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List of countries by GDP (PPP)

Largest economies by PPP GDP in 2018.
According to International Monetary Fund estimates.[1]
Top 10 countries by GDP (PPP) in 2018

This article includes a list of countries by their forecasted estimated gross domestic product based on purchasing power parity, abbreviated GDP (PPP).[2] Countries are sorted by GDP PPP forecast estimates from financial and statistical institutions in the limited period January–April 2017, which are calculated at market or government official exchange rates. The data given on this page are based on the international dollar, a standardized unit used by economists. Certain regions that are not widely considered countries such as the European Union and Hong Kong also show up in the list if they are distinct jurisdiction areas or economic entities.

GDP comparisons using PPP are arguably more useful than those using nominal GDP when assessing a nation's domestic market because PPP takes into account the relative cost of local goods, services and inflation rates of the country, rather than using international market exchange rates which may distort the real differences in per capita income.[3] It is however limited when measuring financial flows between countries and when comparing quality of same goods among countries.[4] PPP is often used to gauge global poverty thresholds and is used by the United Nations in constructing the human development index.[3] These surveys such as the International Comparison Program include both tradable and non-tradable goods in an attempt to estimate a representative basket of all goods.[3]

The first table includes estimates for the year 2017 for all current 191 International Monetary Fund (IMF) members as well as Hong Kong and Taiwan. Data are in millions of international dollars; they were calculated by the IMF. Figures were published in April 2018. The second table includes data, mostly for the year 2015, for 180 of the 193 current United Nations member states as well as Hong Kong and Macau (the two Chinese Special Administrative Regions). Data are in millions of international dollars; they were compiled by the World Bank. The third table is a tabulation of the CIA World Factbook GDP (PPP) data update of 2017. The data for GDP at purchasing power parity have also been rebased using the new International Comparison Program price surveys and extrapolated to 2007.

Contents

ListsEdit

Click on one of the small triangles in the headings to re-order the list according to that category.

List by the International Monetary Fund (estimates for 2018)[5] List by the World Bank (2017)[6][7][8] List by the CIA World Factbook (1993–2017)[9]
Rank Country GDP
(billions of Current Int$)
 World 134,981
1   China[n 1] 25,238.56
2   United States 20,412.87
3   India 10,385.43
4   Japan 5,619.49
5   Germany 4,373.95
6   Russia 4,168.88
7   Indonesia 3,492.21
8   Brazil 3,388.96
9   United Kingdom 3,028.57
10   France 2,960.25
11   Mexico 2,571.68
12   Italy 2,399.83
13   Turkey 2,320.64
14   South Korea 2,138.24
15   Spain 1,864.11
16   Canada 1,847.08
17   Saudi Arabia 1,844.75
18   Iran 1,749.43
19   Australia 1,312.53
