Maurício Gugelmin

Maurício Gugelmin (born 20 April 1963) is a Brazilian former racing driver. He took part in both Formula One and Championship Auto Racing Teams (CART). He participated in 80 Formula One Grands Prix, debuting in 1988 for the March team. Gugelmin achieved one top-three finish and scored a total of ten championship points in the series. He competed in CART between 1993 and 2001, starting 147 races. Gugelmin won one race, in 1997 in Vancouver, finishing fourth in the championship that year. His best result in the Indianapolis 500 was in 1995 where he started and finished in sixth position, leading 59 laps. For a period, he held the world speed record for a closed race track, set at California Speedway in 1997 at a speed of 240.942 mph (387.759 km/h). Gugelmin retired at the end of 2001 after a year that included the death of his third child.

Maurício Gugelmin
Gugelmin.jpg
NationalityBrazilian
Born (1963-04-20) 20 April 1963 (age 57)
Joinville, Brazil
Formula One World Championship career
Active years19881992
TeamsMarch, Leyton House, Jordan
Entries80 (74 starts)
Championships0
Wins0
Podiums1
Career points10
Pole positions0
Fastest laps1
First entry1988 Brazilian Grand Prix
Last entry1992 Australian Grand Prix
Maurício Gugelmin
Champ Car career
147 races run over 8 years
Years active1993–2001
Team(s)Dick Simon Racing, Chip Ganassi Racing, PacWest Racing
Best finish4th in 1997
First race1993 Pioneer Electronics 200
Last race2001 Marlboro 500
Wins Podiums Poles
1 8 2

Personal and early lifeEdit

Gugelmin was born to a wealthy family in Joinville, Brazil on 20 April 1963.[1] His father is a timber merchant and a collector of antique cars.[2] Gugelmin is married to Stella Maris,[2] and they have two sons, Bernardo and Gabriel. Their third son, Giuliano, who was Bernardo's twin, died from cerebral palsy in April 2001 at the age of six.[3]

CareerEdit

Before Formula OneEdit

Gugelmin started racing go-karts as a child in Brazil in 1971, winning his local championship nine years in a row from 1971 to 1979. He progressed to the Brazilian national championship in 1980, which he also won. He progressed to single-seater racing cars in 1981, when he won the Brazilian Formula Fiat Championship.[1]

In 1982 Gugelmin, like many Brazilian drivers of his generation, moved to the United Kingdom to further his racing career. He was a longtime friend of future Formula One world champion Ayrton Senna, who was already racing in the country, and the two shared a house from 1982 to 1987.[4] Senna, having previously been a Formula Ford driver with the Van Diemen team, used his influence within the organisation to secure Gugelmin a race seat with them for 1982.[4] By the end of the year, Gugelmin was the British Formula Ford 1600 cc champion with 13 race wins and 90 points scored.[2][5] He followed this up by finishing as runner-up in the British Formula Ford 2000 cc series the following year. He moved to the European Formula Ford series in 1984, and won the title at his first attempt.[6] A progression to Formula Three followed in 1985 with West Surrey Racing, winning the British championship and the season-ending Macau Grand Prix.[7] Gugelmin subsequently spent two years in Formula 3000, the final step before Formula One. Gugelmin took one victory in Formula 3000, at Silverstone in 1987 while driving for the Ralt factory team.[6]

Formula OneEdit

Gugelmin entered Formula One, the highest category of circuit racing defined by the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA), motorsport's world governing body, with the March team in the 1988 season, as team-mate to Ivan Capelli. He had previously been in contention for a drive with Lotus in the 1986 championship at the request of his friend Ayrton Senna, however the British team could not promote two Brazilian drivers and he was overlooked in favour of Johnny Dumfries.[1] Gugelmin began the season with five retirements from the first six races due to mechanical failure, but soon afterwards he took his first points scoring finish with fourth place at the British Grand Prix. Gugelmin scored points in one other race with a fifth place finish at the Hungarian Grand Prix. He finished the season as the highest-scoring newcomer in the Formula One World Championship, ending the year in 13th position overall.[8]

The 1989 championship was barren for the March team, and Gugelmin took their only points scoring finish of the year at the Brazilian Grand Prix. He finished in third position; an excellent result given that March were financially troubled.[9] At the French Grand Prix, Gugelmin was involved in a large accident at the start of the race which resulted in a spectacular barrel roll. A photograph of the accident was later selected for a London Exhibition as one of Formula One's most striking photographs.[10] The race was stopped as a result; Gugelmin took the restart from the pit lane and set the race's fastest lap, the only one of his F1 career.[6]

 
Gugelmin at the 1991 US Grand Prix.

