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List of countries by GDP (PPP)

Largest economies by GDP PPP in 2017.
According to International Monetary Fund estimates.[1]
The top ten largest economies by GDP (PPP)

This article includes a list of countries by their forecasted estimated gross domestic product (PPP).[2] Countries are sorted by GDP PPP forecasted estimates from financial and statistical institutions in the limited period January-April 2017, which are calculated at market or government official exchange rates. The GDP dollar (INT$) data given on this page are derived from purchasing power parity (PPP) calculations.

Comparisons using PPP are arguably more useful than nominal when assessing a nation's domestic market because PPP takes into account the relative cost of local goods, services and inflation rates of the country, rather than using international market exchange rates which may distort the real differences in per capita income.[3] It is however limited when measuring financial flows between countries.[4] PPP is often used to gauge global poverty thresholds and is used by the United Nations in constructing the human development index.[3] These surveys such as the International Comparison Program include both tradable and non-tradable goods in an attempt to estimate a representative basket of all goods.[3]

The first table includes estimation for the year 2017, for all current 191 International Monetary Fund (IMF) members, as well as Hong Kong and Taiwan (the official list uses "Taiwan, Province of China"). Data are in millions of international dollars and were calculated by the IMF. Figures were published in April 2017. The second table includes data mostly for the year 2015 for 180 of the 193 current United Nations member states, as well as the two Chinese Special Administrative Regions (Hong Kong and Macau). Data are in billions of international dollars and were compiled by the World Bank. The third table is a tabulation of the CIA World Factbook Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (Purchasing Power Parity) data update of 2016. The data for GDP at purchasing power parity have also been rebased using the new International Comparison Program price surveys and extrapolated to 2007.

Contents

Lists

Click on one of the small triangles in the headings to re-order the list according to that category.

