List of municipalities in Ontario

Ontario is the most populous province in Canada with 14,223,942 residents as of 2021 and is third-largest in land area[a] at 892,412 km2 (344,562 sq mi).[2] Ontario's 444 municipalities[3] cover only 17% of the province's land mass yet are home to 99% of its population.[4] These municipalities provide local or regional municipal government services within either a single-tier or shared two-tier municipal structure.[5]

Map of Canada with Ontario highlighted in red
Location of Ontario in Canada
Distribution of Ontario's incorporated municipalities and unincorporated areas
Municipalities account for 17% of Ontario's total land area. Unincorporated areas encompass the remaining 83%.

A municipality in Ontario is "a geographic area whose inhabitants are incorporated" according to the Municipal Act, 2001.[6] Ontario's three municipality types include upper and lower-tier municipalities within the two-tier structure, and single-tier municipalities (unitary authorities) that are exempt from the two-tier structure.[5] Single and lower-tier municipalities are grouped together as local municipalities.[6] Of Ontario's 444 municipalities, 30 of them are upper-tier municipalities and 414 are local municipalities—241 lower-tier municipalities and 173 single-tier municipalities.

The Municipal Act, 2001 is the legislation that enables incorporation and stipulates governance of Ontario's municipalities, excluding the City of Toronto, which is subject to the City of Toronto Act, 2006.[7] The Municipal Act, 2001 provides lower and single-tier municipalities with the authority to incorporate as cities, towns, villages, townships, or generically as municipalities.[5][8] There are no minimum population thresholds or other requirements for these municipal sub-types. A municipality can change its status to any of these so long as its resulting name is not being used by another municipality.[9] For upper-tier municipalities, the act provides them with the authority to incorporate as counties, regions and district municipalities.[5][8]

Ontario's largest municipality by population is the City of Toronto with 2,794,356 residents, while the largest by land area is the City of Greater Sudbury at 3,186.26 km2 (1,230.22 sq mi).[4] The City of Ottawa, Canada's capital city, is the province's second-most populous municipality with 1,017,449 residents.[4] Ontario's smallest municipality by population is the Township of Cockburn Island with 16 residents while the smallest by land area is the Village of Newbury at 1.77 km2 (0.68 sq mi).[4] The first community to incorporate as a municipality in Ontario was Brockville in 1832.[10]

Upper-tier municipalitiesEdit

 
Ontario's upper-tier municipalities represent 30 of its 49 census divisions.

Ontario's Municipal Act, 2001 defines upper-municipality as "a municipality of which two or more lower-tier municipalities form part for municipal purposes".[6] Ontario has 30 upper-tier municipalities that comprise multiple lower-tier municipalities,[8] which have a total population of 7,090,079, a total land area of 87,135.68 km2 (33,643.27 sq mi). These upper-tier municipalities include 19 counties, 3 united counties and 8 regional municipalities[b] or regions, all of which represent 30 of Ontario's 49 census divisions.[6][11] Regional governments are responsible for arterial roads, health services, policing, region-wide land use planning and development, sewer and water systems, social services, transit, and waste disposal, whereas county governments have the lesser responsibilities of arterial roads, county land use planning, health services, and social services.[8]

List of upper-tier municipalities in Ontario
Name[12] Municipal
sub-type[6]
2021 Census of Population[4]
Population
(2021)
Population
(2016)
Change
Land area
(km2)
Population
density
(/km2)
Bruce[c] County 72,017 66,491 +8.3% 3,965.28 18.2
Dufferin County 66,257 61,735 +7.3% 1,486.77 44.6
Durham[d] Regional municipality 696,867 645,731 +7.9% 2,518.54 276.7
Elgin[e] County 51,912 50,069 +3.7% 1,842.96 28.2
Essex[f] County 192,970 181,530 +6.3% 1,657.16 116.4
Frontenac[g] County 29,295 26,682 +9.8% 3,274.24 8.9
Grey County 100,905 93,830 +7.5% 4,497.93 22.4
Haliburton County 20,571 18,062 +13.9% 4,009.47 5.1
Halton Regional municipality 596,637 548,435 +8.8% 965.71 617.8
Hastings[h] County 41,580 39,628 +4.9% 5,198.73 8.0
Huron County 61,366 59,297 +3.5% 3,398.28 18.1
Lambton[i] County 126,273 123,399 +2.3% 2,840.54 44.5
Lanark[j] County 66,506 59,918 +11.0% 2,977.05 22.3
Leeds and Grenville[k] United counties 72,493 69,577 +4.2% 3,322.75 21.8
Lennox and Addington County 45,182 42,883 +5.4% 2,792.72 16.2
Middlesex[l] County 78,110 71,551 +9.2% 2,821.44 27.7
Muskoka[m] Regional municipality[b] 66,461 60,406 +10.0% 3,776.67 17.6
Niagara Regional municipality 477,941 447,888 +6.7% 1,852.82 258.0
Northumberland[n] County 88,823 85,103 +4.4% 1,894.81 46.9
Oxford Regional municipality[b] 121,781 110,846 +9.9% 2,038.18 59.7
Peel Regional municipality 1,451,022 1,381,739 +5.0% 1,247.45 1,163.2
Perth[o] County 40,947 38,077 +7.5% 2,175.78 18.8
Peterborough[p] County 62,445 55,783 +11.9% 3,699.14 16.9
Prescott and Russell United counties 95,639 89,333 +7.1% 2,004.27 47.7
Renfrew[q] County 91,511 88,072 +3.9% 7,336.24 12.5
Simcoe[r] County 350,222 305,501 +14.6% 4,613.41 75.9
Stormont, Dundas
and Glengarry
[s]
United counties 66,792 65,166 +2.5% 3,235.54 20.6
Waterloo Regional municipality 587,165 535,154 +9.7% 1,370.07 428.6
Wellington[t] County 97,286 90,932 +7.0% 2,577.93 37.7
York[u] Regional municipality 1,173,103 1,109,648 +5.7% 1,743.8 672.7
Total upper-tier municipalities 7,090,079 6,622,466 +7.1% 87,135.68 76.0
Province of Ontario 14,223,942 13,448,494 +5.8% 892,411.76 15.9

Local municipalitiesEdit

 
Distribution of Ontario's 173 single-tier and 241 lower-tier municipalities

Ontario's Municipal Act, 2001 defines local municipality as "a single-tier municipality or a lower-tier municipality".[6] Combined, Ontario has 414 local municipalities comprising 173 single-tier municipalities and 241 lower-tier municipalities. The 414 local municipalities have a total population of 14,134,681, a total land area of 154,274 km2 (59,566 sq mi). These totals represent 99.4% of Ontario's population and 17.3% of its land area.

Single-tier municipalitiesEdit

Ontario's Municipal Act, 2001 defines a single-tier municipality as "a municipality, other than an upper-tier municipality, that does not form part of an upper-tier municipality for municipal purposes".[6] In southern Ontario, single-tier municipalities are either politically separate from but geographically within neighbouring counties or were formed through the amalgamation of upper-tier and lower-tier municipalities. All municipalities in northern Ontario are single-tier municipalities as upper-tier municipalities are not present. Single-tier municipalities provide for all local government services.[8] Ontario has 173 single-tier municipalities comprising 32 cities, 23 municipalities, 28 towns, 85 townships, and 5 villages.

