Bhiwandi

Bhiwandi (About this soundpronunciation ) is a city in the Thane district of Maharashtra, Konkan. It is located 20 km northeast of Mumbai and 15 km northeast of the city Thane. The exact location of Bhiwandi is 19°17′48″N 73°03′47″E / 19.296664°N 73.063121°E / 19.296664; 73.063121.[2]

Bhiwandi

The Manchester of India
Bhiwandi is located in Maharashtra
Bhiwandi
Bhiwandi
Bhiwandi is located in India
Bhiwandi
Bhiwandi
Coordinates: 19°17′48″N 73°03′47″E / 19.296664°N 73.063121°E / 19.296664; 73.063121Coordinates: 19°17′48″N 73°03′47″E / 19.296664°N 73.063121°E / 19.296664; 73.063121
Country India
StateMaharashtra
DistrictThane
Government
 • TypeMunicipal Corporation
 • BodyBhiwandi-Nizampur Municipal Corporation
 • MayorPratibha Vilas Patil, Konark Vikas Aghadi
 • Municipal CommissionerDr. Pankaj Ashiya IAS
Elevation
24 m (79 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total709,665[1]
Language
 • OfficialMarathi
Time zoneIST
PIN
421 302, 421305, 421308
Telephone code02522
Vehicle registrationMH-04
Websitewww.bncmc.gov.in

The city of Bhiwandi also houses the headquarters of the tehsil of Bhiwandi, and is under the administration of the Bhiwandi-Nizampur Municipal Corporation. The city is a part of the Mumbai Metropolitan Region. According to the 2011 census, the total population of the Bhiwandi-Nizampur Municipal Corporation area was 709,665.[1]

HistoryEdit

Bhiwandi is a commercial city in the Thane district of Western Maharashtra. Bhiwandi lies in the Konkan coastal lowland with hills and streams. Bhiwandi is well-known as a major trade centre. The city is the major link between Mumbai and the rest of India through Mumbai–Agra highway. Bhiwandi has been given the nickname "the Manchester of India".

In the early 16th century, Bhiwandi used to have a port on the Kamwadi River in Bunder Mohalla. Waswoods & Spices were traded the most from the port. During the reign of the Moghul Empire the city of Bhiwandi was known by the name "Islamabad". There is a mosque named Islamabad Masjid & Eidgah.

In the early 20th century, Bhiwandi was a small town and was inhabited mainly by Maharashtrians. Most people worked in agriculture, fishing and weaving. With the introduction of electricity, the hand looms were replaced by power looms. It became a hub of the textile industry in the 1930s.

With the decline of the textile industry in Mumbai, Bhiwandi became attractive to textile companies due to the convenience for transport and 24-hour power service. The power loom of Bhiwandi is the second largest power loom after the one in Surat. Bhiwandi produces and transports most of the Power loom for textile industry all over India.

The increase in Bhiwandi's population is directly or indirectly related to the power loom industry. The place is also known for its large godowns which are considered Asia's largest.[3]

Bhiwandi was initially inhabited by the Kolis and Konkanis who were fishermen that used to live near the Konkan sea coast. Bhiwandi was once a trading town as it had its own port (Bandargah) in Bunder Mohalla. Some of the traditional wooden fishing boats can be seen even today in the Bhiwandi area. The Kolis have their own customs and speak a different dialect of Marathi.[4]

Bhiwandi's total population was about 500,000 in 2001. The bulk of the population forms the workforce for a number of textile and other industries. The first textile loom was set up by Khan Saheb Samad Seth in 1927. He told the local people to sell gold and purchase iron. Today the city of Bhiwandi has about 500,000 power looms, though handlooms are few in number.

BusinessEdit

The city of Bhiwandi, known for its textile industry, has the largest number of power looms and handlooms in the country.[5][6][7] The majority of the population is employed in the power loom sector.[8]

Bhiwandi developed as an industrial hub for the textile industry in the past, but more recently has hosted other industries and logistics sectors. Bhiwandi is one of Asia’s biggest warehousing hubs. It is a major contributor to the logistic landscape of Mumbai and India due to close proximity to Nhava Seva port of Mumbai and servicing Mumbai ,India’s financial capital Many e-commerce companies like Amazon, Flipkart, Reliance, Snapdeal, and FedEx have branches in the city. a warehousing hub dispatching hundreds of thousands of retail and industrial goods to consumers in the financial capital every day.Bhiwandi is the next development region for MMRDA, which has developed other regions such as the Bandra–Kurla Complex, Mumbai Metro, Monorail Project and Eastern Freeway.[9]

TransportationEdit

RoadEdit

The NH3 highway passes through the city of Bhiwandi. Only auto-rickshaws are available in the city. Bhiwandi is connected to the neighbouring cities Mumbai, Thane, Kalyan, Navi Mumbai, Vasai-Virar, Wada, and other parts of Maharashtra.