List by the International Monetary Fund (Forecasted estimates for 2017)[5] List by the World Bank (2015)[6] List by the CIA World Factbook (1993–2016)[7]
Rank Country GDP
(millions of Int$)
 World 126,687,917
1   China[n 1] 23,194,411
  European Union[n 2] 20,852,702
2   United States 19,417,144
3   India 9,489,302
4   Japan 5,420,228
5   Germany 4,134,668
6   Russia 3,938,001
7   Indonesia 3,257,123
8   Brazil 3,216,031
9   United Kingdom 2,905,392
10   France 2,833,064
11   Mexico 2,406,199
12   Italy 2,303,108
13   Turkey 2,082,079
14   South Korea 2,029,706
15   Saudi Arabia 1,796,205
16   Spain 1,768,816
17   Canada 1,752,910
18   Iran 1,535,491
19   Australia 1,251,416
20   Thailand 1,226,407
21   Egypt 1,197,967
22   Taiwan 1,177,052
23   Nigeria 1,124,627
24   Poland 1,114,105
25   Pakistan 1,060,569
26   Malaysia 922,057
27   Argentina 912,816
28   Netherlands 907,619
29   Philippines 878,980
30   South Africa 761,926
31   Colombia 720,151
32   United Arab Emirates 693,765
33   Bangladesh 686,598
34   Vietnam 648,243
35   Iraq 641,005
36   Algeria 634,746
37   Belgium 529,289
38   Sweden 522,849
39   Singapore 514,837
40    Switzerland 514,162
41   Kazakhstan 472,563
42   Romania 470,312
43   Chile 455,941
44   Hong Kong 449,589
45   Austria 432,424
46   Peru 429,711
47   Venezuela 404,109
48   Norway 377,100
49   Czech Republic 368,659
50   Ukraine 368,047
51   Qatar 347,887
52   Ireland 343,682
53   Myanmar 334,856
54   Israel 316,120
55   Portugal 310,651
56   Kuwait 309,640
57   Greece 302,150
58   Morocco 300,556
59   Hungary 284,266
60   Denmark 284,040
61   Sri Lanka 278,415
62   Finland 239,662
63   Uzbekistan 222,792
64   Ethiopia 194,980
65   Angola 193,935
66   Oman 189,582
67   Sudan 186,715
68   New Zealand 186,476
69   Ecuador 184,629
70   Slovak Republic 179,527
71   Dominican Republic 174,180
72   Belarus 173,405
73   Azerbaijan 167,431
74   Kenya 164,340
75   Tanzania 163,522
76   Bulgaria 152,079
77   Guatemala 138,987
78   Tunisia 136,797
79   Ghana 131,498
80   Puerto Rico 129,848
81   Serbia 107,131
82   Turkmenistan 103,987
83   Panama 100,512
84   Croatia 100,006
85   Côte d'Ivoire 95,887
86   Uganda 91,212
87   Lithuania 90,387
88   Jordan 89,555
89   Lebanon 88,786
90   Libya 87,067
91   Costa Rica 85,781
92   Bolivia 83,608
93   Cameroon 81,535
94   Uruguay 77,800
95     Nepal 77,147
96   Yemen 74,250
97   Bahrain 69,922
98   Slovenia 69,358
99   Zambia 68,648
100   Democratic Republic of the Congo 68,331
101   Paraguay 68,005
102   Afghanistan 67,462
103   Macau 65,732
104   Cambodia 64,405
105   Luxembourg 63,549
106   El Salvador 57,285
107   Latvia 53,268
108   Honduras 45,628
109   Trinidad and Tobago 44,654
110   Laos 44,639
111   Bosnia and Herzegovina 44,462
112   Senegal 43,326
113   Mali 40,974
114   Estonia 40,275
115   Madagascar 40,055
116   Georgia 39,318
117   Botswana 39,054
118   Mongolia 37,731
119   Mozambique 37,321
120   Gabon 36,999
121   Albania 36,198
122   Nicaragua 35,835
123   Burkina Faso 35,598
124   Brunei Darussalam 32,838
125   Macedonia 31,924
126   Cyprus 31,093
127   Equatorial Guinea 30,807
128   Republic of Congo 30,607
129   Zimbabwe 29,795
130   Chad 29,730
131   Papua New Guinea 29,481
132   Tajikistan 27,802
133   Mauritius 27,507
134   Namibia 27,451
135   Armenia 27,116
136   Jamaica 26,474
137   Benin 25,407
138   Rwanda 24,717
139   Kyrgyz Republic 22,737
140   Malawi 22,577
141   Niger 21,655
142   South Sudan 20,423
143   Moldova 20,207
144   Haiti 19,979
145   Kosovo 19,509
146   Malta 18,404
147   Iceland 17,846
148   Mauritania 17,421
149   Guinea 17,056
150   Togo 12,494
151   Sierra Leone 11,551
152   Swaziland 11,352
153   Montenegro 10,934
154   Eritrea 9,678
155   The Bahamas 9,374
156   Fiji 8,798
157   Burundi 8,024
158   Suriname 7,961
159   Lesotho 7,287
160   Bhutan 7,045
161   Guyana 6,398
162   Maldives 5,853
163   Barbados 4,983
164   Timor-Leste 4,567
165   Liberia 3,960
166   Cabo Verde 3,762
167   Djibouti 3,658
168   The Gambia 3,607
169   Central African Republic 3,411
170   Belize 3,252
171   Guinea-Bissau 3,089
172   Seychelles 2,761
173   Antigua and Barbuda 2,372
174   St. Lucia 2,110
175   San Marino 2,093
176   Grenada 1,588
177   St. Kitts and Nevis 1,544
178   Comoros 1,329
