Welcome to the Brazil
Brazil (Portuguese: Brasil; Brazilian Portuguese: [bɾaˈziw]), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (Portuguese: República Federativa do Brasil), is the largest country in both South America and Latin America. At 8.5 million square kilometers (3.2 million square miles) and with over 211 million people, Brazil is the world's fifth-largest country by area and the sixth most populous. Its capital is Brasília, and its most populous city is São Paulo. The federation is composed of the union of the 26 states and the Federal District. It is the largest country to have Portuguese as an official language and the only one in the Americas; it is also one of the most multicultural and ethnically diverse nations, due to over a century of mass immigration from around the world; as well as the most populous Roman Catholic-majority country.
Bounded by the Atlantic Ocean on the east, Brazil has a coastline of 7,491 kilometers (4,655 mi). It borders all other countries in South America except Ecuador and Chile and covers 47.3% of the continent's land area. Its Amazon basin includes a vast tropical forest, home to diverse wildlife, a variety of ecological systems, and extensive natural resources spanning numerous protected habitats. This unique environmental heritage makes Brazil one of 17 megadiverse countries, and is the subject of significant global interest and debate regarding deforestation and environmental protection.
Brazil was inhabited by numerous tribal nations prior to the landing in 1500 of explorer Pedro Álvares Cabral, who claimed the area for the Portuguese Empire. Brazil remained a Portuguese colony until 1808 when the capital of the empire was transferred from Lisbon to Rio de Janeiro. In 1815, the colony was elevated to the rank of kingdom upon the formation of the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves. Independence was achieved in 1822 with the creation of the Empire of Brazil, a unitary state governed under a constitutional monarchy and a parliamentary system. The ratification of the first constitution in 1824 led to the formation of a bicameral legislature, now called the National Congress. The country became a presidential republic in 1889 following a military coup d'état. An authoritarian military junta came to power in 1964 and ruled until 1985, after which civilian governance resumed. Brazil's current constitution, formulated in 1988, defines it as a democratic federal republic. Due to its rich culture and history, the country ranks thirteenth in the world by number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
Brazil is classified as an upper-middle income economy by the World Bank and a newly industrialized country, with the largest share of global wealth in Latin America. It is considered an advanced emerging economy. It has the ninth largest GDP in the world by nominal, and eighth by PPP measures. It is one of the world's major breadbaskets, being the largest producer of coffee for the last 150 years. Brazil is a regional power and sometimes considered a great or a middle power in international affairs. On account of its international recognition and influence, the country is subsequently classified as an emerging power and a potential superpower by several analysts. Brazil is a founding member of the United Nations, the G20, BRICS, Mercosul, Organization of American States, Organization of Ibero-American States and the Community of Portuguese Language Countries.
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Thalassodromeus is a genus of pterosaur that lived in what is now Brazil during the Early Cretaceous period, about 100 million years ago. The original skull, discovered in 1983 in the Araripe Basin of northeastern Brazil, was collected in several pieces. In 2002, the skull was made the holotype specimen of Thalassodromeus sethi by palaeontologists Alexander Kellner and Diogenes de Almeida Campos. The generic name means "sea runner" (in reference to its supposed mode of feeding), and the specific name refers to the Egyptian god Seth due to its crest being supposedly reminiscent of Seth's crown. Other scholars have pointed out that the crest was instead similar to the crown of Amon. A jaw tip was assigned to T. sethi in 2005, became the basis of the new genus Banguela in 2014, and assigned back to Thalassodromeus as the species T. oberlii in 2018. Another species (T. sebesensis) was named in 2015 based on a supposed crest fragment, but this was later shown to be part of a turtle shell.
had one of the largest known skulls among pterosaurs, around 1.42 m (4 ft 8 in) long, with one of the proportionally largest cranial crests of any vertebrate
. Though only the skull is known, the animal is estimated to have had a wing span of 4.2 to 4.5 m (14 to 15 ft). The crest was lightly built and ran from the tip of the upper jaw to beyond the back of the skull, ending in a unique V-shaped notch. The jaws were toothless, and had sharp upper and lower edges. Its skull had large nasoantorbital fenestrae
(opening that combined the antorbital fenestra
in front of the eye with the bony nostril), and part of its palate
was concave. The lower jaw was blade-like, and may have turned slightly upwards. The closest relative of Thalassodromeus
; both are grouped in a clade
that has been placed within either Tapejaridae
(as the subfamily Thalassodrominae
) or within Neoazhdarchia
(as the family Thalassodromidae). Read more...
