The Venezuela Portal
officially, the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, is a federal republic
, located at the north of South America
. It borders north with the Caribbean Sea
, east to Guyana
, south with Brazil
and west with Colombia
. Its territory comprehends about 916,445 km², including 600 islands that form the Federal Dependencies
, uncounting the Essequibo
area, which has been largely reclaimed by the country.
A country with a large biodiversity, Venezuela is divided into 23 states (estados), the Venezuelan Capital District and the aforementioned dependencies. The capital city is Caracas, where resides the government along the legislative body. The country gained independence from Spain in 1821, and was one of the three nations that formed the Great Colombia. The economy is most based on the petroleum industry, depending also on the agricultural sector. The official language is Spanish, although several indigenous languages are spoken by aboriginal tribes through the nation.
Venezuela is a co-founder member of the OPEC and the South American Community of Nations.
Satellite image of Hurricane Ivan passing through Lesser Antilles
The effects of Hurricane Ivan in the Lesser Antilles and South America in September 2004 included 44 deaths and over $1 billion in damage (2004 USD), primarily in Grenada where it was considered the worst hurricane in nearly 50 years. Hurricane Ivan developed from a tropical wave on September 2 and rapidly intensified to become a major hurricane, passing through the southern Lesser Antilles on September 7 with winds of 125 mph (205 km/h). At the time, its typical storm force winds extended outward up to 160 miles (260 km) with hurricane-force winds outward to 70 miles (110 km), and the northern portion of the eye passed over Grenada.
In the region, the worst damage occurred on Grenada, where the damage total of $1.1 billion (2004 USD, ($1.46 billion 2019 USD)) represented 200% of its GDP. The hurricane damaged more than 14,000 homes and destroyed 30% of the houses, leaving about 18,000 people homeless. A total of 39 people were killed by the hurricane on the island. Elsewhere, Hurricane Ivan caused at least three fatalities and moderate damage in northern Venezuela. One person died each in Trinidad and Barbados. The name Ivan was later retired.
Did you know...
- 19 June 2019 – Venezuelan refugee crisis
- The UN predicts that over five million Venezuelans, over 15% of the nation's population, will have left the country by the end of 2019 since the start of the crisis in Venezuela—the total at the end of 2018 was 3.3 million. One million have left the country since November, with a daily average of 5,000 departures. Additionally, over 20% of all worldwide UN asylum requests are from Venezuelans; 350,000 applied in 2018 alone. (Financial Times)
- 18 June 2019 – Colombia–Venezuela relations
- Colombian authorities deport Venezuelan refugees in the border town of Cúcuta; in response, the Venezuelan government restricts movement of Colombians into the country. (Al Jazeera)
- 18 June 2019 –
- It is reported that Roberto Marrero, aide to Venezuela's partially-recognized interim President Juan Guaidó, who was arrested several months ago, has his preliminary hearing completed, with Judge Carol Padilla denying his right to defense and ordering his incarceration. (El Universal)
- 18 June 2019 – Corruption in Venezuela
- Partially-recognized Interim President of Venezuela Juan Guaidó and Venezuelan Ambassador to Colombia Humberto Calderón Berti request that the Colombian government investigate two administrators of their own alliance on suspicion of embezzling US$100,000. (WSJ)
- 17 June 2019 – Crisis in Venezuela
- The Venezuelan government releases deputy Gilber Caro, who had been detained for three months. (VOA)
- 13 June 2019 – Twitter suspensions
- Twitter says it has removed thousands of accounts that were being run by the Iranian government, to spread propaganda and fake news on the social media platform. It has also removed over a hundred accounts linked to the Catalan independence movement, and dozens of accounts related to Venezuela. (Reuters)
The Luis Aparicio Award is given annually to a Venezuelan player in Major League Baseball (MLB) who is judged to have recorded the best individual performance in that year. The winner of the award is determined by a vote conducted by Venezuelan sports journalists and Spanish-language media around the world. It is named after former MLB shortstop Luis Aparicio, who is the only player from Venezuela to be inducted into the National Baseball Hall of Fame. The award was first presented in 2004, and was created in order to honour Aparicio's major league career and to commemorate his father, who died thirteen years before his son was elected into the Hall of Fame.
Johan Santana, José Altuve, and Miguel Cabrera are the only players to win the Luis Aparicio Award more than once, with Cabrera having won the award five times. Four winners—Cabrera, Altuve, Magglio Ordóñez, and Carlos González—were batting champions in their respective leagues in the same year they won the award.
In this month...
Portrait of Antonio José de Sucre
- June 4, 1830 — Antonio José de Sucre (b. 1795; pictured), Venezuelan general and politician, 2nd President of Bolivia, is assassinated in Arboleda, Colombia
- June 5, 1993 — Ramón José Velásquez assumes the Interim Presidency of Venezuela, lasting until 2 February 1994
- June 8, 1595 — in Venezuela, English corsairs Amyas Preston and George Somers pillage and burn Caracas
- June 13, 1790 – birth of José Antonio Páez, Venezuelan general and politician, President of Venezuela (d. 1873)
- June 24, 2014 – death of Ramón José Velásquez, Venezuelan journalist, lawyer, and politician, President of Venezuela (b. 1916)
- The Project page was designed with the aim of improving the quality of articles related to Venezuela, in Wikipedia and other media. Feel free to join in!
- Considered as a "parent" project, together with the countries project.
- Task force focusing on cinema related to Venezuela.