List of countries by GDP (PPP)
|Largest economies by GDP PPP in 2017.
According to International Monetary Fund estimates.
This article includes a list of countries by their gross domestic product (GDP), the value of all final goods and services produced within a state in a given year. Countries are sorted by nominal GDP estimates from financial and statistical institutions, which are calculated at market or government official exchange rates. The GDP dollar (INT$) data given on this page are derived from purchasing power parity (PPP) calculations.
Comparisons using PPP are arguably more useful than nominal when assessing a nation's domestic market because PPP takes into account the relative cost of local goods, services and inflation rates of the country, rather than using international market exchange rates which may distort the real differences in per capita income. It is however limited when measuring financial flows between countries. PPP is often used to gauge global poverty thresholds and is used by the United Nations in constructing the human development index. These surveys such as the International Comparison Program include both tradable and non-tradable goods in an attempt to estimate a representative basket of all goods.
The first table includes estimates for the year 2016, for all current 187 International Monetary Fund (IMF) members, as well as Hong Kong and Taiwan (the official list uses "Taiwan, Province of China"). Data are in millions of international dollars and were calculated by the IMF. Figures were published in April 2015. The second table includes data mostly for the year 2015 for 180 of the 193 current United Nations member states, as well as the two Chinese Special Administrative Regions (Hong Kong and Macau). Data are in billions of international dollars and were compiled by the World Bank. The third table is a tabulation of the CIA World Factbook Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (Purchasing Power Parity) data update of 2016. The data for GDP at purchasing power parity have also been rebased using the new International Comparison Program price surveys and extrapolated to 2007.
Click on one of the small triangles in the headings to re-order the list according to that category.
|List by the International Monetary Fund (Estimates for 2017)||List by the World Bank (2015)||List by the CIA World Factbook (1993–2016)|
- List of countries by GDP (nominal)
- List of countries by GDP (nominal) per capita
- List of countries by GDP (PPP) per capita
- List of IMF ranked countries by GDP, IMF ranked GDP (nominal), GDP (nominal) per capita, GDP (PPP), GDP (PPP) per capita, Population, and PPP
- List of IMF ranked countries by past and projected GDP (PPP)
- List of countries by real GDP growth rate
- List of countries by Human Development Index
- List of countries by income equality
- List of countries by distribution of wealth
- Lists of countries by GDP
- National wealth
- The European Union (EU) is an economic and political union of 28 member states that are located primarily in Europe. The EU is included because it has many attributes of independent nations, being much more than a free-trade association such as ASEAN, NAFTA, or Mercosur. As the EU is not a country, the U.S. is the second ranked country on these lists.
- Data for Croatia's 2014 GDP is from the September 2011 WEO Database, the latest available from the IMF.
- ^1 Figure for Mainland China; excludes the two special administrative regions, namely Hong Kong and Macau.
- ^2 IMF estimate.
- ^3 Data excludes French Polynesia.
- ^a China's PPP is based on prices for 11 administrative regions, extrapolated to the full country, and an urban/rural breakdown. China's entry does not include the two special administrative regions, namely Hong Kong and Macau. These are listed separately.
- "Report for Selected Country Groups and Subjects (PPP valuation of country GDP)". IMF. Retrieved 13 June 2016.
- "What is GDP and why is it so important?". Investopedia. IAC/InterActiveCorp. 26 February 2009. Retrieved 26 July 2016.
- "Part 4. Applications and Limitations of ICP Data" (PDF). Retrieved 20 May 2014.
- PPP Versus the Market: Which Weight Matters?, imf.org, March 2007, Volume 44, Number 1
- "Report for Selected Country Groups and Subjects (PPP valuation of country GDP)". IMF. Retrieved 25 February 2017.
- Data (22 July 2016). ""Gross domestic product 2015, PPP", World Bank, accessed on 26 July 2016" (PDF). Data.worldbank.org. Retrieved 26 July 2016.; European Union calculated by sum of individual countries.
- Field listing - GDP (PPP exchange rate), CIA World Factbook
- CIA (2014). "The World Factbook". Retrieved 15 March 2015.
Although the EU is not a federation in the strict sense, it is far more than a free-trade association such as ASEAN, NAFTA, or Mercosur, and it has certain attributes associated with independent nations: its own flag, currency (for some members), and law-making abilities, as well as diplomatic representation and a common foreign and security policy in its dealings with external partners. Thus, inclusion of basic intelligence on the EU has been deemed appropriate as a new, separate entity in The World Factbook.
- List of Muslim Countries by GDP Purchasing Power Parity (2016—2020) at Materia Islamica