Lower-tier municipalitiesEdit

Ontario's Municipal Act, 2001 defines a lower-tier municipality as "a municipality that forms part of an upper-tier municipality for municipal purposes".[6] Ontario has 241 lower-tier municipalities comprising 19 cities, 41 municipalities, 61 towns, 114 townships and 6 villages.[8] Within regions, they are responsible for providing certain local services that are not provided by the regional municipality.[8] Within counties, they are responsible for providing a wider range of local services since counties as upper-tier municipalities provide fewer local services than regions.[8]

List of local municipalitiesEdit

List of local municipalities in Ontario
Name[12] Status[12] CSD type[4] Census division[32][33][34] 2021 Census of Population[4]
Population
(2021)
Population
(2016)
Change
Land area
(km2)
Population
density
(/km2)
Addington Highlands Lower-tier Township Lennox and Addington 2,534 2,318 +9.3% 1,293.99 2.0
Adelaide Metcalfe Lower-tier Township Middlesex 3,011 2,990 +0.7% 331.11 9.1
Adjala-Tosorontio Lower-tier Township Simcoe 10,989 10,975 +0.1% 371.53 29.6
Admaston/Bromley Lower-tier Township Renfrew 2,995 2,935 +2.0% 519.59 5.8
Ajax Lower-tier Town Durham 126,666 119,677 +5.8% 66.64 1,900.8
Alberton Single-tier Township Rainy River 954 969 −1.5% 116.60 8.2
Alfred and Plantagenet Lower-tier Township Prescott and Russell 9,949 9,680 +2.8% 391.79 25.4
Algonquin Highlands Lower-tier Township Haliburton 2,588 2,351 +10.1% 999.69 2.6
Alnwick/Haldimand Lower-tier Township Northumberland 7,473 6,869 +8.8% 398.25 18.8
Amaranth Lower-tier Township Dufferin 4,327 4,079 +6.1% 265.02 16.3
Amherstburg Lower-tier Town Essex 23,524 21,936 +7.2% 183.76 128.0
ArchipelagoThe Archipelago Single-tier Township Parry Sound 979 531 +84.4% 592.14 1.7
Armour Single-tier Township Parry Sound 1,459 1,414 +3.2% 163.52 8.9
Armstrong Single-tier Township Timiskaming 1,199 1,166 +2.8% 90.16 13.3
Arnprior Lower-tier Town Renfrew 9,629 8,795 +9.5% 13.04 738.4
Arran–Elderslie Lower-tier Municipality Bruce 6,913 6,803 +1.6% 458.76 15.1
Ashfield–Colborne–Wawanosh Lower-tier Township Huron 5,884 5,422 +8.5% 586.88 10.0
Asphodel–Norwood Lower-tier Township Peterborough 4,658 4,109 +13.4% 161.62 28.8
Assiginack Single-tier Township Manitoulin 1,008 1,013 −0.5% 224.89 4.5
Athens Lower-tier Township Leeds and Grenville 3,042 3,018 +0.8% 129.54 23.5
Atikokan Single-tier Town Rainy River 2,642 2,753 −4.0% 313.64 8.4
Augusta Lower-tier Township Leeds and Grenville 7,386 7,353 +0.4% 313.77 23.5
Aurora Lower-tier Town York 62,057 55,445 +11.9% 50.00 1,241.1
Aylmer Lower-tier Town Elgin 7,699 7,492 +2.8% 6.37 1,208.6
Baldwin Single-tier Township Sudbury 579 605 −4.3% 82.49 7.0
Bancroft Lower-tier Town Hastings 4,065 3,881 +4.7% 227.54 17.9
Barrie Single-tier City Simcoe 147,829 141,434 +4.5% 99.01 1,493.1
Bayham Lower-tier Municipality Elgin 7,096 7,396 −4.1% 244.60 29.0
Beckwith Lower-tier Township Lanark 9,021 7,644 +18.0% 239.31 37.7
Belleville Single-tier City Hastings 55,071 50,716 +8.6% 247.15 222.8
Billings Single-tier Township Manitoulin 753 603 +24.9% 208.81 3.6
Black River-Matheson Single-tier Township Cochrane 2,572 2,438 +5.5% 1,161.89 2.2
Blandford-Blenheim Lower-tier Township Oxford 7,565 7,399 +2.2% 382.03 19.8
Blind River Single-tier Town Algoma 3,422 3,472 −1.4% 513.98 6.7
Blue MountainsThe Blue Mountains Lower-tier Town Grey 9,390 7,025 +33.7% 284.65 33.0
Bluewater Lower-tier Municipality Huron 7,540 7,136 +5.7% 416.70 18.1
Bonfield Single-tier Township Nipissing 2,146 1,990 +7.8% 206.22 10.4
Bonnechere Valley Lower-tier Township Renfrew 3,898 3,674 +6.1% 588.36 6.6
Bracebridge Lower-tier Town Muskoka 17,305 16,010 +8.1% 615.20 28.1
Bradford West Gwillimbury Lower-tier Town Simcoe 42,880 35,325 +21.4% 200.68 213.7
Brampton Lower-tier City Peel 656,480 593,638 +10.6% 265.89 2,469.0
Brant Single-tier City Brant 39,474 35,640 +10.8% 817.66 48.3
Brantford Single-tier City Brant 104,688 98,563 +6.2% 98.65 1,061.2
Brethour Single-tier Township Timiskaming 105 124 −15.3% 81.97 1.3
Brighton Lower-tier Municipality Northumberland 12,108 11,844 +2.2% 223.24 54.2
Brock Lower-tier Township Durham 12,567 11,642 +7.9% 422.64 29.7
Brockton Lower-tier Municipality Bruce 9,784 9,461 +3.4% 564.64 17.3
Brockville Single-tier City Leeds and Grenville 22,116 21,569 +2.5% 20.91 1,057.7
Brooke-Alvinston Lower-tier Municipality Lambton 2,359 2,411 −2.2% 311.41 7.6
Bruce Mines Single-tier Town Algoma 582 582 0.0% 6.09 95.6
Brudenell, Lyndoch and Raglan Lower-tier Township Renfrew 1,552 1,503 +3.3% 701.29 2.2
Burk's Falls Single-tier Village Parry Sound 957 981 −2.4% 3.09 309.7
Burlington Lower-tier City Halton 186,948 183,314 +2.0% 186.12 1,004.4
Burpee and Mills Single-tier Township Manitoulin 382 343 +11.4% 217.33 1.8
Caledon Lower-tier Town Peel 76,581 66,502 +15.2% 688.82 111.2
Callander Single-tier Municipality Parry Sound 3,964 3,863 +2.6% 102.98 38.5
Calvin Single-tier Municipality Nipissing 557 516 +7.9% 140.13 4.0
Cambridge Lower-tier City Waterloo 138,479 129,920 +6.6% 112.99 1,225.6
Carleton Place Lower-tier Town Lanark 12,517 10,644 +17.6% 9.94 1,259.3