In 1990 the March team was sold, and became known as Leyton House. Gugelmin was once again partnered by Capelli, but the team's CG901 chassis proved troublesome,[11] and between them they failed to qualify six times during the season, including at the Mexican Grand Prix. However, at the next race, the French Grand Prix, modifications had been made to the car,[11] which improved the performance. Running the whole race without changing their tyres, Capelli and Gugelmin ran first and second during the race.[12] Gugelmin retired from fourth position mid-race with engine problems but he went on to score a single point for finishing in sixth place in the Belgian Grand Prix later in the season.[6][8]

The 1991 championship saw internal turmoil at the team with several key staff leaving.[13] The car lacked pace and both Gugelmin and Capelli struggled; the team scored just one point all season. Gugelmin's best result amounted to three seventh-place finishes, although he retired from eight of the season's sixteen races. In September, the team's principal, Akira Akagi, was arrested on suspicion of fraud.[13] Money was tight,[13] and Gugelmin made the decision to leave the team at the end of the year. A switch to the Jordan team for the 1992 season did not improve Gugelmin's fortunes. The team struggled with financial difficulties[14] and scored only one point all year. The team's Yamaha engine was underpowered,[12] and the car was unreliable. Gugelmin failed to finish eleven out of the sixteen races, and scored no points.[8]

Champ CarEdit

Gugelmin signed with Dick Simon Racing to take part in the North American Championship Auto Racing Teams (CART) racing series for the last three races of 1993. Although races at Mid Ohio and Nazareth resulted in non-finishes, Gugelmin finished 13th at Laguna Seca although this was not high enough to receive any points. Despite this, Gugelmin demonstrated promise.[7] In the 1994 season, Gugelmin signed with Chip Ganassi Racing to partner Michael Andretti who returned to the series after a season in Formula One. Andretti was more successful than Gugelmin, and took two wins, including Reynard's first win in Champ Car at Surfers Paradise. Gugelmin was hindered by a lack of cooperation between his and Andretti's crews,[7] and his first full-time year in the Champ Car World Series resulted in seven points finishes and 16th in the points standings.[15]

The 1995 season commenced with Gugelmin finishing in second place to Jacques Villeneuve in the first round of the year at Miami.[16] He went on to finish in sixth position at the Indianapolis 500 after leading the most laps of any driver.[17] Eight additional points finishes, including a third place at the final round at Laguna Seca, meant he finished tenth in the final drivers' points standings,[15] nine positions ahead of his experienced teammate and former series champion Danny Sullivan.[18]

For the 1996 championship, Gugelmin was partnered at PacWest by the British driver Mark Blundell. He established a reputation for being quick at superspeedway tracks after taking a second and a third place at the two events at Michigan International Speedway.[19] On top of this he took four other points finishes, finishing the season in 14th place.[20] For the 1997 season, the PacWest team switched to using Firestone tyres and Mercedes-Benz engines.[21] The package was competitive throughout the year and Gugelmin and Blundell finished fourth and sixth in the championship respectively.[22] Gugelmin's notable races of the year include the Detroit Indy Grand Prix, where Gugelmin was leading the race on the last lap when he ran out of fuel, and the Molson Indy Vancouver, where Gugelmin won his first Champ Car race. One of the most popular men in the championship, virtually the entire pit-lane was full of happiness for him.[23] In qualifying for the final race of the season at the California Speedway, Gugelmin set a world record for the fastest ever lap of a closed race track at 240.942 mph (387.759 km/h).[24] This record stood until the year 2000 when Gil de Ferran surpassed it with a lap of 241.428 mph (388.541 km/h), also at California Speedway.[25] Gugelmin went on to finish the race in fourth place.[26]

The 1998 championship proved not to be as successful. Setbacks plagued the team and they struggled to get to grips with the new chassis.[27] Gugelmin showed determination,[27] and scored nine points-scoring finishes. A highlight was Gugelmin leading 40 laps during the final event at California Speedway, en route to finishing in fifth place. Gugelmin was unable to reproduce his race-winning form, and finished no higher than 15th position in the final points standings over the next three years.[2] In the 2000 season, Gugelmin was named as the chairman of the Championship Drivers Association, the organisation set up to represent the interests of the drivers in the CART drivers.[28]