179   St. Vincent and the Grenadines 1,299
180   Solomon Islands 1,247
181   Samoa 1,129
182   Dominica 847
183   Vanuatu 772
184   São Tomé and Príncipe 685
185   Tonga 597
186   Micronesia 345
187   Palau 297
188   Kiribati 222
189   Marshall Islands 188
190   Tuvalu 41
191   Syria n/a
Rank Country GDP
(millions of Int$)
 World 114,212,979
1   China[n 1] 19,524,348
  European Union[n 2] 19,137,699
2   United States 17,946,996
3   India 7,982,528
4   Japan 4,738,294
5   Germany 3,799,826
6   Russia 3,579,826
7   Brazil 3,198,898
8   Indonesia 2,842,241
9   United Kingdom 2,691,809
10   France 2,650,823
11   Mexico 2,194,431
12   Italy 2,182,580
13   South Korea 1,748,776
14   Saudi Arabia 1,685,204
15   Spain 1,602,660
16   Canada 1,588,596
17   Turkey 1,543,284
18   Iran 1,357,025
19   Thailand 1,108,108
20   Nigeria 1,091,698
21   Australia 1,082,380
22   Egypt 996,638
23   Poland 993,129
24   Pakistan 952,505
25   Netherlands 820,726
26   Malaysia 815,645
27   Philippines 741,029
28   South Africa 723,516
29   Colombia 665,594
30   United Arab Emirates 643,166
31   Algeria 582,598
32   Venezuela 554,329
33   Vietnam 552,297
34   Iraq 542,520
35   Bangladesh 536,567
36    Switzerland 501,653
37   Belgium 496,477
38   Singapore 471,631
39   Sweden 454,868
40   Kazakhstan 453,981
41   Romania 424,474
  Hong Kong 414,376
42   Austria 411,818
43   Chile 400,534
44   Peru 389,147
45   Czech Republic 339,402
46   Ukraine 339,155
47   Qatar 321,418
48   Norway 319,401
49   Portugal 302,329
50   Israel 296,931
51   Greece 288,778
52   Kuwait 277,554
53   Morocco 273,358
54   Denmark 264,702
55   Ireland 253,635
56   Hungary 251,842
57   Sri Lanka 246,117
58   Cuba (2013) 234,624
59   Finland 222,575
60   Uzbekistan 187,668
61   Angola 184,438
62   Ecuador 183,855
63   Oman 171,692
64   Azerbaijan 171,214
65   New Zealand 169,960
66   Belarus 168,009
67   Sudan 167,909
68   Ethiopia 161,571
69   Slovakia 156,632
70   Dominican Republic 149,627
71   Kenya 141,951
72   Tanzania (mainland) 138,461
73   Tunisia 126,598
74   Guatemala 125,950
75   Puerto Rico 125,861
76   Bulgaria 125,699
77   Ghana 115,137
78   Croatia 111,812
79   Serbia 95,698
80   Yemen 92,432
81   Libya 88,867
82   Turkmenistan 88,657
83   Panama 87,196
84   Jordan 82,631
85   Lebanon 81,547
86   Lithuania 80,699
87 Cote d'Ivoire  Côte d'Ivoire 79,361
88   Costa Rica 73,931
89   Bolivia 73,796
90   Cameroon 72,896
91   Uruguay 72,751
92   Uganda 71,246
93     Nepal 70,090
  Macau 65,383
94   Bahrain 64,656
95   Slovenia 64,229
96   Afghanistan 62,913
97   Zambia 62,458
98   Paraguay 62,458
99   Congo, Democratic Republic of the 60,482
100   Luxembourg 58,065
101   Cambodia 54,263
102   El Salvador 52,701
103   Latvia 48,049
104   Trinidad and Tobago 44,334
105   Mali 42,737
106   Honduras 41,057
107   Bosnia and Herzegovina 40,046
108   Laos 38,605
109   Estonia 36,860
110   Senegal 36,776
111   Mongolia 36,068
112   Botswana 35,763
113   Georgia 35,610
114   Madagascar 35,366
115   Gabon 34,523
116   Mozambique 33,177
117   Albania 32,663
118   Nicaragua 31,564
119   Chad 30,481
120   Burkina Faso 30,041
121   Brunei Darussalam 29,969
122   Congo, Republic of the 29,423
123   Macedonia 28,907
124   Zimbabwe 27,985
125   Cyprus 25,864
126   Namibia 25,606
127   Equatorial Guinea 25,386
128   Armenia 25,329
129   Jamaica 24,704
130   Mauritius 24,596
131   Tajikistan 23,579
132   Benin 22,955
133   South Sudan 22,829
134   West Bank and Gaza 22,155
135   Papua New Guinea 21,384
136   Rwanda 20,418
137   Kyrgyzstan 20,413
138   Malawi 20,359
139   Niger 18,975
140   Haiti 18,875
141   Moldova 17,908
142   Kosovo 17,454
143   Mauritania 15,425
144   Iceland 15,399
145   Guinea 15,213
146   Malta 12,500
147   Swaziland 10,845
148   Togo 10,663
149   Sierra Leone 10,264
150   Montenegro 9,638
151   Bahamas, The 9,233
152   Suriname 9,214
153   Burundi 8,228
154   Fiji 8,171
155   Bhutan 6,258
156   Guyana 5,758
157   Lesotho 5,585
158   Maldives 5,170
159   Barbados 4,659
160   Liberia 3,766
161   Cape Verde 3,482
162   Bermuda 3,409
163   Gambia 3,155
164   Belize 3,064
165   Central African Republic 2,927
166   Djibouti 2,876
167   Timor-Leste 2,813
168   Guinea-Bissau 2,680
169   Seychelles 2,534
170   Antigua and Barbuda 2,109
171   Saint Lucia 2,033
