List of political parties in Mexico
This article lists political parties in Mexico.
Nationally, there are three large political parties that dominate: the PRI, the MORENA, and the PAN. Other smaller political parties survive in isolation or by forming local coalitions with any of the big three.
As of 2018, Mexico has seven nationally recognized political parties by the Federal Electoral Institute. National recognition was given to those parties that secured representation in Congress (effectively, a share of the popular vote greater than 2%).
Under Mexican law, parties are listed in the order in which they were first registered, thus:
- National Action Party (Partido Acción Nacional, PAN) – a right-of-center party, member of Centrist Democrat International. Founded September, 1939.
- Institutional Revolutionary Party (Partido Revolucionario Institucional, PRI) – the dominant party, under different names, at the municipal, state, and national levels for most of the 20th century. Although part of the Socialist International, it is now considered a centrist party.
- Party of the Democratic Revolution (Partido de la Revolución Democrática, PRD) – a left-of-center party. It was formed as the "National Democratic Front", a joint effort from a splinter group of the PRI and several forces from the left, in the 1988 elections. Its first candidate and founder, Cuauhtémoc Cárdenas, lost the 1988 presidential election under dubious circumstances, which eventually helped the party consolidate itself. It has long controlled the government of the capital, Mexico City.
- Labor Party (Partido del Trabajo, PT) – a laborist political party formed in 1990. It is often allied with the PRD for electoral purposes.
- Ecologist Green Party of Mexico (Partido Verde Ecologista de México, PVEM) – a minor party founded in 1991 with an environmentalist platform. This party allied with the PAN to elect the first non-PRI president in almost seven decades. Since then it has mostly allied with the PRI.
- Citizens' Movement (Movimiento Ciudadano, MC: formerly known as Convergencia and Convergencia por la Democracia) – a social democratic party, formed in 1997.
- National Regeneration Movement (Movimiento de Regeneración Nacional, MORENA) – a left-wing nationalist party, formed in 2011, and proclaimed as national party in 2014. This is the political party of Incumbent President Andrés Manuel López Obrador as of the July 1, 2018 Elections. MORENA also took over as the dominant party in the Senate and Chamber of Deputies during the 2018 elections, forming the government along with PT and PES.
In terms of their congressional representation and share of the national vote, only PRI, PAN and MORENA can be considered major parties.
Other political partiesEdit
- Communist Party of Mexico (far-left, not officially registered as party, cannot compete in elections)
- Nationalist Front of Mexico (right-wing, not officially registered as party, cannot compete in elections)
- National Synarchist Union (far-right, not officially registered as party, cannot compete in elections)
- Autonomous Region Party ("Unification of the northeast")
- Socialist Convergence (Mexico) (Convergencia Socialista - CS) (left-wing, not officially registered as party, cannot compete in elections)
- Workers' Revolutionary Party (Partido Revolucionario de los y las Trabajadores) (left-wing, not officially registered as party, cannot compete in elections)
- Cyber Political Party (right-wing, not officially registered as party)
Local parties are registered with the Electoral Institute of each Mexican state according to their own criteria and regulations, which may differ from those of INE but maintaining a national relation due to the highest court in the law of political parties, the SCJN. This list is complete as of 2006.
- Colima Democratic Association (Asociación Democrática de Colima, Colima)
- Alliance for Yucatan Party (Partido Alianza por Yucatán, Yucatán)
- Coahuila First (Primero Coahuila, Coahuila)
- Social Democratic Party of Coahuila (Social Demócrata de Coahuila, Coahuila)
- Progressive Party of Coahuila (Partido Progresista de Coahuila, Coahuila)
- Popular Awareness Party (Partido Conciencia Popular, San Luis Potosi)
- Mexican Conservative Party (1849–1867)
- Mexican Liberal Party (1905–1918)
- Progressive Constitutionalist Party (1910–1929) Merged into National Revolutionary Party
- Laborist Party (1919–1929)
- Mexican Communist Party (1919–1989)
- Revolutionary Party of National Unification (1939–1940)
- Popular Force Party (1945–1948)
- Federation of Parties of the People (1945–1954)
- Authentic Party of the Mexican Revolution (1954–2000)
- Mexican Democratic Party (1979–1997)
- Mexican Workers' Party (1984–1987)
- Mexican Socialist Party (1987–1989)
- Cardenist Front of National Reconstruction (1987–1997)
- Party of the Nationalist Society (1998–2003)
- Social Democracy (1999–2000)
- Citizen Force Party (2002–2003)
- Mexican Liberal Party (2003) (2002–2003)
- Social Democratic Party (2005–2009)
- México Posible
- Party of the Democratic Centre
- Popular Socialist Party (1948–present)
- Social Alliance Party
- Socialist Workers Party
- Unified Socialist Party of Mexico
- Workers Party of Acapulco (Guerrero)
- Workers' Revolutionary Party
- Humanist Party (2014–2015, 2017–2018)
- New Alliance (PANAL) 2005-2018
- Social Encounter Party (PES) 2006 (2014 as national party)-2018
- https://www.ecured.cu/Partido_Acci%C3%B3n_Nacional#Historia accessed Dec 25, 2018
- Weissenstien, Michael (31 August 2012). "Mexico Election: Authority Declares Official Winner". HuffPost World. Retrieved 10 December 2012.
- https://www.partidoverde.org.mx/historia-partido-verde accessed Dec 25, 2018
- "Participarán en elecciones 2011 nuevos partidos de Coahuila".
- Federal Electoral Institute - A list of officially registered national parties can be consulted here.
- http://www.marketingpolitico.com.mx/Institutoselectorales.htm - Index of links to every Electoral Institute in each state of Mexico. Lists of political parties in each state can be consulted in each website.