The 2001 season proved to be a difficult year for Gugelmin. During the practice session for the race at Texas Motor Speedway, he crashed after he lost control in the second turn and hit the wall with the acceleration peaked at 66.2 g, before a second impact with the wall where acceleration peaked at 113.1 g.[29] The event was eventually cancelled after drivers complained of dizziness, nausea and blurred vision, which were caused by the high g-forces experienced when driving at speed on the track.[30] During the week before the race at Nazareth Speedway, Gugelmin's son, Giuliano, died from respiratory complications. Giuliano was quadriplegic and a lifelong sufferer from cerebral palsy owing to complications at birth.[3] As a result, he did not take part in the race after PacWest Racing withdrew his entry as a mark of respect.[31] He qualified on pole position for the Grand Prix of Cleveland later in the season.[32] At the end of 2001, Gugelmin decided to retire from the sport, stating "I definitely want to spend more time with my family. After those two big accidents, and Alex [Zanardi]'s deal in Germany, I said, 'That's it. Forget it.' "[33]

After Champ CarEdit

In 2003 Gugelmin was announced as a competitor by the organizers of the new Renault Megane Super Cup in his native Brazil. However, the series did not launch and since then Gugelmin has made no competitive appearances in motorsport.[34] Following his retirement, Gugelmin put his Florida mansion in Coral Gables up for sale for $17 million, and moved back to live in Brazil full-time.[35] He runs the family business along with his brother, Alceu, and has also done consultancy work for Mercedes-Benz subsidiary AMG.[1] Both his surviving sons compete in go-kart events.[36]

Motorsports career resultsEdit

Complete International Formula 3000 resultsEdit

(key) (Races in bold indicate pole position; races in italics indicate fastest lap; small number denotes finishing position.)

Year Entrant 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Pos. Pts
1986 West Surrey Racing SIL
14
VAL
4
PAU
DNS
SPA
7
IMO
Ret
MUG
DNQ
PER
Ret
ÖST
8
BIR
14
BUG
9
JAR
6
13th 4
1987 Team Ralt SIL
1
VAL
3
SPA
Ret
PAU
Ret
DON
Ret
PER
Ret
BRH
2
BIR
3
IMO
7
BUG
10
JAR
2
4th 29
Source:[37]

Complete Formula One resultsEdit

(key) (Races in bold indicate pole position, races in italics indicate fastest lap; small number indicates finishing position)

Year Entrant Chassis Engine 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 WDC Pts
1988 Leyton House March Racing Team March 881 Judd CV 3.5 V8 BRA
Ret
SMR
15
MON
Ret
MEX
Ret
CAN
Ret
DET
Ret
FRA
8
GBR
4
GER
8
HUN
5
BEL
Ret
ITA
8
POR
Ret
ESP
7
JPN
10
AUS
Ret
13th 5
1989 Leyton House Racing March 881 Judd CV 3.5 V8 BRA
3
SMR
Ret
16th 4
March CG891 Judd EV 3.5 V8 MON
Ret
MEX
DNQ
USA
DSQ
CAN
Ret
FRA
NC
GBR
Ret
GER
Ret
HUN
Ret
BEL
7
ITA
Ret
POR
10
ESP
Ret
JPN
7
AUS
7
1990 Leyton House Leyton House CG901 Judd EV 3.5 V8 USA
14
BRA
DNQ
SMR
Ret
MON
DNQ
CAN
DNQ
MEX
DNQ
FRA
Ret
GBR
DNS
GER
Ret
HUN
8
BEL
6
ITA
Ret
POR
12
ESP
8
JPN
Ret
AUS
Ret
18th 1
1991 Leyton House Leyton House CG911 Ilmor 2175A 3.5 V10 USA
Ret
BRA
Ret
SMR
12
MON
Ret
CAN
Ret
MEX
Ret
FRA
7
GBR
Ret
GER
Ret
HUN
11
BEL
Ret
ITA
15
POR
7
ESP
7
JPN
8
AUS
14
NC 0
1992 Sasol Jordan Yamaha Jordan 192 Yamaha OX99 3.5 V12 RSA
11
MEX
Ret
BRA
Ret
ESP
Ret
SMR
7
MON
Ret
CAN
Ret
FRA
Ret
GBR
Ret
GER
15
HUN
10
BEL
14
ITA
Ret
POR
Ret
JPN
Ret
AUS
Ret
NC 0
Source:[8]

