Welcome to the Brazil
Brazil (Portuguese: Brasil Portuguese pronunciation: [bɾaˈziw]), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (Portuguese: República Federativa do Brasil, listen (help·info)), is the largest country in both South America and Latin America. At 8.5 million square kilometers (3.2 million square miles) and with over 208 million people, Brazil is the world's fifth-largest country by area and the sixth most populous. The capital is Brasília, and the most populated city is São Paulo. The federation is composed of the union of the 26 states, the Federal District, and the 5,570 municipalities. It is the largest country to have Portuguese as an official language and the only one in the Americas; it is also one of the most multicultural and ethnically diverse nations, due to over a century of mass immigration from around the world.
Bounded by the Atlantic Ocean on the east, Brazil has a coastline of 7,491 kilometers (4,655 mi). It borders all other South American countries except Ecuador and Chile and covers 47.3% of the continent's land area. Its Amazon River basin includes a vast tropical forest, home to diverse wildlife, a variety of ecological systems, and extensive natural resources spanning numerous protected habitats. This unique environmental heritage makes Brazil one of 17 megadiverse countries, and is the subject of significant global interest and debate regarding deforestation and environmental protection.
The Portuguese Empire
was the earliest and longest lived of the modern European colonial
empires, spanning almost six centuries, from the capture of Ceuta
in 1415 to the handover of Macau
in 1999. Portuguese explorers began exploring the coast of Africa in 1419, leveraging the latest developments in navigation
and maritime technology such as the caravel
, in order that they might find a sea route to the source of the lucrative spice trade
. In 1488, Bartolomeu Dias
rounded the Cape of Good Hope
, and in 1498, Vasco da Gama
reached India. In 1500, by an accidental landfall on the South American coast for some, by the crown's secret design for others, Pedro Álvares Cabral
would find and lead to the establishment of the colony of Brazil
Over the following decades, Portuguese sailors continued to explore the coasts and islands of East Asia, establishing forts and trading posts as they went. By 1571, a string of outposts connected Lisbon to Nagasaki: the empire had become truly global, and in the process brought great wealth to Portugal. Between 1580 and 1640 Portugal became the junior partner to Spain in the Iberian Union of the two countries' crowns. Though the empires continued to be administered separately, Portuguese colonies became the subject of attacks by three rival European powers hostile to Spain and envious of Iberian successes overseas: The Netherlands (which was engaged in a war of independence against Spain), England and France.
(Portuguese pronunciation: [ˌtõw̃ ˈzɛ]
; born Antônio José Santana Martins
, 11 October 1936 in Irará, Bahia
) is a songwriter
, and composer
who was influential in the Tropicália
movement of 1960s Brazil. After the peak of the Tropicália period, Zé went into relative obscurity: it was only in the 1990s, when the musician and label head David Byrne
discovered an album recorded by Zé many years earlier, that he returned to performing and releasing new material.
Tom Zé grew up in the small town of Irará, Bahia in the northeastern Sertão. He would later claim that his hometown was "pre-Gutenbergian", as information was primarily transferred through oral communication. As a child, he was influenced by Brazilian musicians such as Luiz Gonzaga and Jackson do Pandeiro. Zé became interested in music by listening to the radio, and moved to Salvador to pursue a degree. He later relocated to São Paulo and began his career in popular music there. Much of his early work involved his wry impressions of the massive metropolitan area, coming from a small town in the relatively poor northeast.
In the news
- August 6: Brazilian footballer Gabriel Jesus signs contract extension with Manchester City
- July 9: FIFA World Cup 2018 quarterfinals: France, Belgium beat Uruguay, Brazil
- July 5: FIFA World Cup 2018 Last 16: Brazil, Belgium advance at expense of Mexico, Japan
- July 1: FIFA World Cup 2018 day 12, 13, 14, 15: Iran, Nigeria, Germany, Senegal out of the tournament
- June 27: FIFA World Cup 2018 day eight, nine, ten, eleven: Belgium, England confirm knockout phase qualification; Poland, Costa Rica miss out Last 16
- June 19: FIFA World Cup 2018 day four: Mexico beats Germany; Serbia leads Group E, Brazil shares the spoils with Swiss
- November 25: Italian court sentences Brazilian footballer Robinho to nine years for 2013 sexual assault
- September 15: Football: Marcelo signs contract extension with Real Madrid
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