Fukuyama, Hiroshima

Fukuyama (福山市, Fukuyama-shi) is a city located on the Ashida River in Hiroshima Prefecture, Japan. As of September 30, 2019, the city has an estimated population of 468,812 and a population density of 904.80 persons per km2. The total area is 518.14 km2 (200.05 sq mi).

Fukuyama
福山市
View of Fukuyama
View of Fukuyama
Flag of Fukuyama
Official seal of Fukuyama
Location of Fukuyama in Hiroshima Prefecture
Fukuyama in Hiroshima Prefecture Ja.svg
Fukuyama is located in Japan
Fukuyama
Fukuyama
Location in Japan
Coordinates: 34°29′N 133°22′E / 34.483°N 133.367°E / 34.483; 133.367Coordinates: 34°29′N 133°22′E / 34.483°N 133.367°E / 34.483; 133.367
CountryJapan
RegionChūgoku (San'yō)
PrefectureHiroshima Prefecture
Government
 • MayorNaoki Edahiro
Area
 • Total518.14 km2 (200.05 sq mi)
Population
 (September 30, 2019)
 • Total468,812
 • Density900/km2 (2,300/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+09:00 (JST)
City hall address3-5 Higashi-Sakura-cho, Fukuyama-shi, Hiroshima-ken
720-8501
ClimateCfa
Websitewww.city.fukuyama.hiroshima.jp
Symbols
MammalBat
FlowerRose, Chrysanthemum

After Hiroshima, it is the largest city in Hiroshima Prefecture and is located on the far east side of the prefecture. The city's symbol is the rose and it holds an annual Rose Festival in the month of May. The official mascot of Fukuyama is an anthropomorphic rose child by the name of Rola. Fukuyama is a vital commercial, industrial and communications center. It produces machinery, koto (Japanese harps), rubber products, electronics, textiles, and processed foods.

HistoryEdit

What is today the city of Fukuyama was founded as a castle town in 1619 by Mizuno Katsunari,[1] a cousin of shōgun Tokugawa Ieyasu. Mizuno was given command of a territory in western Japan consisting of southern Bingo Province and southwestern Bitchu Province. He built a new castle-town as his capital and called it Fukuyama.

After the abolition of the han system in 1871, Fukuyama Prefecture was founded. A short time later the prefecture was renamed Fukatsu. Fukatsu Prefecture was merged with Kurashiki Prefecture in 1872 to form Oda Prefecture. In 1875 Oda Prefecture was merged into Okayama Prefecture.

When the border between Hiroshima and Okayama prefectures was re-arranged in 1876, Fukuyama Town became a part of Hiroshima Prefecture.

Fukuyama Town became Fukuyama City on July 1, 1916. The population of the city at that time was 32,356.

 
Bombing of Fukuyama Station, 9 August 1945

On August 8, 1945 (two days after the atomic-bombing of Hiroshima), 91 American B-29 bombers made an air raid on Fukuyama, destroying much of the city.

Fukuyama was named one of the core cities of Japan on April 1, 1998.

 
City view from Fukuyama Castle

Mergers with surrounding townsEdit

In 1933, 10 villages from surrounding Fukayasu District were merged into Fukuyama. Two additional villages from Numakuma District were similarly merged in 1942.

On March 31, 1954, several towns and villages in Kōrimatsu District merged to found the city of Matsunaga. Matsunaga City would eventually merge with Fukuyama City on May 1, 1966.

Several towns and villages from the Fukayasu District merged into Fukuyama in 1956, and Fukayasu Town merged in 1962.

Several other surrounding towns and districts eventually merged with Fukuyama:

  • April 1, 1974, Ashida Town in Ashina District
  • February 1, 1975, Kamo Town, Fukayasu District and Ekiya Town, Ashina District
  • February 3, 2003, Utsumi Town in Numakuma District and Shin'ichi Town in Ashina District, thereby dissolving Ashina District
  • February 1, 2005 Numakuma Town, dissolving Numakuma District
  • March 1, 2006 Kannabe Town in Fukayasu District, dissolving the district

GeographyEdit

ClimateEdit

Fukuyama has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa)[2] with very warm summers and cool winters. Precipitation is significant throughout the year, but is somewhat lower in winter.