20   Thailand 1,310.57
21   Egypt 1,292.75
22   Taiwan 1,234.86
23   Poland 1,193.11
24   Nigeria 1,168.40
25   Pakistan 1,141.21
26   Malaysia 1,002.06
27   Netherlands 966.742
28   Argentina 959.528
29   Philippines 955.219
30   South Africa 794.706
31   Bangladesh 751.949
32   Colombia 750.276
33   United Arab Emirates 716.173
34   Vietnam 705.774
35   Iraq 694.653
36   Algeria 666.96
37   Singapore 554.855
38   Belgium 550.664
39   Sweden 546.53
40    Switzerland 541.346
41   Romania 517.505
42   Kazakhstan 503.893
43   Hong Kong 482.101
44   Chile 476.815
45   Austria 461.432
46   Peru 450.148
47   Czech Republic 397.727
48   Norway 396.919
49   Ukraine 389.198
50   Ireland 381.72
51   Myanmar 359.374
52   Qatar 357.338
53   Israel 334.328
54   Venezuela 330.984
55   Portugal 328.252
56   Greece 311.647
57   Morocco 314.742
58   Hungary 306.787
59   Kuwait 301.916
60   Denmark 299.166
61   Sri Lanka 292.311
62   Finland 255.976
63   Uzbekistan 238.997
64   Ethiopia 222.258
65   Ecuador 201.976
66   Angola 198.821
67   New Zealand 198.516
68   Sudan 198.356
69   Oman 194.82
70   Slovak Republic 190.778
71   Belarus 188.328
72   Dominican Republic 186.048
73   Azerbaijan 179.276
74   Tanzania 176.465
75   Kenya 175.978
76   Bulgaria 162.568
77   Guatemala 145.514
78   Ghana 145.387
79   Tunisia 141.816
80   Puerto Rico 119.314
81   Turkmenistan 112.393
82   Panama 112.204
83   Serbia 111.622
84   Croatia 106.548
85   Côte d'Ivoire 106.412
86   Lithuania 96.261
87   Uganda 95.434
88   Cameroon 94.54
89   Jordan 93.399
90   Lebanon 91.013
91   Bolivia 88.866
92   Costa Rica 88.844
93     Nepal 84.365
94   Uruguay 82.641
95   Macau 78.53
96   Libya 76.684
97   Slovenia 75.604
98   Bahrain 74.215
99   Zambia 73.299
100   Paraguay 72.999
101   Afghanistan 72.911
102   Democratic Republic of the Congo 72.638
103   Cambodia 70.242
104   Luxembourg 66.914
105   El Salvador 59.626
106   Latvia 57.336
107   Laos 53.752
108   Honduras 48.822
109   Senegal 47.336
110   Bosnia and Herzegovina 47.097
111   Estonia 44.177
112   Trinidad and Tobago 44.1
113   Mali 44.028
114   Madagascar 42.705
115   Mongolia 42.646
116   Georgia 42.407
117   Botswana 41.556
118   Yemen 39.267
119   Nicaragua 38.957
120   Burkina Faso 38.794
121   Mozambique 38.679
122   Gabon 38.582
123   Albania 38.154
124   Zimbabwe 35.565
125   Brunei Darussalam 34.637
126   Cyprus 33.46
127   North Macedonia 32.554
128   Papua New Guinea 31.929
129   Chad 30.232
130   Tajikistan 30.188
131   Armenia 29.908
132   Republic of Congo 29.749
133   Mauritius 29.187
134   Guinea 28.637
135   Equatorial Guinea 28.637
136   Benin 27.471
137   Namibia 27.474
138   Jamaica 27.062
139   Rwanda 26.997
140   Kyrgyz Republic 24.276
141   Malawi 23.682
142   Niger 23.475
143   Moldova 21.26
144   Kosovo 20.876
145   Malta 20.861
146   Haiti 20.794
147   Somalia 19.568
148   Iceland 18.606
149   South Sudan 18.435
150   Mauritania 18.119
151   Togo 13.886
152   Sierra Leone 12.177
153   The Bahamas 12.156
154   Montenegro 11.646
155   Eswatini 11.496
156   Eritrea 9.997
157   Fiji 9.158
158   Suriname 8.822
159   Burundi 8.184
160   Bhutan 7.701
161   Maldives 7.396
162   Lesotho 7.231
163   Guyana 6.657