RailwaysEdit

Bhiwandi has two railway stations: Bhiwandi Road railway station and Kharbao railway station, both of which are under Central Railway administration. Locals commute via passenger trains. The trains connect to central line railways at Kopar railway station, western line railways at Vasai Road Railway Station, and Harbor Line at Panvel railway station.

AirwaysEdit

The nearest airport is Navi Mumbai International Airport, 45.2 Kilometers from Bhiwandi. The other nearest airport is Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj International Airport Mumbai, 45.3 Kilometers from Bhiwandi. A third airport is being built at Navi Mumbai.[10]

FestivalsEdit

All Indian festivals are celebrated, such as Ganesh Chaturthi, Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Jayanti, Mahavir Jayanti, Dahihandi, Ambedkar Jayanti, Navratri, Dussehra, Diwali, Bhiwandi Agri Mahostav, Aaja Nachle Dance Competition Kombadpada, Telugu Padmashali Samaj Sevak Utsavam, Hanuman Jayanti, Varaladevi Jatra, Markandeya Jayanti, Gudi Padwa, New Year, Navratri, Ramadan, Maharashtra Day, and Ganesh Jayanti.

DemographicsEdit

According to the 2011 census, the total population of the Bhiwandi-Nizampur Municipal Corporation area is around 1 million.[2]

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Bhiwandi
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 34.4
(93.9)
35.3
(95.5)
37.6
(99.7)
39.5
(103.1)
42.8
(109.0)
39.6
(103.3)
33.5
(92.3)
33.2
(91.8)
34.5
(94.1)
37.6
(99.7)
36.7
(98.1)
34.5
(94.1)
42.8
(109.0)
Average high °C (°F) 29.2
(84.6)
30.5
(86.9)
32.4
(90.3)
34.2
(93.6)
34.4
(93.9)
31.2
(88.2)
29.1
(84.4)
28.6
(83.5)
29.4
(84.9)
33.3
(91.9)
32.4
(90.3)
31.2
(88.2)
31.3
(88.3)
Average low °C (°F) 15.1
(59.2)
16.5
(61.7)
19.5
(67.1)
22.7
(72.9)
25.2
(77.4)
25.1
(77.2)
24.2
(75.6)
23.7
(74.7)
22.8
(73.0)
22.3
(72.1)
19.4
(66.9)
16.3
(61.3)
−1.1
(30.0)
Record low °C (°F) 6.7
(44.1)
8.3
(46.9)
16.5
(61.7)
18.6
(65.5)
20.2
(68.4)
21.1
(70.0)
19.6
(67.3)
18.9
(66.0)
19.2
(66.6)
18.6
(65.5)
16.5
(61.7)
12.4
(54.3)
6.7
(44.1)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 3.6
(0.14)
1.0
(0.04)
1.3
(0.05)
2.0
(0.08)
21.3
(0.84)
502.4
(19.78)
1,015.7
(39.99)
584.2
(23.00)
336.3
(13.24)
95.3
(3.75)
12.9
(0.51)
2.0
(0.08)
2,578
(101.5)
Average rainy days 0 0 0 0 1 14 31 24 15 6 1 0 92
Mean monthly sunshine hours 269.4 259.3 272.9 286.4 295.6 143.3 73.2 71.2 157.5 234.5 245.6 254.2 2,563.1
Source: Government of Maharashtra

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b http://www.census2011.co.in/census/city/364-bhiwandi.html
  2. ^ a b http://censusindia.gov.in/2011-prov-results/paper2/data_files/India2/Table_2_PR_Cities_1Lakh_and_Above.pdf
  3. ^ https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/industry/services/retail/how-bhiwandi-has-rebuilt-itself-to-become-a-logistics-hub-for-online-retailers/articleshow/72201341.cms?from=mdr
  4. ^ "We Welcome you to Bhiwandi Nizampur City Municipal Corporation website". www.bncmc.gov.in. Archived from the original on 1 October 2016. Retrieved 4 October 2016.
  5. ^ Katakam, Anupama (28 February – 12 March 2004). "Victims of 'new economy'". Frontline. The Hindu. 21 (5).
  6. ^ Subbu, Ramnath (8 August 2005). "Deluge takes heavy toll of industry". [The Hindu].
  7. ^ "The City Of No Joy". The Times of India. 10 July 2006.
  8. ^ "Redefining Industrial, Warehousing Spaces - Mahavir Complex". Mahavir Dev Group.
  9. ^ "Amazon.in to open second warehouse in India". intoday.in.
  10. ^ Raghunath, Satyaki. "Airport privatisation in India: Investment opportunities in the next phase of development." Journal of Airport Management 4.3 (2010): 235-251.

10. https://www.facebook.com/bhiwandinewsonline24x7/