Hiroshima Prefecture

Hiroshima Prefecture (広島県, Hiroshima-ken) is a prefecture of Japan located in the Chūgoku region of Honshu.[1] Hiroshima Prefecture has a population of 2,811,410 (1 June 2019) and has a geographic area of 8,479 km² (3,274 sq mi). Hiroshima Prefecture borders Okayama Prefecture to the east, Tottori Prefecture to the northeast, Shimane Prefecture to the north, and Yamaguchi Prefecture to the southwest.

Hiroshima Prefecture

広島県
Japanese transcription(s)
 • Japanese広島県
 • RōmajiHiroshima-ken
Flag of Hiroshima Prefecture
Flag
Official logo of Hiroshima Prefecture
Symbol
Location of Hiroshima Prefecture
Country Japan
RegionChūgoku (San'yō)
IslandHonshu
CapitalHiroshima
SubdivisionsDistricts: 5, Municipalities: 23
Government
 • GovernorHidehiko Yuzaki (since November 2009)
Area
 • Total8,479.63 km2 (3,274.00 sq mi)
Area rank11th
Population
 (June 1, 2019)
 • Total2,811,410
 • Rank12th
 • Density330/km2 (860/sq mi)
ISO 3166 codeJP-34
Websitepref.hiroshima.lg.jp
Symbols
BirdRed-throated diver (Gavia stellata)
TreeJapanese maple (Acer palmatum)

Hiroshima is the capital and largest city of Hiroshima Prefecture, and the largest city in the Chūgoku region, with other major cities including Fukuyama, Kure, and Higashihiroshima.[2] Hiroshima Prefecture is located on the Seto Inland Sea across from the island of Shikoku, and is bounded to the north by the Chūgoku Mountains. Hiroshima Prefecture is one of the three prefectures of Japan with more than one UNESCO World Heritage site.

HistoryEdit

The area around Hiroshima was formerly divided into Bingo Province and Aki Province.[3] This location has been a center of trade and culture since the beginning of Japan's recorded history. Hiroshima is a traditional center of the Chūgoku region and was the seat of the Mōri clan until the Battle of Sekigahara.

Together with Nara and Tokyo, Hiroshima is one of the three prefectures with more than one UNESCO World Heritage site. The two such sites in Hiroshima Prefecture are:

GeographyEdit

 
Map of Hiroshima Prefecture
     Government Ordinance Designated City      City      Town
 
Fukuyama
 
Onomichi
 
Higashihiroshima
 
Mihara

Hiroshima prefecture lies in the middle of Japan . Most of the prefecture consists of mountains leading towards Shimane Prefecture; and rivers produce rich plains near the coast.

The province faces Shikoku across the Seto Inland Sea. Hiroshima Bay opens on the Inland Sea.[4] The prefecture also includes many small islands.

The sheltered nature of the Inland Sea makes Hiroshima's climate very mild.

As of 1 April 2014, 4% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks (the lowest percentage of any prefecture), namely Setonaikai National Park; Hiba-Dōgo-Taishaku and Nishi-Chūgoku Sanchi Quasi-National Parks; and six Prefectural Natural Parks.[5]

CitiesEdit

Fourteen cities are located in Hiroshima Prefecture:

Name Area (km2) Population Map
Rōmaji Kanji
  Akitakata 安芸高田市 538.17 31,565  
  Etajima 江田島市 100.97 24,596  
  Fuchū 府中市 195.71 43,932  
  Fukuyama 福山市 518.14 468,812  
  Hatsukaichi 廿日市市 489.36 117,106  
  Higashihiroshima 東広島市 635.32 185,418  
  Hiroshima (capital) 広島市 906.68 1,199,391  
  Kure 呉市 352.8 228,030  
  Mihara 三原市 471.03 97,324  
  Miyoshi 三次市 778.19 53,616  
  Onomichi 尾道市 284.85 141,811  
  Ōtake 大竹市 78.57 27,684  
  Shōbara 庄原市 1,246.6 35,870  
  Takehara 竹原市 118.3 26,035  

TownsEdit

These are the towns in each district:

Name Area (km2) Population District Type Map
Rōmaji Kanji
  Akiōta 安芸太田町 342.25 6,585 Yamagata District Town  
  Fuchū 府中町 10.45 52,056 Aki District  
  Jinsekikōgen 神石高原町 381.81 9,427 Jinseki District  
  Kaita 海田町 13.81 29,082 Aki District  
  Kitahiroshima 北広島町 645.86 19,115 Yamagata District  
  Kumano 熊野町 33.62 24,000 Aki District  
  Ōsakikamijima 大崎上島町 43.24 7,801 Toyota District  
  Saka 坂町 15.64 13,265 Aki District  
  Sera 世羅町 278.29 19,213 Sera District  