Climate data for Fukuyama (1991−2020 normals, extremes 1942−present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 17.4
(63.3)
23.6
(74.5)
24.1
(75.4)
28.6
(83.5)
32.4
(90.3)
34.3
(93.7)
38.2
(100.8)
38.5
(101.3)
36.7
(98.1)
32.2
(90.0)
26.2
(79.2)
21.4
(70.5)
38.5
(101.3)
Average high °C (°F) 9.8
(49.6)
10.5
(50.9)
13.9
(57.0)
19.2
(66.6)
24.0
(75.2)
27.0
(80.6)
30.9
(87.6)
32.8
(91.0)
28.8
(83.8)
23.3
(73.9)
17.5
(63.5)
12.1
(53.8)
20.8
(69.5)
Daily mean °C (°F) 4.6
(40.3)
5.2
(41.4)
8.5
(47.3)
13.7
(56.7)
18.7
(65.7)
22.5
(72.5)
26.6
(79.9)
27.9
(82.2)
24.0
(75.2)
18.0
(64.4)
12.0
(53.6)
6.8
(44.2)
15.7
(60.3)
Average low °C (°F) 0.0
(32.0)
0.4
(32.7)
3.2
(37.8)
8.1
(46.6)
13.3
(55.9)
18.5
(65.3)
22.9
(73.2)
23.9
(75.0)
19.9
(67.8)
13.3
(55.9)
7.1
(44.8)
2.1
(35.8)
11.1
(51.9)
Record low °C (°F) −8.1
(17.4)
−9.2
(15.4)
−5.9
(21.4)
−1.8
(28.8)
2.8
(37.0)
8.0
(46.4)
13.2
(55.8)
15.8
(60.4)
8.0
(46.4)
1.5
(34.7)
−2.4
(27.7)
−6.7
(19.9)
−9.2
(15.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 38.5
(1.52)
47.0
(1.85)
83.7
(3.30)
91.6
(3.61)
117.7
(4.63)
174.5
(6.87)
198.0
(7.80)
95.2
(3.75)
136.0
(5.35)
91.1
(3.59)
55.1
(2.17)
43.3
(1.70)
1,171.7
(46.13)
Average snowfall cm (inches) trace 3
(1.2)
trace 0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
trace 4
(1.6)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 4.7 6.5 9.0 8.8 8.5 10.5 9.6 6.4 8.1 6.5 5.6 5.4 89.6
Average snowy days (≥ 1 cm) 0.2 1.0 0.1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.2 1.5
Average relative humidity (%) 69 68 67 66 68 75 76 73 73 72 73 72 71
Mean monthly sunshine hours 139.8 138.6 174.8 191.4 211.5 162.4 193.5 221.8 165.6 174.3 150.7 145.6 2,069.8
Source: Japan Meteorological Agency[3][4]

DemographicsEdit

Per Japanese census data, the population of Fukuyama in 2020 is 460,930 people.[5] Fukuyama has been conducting censuses since 1960.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1960 281,701—    
1965 301,376+7.0%
1970 355,264+17.9%
1975 405,677+14.2%
1980 425,675+4.9%
1985 441,502+3.7%
1990 445,403+0.9%
1995 453,791+1.9%
2000 456,908+0.7%
2005 459,087+0.5%
2010 461,471+0.5%
2015 464,811+0.7%
2020 460,930−0.8%
Fukuyama population statistics[5]

TransportationEdit

The city is a regional rail hub and a stop on the coastal Sanyō line as well as a terminus for the Fukuen line extending north into Hiroshima Prefecture. Additionally, four types of Shinkansen train on the Sanyō Shinkansen line (limited express Nozomi, express Hikari, Kyuushu shinkansen and local Kodama) stop there, making the city easily accessible from anywhere in Japan.

Regional and city buses carry passengers throughout the city and link it to other cities in the region. Some of the cities reachable by highway bus are Hiroshima, Kobe, Kyoto, Matsue, Okayama, Osaka, Tokyo, Ehime's Imabari City & Matsuyama city and Yonago.

EducationEdit

Fukuyama is home to some 70 elementary schools, several dozen junior high schools and roughly twenty high schools, both public and private. Fukuyama University is located in the northwestern district of Matsunaga. The university offers many courses of study, but is best known for its excellent pharmacology program. Fukuyama City Junior College for Women is located in the Kita Honjo district.

The Holocaust Education Center in Fukuyama, inaugurated on June 17, 1995, is dedicated to the memory of 1.5 million children who were murdered in the Holocaust. It has the distinction of being the first institution in Japan devoted to Holocaust education.

ShoppingEdit

Fukuyama is home to several large department stores, including Lotz, Tenmaya, and Ito Yokado/Happy Town/Port Plaza. Kannabe-cho is home to the department store Fuji Grand. Many shops selling traditional Japanese goods can be found along the city's Hondori (covered shopping arcade), as well as throughout the city.

Further away from the center of town are the districts of Matsunaga, known for its traditional Japanese footwear, called geta, and Tomo-no-Ura, a fishing village known for its traditional sea bream netting display every May.

SightsEdit

 
Fukuyama Rose Festival
  • Tomonoura - fishing port of numerous temples and shrines; approximately 30 minutes south of Fukuyama by bus (14 km from Fukuyama).
  • Myōōin - Buddhist temple with two national treasures.
  • Taichōrō - temple hall on the hill behind the ferry terminal was built at the end of the 17th century to house a Korean delegation, which would at times pay its respects.
  • Uono-sato - snack-food factory that processes most of the locally-caught fish. One can observe workers make chikuwa (ground-fish snacks) and senbei (rice crackers).
  • Fukuyama Castle
  • Kusado Sengen, a medieval town excavated in the Ashida River
  • Fukuyama Hachimangū Shinto shrine

Twin towns/Sister citiesEdit

Notable people from Fukuyama, HiroshimaEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Fukuyama Castle - Visit Hiroshima". Fukuyama Castle - Visit Hiroshima. Archived from the original on 2021-10-22. Retrieved 2018-09-29.
  2. ^ "福山市水産振興ビジョン 第1章 福山市の概要" (PDF). 福山市農林水産課. Retrieved 2020-09-24.
  3. ^ 気象庁 / 平年値(年・月ごとの値). JMA. Retrieved May 16, 2022.
  4. ^ 観測史上1~10位の値(年間を通じての値). JMA. Retrieved May 16, 2022.
  5. ^ a b Fukuyama population statistics
  6. ^ "Hamilton Ontario Sister Cities". Archived from the original on 2007-09-26. Retrieved 2008-01-24.
  7. ^ "In a Batman series first, Gotham adopts a real sister city: A Japanese city named after a bat". Japan Today. Retrieved 2022-07-05.

External linksEdit