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Boa Vista (Brazilian Portuguese: [ˈbo(w.w)ɐ ˈvistɐ], Good View) is the capital of the Brazilian state of Roraima. Situated on the western bank of the Branco River, the city lies 220 km (140 mi) from Brazil's border with Venezuela. It is the only Brazilian state capital located entirely north of the equator.
Boa Vista is the most populous municipality in the state of Roraima; approximately half of the population of the state lives in the city. Commerce mostly occurs with Manaus
, the capital of the State of Amazonas
. Business also takes place between Boa Vista and with the cities of Lethem
, in Guyana and Santa Elena de Uairén
, in Venezuela. These two foreign cities are the only major cities that can be accessed from Boa Vista by road, although roads connect other smaller state municipalities with the capital city. Travel by airplane is the only means of transportation with other regions of the country. Read more...
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Ricardo Izecson dos Santos Leite (Brazilian Portuguese: [hiˈkaɾdu iˈzɛksõ duˈsɐ̃tus ˈlejt͡ʃi]; born 22 April 1982), commonly known as Kaká (Portuguese: [kaˈka] (listen)) or Ricardo Kaká, is a Brazilian retired professional footballer who played as an attacking midfielder. Owing to his performances as a playmaker in his prime at A.C. Milan, a period marked by his creative passing, goal scoring and dribbles from midfield, Kaká is widely considered one of the best players of his generation. With success at club and international level, he is one of eight players to have won the FIFA World Cup, the UEFA Champions League and the Ballon d'Or.
Kaká made his professional club debut at age 18 at São Paulo
in Brazil in 2001, and his performances with the club led him to joining Serie A
club A.C. Milan in 2003. In Italy, Kaká helped Milan finish runners up in the 2005 UEFA Champions League Final
with him being the top assist provider of the tournament, and named the UEFA Club Midfielder of the Year
. He led Milan to win the 2007 UEFA Champions League Final
and was the tournament's top goal scorer. His performances saw him win the FIFA World Player of the Year
, the 2007 Ballon d'Or
, the UEFA Club Footballer of the Year
and the IFFHS World's Best Playmaker
awards. After six years with Milan, Kaká joined Real Madrid
in 2009 for a transfer fee of €67 million, which was the second highest transfer
fee at the time. However, after four injury troubled seasons in Spain, which saw his physical mobility rapidly decline, he returned to Milan for a single season in 2013, prior to joining MLS
expansion club Orlando City
. He initially returned to his former club São Paulo on loan, before relocating to the United States in 2015 and retiring in 2017. Read more...
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In the news
- October 17: Hundreds arrested for 'dark web' child porn by international task force
- August 24: World leaders call to address Amazon rainforest fires at G7
- January 27: Male Magellanic penguins pine for pairings: Wikinews interviews biologist Natasha Gownaris
- August 6: Brazilian footballer Gabriel Jesus signs contract extension with Manchester City
- July 9: FIFA World Cup 2018 quarterfinals: France, Belgium beat Uruguay, Brazil
- July 5: FIFA World Cup 2018 Last 16: Brazil, Belgium advance at expense of Mexico, Japan
- July 1: FIFA World Cup 2018 day 12, 13, 14, 15: Iran, Nigeria, Germany, Senegal out of the tournament
- June 27: FIFA World Cup 2018 day eight, nine, ten, eleven: Belgium, England confirm knockout phase qualification; Poland, Costa Rica miss out Last 16
The following are images from various Brazil-related articles on Wikipedia.
Frevo dancers in Olinda, Pernambuco
Evolution of the administrative division of Brazil
The Portrait of the Saci-pererê (2007) by J. Marconi.
Brigadeiro is a very popular candy in Brazilian birthday parties.
Ismael Nery, Nude woman crouching , modernist work undated.
Portuguese colonial Brazil gold coin from the southeastern Brazilian state of Minas Gerais.
A few moments after signing the Golden Law, Princess Isabel is greeted from the central balcony of the City Palace by a huge crowd below in the street.
Headquarters of the National Congress of Brazil in 1959, during the construction of the new federal capital.
Getúlio Vargas after the 1930 revolution, which began the Vargas era.
Slaves on a fazenda (coffee farm), c. 1885
First page of the Institutional Act Number Five.