Carling Single-tier Township Parry Sound 1,491 1,125 +32.5% 244.32 6.1
Carlow/Mayo Lower-tier Township Hastings 953 864 +10.3% 385.32 2.5
Casey Single-tier Township Timiskaming 341 368 −7.3% 80.80 4.2
Casselman Lower-tier Village Prescott and Russell 3,960 3,548 +11.6% 5.13 771.9
Cavan Monaghan Lower-tier Township Peterborough 10,016 8,829 +13.4% 306.39 32.7
Central Elgin Lower-tier Municipality Elgin 13,746 12,607 +9.0% 279.87 49.1
Central Frontenac Lower-tier Township Frontenac 4,892 4,373 +11.9% 991.41 4.9
Central Huron Lower-tier Municipality Huron 7,799 7,576 +2.9% 449.43 17.4
Central Manitoulin Single-tier Municipality Manitoulin 2,235 2,084 +7.2% 427.61 5.2
Centre Hastings Lower-tier Municipality Hastings 4,801 4,774 +0.6% 222.79 21.5
Centre Wellington Lower-tier Township Wellington 31,093 28,191 +10.3% 409.41 75.9
Chamberlain Single-tier Township Timiskaming 311 332 −6.3% 110.81 2.8
Champlain Lower-tier Township Prescott and Russell 8,665 8,706 −0.5% 207.02 41.9
Chapleau Single-tier Township Sudbury 1,942 1,964 −1.1% 13.20 147.1
Chapple Single-tier Township Rainy River 763 643 +18.7% 558.15 1.4
Charlton and Dack Single-tier Municipality Timiskaming 686 686 0.0% 92.74 7.4
Chatham-Kent Single-tier Municipality Chatham-Kent 103,988 101,647 +2.3% 2,451.90 42.4
Chatsworth Lower-tier Township Grey 7,080 6,630 +6.8% 594.44 11.9
Chisholm Single-tier Township Nipissing 1,312 1,291 +1.6% 205.77 6.4
Clarence-Rockland Lower-tier City Prescott and Russell 26,505 24,512 +8.1% 297.47 89.1
Clarington Lower-tier Municipality Durham 101,427 92,013 +10.2% 610.84 166.0
Clearview Lower-tier Township Simcoe 14,814 14,151 +4.7% 556.37 26.6
Cobalt Single-tier Town Timiskaming 989 1,128 −12.3% 2.07 477.8
Cobourg Lower-tier Town Northumberland 20,519 19,440 +5.6% 22.41 915.6
Cochrane Single-tier Town Cochrane 5,390 5,321 +1.3% 537.90 10.0
Cockburn Island Single-tier Township Manitoulin 16 0 NA 168.90 0.1
Coleman Single-tier Township Timiskaming 517 595 −13.1% 177.95 2.9
Collingwood Lower-tier Town Simcoe 24,811 21,793 +13.8% 33.15 748.4
Conmee Single-tier Township Thunder Bay 798 819 −2.6% 167.65 4.8
Cornwall Single-tier City Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry 47,845 46,589 +2.7% 61.50 778.0
Cramahe Lower-tier Township Northumberland 6,509 6,355 +2.4% 202.22 32.2
Dawn-Euphemia Lower-tier Township Lambton 1,968 1,967 +0.1% 445.14 4.4
Dawson Single-tier Township Rainy River 399 468 −14.7% 343.42 1.2
Deep River Lower-tier Town Renfrew 4,175 4,109 +1.6% 50.27 83.1
Deseronto Lower-tier Town Hastings 1,747 1,774 −1.5% 2.52 693.3
Dorion Single-tier Township Thunder Bay 375 316 +18.7% 211.25 1.8
Douro-Dummer Lower-tier Township Peterborough 7,632 6,709 +13.8% 459.46 16.6
Drummond/North Elmsley Lower-tier Township Lanark 8,183 7,773 +5.3% 365.67 22.4
Dryden Single-tier City Kenora 7,388 7,749 −4.7% 65.58 112.7
Dubreuilville Single-tier Township Algoma 576 613 −6.0% 87.53 6.6
Dutton/Dunwich Lower-tier Municipality Elgin 4,152 3,866 +7.4% 294.38 14.1
Dysart, Dudley, Harcourt, Guilford, Harburn, Bruton, Havelock, Eyre and Clyde Lower-tier Municipality Haliburton 7,182 6,280 +14.4% 1,474.22 4.9
Ear Falls Single-tier Township Kenora 924 995 −7.1% 336.69 2.7
East Ferris Single-tier Municipality Nipissing 4,946 4,862 +1.7% 151.94 32.6
East Garafraxa Lower-tier Township Dufferin 2,794 2,579 +8.3% 166.50 16.8
East Gwillimbury Lower-tier Town York 34,637 23,991 +44.4% 244.91 141.4
East Hawkesbury Lower-tier Township Prescott and Russell 3,418 3,296 +3.7% 235.06 14.5
East Zorra-Tavistock Lower-tier Township Oxford 7,841 7,113 +10.2% 241.96 32.4
Edwardsburgh/Cardinal Lower-tier Township Leeds and Grenville 7,505 7,074 +6.1% 309.91 24.2
Elizabethtown-Kitley Lower-tier Township Leeds and Grenville 9,545 9,631 −0.9% 555.96 17.2
Elliot Lake Single-tier City Algoma 11,372 10,741 +5.9% 696.06 16.3
Emo Single-tier Township Rainy River 1,204 1,333 −9.7% 202.28 6.0
Englehart Single-tier Town Timiskaming 1,442 1,479 −2.5% 2.92 493.8
Enniskillen Lower-tier Township Lambton 2,825 2,796 +1.0% 338.05 8.4
Erin Lower-tier Town Wellington 11,981 11,439 +4.7% 298.81 40.1
Espanola Single-tier Town Sudbury 5,185 5,048 +2.7% 81.00 64.0
Essa Lower-tier Township Simcoe 22,970 21,083 +9.0% 279.92 82.1
Essex Lower-tier Town Essex 21,216 20,427 +3.9% 277.53 76.4
Evanturel Single-tier Township Timiskaming 502 449 +11.8% 89.21 5.6
Faraday Lower-tier Township Hastings 1,612 1,401 +15.1% 217.44 7.4
Fauquier-Strickland Single-tier Township Cochrane 467 536 −12.9% 1,010.45 0.5
Fort Erie Lower-tier Town Niagara 32,901 30,710 +7.1% 166.24 197.9
Fort Frances Single-tier Town Rainy River 7,466 7,739 −3.5% 25.55 292.2
French River Single-tier Municipality Sudbury 2,828 2,662 +6.2% 717.91 3.9
Front of Yonge Lower-tier Township Leeds and Grenville 2,595 2,602 −0.3% 125.25 20.7
Frontenac Islands Lower-tier Township Frontenac 1,930 1,760 +9.7% 176.82 10.9
Gananoque Single-tier Town Leeds and Grenville 5,383 5,159 +4.3% 7.01 767.9
Gauthier Single-tier Township Timiskaming 151 138 +9.4% 87.98 1.7
Georgian Bay Lower-tier Township Muskoka 3,441 2,514 +36.9% 525.29 6.6
Georgian Bluffs Lower-tier Township Grey 11,100 10,479 +5.9% 599.96 18.5
Georgina Lower-tier Town York 47,642 45,418 +4.9% 287.69 165.6