164   Timor-Leste 6.47
165   Liberia 6.44
166   Barbados 5.391
167   Cape Verde 3.983
168   Djibouti 3.964
169   The Gambia 3.884
170   Central African Republic 3.587
171   Guinea-Bissau 3.385
172   Belize 3.343
173   Seychelles 2.873
174   St. Lucia 2.659
175   Antigua and Barbuda 2.533
176   San Marino 2.216
177   Grenada 1.701
178   St. Kitts and Nevis 1.617
179   Solomon Islands 1.395
180   Comoros 1.384
181   St. Vincent and the Grenadines 1.322
182   Samoa 1.188
183   Vanuatu 0.817
184   São Tomé and Príncipe 0.726
185   Dominica 0.672
186   Tonga 0.62
187   Micronesia 0.36
188   Palau 0.3
189   Kiribati 0.237
190   Marshall Islands 0.197
191   Nauru 0.158
192   Tuvalu 0.044
Rank Country GDP
(millions of Current Int$)
 World 127,723,794
1   China[n 1] 23,300,783
2   United States 19,390,604
3   India 9,448,659
4   Japan 5,487,161
5   Germany 4,187,583
6   Russia 3,817,201
7   Indonesia 3,242,769
8   Brazil 3,240,524
9   United Kingdom 2,896,833
10   France 2,871,264
11   Italy 2,410,985
12   Mexico 2,344,197
13   Turkey 2,254,114
14   South Korea 1,969,106
15   Spain 1,773,972
16   Saudi Arabia 1,773,549
17   Canada 1,702,435
18   Iran 1,700,356
19   Thailand 1,233,736
20   Australia 1,157,298
21   Egypt 1,129,919
22   Nigeria 1,118,755
23   Poland 1,112,364
24   Pakistan 1,088,982
25   Malaysia 930,749
26   Argentina 920,248
27   Netherlands 907,032
28   Philippines 875,311
29   South Africa 765,567
30   Colombia 714,003
31   United Arab Emirates 694,468
32   Iraq 658,200
33   Vietnam 647,368
34   Bangladesh 637,078
35   Algeria 631,150
36    Switzerland 550,346
37   Belgium 540,867
38   Singapore 527,021
39   Romania 506,132
40   Sweden 504,088
41   Kazakhstan 476,366
42   Austria 462,990
  Hong Kong 454,886
43   Chile 434,848
44   Peru 432,115
45   Venezuela 409,389
46   Czech Republic 390,989
47   Ukraine 368,217
48   Ireland 367,301
49   Qatar 338,817
50   Israel 334,667
51   Portugal 331,445
52   Myanmar 327,629
53   Norway 322,101
54   Greece 299,241
55   Morocco 298,230
56   Kuwait 297,594
57   Denmark 291,600
58   Hungary 277,543
59   Sri Lanka 274,718
60   Finland 249,065
61   Uzbekistan 222,338
62   Ethiopia 199,336
63   Sudan 198,758
64   New Zealand 196,152
65   Oman 193,218
66   Ecuador 193,138
67   Angola 190,290
68   Belarus 179,203
69   Slovakia 174,678
70   Dominican Republic 172,591
71   Azerbaijan 171,588
72   Tanzania (mainland) 163,886
73   Kenya 163,309
74   Bulgaria 143,850
75   Guatemala 137,849
76   Tunisia 137,358
77   Ghana 133,826
78   Libya 125,142
79   Serbia 105,966
80   Croatia 104,233
81   Turkmenistan 103,604
82   Panama 100,194
83   Côte d'Ivoire 96,046
84   Lithuania 90,749
85   Lebanon 89,263
86   Cameroon 88,859
87   Jordan 88,809
88   Costa Rica 83,615
89   Bolivia 83,546
90   Uganda 79,889
91     Nepal 78,591
92   Uruguay 77,992
93   Yemen 75,346
94   Congo, Democratic Republic of the 72,165
95   Slovenia 71,926
  Macau 71,672
96   Bahrain 70,937
97   Afghanistan 70,368
98   Zambia 69,235
99   Paraguay 66,007
100   Cambodia 64,050
101   Luxembourg 62,139
102   Latvia 53,561
103   El Salvador 51,061
104   Laos 48,167
105   Honduras 46,198
106   Bosnia and Herzegovina 45,156
107   Trinidad and Tobago 43,234