American open-wheel racing resultsEdit

(key) (Races in bold indicate pole position; small number denotes finishing position)

CARTEdit

Year Team Chassis Engine 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 Rank Points
1993 Dick Simon Racing Lola T93/00 Ford XB V8t SRF PHX LBH IND MIL DET POR CLE TOR MIC NHM ROA VAN MID
21
NZR
24
LAG
13
        - 0
1994 Chip Ganassi Racing Reynard 94i Ford XB V8t SRF
6
PHX
15
LBH
7
IND
11
MIL
15
DET
8
POR
30
CLE
8
TOR
20
MIC
15
MID
25
NHS
14
VAN
5
ROA
19
NZR
10
LAG
22
        16th 39
1995 PacWest Racing Reynard 95i Ford XB V8t MIA
2
SRF
4
PHX
13
LBH
5
NZR
17
IND
6
MIL
14
DET
15
POR
7
ROA
24
TOR
12
CLE
23
MIC
11
MID
6
NHS
11
VAN
20
LAG
3
      10th 80
1996 PacWest Racing Reynard 96i Ford XB V8t MIA
26
RIO
25
SRF
4
LBH
15
NZR
15
MIC
2
MIL
15
DET
16
POR
16
CLE
21
TOR
12
MIC
3
ROA
26
MID
21
VAN
24
LAG
5
        14th 53
1997 PacWest Racing Reynard 97i Mercedes-Benz IC108D V8t MIA
6
SRF
17
LBH
2
NZR
9
RIO
22
GAT
6
MIL
5
DET
16
POR
6
CLE
15
TOR
6
MIC
6
MID
7
ROA
2
VAN
1
LAG
9
FON
4
      4th 132
1998 PacWest Racing Reynard 97i Mercedes-Benz IC108D V8t MIA
10
MOT
20
LBH
10
15th 49
Reynard 98i Mercedes-Benz IC108E V8t NZR
17
RIO
9
GAT
16
MIL
21
DET
19
POR
7
CLE
20
TOR
12
MIC
13
MID
4
ROA
19
VAN
6
LAG
27
HOU
18
SRF
12
FON
5
 
1999 PacWest Racing Reynard 99i Mercedes-Benz IC108E V8t MIA
11
MOT
7
LBH
14
NZR
18
RIO
22
GAT
18
MIL
8
POR
25
CLE
21
ROA
12
TOR
14
MIC
22
DET
24
MID
20
CHI
19
VAN
4
LAG
11
HOU
6
SRF
26
FON
6
16th 44
2000 PacWest Racing Reynard 2Ki Mercedes-Benz IC108F V8t MIA
16
LBH
10
RIO
21
MOT
22
NZR
2
MIL
11
DET
16
POR
19
CLE
10
TOR
15
MIC
13
CHI
7
MID
20
ROA
17
VAN
21
LAG
7
GAT
19
HOU
23
SRF
10
FON
17
17th 39
2001 PacWest Racing Reynard 01i Toyota RV8F V8t MON
15
LBH
22
TEX
C
NZR
DNP
MOT
12
MIL
10
DET
10
POR
20
CLE
10
TOR
7
MIC
15
CHI
22
MID
14
ROA
23
VAN
15
LAU
16
ROC
20
HOU
20
LAG
16
SRF
24
FON
20
24th 17
Source:[15]

Indianapolis 500Edit

Year Chassis Engine Start Finish Team
1994 Reynard 94i Ford XB V8t 28 11 Chip Ganassi Racing
1995 Reynard 95i Ford XB V8t 6 6 PacWest Racing

ReferencesEdit

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  27. ^ a b Rathburn, Scott. "Gettin' Back On That Horsepower". CNC Machining Magazine. Archived from the original on June 20, 2006. Retrieved 2006-11-25.
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External linksEdit

Sporting positions
Preceded by
Johnny Dumfries
British Formula Three Champion
1985
Succeeded by
Andy Wallace
Preceded by
John Nielsen
Macau Grand Prix
Winner

1985
Succeeded by
Andy Wallace