gymnasium
- Akita Prefectural Central Park
- Akita Prefectural General Pool
- Akita Prefectural Budokan
- Akita Peace Pagoda
Akita Kanto FestivalEdit
This representative summer festival began 350 years ago, with similar to tanabata festivals held elsewhere in Japan. During this festival, participants balance 15 meter poles with 230 lanterns on their chins; the main event is held during the evening and night hours, between the 3rd and 6 August each year.
During the festival, Kanto stunt events are held in Senshu Park during daylight hours involving many amateur participants. This event was first held in 1931 and every subsequent year, except between 1935 and 1946 and in 1953 and 1965. Overseas exhibitions of the festival were performed in Hamburg, Germany, in 1988, Honolulu, Hawaii, in 2002, London, UK, in 2004, and as an opening event at the 2001 World Games.
Tsuchizaki Minato FestivalEdit
Our Lady of Akita is the title of Marian apparitions reported in 1973 by Sister Agnes Katsuko Sasagawa in Yuzawadai, Soegawa, Akita City. The apparitions were approved by the Holy See in 1988. The 1988 approval was issued by Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger, who later became Pope Benedict XVI.
Sister city relationsEdit
International sister / friendship citiesEdit
- - Lanzhou, Gansu, China, since August 5, 1982
- - Passau, Lower Bavaria, Germany, since 8 April 1984
- - Malabon, Philippines, since 15 July 1987
- - Kenai, Alaska, United States of America
- - St. Cloud, Minnesota, United States of America (with Yūwa, Akita, which merged into Akita, Akita), since 1993
- - Vladivostok, Primorsky Krai, Russia, since 29 June 1992
Domestic sister citiesEdit
- Masamichi Amano, composer
- Yukiko Ebata, professional women's volleyball player
- Hiroki Endo, manga artist
- Yukio Endō, Olympic gymnast
- Hiroyuki Enoki, professional boxer
- Shirō Fukai, composer
- Takunosuke Funakawa, footballer
- Masanori Ishikawa, professional baseball player
- Taka Kato, adult movie actor
- Chūji Machida, politician, cabinet minister
- Hiroya Matsumoto, actor
- Hiroko Nagasaki, Olympic swimmer
- Akira Ota, Olympic wrestler
- Junko Sakurada, singer
- Nozomi Sasaki, model, actress
- Takenori Sato, professional mixed martial artist
- Tadashi Settsu, professional baseball player
- Kohei Shimoda, professional soccer player
- Taro Shoji, singer
- Tensho Sugimoto, basketball player
- Kenji Suzuki (footballer)
- Mitsuhisa Taguchi, professional soccer player
- Kenta Tateyama, professional basketball player
- Go Togashi, footballer for Blaublitz Akita
- Setsurō Wakamatsu, movie director
- Ren Yamamoto (footballer, born 1999)
- Koharu Yonemoto, professional badminton player
- "Akita City official statistics" (PDF).
- Japanese Imperial Commission (1878). Le Japon à l'exposition universelle de 1878. Géographie et histoire du Japon (in French). p. 21.
- "Akita (Japan): Prefecture, Cities, Towns and Villages - Population Statistics, Charts and Map". www.citypopulation.de.
- 気象庁 / 平年値（年・月ごとの値）. Japan Meteorological Agency. Retrieved May 19, 2021.
- "EWTN on Akita approval".
- "International Exchange". List of Affiliation Partners within Prefectures. Council of Local Authorities for International Relations (CLAIR). Archived from the original on 21 November 2015. Retrieved 21 November 2015.
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- "秋田県出身の漫画家リスト | まんがseek(漫画データベース)".
- "北斗星（９月４日付）｜秋田魁新報電子版". 秋田魁新報電子版.
- "榎 洋之". www.adnet-sakigake.com.
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- "成人式で思い出したこと（桜田淳子の実家）". www.shonan-rockets.com.
- "下田光平選手、現役引退のお知らせ | ブラウブリッツ秋田". ブラウブリッツ秋田 公式ホームページ.
- "東海林太郎音楽館・大鵬ギャラリー | 秋田市観光・イベント情報総合サイト アキタッチ＋(プラス)". www.akita-yulala.jp.
- "新競技・バスケ3x3で杉本天昇が羽ばたく 五輪目指す大学トップスコアラー - 東京オリンピック・パラリンピックガイド - Yahoo! JAPAN". スポーツナビ.
- "鈴木健児氏 スクールコーチ就任のお知らせ | ブラウブリッツ秋田". ブラウブリッツ秋田 公式ホームページ.
- "元ハピネッツ館山が引退表明 秋田市出身、能代工高卒｜秋田魁新報電子版".
- "PLAYER'S COLUMN 創刊号 FW 9 富樫 豪 | ブラウブリッツ秋田". ブラウブリッツ秋田 公式ホームページ.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Akita, Akita.|
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Akita.|
- Official Website (in Japanese)