Gillies Single-tier Township Thunder Bay 441 474 −7.0% 92.68 4.8
Goderich Lower-tier Town Huron 7,881 7,628 +3.3% 8.54 922.8
Gordon/Barrie Island Single-tier Municipality Manitoulin 613 490 +25.1% 263.44 2.3
Gore Bay Single-tier Town Manitoulin 808 867 −6.8% 5.14 157.2
Grand Valley Lower-tier Town Dufferin 3,851 2,956 +30.3% 158.60 24.3
Gravenhurst Lower-tier Town Muskoka 13,157 12,311 +6.9% 489.11 26.9
Greater Madawaska Lower-tier Township Renfrew 2,864 2,518 +13.7% 1,018.15 2.8
Greater Napanee Lower-tier Town Lennox and Addington 16,879 15,892 +6.2% 462.30 36.5
Greater Sudbury Single-tier City Greater Sudbury 166,004 161,531 +2.8% 3,186.26 52.1
Greenstone Single-tier Municipality Thunder Bay 4,309 4,636 −7.1% 2,727.04 1.6
Grey Highlands Lower-tier Municipality Grey 10,424 9,804 +6.3% 879.03 11.9
Grimsby Lower-tier Town Niagara 28,883 27,314 +5.7% 68.71 420.4
Guelph Single-tier City Wellington 143,740 131,794 +9.1% 87.43 1,644.1
Guelph/Eramosa Lower-tier Township Wellington 13,904 12,854 +8.2% 292.84 47.5
Haldimand Single-tier City Haldimand-Norfolk 49,216 45,608 +7.9% 1,250.45 39.4
Halton Hills Lower-tier Town Halton 62,951 61,161 +2.9% 276.81 227.4
Hamilton Lower-tier Township Northumberland 11,059 10,942 +1.1% 256.03 43.2
Hamilton Single-tier City Hamilton 569,353 536,917 +6.0% 1,118.31 509.1
Hanover Lower-tier Town Grey 7,967 7,688 +3.6% 9.78 814.6
Harley Single-tier Township Timiskaming 524 551 −4.9% 92.34 5.7
Harris Single-tier Township Timiskaming 530 545 −2.8% 49.81 10.6
Hastings Highlands Lower-tier Municipality Hastings 4,385 4,078 +7.5% 966.58 4.5
Havelock-Belmont-Methuen Lower-tier Township Peterborough 5,083 4,530 +12.2% 529.35 9.6
Hawkesbury Lower-tier Town Prescott and Russell 10,194 10,263 −0.7% 10.10 1,009.3
Head, Clara and Maria Lower-tier Township Renfrew 267 248 +7.7% 719.20 0.4
Hearst Single-tier Town Cochrane 4,794 5,070 −5.4% 98.06 48.9
Highlands East Lower-tier Municipality Haliburton 3,830 3,343 +14.6% 688.18 5.6
Hilliard Single-tier Township Timiskaming 215 207 +3.9% 91.27 2.4
Hilton Single-tier Township Algoma 382 307 +24.4% 114.77 3.3
Hilton Beach Single-tier Village Algoma 198 171 +15.8% 2.52 78.6
Hornepayne Single-tier Township Algoma 968 980 −1.2% 203.04 4.8
Horton Lower-tier Township Renfrew 3,182 2,887 +10.2% 158.02 20.1
Howick Lower-tier Township Huron 4,045 3,873 +4.4% 286.55 14.1
Hudson Single-tier Township Timiskaming 530 503 +5.4% 90.28 5.9
Huntsville Lower-tier Town Muskoka 21,147 19,816 +6.7% 705.18 30.0
Huron East Lower-tier Municipality Huron 9,512 9,138 +4.1% 669.15 14.2
Huron Shores Single-tier Municipality Algoma 1,860 1,664 +11.8% 451.87 4.1
Huron-Kinloss Lower-tier Township Bruce 7,723 7,069 +9.3% 440.73 17.5
Ignace Single-tier Township Kenora 1,206 1,202 +0.3% 72.13 16.7
Ingersoll Lower-tier Town Oxford 13,693 12,757 +7.3% 12.73 1,075.6
Innisfil Lower-tier Town Simcoe 43,326 36,566 +18.5% 262.39 165.1
Iroquois Falls Single-tier Town Cochrane 4,418 4,537 −2.6% 599.03 7.4
James Single-tier Township Timiskaming 348 420 −17.1% 85.40 4.1
Jocelyn Single-tier Township Algoma 314 313 +0.3% 130.43 2.4
Johnson Single-tier Township Algoma 749 751 −0.3% 119.47 6.3
Joly Single-tier Township Parry Sound 293 304 −3.6% 193.95 1.5
Kapuskasing Single-tier Town Cochrane 8,057 8,292 −2.8% 83.98 95.9
Kawartha Lakes Single-tier City Kawartha Lakes 79,247 75,423 +5.1% 3,033.66 26.1
Kearney Single-tier Town Parry Sound 974 882 +10.4% 528.21 1.8
Kenora Single-tier City Kenora 14,967 15,096 −0.9% 211.65 70.7
Kerns Single-tier Township Timiskaming 330 358 −7.8% 90.66 3.6
Killaloe, Hagarty and Richards Lower-tier Township Renfrew 2,410 2,420 −0.4% 391.60 6.2
Killarney Single-tier Municipality Sudbury 397 386 +2.8% 1,469.40 0.3
Kincardine Lower-tier Municipality Bruce 12,268 11,389 +7.7% 537.80 22.8
King Lower-tier Township York 27,333 24,512 +11.5% 332.12 82.3
Kingston Single-tier City Frontenac 132,485 123,798 +7.0% 451.58 293.4
Kingsville Lower-tier Town Essex 22,119 21,552 +2.6% 246.08 89.9
Kirkland Lake Single-tier Town Timiskaming 7,750 7,981 −2.9% 261.29 29.7
Kitchener Lower-tier City Waterloo 256,885 233,222 +10.1% 136.81 1,877.7
La Vallee Single-tier Township Rainy River 788 938 −16.0% 237.12 3.3
Laird Single-tier Township Algoma 1,121 1,047 +7.1% 103.25 10.9
Lake of Bays Lower-tier Township Muskoka 3,759 3,167 +18.7% 667.43 5.6
Lake of the Woods Single-tier Township Rainy River 308 230 +33.9% 746.24 0.4
Lakeshore Lower-tier Town Essex 40,410 36,611 +10.4% 529.00 76.4
Lambton Shores Lower-tier Municipality Lambton 11,876 10,631 +11.7% 330.57 35.9
Lanark Highlands Lower-tier Township Lanark 5,737 5,338 +7.5% 1,031.52 5.6
Larder Lake Single-tier Township Timiskaming 745 730 +2.1% 227.62 3.3
LaSalle Lower-tier Town Essex 32,721 30,180 +8.4% 64.96 503.7
Latchford Single-tier Town Timiskaming 355 313 +13.4% 152.26 2.3
Laurentian Hills Lower-tier Town Renfrew 2,885 2,961 −2.6% 634.31 4.5
Laurentian Valley Lower-tier Township Renfrew 9,450 9,387 +0.7% 539.08 17.5
Leamington Lower-tier Municipality Essex 29,680 27,595 +7.6% 261.24 113.6
Leeds and the Thousand Islands Lower-tier Township Leeds and Grenville 9,804 9,465 +3.6% 608.09 16.1