172   Grenada 1,385
173   Saint Kitts and Nevis 1,354
174   Solomon Islands 1,276
175   St. Vincent and the Grenadines 1,207
176   Samoa 1,144
177   Comoros 1,105
178   Dominica 820
179   Vanuatu 787
180   Sao Tome and Principe 594
181   Tonga 552
182   Federated States of Micronesia 348
183   Palau 325
184   Kiribati 209
185   Marshall Islands 202
186   Tuvalu 37
Rank Country GDP
(billions of Int$)
Year
 World 119,400 2016 est.
1   China[n 1] 21,270 2016 est.
  European Union[n 2] 19,180 2016 est.
2   United States 18,560 2016 est.
3   India 8,721 2016 est.
4   Japan 4,932 2016 est.
5   Germany 3,979 2016 est.
6   Russia 3,745 2016 est.
7   Brazil 3,135 2016 est.
8   Indonesia 3,028 2016 est.
9   United Kingdom 2,788 2016 est.
10   France 2,737 2016 est.
11   Mexico 2,307 2016 est.
12   Italy 2,221 2016 est.
13   South Korea 1,929 2016 est.
14   Saudi Arabia 1,731 2016 est.
15   Spain 1,690 2016 est.
16   Canada 1,674 2016 est.
17   Turkey 1,670 2016 est.
18   Iran 1,459 2016 est.
19   Australia 1,189 2016 est.
20   Thailand 1,161 2016 est.
21   Taiwan 1,125 2016 est.
22   Egypt 1,105 2016 est.
23   Nigeria 1,089 2016 est.
24   Poland 1,052 2016 est.
25   Pakistan 988.2 2016 est.
26   Argentina 879.4 2016 est.
27   Netherlands 865.9 2016 est.
28   Malaysia 863.8 2016 est.
29   Philippines 801.9 2016 est.
30   South Africa 736.3 2016 est.
31   Colombia 690.4 2016 est.
32   United Arab Emirates 667.2 2016 est.
33   Bangladesh 628.4 2016 est.
34   Algeria 609.4 2016 est.
35   Iraq 596.7 2016 est.
36   Vietnam 594.9 2016 est.
37   Belgium 508.6 2016 est.
38   Sweden 498.1 2016 est.
39    Switzerland 494.3 2016 est.
40   Singapore 486.9 2016 est.
41   Venezuela 468.6 2016 est.
42   Kazakhstan 460.7 2016 est.
43   Romania 441.0 2016 est.
44   Chile 436.1 2016 est.
  Hong Kong 427.4 2016 est.
45   Austria 415.9 2016 est.
46   Peru 409.9 2016 est.
47   Norway 364.7 2016 est.
48   Czech Republic 350.9 2016 est.
49   Ukraine 349.8 2016 est.
50   Qatar 334.5 2016 est.
51   Ireland 324.3 2016 est.
52   Myanmar 311.1 2016 est.
53   Kuwait 301.1 2016 est.
54   Portugal 297.1 2016 est.
55   Israel 297.0 2016 est.
56   Greece 290.5 2016 est.
57   Morocco 282.8 2016 est.
58   Hungary 267.6 2016 est.
59   Denmark 264.8 2016 est.
60   Sri Lanka 237.8 2016 est.
61   Finland 230.0 2016 est.
62   Uzbekistan 202.3 2016 est.
63   Angola 187.3 2016 est.
64   Ecuador 182.4 2016 est.
65   Sudan 176.3 2016 est.
66   New Zealand 174.8 2016 est.
67   Ethiopia 174.7 2016 est.
68   Oman 173.1 2016 est.
69   Slovakia 169.1 2016 est.
70   Azerbaijan 167.9 2016 est.
71   Belarus 165.4 2016 est.
72   Dominican Republic 160.9 2016 est.
73   Kenya 152.7 2016 est.
74   Tanzania 150.6 2016 est.
75   Bulgaria 143.1 2016 est.
76   Guatemala 132.3 2016 est.
  Puerto Rico 131.0 2016 est.
77   Tunisia 130.8 2016 est.
78   Cuba 128.5 2014 est.
79   Ghana 120.8 2016 est.
80   Serbia 108.5 2016 est.
81   Turkmenistan 94.77 2016 est.
82   Croatia 94.24 2016 est.
83   Panama 93.12 2016 est.
84   Libya 90.98 2016 est.
85   Cote d'Ivoire 87.12 2016 est.
86   Jordan 86.19 2016 est.
87   Lithuania 85.79 2016 est.
88   Lebanon 85.16 2016 est.
89   Uganda 84.93 2016 est.
90   Costa Rica 79.26 2016 est.
91   Bolivia 78.35 2016 est.
92   Cameroon 77.24 2016 est.
93   Uruguay 73.93 2016 est.
94   Yemen 73.45 2016 est.
95     Nepal 71.52 2016 est.
96   Bahrain 66.37 2016 est.
97   Slovenia 66.13 2016 est.
98   Congo, Democratic Republic of the 66.01 2016 est.
99   Zambia 65.17 2016 est.
100   Paraguay 64.12 2016 est.
101   Afghanistan 64.08 2016 est.
  Macau 63.22 2016 est.
102   Cambodia 58.94 2016 est.
103   Luxembourg 58.74 2016 est.
104   Syria 55.80 2015 est.
105   El Salvador 54.79 2016 est.
106   Latvia 50.87 2016 est.
107   Trinidad and Tobago 43.57 2016 est.
108   Honduras 43.19 2016 est.
109   Bosnia and Herzegovina 42.53 2016 est.
110   Laos 40.96 2016 est.
111   North Korea 40.00 2014 est.
112   Senegal 39.72 2016 est.
113   Estonia 38.70 2016 est.
114   Mali 38.09 2016 est.
115   Madagascar 37.49 2016 est.
116   Georgia 37.38 2016 est.
117   Mongolia 36.65 2016 est.
118   Botswana 36.51 2016 est.
119   Gabon 36.22 2016 est.
120   Mozambique 35.31 2016 est.
121   Albania 34.21 2016 est.
122   Brunei 33.73 2016 est.
123   Nicaragua 33.49 2016 est.