MergersEdit

EconomyEdit

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
18901,319,507—    
19031,508,713+1.04%
19131,691,699+1.15%
19201,541,905−1.32%
19251,617,680+0.96%
19301,692,136+0.90%
19351,804,916+1.30%
19401,869,504+0.71%
19451,885,471+0.17%
19502,081,967+2.00%
19552,149,044+0.64%
19602,184,043+0.32%
19652,281,146+0.87%
19702,436,135+1.32%
19752,646,324+1.67%
19802,739,161+0.69%
19852,819,200+0.58%
19902,849,847+0.22%
19952,881,748+0.22%
20002,878,915−0.02%
20052,876,642−0.02%
20102,860,750−0.11%
20152,844,963−0.11%
source:[6]

Hiroshima's main industries include automobiles (Mazda is headquartered there) and tourism in two World Heritage sites: the A-Bomb dome and Itsukushima Shrine.

Components of the economy are primary industry, secondary industry, and tertiary industry, which compose 0.6%, 32.6%, and 66.2% in 2015. There is 0.6% of unclassified production.[7]

Value of production of manufacturing is 10,343 billion yen in 2016, which is the 10th largest in Japan. After 2012, production of manufacturing is continuously increasing in 2015.[8]

EducationEdit

UniversityEdit

ReligionEdit

Religious denominations in the Hiroshima Prefecture (1996)[9]

  Pure Land Buddhism (35.3%)
  Zen Buddhism (3.6%)
  Tendai or Shingon Buddhism (4.4%)
  Soka Gakkai (4.9%)
  Nichiren Buddhism (3%)
  Other Buddhist schools (1%)
  Christianity (2%)
  Shinto sects (2%)
  Folk Shinto or no religion (44.8%)

Similar to the rest of Japan, most people in the Hiroshima Prefecture are Shinto or Buddhist. in 1996 51.2% of the population was Buddhist, 2 were affiliated with Shinto Sects, 44.8% practiced Folk Shinto, and 2% were Christian.[9]

TransportationEdit

RailwayEdit

People moversEdit

StreetcarsEdit

RoadsEdit

ExpresswaysEdit

National highwaysEdit

  • Route 2
  • Route 31
  • Route 54
  • Route 182
  • Route 183
  • Route 185
  • Route 186
  • Route 191
  • Route 261
  • Route 313
  • Route 314
  • Route 317
  • Route 375
  • Route 432
  • Route 433
  • Route 434
  • Route 486
  • Route 487
  • Route 488

PortsEdit

  • Kure Port - Ferry route to Edajima, Matsuyama
  • Hiroshima Port - Ferry route to Miyajima, Edajima, Matsuyama and Beppu, and also International Container hub port
  • Mihara Port
  • Onomichi Port
  • Fukuyama Port - International Container hub port

AirportsEdit

SportsEdit

The sports teams listed below are based in Hiroshima.

FootballEdit

BaseballEdit

VolleyballEdit

BasketballEdit

TourismEdit

Famous festivals and eventsEdit

  • Onomichi Port Festival - held in April
  • Hiroshima Flower Festival - held from May 3 to 5
  • Fukuyama Rose Festival - held in May
  • Enryuji Tokasan Festival - held in June
  • Gion Festival of Onomichi - held in July
  • Innoshima Water-naval Festival - held in August
  • Miyajima Under-water Firework Festival - held on August 14[citation needed]
  • Yassa Festival of Mihara - held in August
  • Saijo Sake Festival - held in October
  • Onomichi Becher Festival - held on November 3
  • Hiroshima Ebisu Festival - held from November 18 to 20

International sister relationsEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Hiroshima-ken" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 320 at Google Books; "Chūgoku" at p. 127 at Google Books.
  2. ^ Nussbaum, "Hiroshima" at pp. 319–20 at Google Books.
  3. ^ Nussbaum, "Province and prefecture" at p. 780 at Google Books.
  4. ^ Nussbaum, "Hiroshima Wan" at p. 320 at Google Books.
  5. ^ "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture" (PDF). Ministry of the Environment. 1 April 2014. Retrieved 22 February 2015.
  6. ^ Statistics Bureau of Japan
  7. ^ "平成27年度広島県民経済計算結果について" (PDF). 広島県.
  8. ^ "平成 28 年経済センサス" (PDF). 広島県.
  9. ^ a b Religion in Japan by prefecture, 1996. English language bar table.
  10. ^ "県の外国との友好交流に関する問い合わせは" (in Japanese). Hiroshima Prefecture.
  11. ^ "Hawaii's Sister-States". State of Hawai'i. Archived from the original on October 16, 2020.

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 34°26′N 132°45′E / 34.433°N 132.750°E / 34.433; 132.750