Limerick Lower-tier Township Hastings 436 346 +26.0% 201.04 2.2
Lincoln Lower-tier Town Niagara 25,719 23,787 +8.1% 162.74 158.0
London Single-tier City Middlesex 422,324 383,822 +10.0% 420.50 1,004.3
Loyalist Lower-tier Township Lennox and Addington 17,943 16,971 +5.7% 342.72 52.4
Lucan Biddulph Lower-tier Township Middlesex 5,680 4,700 +20.9% 169.08 33.6
Macdonald, Meredith and Aberdeen Additional Single-tier Township Algoma 1,513 1,609 −6.0% 163.26 9.3
Machar Single-tier Township Parry Sound 969 882 +9.9% 182.65 5.3
Machin Single-tier Municipality Kenora 1,012 971 +4.2% 290.14 3.5
Madawaska Valley Lower-tier Township Renfrew 3,927 4,123 −4.8% 665.83 5.9
Madoc Lower-tier Township Hastings 2,233 2,078 +7.5% 274.58 8.1
Magnetawan Single-tier Municipality Parry Sound 1,753 1,390 +26.1% 526.31 3.3
Malahide Lower-tier Township Elgin 9,308 9,292 +0.2% 394.27 23.6
Manitouwadge Single-tier Township Thunder Bay 1,974 1,937 +1.9% 352.17 5.6
Mapleton Lower-tier Township Wellington 10,839 10,527 +3.0% 535.56 20.2
Marathon Single-tier Town Thunder Bay 3,138 3,273 −4.1% 167.03 18.8
Markham Lower-tier City York 338,503 328,966 +2.9% 210.93 1,604.8
Markstay-Warren Single-tier Municipality Sudbury 2,708 2,656 +2.0% 505.92 5.4
Marmora and Lake Lower-tier Municipality Hastings 4,267 3,953 +7.9% 538.24 7.9
Matachewan Single-tier Township Timiskaming 268 225 +19.1% 539.56 0.5
Mattawa Single-tier Town Nipissing 1,881 1,993 −5.6% 3.67 512.5
Mattawan Single-tier Township Nipissing 153 161 −5.0% 200.12 0.8
Mattice-Val Côté Single-tier Township Cochrane 542 648 −16.4% 412.81 1.3
McDougall Single-tier Municipality Parry Sound 2,744 2,702 +1.6% 264.02 10.4
McGarry Single-tier Township Timiskaming 579 609 −4.9% 85.62 6.8
McKellar Single-tier Township Parry Sound 1,419 1,111 +27.7% 176.07 8.1
McMurrich/Monteith Single-tier Township Parry Sound 907 824 +10.1% 275.26 3.3
McNab/Braeside Lower-tier Township Renfrew 7,591 7,178 +5.8% 255.28 29.7
Meaford Lower-tier Municipality Grey 11,485 10,991 +4.5% 587.57 19.5
Melancthon Lower-tier Township Dufferin 3,132 3,008 +4.1% 310.39 10.1
Merrickville–Wolford Lower-tier Village Leeds and Grenville 3,135 3,067 +2.2% 214.33 14.6
Middlesex Centre Lower-tier Municipality Middlesex 18,928 17,262 +9.7% 588.16 32.2
Midland Lower-tier Town Simcoe 17,817 16,864 +5.7% 35.33 504.3
Milton Lower-tier Town Halton 132,979 110,128 +20.7% 363.83 365.5
Minden Hills Lower-tier Township Haliburton 6,971 6,088 +14.5% 847.37 8.2
Minto Lower-tier Town Wellington 9,094 8,671 +4.9% 300.19 30.3
Mississauga Lower-tier City Peel 717,961 721,599 −0.5% 292.74 2,452.6
Mississippi Mills Lower-tier Town Lanark 14,740 13,163 +12.0% 511.25 28.8
Mono Lower-tier Town Dufferin 9,421 8,609 +9.4% 278.37 33.8
Montague Lower-tier Township Lanark 3,914 3,761 +4.1% 278.47 14.1
Moonbeam Single-tier Township Cochrane 1,157 1,231 −6.0% 234.46 4.9
Moosonee Single-tier Town Cochrane 1,512 1,481 +2.1% 547.83 2.8
Morley Single-tier Township Rainy River 493 481 +2.5% 388.38 1.3
Morris-Turnberry Lower-tier Municipality Huron 3,590 3,496 +2.7% 376.89 9.5
Mulmur Lower-tier Township Dufferin 3,571 3,478 +2.7% 286.17 12.5
Muskoka Lakes Lower-tier Township Muskoka 7,652 6,588 +16.2% 774.46 9.9
Nairn and Hyman Single-tier Township Sudbury 373 342 +9.1% 159.18 2.3
NationThe Nation Lower-tier Municipality Prescott and Russell 13,350 12,808 +4.2% 658.93 20.3
Neebing Single-tier Municipality Thunder Bay 2,241 2,055 +9.1% 873.78 2.6
New Tecumseth Lower-tier Town Simcoe 43,948 34,242 +28.3% 273.87 160.5
Newbury Lower-tier Village Middlesex 440 466 −5.6% 1.77 248.6
Newmarket Lower-tier Town York 87,942 84,224 +4.4% 38.50 2,284.2
Niagara Falls Lower-tier City Niagara 94,415 88,071 +7.2% 210.25 449.1
Niagara-on-the-Lake Lower-tier Town Niagara 19,088 17,511 +9.0% 131.35 145.3
Nipigon Single-tier Township Thunder Bay 1,473 1,642 −10.3% 107.94 13.6
Nipissing Single-tier Township Parry Sound 1,769 1,707 +3.6% 387.95 4.6
Norfolk Single-tier City Haldimand-Norfolk 67,490 64,044 +5.4% 1,597.68 42.2
North Algona Wilberforce Lower-tier Township Renfrew 3,111 2,915 +6.7% 369.23 8.4
North Bay Single-tier City Nipissing 52,662 51,553 +2.2% 315.53 166.9
North Dumfries Lower-tier Township Waterloo 10,619 10,215 +4.0% 188.09 56.5
North Dundas Lower-tier Township Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry 11,304 11,278 +0.2% 502.41 22.5
North Frontenac Lower-tier Township Frontenac 2,285 1,903 +20.1% 1,157.97 2.0
North Glengarry Lower-tier Township Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry 10,144 10,109 +0.3% 643.40 15.8
North Grenville Lower-tier Municipality Leeds and Grenville 17,964 16,451 +9.2% 351.90 51.0
North Huron Lower-tier Township Huron 5,052 4,932 +2.4% 179.01 28.2
North Kawartha Lower-tier Township Peterborough 2,877 2,479 +16.1% 746.35 3.9
North Middlesex Lower-tier Municipality Middlesex 6,307 6,352 −0.7% 598.65 10.5
North Perth Lower-tier Municipality Perth 15,538 13,130 +18.3% 493.09 31.5
North ShoreThe North Shore Single-tier Township Algoma 531 497 +6.8% 230.17 2.3
North Stormont Lower-tier Township Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry 7,400 6,873 +7.7% 515.46 14.4