108   Senegal 42,992
109   Estonia 41,619
110   Mali 41,004
111   Mongolia 39,982
112   Botswana 39,770
113   Georgia 39,768
114   Madagascar 39,764
115   Mozambique 37,005
116   Gabon 36,823
117   Nicaragua 36,324
118   Burkina Faso 35,887
119   Papua New Guinea 34,633
120   Albania 34,541
121   Zimbabwe 34,476
122   Brunei Darussalam 33,797
123   North Macedonia 31,729
124   Equatorial Guinea 31,460
125   Cyprus 29,606
126   Guinea 29,056
127   Chad 28,924
128   Tajikistan 28,373
129   Armenia 28,271
130   Congo, Republic of the 28,193
131   Mauritius 28,174
132   Namibia 26,542
133   Jamaica 25,999
134   Benin 25,327
135   Rwanda 24,852
136   Kyrgyzstan 23,104
137   West Bank and Gaza 22,886
138   Malawi 22,387
139   Niger 21,834
140   Moldova 20,226
141   Haiti 19,930
142   Kosovo 19,688
143   Malta 18,395
144   Iceland 18,265
145   Mauritania 17,458
146   Togo 12,240
147   Bahamas, The 12,031
148   Montenegro 11,681
149   Eswatini 11,617
150   Sierra Leone 10,264
151   Timor-Leste 9,350
152   Fiji 8,652
153   Suriname 8,515
154   Burundi 8,376
155   Bhutan 7,721
156   Maldives 7,273
157   Lesotho 6,991
158   Guyana 6,349
159   Barbados 5,326
160   Liberia 3,911
161   Cape Verde 3,733
162   Djibouti 3,716
163   Gambia 3,602
164   Central African Republic 3,382
165   Belize 3,219
166   Guinea-Bissau 3,165
167   Seychelles 2,776
168   Saint Lucia 2,543
169   Antigua and Barbuda 2,407
170   San Marino 2,085
171   Grenada 1,609
172   Saint Kitts and Nevis 1,498
173   Solomon Islands 1,480
174   Samoa 1,299
175   St. Vincent and the Grenadines 1,296
176   Comoros 1,263
177   Vanuatu 886
178   Dominica 785
179   Sao Tome and Principe 685
180   Tonga 643
181   Federated States of Micronesia 382
182   Palau 316
183   Kiribati 253
184   Marshall Islands 223
185   Nauru 193
186   Tuvalu 44
Rank Country GDP
(billions of Current Int$)
Year
 World 127,000 2017 est.
1   China[n 1] 23,120 2017 est.
  European Union[n 2] 20,850 2017 est.
2   United States 19,360 2017 est.
3   India 9,447 2017 est.
4   Japan 5,405 2017 est.
5   Germany 4,150 2017 est.
6   Russia 4,000 2017 est.
7   Indonesia 3,243 2017 est.
8   Brazil 3,219 2017 est.
9   United Kingdom 2,880 2017 est.
10   France 2,826 2017 est.
11   Mexico 2,406 2017 est.
12   Italy 2,307 2017 est.
13   Turkey 2,133 2017 est.
14   South Korea 2,027 2017 est.
15   Saudi Arabia 1,789 2017 est.
16   Spain 1,769 2017 est.
17   Canada 1,764 2017 est.
18   Iran 1,631 2017 est.
19   Australia 1,235 2017 est.
20   Thailand 1,229 2017 est.
21   Egypt 1,199 2017 est.
22   Taiwan 1,175 2017 est.
23   Nigeria 1,118 2017 est.
24   Poland 1,111 2017 est.
25   Pakistan 1,056 2017 est.
26   Malaysia 926.1 2017 est.
27   Netherlands 915.2 2017 est.
28   Argentina 911.5 2017 est.
29   Philippines 874.5 2017 est.
30   South Africa 757.3 2017 est.
31   Colombia 712.5 2017 est.
32   United Arab Emirates 691.9 2017 est.
33   Bangladesh 686.5 2017 est.
34   Iraq 660.7 2017 est.
35   Vietnam 643.9 2017 est.
36   Algeria 629.3 2017 est.
37   Belgium 526.4 2017 est.
38   Sweden 521.7 2017 est.
39    Switzerland 516.7 2017 est.
40   Singapore 513.7 2017 est.
41   Kazakhstan 474.3 2017 est.
42   Romania 474.0 2017 est.
  Hong Kong 453.0 2017 est.
