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Wakayama Prefecture

Wakayama Prefecture (和歌山県, Wakayama-ken) is a prefecture of Japan on the Kii Peninsula in the Kansai region on Honshū island.[1] The capital is the city of Wakayama.[2]

Wakayama Prefecture
和歌山県
Prefecture
Japanese transcription(s)
 • Japanese 和歌山県
 • Rōmaji Wakayama-ken
Flag of Wakayama Prefecture
Flag
Official logo of Wakayama Prefecture
Symbol
Location of Wakayama Prefecture
Country Japan
Region Kansai
Island Honshū
Capital Wakayama (city)
Government
 • Governor Yoshinobu Nisaka
Area
 • Total 4,725.67 km2 (1,824.59 sq mi)
Area rank 30th
Population (October 1, 2017)
 • Total 944,320
 • Rank 40th
 • Density 199.87/km2 (517.7/sq mi)
ISO 3166 code JP-30
Districts 6
Municipalities 30
Flower Ume blossom (Prunus mume)
Tree Ubame oak (Quercus phillyraeoides)
Bird Japanese white-eye (Zosterops japonica)
Website www.wakayama.lg.jp/
english/

Contents

HistoryEdit

Present-day Wakayama is mostly the western part of the province of Kii.[3]

1953 flood disasterEdit

On July 17–18, 1953, a torrential heavy rain occurred, followed by collapse of levees, river flooding and landslides in a wide area. Many bridges and houses were destroyed. According to an officially confirmed Japanese Government report, 1,015 people died, with 5,709 injured and 7,115 houses lost.[citation needed]

GeographyEdit

 
Map of Wakayama Prefecture.
     City      Town      Village

CitiesEdit

Nine cities are in Wakayama Prefecture:

Towns and villagesEdit

These are the towns and villages in each district:

MergersEdit

DemographicsEdit

Since 1996, population of Wakayama Prefecture has kept declining, and since 2010, it has been the only prefecture in Kinki region with population below 1,000,000. In 2017, Wakayama is ranked 40th by population in Japan with a population of 944,320.

PoliticsEdit

CultureEdit

Mount Kōya (高野山, Kōya-san) in the Ito District is the headquarters of the Shingon sect of Japanese Buddhism. It is home to one of the first Japanese style Buddhist temples in Japan and remains a pilgrimage site and an increasingly popular tourist destination as people flock to see its ancient temples set amidst the towering cedar trees at the top of the mountain. The Sacred sites and pilgrimage routes in the Kii Mountain Range extend for miles throughout the prefecture and together have been recognized as Japan's 11th UNESCO World Heritage site.[4]

The Kumano Shrines are on the southern tip of the prefecture. Tomogashima (a cluster of four islands) is part of the prefecture.

AgricultureEdit

OrangeEdit

Wakayama Prefecture ranks first in the production of oranges in Japan. Wakayama has its own brand of oranges, which is produced in Arida District and called 'Arida-Orange'. Arida District, where oranges have been produced for more than 400 years[5], yields about half of the orange crops in Wakayama today[6]. Furthermore, the yield of Arida-Oranges accounts for about 10 percent of Japanese domestic production of oranges.[7]

Japanese apricot (Ume)Edit

According to the survey by The Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries of Japan, Wakayama stands first in the production of Japanese apricots in Japan. As of 2016, Wakayama made up about 70 percent of Japanese domestic production of Japanese apricots.[8]

Sister relationshipsEdit

Wakayama Prefecture has friendship and sister relationships with six places outside Japan:[9] Richmond, Canada; Shandong, People's Republic of China; Pyrénées-Orientales, France; Florida, United States; Sinaloa, Mexico; and Galicia, Spain.

TourismEdit

Wakayama Prefecture has hot springs such as Shirahama, Kawayu, and Yunomine Onsen.

TransportationEdit

RailEdit

RoadEdit

ExpresswayEdit

  • Hanwa Expressway
  • Keinawa Expressway
  • Yuasa Gobo Road
  • Nachi Katsuura Road

National HighwayEdit

FerryEdit

AirportEdit

EducationEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Wakayama prefecture" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 1026, p. 1026, at Google Books; "Kansai" in p. 477, p. 477, at Google Books.
  2. ^ Nussbaum, "Wakayama" in p. 1025, p. 1025, at Google Books.
  3. ^ Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" in p. 780, p. 780, at Google Books.
  4. ^ UNESCO.org
  5. ^ 今月の旬 Wakayama Prefecture website, accessed May 31, 2017
  6. ^ 農林水産 特産品 Wakayama Prefecture website, accessed May 31, 2017
  7. ^ 有田みかんについて JA Arida website, accessed May 31, 2017
  8. ^ 作況調査(果樹): 農林水産省 The Ministory of Agriculture, Foresty and Fisheries website, accessed June 1, 2017
  9. ^ 友好・姉妹提携 Archived 2011-06-11 at the Wayback Machine. Wakayama Prefecture website, retrieved May 16, 2008

ReferencesEdit

  • Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric and Käthe Roth. (2005). Japan encyclopedia. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5; OCLC 58053128

External linksEdit