Northeastern Manitoulin and the Islands Single-tier Municipality Manitoulin 2,641 2,712 −2.6% 489.19 5.4
Northern Bruce Peninsula Lower-tier Municipality Bruce 4,404 3,999 +10.1% 775.70 5.7
Norwich Lower-tier Township Oxford 11,151 10,835 +2.9% 424.01 26.3
Oakville Lower-tier Town Halton 213,759 193,832 +10.3% 138.94 1,538.5
O'Connor Single-tier Township Thunder Bay 689 663 +3.9% 108.56 6.3
Oil Springs Lower-tier Village Lambton 647 648 −0.2% 8.14 79.5
Oliver Paipoonge Single-tier Municipality Thunder Bay 6,035 5,922 +1.9% 350.51 17.2
Opasatika Single-tier Township Cochrane 200 226 −11.5% 327.09 0.6
Orangeville Lower-tier Town Dufferin 30,167 28,900 +4.4% 15.16 1,989.9
Orillia Single-tier City Simcoe 33,411 31,166 +7.2% 28.53 1,171.1
Oro-Medonte Lower-tier Township Simcoe 23,017 21,036 +9.4% 585.42 39.3
Oshawa Lower-tier City Durham 175,383 159,458 +10.0% 145.72 1,203.6
Otonabee–South Monaghan Lower-tier Township Peterborough 7,087 6,670 +6.3% 346.15 20.5
Ottawa Single-tier City Ottawa 1,017,449 934,243 +8.9% 2,788.20 364.9
Owen Sound Lower-tier City Grey 21,612 21,341 +1.3% 24.21 892.7
Papineau-Cameron Single-tier Township Nipissing 982 1,016 −3.3% 564.23 1.7
Parry Sound Single-tier Town Parry Sound 6,879 6,408 +7.4% 13.10 525.1
Pelee Single-tier Township Essex 230 235 −2.1% 41.03 5.6
Pelham Lower-tier Town Niagara 18,192 17,110 +6.3% 126.35 144.0
Pembroke Single-tier City Renfrew 14,364 13,882 +3.5% 14.32 1,003.1
Penetanguishene Lower-tier Town Simcoe 10,077 8,962 +12.4% 25.42 396.4
Perry Single-tier Township Parry Sound 2,650 2,454 +8.0% 186.34 14.2
Perth Lower-tier Town Lanark 6,469 5,930 +9.1% 12.21 529.8
Perth East Lower-tier Township Perth 12,595 12,277 +2.6% 711.93 17.7
Perth South Lower-tier Township Perth 3,776 3,805 −0.8% 391.88 9.6
Petawawa Lower-tier Town Renfrew 18,160 17,187 +5.7% 164.70 110.3
Peterborough Single-tier City Peterborough 83,651 81,032 +3.2% 64.76 1,291.7
Petrolia Lower-tier Town Lambton 6,013 5,742 +4.7% 12.46 482.6
Pickering Lower-tier City Durham 99,186 91,771 +8.1% 231.10 429.2
Pickle Lake Single-tier Township Kenora 398 388 +2.6% 247.21 1.6
Plummer Additional Single-tier Township Algoma 757 660 +14.7% 219.24 3.5
Plympton–Wyoming Lower-tier Town Lambton 8,308 7,795 +6.6% 318.86 26.1
Point Edward Lower-tier Village Lambton 1,930 2,037 −5.3% 3.30 584.8
Port Colborne Lower-tier City Niagara 20,033 18,306 +9.4% 121.99 164.2
Port Hope Lower-tier Municipality Northumberland 17,294 16,753 +3.2% 278.80 62.0
Powassan Single-tier Municipality Parry Sound 3,346 3,455 −3.2% 223.26 15.0
Prescott Single-tier Town Leeds and Grenville 4,078 4,222 −3.4% 4.94 825.5
Prince Single-tier Township Algoma 975 1,010 −3.5% 84.98 11.5
Prince Edward Single-tier City Prince Edward 25,704 24,735 +3.9% 1,052.61 24.4
Puslinch Lower-tier Township Wellington 7,944 7,336 +8.3% 214.82 37.0
Quinte West Single-tier City Hastings 46,560 43,577 +6.8% 495.45 94.0
Rainy River Single-tier Town Rainy River 752 807 −6.8% 3.12 241.0
Ramara Lower-tier Township Simcoe 10,377 9,488 +9.4% 414.94 25.0
Red Lake Single-tier Municipality Kenora 4,094 4,107 −0.3% 602.93 6.8
Red Rock Single-tier Township Thunder Bay 895 895 0.0% 62.10 14.4
Renfrew Lower-tier Town Renfrew 8,190 8,223 −0.4% 12.81 639.3
Richmond Hill Lower-tier City York 202,022 195,022 +3.6% 100.79 2,004.4
Rideau Lakes Lower-tier Township Leeds and Grenville 10,883 10,326 +5.4% 711.81 15.3
Russell Lower-tier Township Prescott and Russell 19,598 16,520 +18.6% 198.78 98.6
Ryerson Single-tier Township Parry Sound 745 648 +15.0% 185.93 4.0
Sables-Spanish Rivers Single-tier Township Sudbury 3,237 3,188 +1.5% 801.04 4.0
Sarnia Lower-tier City Lambton 72,047 71,594 +0.6% 163.90 439.6
Saugeen Shores Lower-tier Town Bruce 15,908 13,715 +16.0% 170.19 93.5
Sault Ste. Marie Single-tier City Algoma 72,051 73,368 −1.8% 221.99 324.6
Schreiber Single-tier Township Thunder Bay 1,039 1,059 −1.9% 35.81 29.0
Scugog Lower-tier Township Durham 21,581 21,617 −0.2% 474.38 45.5
Seguin Single-tier Township Parry Sound 5,280 4,304 +22.7% 586.99 9.0
Selwyn Lower-tier Township Peterborough 18,653 17,060 +9.3% 316.12 59.0
Severn Lower-tier Township Simcoe 14,576 13,462 +8.3% 523.06 27.9
Shelburne Lower-tier Town Dufferin 8,994 8,126 +10.7% 6.56 1,371.0
Shuniah Single-tier Municipality Thunder Bay 3,247 2,798 +16.0% 571.34 5.7
Sioux Lookout Single-tier Municipality Kenora 5,839 5,272 +10.8% 378.02 15.4
Sioux Narrows-Nestor Falls Single-tier Township Kenora 727 567 +28.2% 1,215.80 0.6
Smiths Falls Single-tier Town Lanark 9,254 8,780 +5.4% 9.66 958.0
Smooth Rock Falls Single-tier Town Cochrane 1,200 1,330 −9.8% 199.73 6.0
South Algonquin Single-tier Township Nipissing 1,055 1,096 −3.7% 867.73 1.2
South Bruce Lower-tier Municipality Bruce 5,880 5,639 +4.3% 486.86 12.1
South Bruce Peninsula Lower-tier Town Bruce 9,137 8,416 +8.6% 530.61 17.2
South Dundas Lower-tier Municipality Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry 11,044 10,852 +1.8% 521.54 21.2
South Frontenac Lower-tier Township Frontenac 20,188 18,646 +8.3% 948.05 21.3
South Glengarry Lower-tier Township Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry 13,330 13,150 +1.4% 605.02 22.0