124   Burkina Faso 32.99 2016 est.
125   Equatorial Guinea 31.77 2016 est.
126   Chad 30.59 2016 est.
127   Congo, Republic of the 30.27 2016 est.
128   Macedonia 30.13 2016 est.
129   Cyprus 29.26 2016 est.
130   Zimbabwe 28.33 2016 est.
131   Papua New Guinea 28.02 2016 est.
132   Namibia 27.04 2016 est.
133   Armenia 26.56 2016 est.
134   Mauritius 25.85 2016 est.
135   Tajikistan 25.81 2016 est.
136   Jamaica 25.39 2016 est.
137   Benin 24.31 2016 est.
138   Rwanda 21.97 2016 est.
139   Malawi 21.23 2016 est.
  West Bank 21.22 2014 est.
140   Kyrgyzstan 21.01 2016 est.
141   South Sudan 20.88 2016 est.
142   Niger 20.27 2016 est.
143   Haiti 19.36 2016 est.
144   Moldova 18.54 2016 est.
  Kosovo 18.49 2016 est.
145   Mauritania 16.71 2016 est.
146   Malta 16.32 2016 est.
147   Iceland 16.15 2016 est.
148   Guinea 16.08 2016 est.
149   Togo 11.61 2016 est.
  New Caledonia 11.10 2014 est.
150   Swaziland 11.06 2016 est.
151   Sierra Leone 10.64 2016 est.
152   Montenegro 10.61 2016 est.
153   Eritrea 9.169 2016 est.
154   Bahamas, The 9.066 2016 est.
155   Suriname 8.547 2016 est.
156   Fiji 8.374 2016 est.
157   Burundi 7.892 2016 est.
  French Polynesia 7.150 2012 est.
158   Timor-Leste 7.101 2015 est.
159   Monaco 6.790 2013 est.
160   Bhutan 6.383 2015 est.
  Isle of Man 6.298 2012 est.
161   Lesotho 5.777 2015 est.
  Jersey 5.771 2012 est.
162   Guyana 5.770 2015 est.
  Bermuda 5.198 2013 est.
  Guam 4.882 2013 est.
163   Maldives 4.732 2015 est.
164   Barbados 4.658 2015 est.
165   Somalia 4.431 2010 est.
  U.S. Virgin Islands 3.792 2013 est.
166   Liberia 3.780 2015 est.
167   Cape Verde 3.479 2015 est.
  Guernsey 3.451 2013 est.
168   Gambia, The 3.269 2015 est.
169   Liechtenstein 3.200 2009 est.
170   Andorra 3.163 2012 est.
  Curaçao 3.128 2012 est.
171   Djibouti 3.093 2015 est.
172   Belize 3.071 2015 est.
173   Central African Republic 3.052 2015 est.
174   Guinea-Bissau 2.677 2015 est.
175   Seychelles 2.533 2015 est.
  Aruba 2.516 2009 est.
176   Cayman Islands 2.507 2014 est.
  Greenland 2.173 2011 est.
177   Antigua and Barbuda 2.096 2015 est.
178   Saint Lucia 2.032 2015 est.
179   San Marino 1.952 2015 est.
  Gibraltar 1.850 2013 est.
  Faroe Islands 1.471 2010 est.
180   Grenada 1.385 2015 est.
181   Saint Kitts and Nevis 1.358 2015 est.
182   Comoros 1.214 2015 est.
183   Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 1.211 2015 est.
184   Solomon Islands 1.141 2015 est.
185   Samoa 1.033 2015 est.
  Western Sahara 0.9065 2007 est.
186   Dominica 0.8201 2015 est.
  American Samoa 0.7110 2013 est.
  Northern Mariana Islands 0.682 2013 est.
187   Vanuatu 0.6758 2015 est.
188   Sao Tome and Principe 0.6637 2015 est.
  Turks and Caicos Islands 0.6320 2007 est.
  Saint Martin 0.5615 2005 est.
189   Tonga 0.5230 2014 est.
  British Virgin Islands 0.5000 2010 est.
  Sint Maarten 0.3658 2014 est.
190   Micronesia, Federated States of 0.3103 2015 est.
191   Palau 0.2626 2015 est.
  Cook Islands 0.2441
  Saint Pierre and Miquelon 0.2153 2006 est.
192   Marshall Islands 0.1869 2015 est.
  Anguilla 0.1754 2009 est.
193   Kiribati 0.1698 2015 est.
  Falkland Islands 0.1645 2007 est.
194   Nauru 0.1508 2015 est.
  Wallis and Futuna 0.0600 2004 est.
  Montserrat 0.0438 2006 est.
195   Tuvalu 0.0390 2016 est.
  Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha 0.0311 2009 est.
  Niue 0.0101 2003 est.
  Tokelau 0.0015 1993 est.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b c Figure for Mainland China; excludes the two special administrative regions, namely Hong Kong and Macau.
  2. ^ a b c The European Union (EU) is an economic and political union of 28 member states that are located primarily in Europe. The EU is included because it has many attributes of independent nations, being much more than a free-trade association such as ASEAN, NAFTA, or Mercosur.[8] As the EU is not a country, the U.S. is the second ranked country on these lists.
  • ^2 IMF estimate.
  • ^3 Data excludes French Polynesia.
  • ^a China's PPP is based on prices for 11 administrative regions, extrapolated to the full country, and an urban/rural breakdown. China's entry does not include the two special administrative regions, namely Hong Kong and Macau. These are listed separately.

