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Taicang is a county-level city under the jurisdiction of Suzhou, Jiangsu province. The city located in the south of the Yangtze River estuary opposite Nantong, being bordered by Shanghai proper to the south, while the river also delineates much of its northeastern boundary along Chongming Island.

Taicang
太仓市
County-level city
皋桥.jpg
Taicang is located in Jiangsu
Taicang
Taicang
Location in Jiangsu
Coordinates: 31°33′50″N 121°10′26″E / 31.564°N 121.174°E / 31.564; 121.174Coordinates: 31°33′50″N 121°10′26″E / 31.564°N 121.174°E / 31.564; 121.174
Country People's Republic of China
Province Jiangsu
Prefecture-level city Suzhou
Municipal seat Chengxiang (城厢镇)
Divisions 7 towns: Chengxiang, Shaxi, Ludu, Liuhe, Fuqiao, Huangjing, Shuangfeng
Area
 • Total 642 km2 (248 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 947,000
 • Density 1,500/km2 (3,800/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code 215400
Area code(s) 0512

Contents

AdministrationEdit

Taicang administers seven towns:[1]

HistoryEdit

ToponymEdit

The derivation of Taicang is controversial so far. A hydrologist during the Song dynasty, Jia Dan, referred to it in a memorial to the throne. He wrote, "今崑山之東,地名太倉". It was the first time the toponym was recorded.[2]

OverviewEdit

Taicang is a natural port. Under the Yuan, the city reached its peak between 1271 and 1368. Under the Ming, Taicang's Liuhe Harbor was the departure point for Zheng He's treasure fleets. It was also during this period that the shoals in the Yangtze estuary which later became Chongming Island were placed under the supervision of Taicang Prefecture.[3]

It was the venue for the 2014 IAAF World Race Walking Cup.

GeographyEdit

Taicang is centered at 31°30' North and 120°40' East. According to the National Bureau of Statistics, the city has a total area of 318.0 square miles (823.0 km²), of which, 208.0 square miles (537.0 km²) of it is land and 110 square miles (285 km²) of it is water. Yangtze River has 61% of the water area. Taicang is in the Yangtze River Delta Depositional Plain. The whole region is flat, leaning slightly toward southwest. Altitude: 3.5~5.8 meters in east; 2.4~3.8 meters in west.

Taicang port is in the east of the city, and south of the Yangtze exit into the East China sea. The center of Taicang port is in 31°37′00" North, 121°14′00" East. Port line stretches 24.3 miles (38.8 km), of which 15.6 miles can park 50 thousand ton vessels. Taicang is in humid subtropical climate zone with distinctive seasons. Average year round temperate is 15.5 Celsius. Precipitation is around 1078.1 mm.

See alsoEdit

External linksEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2011年统计用区划代码和城乡划分代码:太仓市 (in Chinese). National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China. Retrieved 2013-06-03. 
  2. ^ "吳郡志/卷19 - 维基文库,自由的图书馆". zh.wikisource.org (in Chinese). Retrieved 2017-07-06. 
  3. ^ "Chongming County" in the Encyclopedia of Shanghai, pp. 50 ff. Shanghai Scientific & Technical Publishers (Shanghai), 2010. Hosted by the Municipality of Shanghai.