South Huron Lower-tier Municipality Huron 10,063 10,096 −0.3% 425.12 23.7
South River Single-tier Village Parry Sound 1,101 1,114 −1.2% 4.11 267.9
South Stormont Lower-tier Township Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry 13,570 13,110 +3.5% 447.71 30.3
Southgate Lower-tier Township Grey 8,716 7,354 +18.5% 643.08 13.6
Southwest Middlesex Lower-tier Municipality Middlesex 5,893 5,723 +3.0% 427.82 13.8
South-West Oxford Lower-tier Township Oxford 7,583 7,634 −0.7% 369.61 20.5
Southwold Lower-tier Township Elgin 4,851 4,421 +9.7% 301.38 16.1
Spanish Single-tier Town Algoma 670 712 −5.9% 106.90 6.3
Springwater Lower-tier Township Simcoe 21,701 19,059 +13.9% 535.85 40.5
St. Catharines Lower-tier City Niagara 136,803 133,113 +2.8% 96.20 1,422.1
St. Clair Lower-tier Township Lambton 14,659 14,086 +4.1% 618.57 23.7
St. Joseph Single-tier Township Algoma 1,426 1,240 +15.0% 127.65 11.2
St. Marys Single-tier Town Perth 7,386 7,265 +1.7% 12.44 593.7
St. Thomas Single-tier City Elgin 42,840 38,909 +10.1% 35.61 1,203.0
St.-Charles Single-tier Municipality Sudbury 1,357 1,269 +6.9% 314.46 4.3
Stirling-Rawdon Lower-tier Township Hastings 5,015 4,882 +2.7% 282.48 17.8
Stone Mills Lower-tier Township Lennox and Addington 7,826 7,702 +1.6% 693.71 11.3
Stratford Single-tier City Perth 33,232 31,470 +5.6% 30.02 1,107.0
Strathroy-Caradoc Lower-tier Municipality Middlesex 23,871 20,867 +14.4% 270.86 88.1
Strong Single-tier Township Parry Sound 1,566 1,439 +8.8% 158.88 9.9
Sundridge Single-tier Village Parry Sound 938 961 −2.4% 2.25 416.9
Tarbutt Single-tier Township Algoma 573 534 +7.3% 52.79 10.9
Tay Lower-tier Township Simcoe 11,091 10,033 +10.5% 137.86 80.5
Tay Valley Lower-tier Township Lanark 5,925 5,665 +4.6% 528.67 11.2
Tecumseh Lower-tier Town Essex 23,300 23,229 +0.3% 94.59 246.3
Tehkummah Single-tier Township Manitoulin 450 436 +3.2% 131.70 3.4
Temagami Single-tier Municipality Nipissing 862 802 +7.5% 1,878.12 0.5
Temiskaming Shores Single-tier City Timiskaming 9,634 9,920 −2.9% 176.67 54.5
Terrace Bay Single-tier Township Thunder Bay 1,528 1,611 −5.2% 151.50 10.1
Thames Centre Lower-tier Municipality Middlesex 13,980 13,191 +6.0% 433.99 32.2
Thessalon Single-tier Town Algoma 1,260 1,286 −2.0% 4.38 287.7
Thornloe Single-tier Village Timiskaming 92 112 −17.9% 6.59 14.0
Thorold Lower-tier City Niagara 23,816 18,801 +26.7% 83.29 285.9
Thunder Bay Single-tier City Thunder Bay 108,843 107,909 +0.9% 327.77 332.1
Tillsonburg Lower-tier Town Oxford 18,615 15,872 +17.3% 22.20 838.5
Timmins Single-tier City Cochrane 41,145 41,788 −1.5% 2,955.33 13.9
Tiny Lower-tier Township Simcoe 12,966 11,787 +10.0% 335.05 38.7
Toronto Single-tier[v] City Toronto 2,794,356 2,731,571 +2.3% 631.10 4,427.8
Trent Hills Lower-tier Municipality Northumberland 13,861 12,900 +7.4% 513.85 27.0
Trent Lakes Lower-tier Municipality Peterborough 6,439 5,397 +19.3% 833.72 7.7
Tudor and Cashel Lower-tier Township Hastings 740 586 +26.3% 433.31 1.7
Tweed Lower-tier Municipality Hastings 6,067 6,044 +0.4% 918.61 6.6
Tyendinaga Lower-tier Township Hastings 4,538 4,226 +7.4% 312.42 14.5
Uxbridge Lower-tier Township Durham 21,556 21,176 +1.8% 420.52 51.3
Val Rita-Harty Single-tier Township Cochrane 757 762 −0.7% 378.89 2.0
Vaughan Lower-tier City York 323,103 306,233 +5.5% 272.44 1,186.0
Wainfleet Lower-tier Township Niagara 6,887 6,372 +8.1% 217.53 31.7
Warwick Lower-tier Township Lambton 3,641 3,692 −1.4% 290.21 12.5
Wasaga Beach Lower-tier Town Simcoe 24,862 20,675 +20.3% 57.42 433.0
Waterloo Lower-tier City Waterloo 121,436 104,986 +15.7% 64.06 1,895.7
Wawa Single-tier Municipality Algoma 2,705 2,905 −6.9% 411.89 6.6
Welland Lower-tier City Niagara 55,750 52,293 +6.6% 81.16 686.9
Wellesley Lower-tier Township Waterloo 11,318 11,260 +0.5% 277.74 40.8
Wellington North Lower-tier Township Wellington 12,431 11,914 +4.3% 526.31 23.6
West Elgin Lower-tier Municipality Elgin 5,060 4,995 +1.3% 322.09 15.7
West Grey Lower-tier Municipality Grey 13,131 12,518 +4.9% 875.21 15.0
West Lincoln Lower-tier Township Niagara 15,454 14,500 +6.6% 387.02 39.9
West Nipissing Single-tier Municipality Nipissing 14,583 14,364 +1.5% 1,956.27 7.5
West Perth Lower-tier Municipality Perth 9,038 8,865 +2.0% 578.88 15.6
Westport Lower-tier Village Leeds and Grenville 634 590 +7.5% 2.19 289.5
Whitby Lower-tier Town Durham 138,501 128,377 +7.9% 146.69 944.2
Whitchurch-Stouffville Lower-tier Town York 49,864 45,837 +8.8% 206.42 241.6
White River Single-tier Township Algoma 557 645 −13.6% 95.55 5.8
Whitestone Single-tier Municipality Parry Sound 1,075 916 +17.4% 923.70 1.2
Whitewater Lower-tier Township Renfrew 7,225 7,009 +3.1% 535.48 13.5
Wilmot Lower-tier Township Waterloo 21,429 20,545 +4.3% 263.81 81.2
Windsor Single-tier City Essex 229,660 217,188 +5.7% 146.02 1,572.8
Wollaston Lower-tier Township Hastings 721 670 +7.6% 215.87 3.3
Woodstock Lower-tier City Oxford 46,705 41,098 +13.6% 56.46 827.2
Woolwich Lower-tier Township Waterloo 26,999 25,006 +8.0% 326.56 82.7
Zorra Lower-tier Township Oxford 8,628 8,138 +6.0% 529.19 16.3
Total local (single and lower-tier) municipalities 14,134,681 13,357,280 +5.8% 154,274.36 91.6
Province of Ontario 14,223,942 13,448,494 +5.8% 892,411.76 15.9