References

  1. ^ "Report for Selected Country Groups and Subjects (PPP valuation of country GDP)". IMF. Retrieved 19 April 2017. 
  2. ^ "What is GDP and why is it so important?". Investopedia. IAC/InterActiveCorp. 26 February 2009. Retrieved 26 July 2016. 
  3. ^ a b c "Part 4. Applications and Limitations of ICP Data" (PDF). Retrieved 20 May 2014. 
  4. ^ PPP Versus the Market: Which Weight Matters?, imf.org, March 2007, Volume 44, Number 1
  5. ^ "Report for Selected Country Groups and Subjects (PPP valuation of country GDP)". IMF. Retrieved 18 April 2017. 
  6. ^ Data (22 July 2016). ""Gross domestic product 2015, PPP", World Bank, accessed on 26 July 2016" (PDF). Data.worldbank.org. Retrieved 26 July 2016. ; European Union calculated by sum of individual countries.
  7. ^ Field listing - GDP (PPP exchange rate), CIA World Factbook
  8. ^ CIA (2014). "The World Factbook". Retrieved 15 March 2015. Although the EU is not a federation in the strict sense, it is far more than a free-trade association such as ASEAN, NAFTA, or Mercosur, and it has certain attributes associated with independent nations: its own flag, currency (for some members), and law-making abilities, as well as diplomatic representation and a common foreign and security policy in its dealings with external partners. Thus, inclusion of basic intelligence on the EU has been deemed appropriate as a new, separate entity in The World Factbook. 

External links