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Although Ontario is the third-largest province in land area, it is second-largest in total area after accounting for its freshwater area.[1]
  2. ^ a b c Though Muskoka and Oxford are officially named the District Municipality of Muskoka and the County of Oxford respectively, both are actually regional municipalities per the definition of "regional municipality" in Ontario's Municipal Act, 2001, which states that a regional municipality "means an upper-tier municipality that was a regional or district municipality or the County of Oxford on December 31, 2002".[6]
  3. ^ Demographic information excludes the Chief's Point No. 28, Neyaashiinigmiing 27, and Saugeen 29 reserves.[13]
  4. ^ Demographic information excludes the Mississaugas of Scugog Island reserve.[14]
  5. ^ Demographic information excludes the City of St. Thomas which is independent of Elgin County but included in the Elgin County Census Division.[15]
  6. ^ Demographic information excludes the City of Windsor and the township of Pelee which are independent of Essex County but included in the Essex County Census Division.[16]
  7. ^ Demographic information excludes the City of Kingston which is independent of Frontenac County but included in the Frontenac County Census Division.[17]
  8. ^ Demographic information excludes the Tyendinaga Mohawk Territory reserve, and the cities of Belleville and Quinte West which are independent of Hastings County but included in the Hastings County Census Division.[18]
  9. ^ Demographic information excludes the Chippewas of Kettle and Stony Point First Nation, Aamjiwnaang First Nation, and Walpole Island reserves which are independent of Lambton County but included in the Lambton County Census Division.[19]
  10. ^ Demographic information excludes the City of Smiths Falls which is independent of Lanark County but included in the Lanark County Census Division.[20]
  11. ^ Demographic information excludes the City of Brockville and towns of Gananoque and Prescott which are independent of Leeds and Grenville but included in the Leeds and Grenville Census Division.[21]
  12. ^ Demographic information excludes the City of London and the Chippewas of the Thames 42, Munsee-Delaware 1, Oneida 41 reserves which are independent of Middlesex County but included in the Middlesex County Census Division. Chippewas of the Thames 42 and Oneida 41 were incompletely enumerated in the 2016 census and population figures are not included in the 2016 population.[22]
  13. ^ Demographic information excludes the Moose Point 79 reserve and Wahta Mohawk Territory which are independent of District Municipality of Muskoka but included in the District Municipality of Muskoka Census Division.[23]
  14. ^ Demographic information excludes the Alderville First Nation reserve which is independent of Northumberland County but included in the Northumberland County Census Division.[24]
  15. ^ Demographic information excludes the City of Stratford and Town of St. Marys which are independent of Perth County but included in the Perth County Census Division.[25]
  16. ^ Demographic information excludes the City of Peterborough and the Curve Lake First Nation 35 and Hiawatha First Nation reserves which are independent of Peterborough County but included in the Peterborough County Census Division.[26]
  17. ^ Demographic information excludes the City of Pembroke and the Pikwakanagan (Golden Lake 39) reserve which are independent of Renfrew County but included in the Renfrew County Census Division.[27]
  18. ^ Demographic information excludes the cities of Barrie and Orillia and the Chippewas of Rama First Nation, Christian Island 30, and Christian Island 30A reserves which are independent of Simcoe County but included in the Simcoe County Census Division.[28]
  19. ^ Demographic information exclude the single-tier municipality of Cornwall and the Akwesasne 59 reserve which are independent of Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry but included in the Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry Census Division.[29]
  20. ^ Demographic information exclude the City of Guelph which is independent of Wellington County but included in the Wellington County Census Division.[30]
  21. ^ Demographic information exclude the Chippewas of Georgina Island First Nation reserve which is independent of Regional Municipality of York but included in the Regional Municipality of York Census Division.[31]
  22. ^ A unique set of legal powers, beyond other single-tier municipalities, is provided by the City of Toronto Act, 2006, SO 2006, c 11, Sch A.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Land and freshwater area, by province and territory". Statistics Canada. February 1, 2005. Retrieved December 18, 2014.
  2. ^ "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, 2021 and 2016 censuses – 100% data". Statistics Canada. March 14, 2022. Retrieved March 14, 2022.
  3. ^ "List of Ontario Municipalities". Ontario Ministry of Municipal Affairs and Housing. Archived from the original on February 28, 2013. Retrieved June 20, 2013.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g "Population and dwelling counts: Canada, provinces and territories, census divisions and census subdivisions (municipalities), Ontario". Statistics Canada. February 9, 2022. Retrieved March 18, 2022.
  5. ^ a b c d "The Municipal Councillor's Guide" (PDF). Ontario Ministry of Municipal Affairs and Housing. Archived from the original on January 14, 2009. Retrieved June 25, 2013.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Municipal Act, S.O. 2001, Chapter 25". Service Ontario. Retrieved July 3, 2013.
  7. ^ "City of Toronto Act, 2006". e-Laws. Government of Ontario. Retrieved August 20, 2013.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h "Ontario Municipalities". Association of Municipalities of Ontario. Retrieved June 25, 2013.
  9. ^ "Town of Markham ready to take another shot at city status". Metro. Free Daily News Group Inc. May 10, 2013. Archived from the original on August 18, 2013. Retrieved August 18, 2013.
  10. ^ Doug Grant. "A Short History: Brockville – Ontario's First Incorporated Town". City of Brockville. Archived from the original on August 21, 2010. Retrieved June 20, 2013.
  11. ^ "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census divisions, 2016 and 2011 censuses". Statistics Canada. August 9, 2017. Retrieved July 28, 2017.
  12. ^ a b c "List of Ontario Municipalities". Ontario Municipal Affairs and Housing. September 21, 2012. Archived from the original on February 28, 2013. Retrieved January 3, 2013.
  13. ^ "Standard Geographical Classification (SGC) 2001 Bruce County". Statistics Canada. October 7, 2014. Retrieved January 23, 2016.
  14. ^ "Standard Geographical Classification (SGC) 2001 Durham Regional Municipality". Statistics Canada. October 7, 2014. Retrieved January 23, 2016.
  15. ^ "Elgin County". County of Elgin. 2012. Retrieved January 23, 2016.
  16. ^ "Our Municipalities". County of Essex. 2014. Retrieved January 23, 2016.
  17. ^ "Township Boundaries" (PDF). County of Frontenac. 2010. Retrieved January 23, 2016.
  18. ^ "Member Municipalities". County of Hastings. 2016. Retrieved January 23, 2016.
  19. ^ "Local Municipalities". County of Lambton. 2016. Retrieved January 23, 2016.
  20. ^ "Local Municipalities". The County of Lanark. 2014. Retrieved January 23, 2016.
  21. ^ "Member Municipalities". United Counties of Leeds and Grenville. 2015. Archived from the original on January 30, 2016. Retrieved January 23, 2016.
  22. ^ "Municipalities". Middlesex County. 2012. Retrieved January 23, 2016.
  23. ^ "Long Range Solid Waste Management Plan Environmental Assessment Waste Quantity Projections and Existing Environment Profile". The District Municipality of Muskoka. 2016. p. 16. Retrieved January 26, 2016.
  24. ^ "Northumberland County". Northumberland. 2015. Retrieved January 26, 2016.
  25. ^ "About Perth County". Perth County. Archived from the original on February 2, 2016. Retrieved January 26, 2016.
  26. ^ "Municipalities". County of Peterborough. 2016. Retrieved January 26, 2016.
  27. ^ "Municipalities". County of Renfrew. 2016. Retrieved January 26, 2016.
  28. ^ "Municipal Partners". Simcoe County. 2014. Retrieved January 27, 2016.
  29. ^ "Municipalities". Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry. 2015. Retrieved January 27, 2016.
  30. ^ "Local Towns and Townships". County of Wellington. 2015. Retrieved January 27, 2016.
  31. ^ "Local Municipalities". The Regional Municipality of York. 2016. Retrieved January 27, 2016.
  32. ^ "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, census divisions and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2016 and 2011 censuses – 100% data (Ontario)". Statistics Canada. February 8, 2018. p. 1 of 3. Retrieved December 27, 2018.
  33. ^ "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, census divisions and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2016 and 2011 censuses – 100% data (Ontario)". Statistics Canada. February 8, 2018. p. 2 of 3. Retrieved December 27, 2018.
  34. ^ "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, census divisions and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2016 and 2011 censuses – 100% data (Ontario)". Statistics Canada. February 8, 2018. p. 3 of 3. Retrieved December 27, 2018.

External linksEdit