43   Chile 452.1 2017 est.
44   Austria 434.1 2017 est.
45   Peru 424.6 2017 est.
46   Venezuela 389.4 2017 est.
47   Norway 375.9 2017 est.
48   Czech Republic 372.6 2017 est.
49   Ukraine 366.4 2017 est.
50   Ireland 344.8 2017 est.
51   Qatar 341.7 2017 est.
52   Myanmar 330.9 2017 est.
53   Israel 315.6 2017 est.
54   Portugal 311.3 2017 est.
55   Kuwait 302.5 2017 est.
56   Morocco 300.1 2017 est.
57   Greece 299.5 2017 est.
58   Denmark 285.5 2017 est.
59   Hungary 283.6 2017 est.
60   Sri Lanka 278.2 2017 est.
61   Finland 242.4 2017 est.
62   Uzbekistan 221.7 2017 est.
63   Ethiopia 195.8 2017 est.
64   Angola 192.0 2017 est.
65   Ecuador 188.5 2017 est.
67   Oman 187.9 2017 est.
67   Sudan 186.8 2017 est.
68   New Zealand 185.7 2017 est.
69   Slovakia 178.7 2017 est.
70   Belarus 175.9 2017 est.
71   Dominican Republic 172.6 2017 est.
72   Azerbaijan 166.8 2017 est.
73   Kenya 163.4 2017 est.
74   Tanzania 162.8 2017 est.
75   Bulgaria 152.4 2017 est.
76   Guatemala 138.3 2017 est.
77   Tunisia 135.9 2017 est.
78   Cuba 132.9 2016 est.
79   Ghana 130.2 2017 est.
  Puerto Rico 127.3 2017 est.
80   Serbia 106.6 2017 est.
81   Turkmenistan 103.5 2017 est.
82   Croatia 100.2 2017 est.
83   Panama 99.43 2017 est.
84   Cote d'Ivoire 96.27 2017 est.
85   Lithuania 90.63 2017 est.
86   Jordan 89.05 2017 est.
87   Uganda 88.61 2017 est.
88   Lebanon 87.89 2017 est.
89   Costa Rica 85.20 2017 est.
90   Bolivia 83.50 2017 est.
91   Cameroon 81.55 2017 est.
92     Nepal 78.55 2017 est.
93   Uruguay 78.41 2017 est.
  Macau 73.58 2017 est.
94   Slovenia 70.36 2017 est.
95   Bahrain 69.77 2017 est.
96   Afghanistan 69.51 2017 est.
97   Yemen 68.95 2017 est.
98   Zambia 68.90 2017 est.
99   Paraguay 68.05 2017 est.
100   Congo, Democratic Republic of the 67.99 2017 est.
101   Luxembourg 64.39 2017 est.
102   Cambodia 64.21 2017 est.
103   Libya 63.14 2017 est.
104   El Salvador 56.90 2017 est.
105   Latvia 53.47 2017 est.
106   Syria 50.28 2015 est.
107   Laos 49.21 2017 est.
108   Honduras 45.68 2017 est.
109   Bosnia and Herzegovina 43.85 2017 est.
110   Senegal 43.07 2017 est.
111   Trinidad and Tobago 42.78 2017 est.
112   Estonia 41.20 2017 est.
113   Mali 40.98 2017 est.
114   North Korea 40.00 2015 est.
115   Madagascar 39.81 2017 est.
116   Botswana 39.55 2017 est.
117   Georgia 39.32 2017 est.
118   Mongolia 38.40 2017 est.
119   Mozambique 37.39 2017 est.
120   Gabon 36.75 2017 est.
121   Nicaragua 36.22 2017 est.
122   Albania 35.87 2017 est.
123   Burkina Faso 35.68 2017 est.
124   Zimbabwe 33.87 2017 est.
125   Brunei 32.91 2017 est.
126   North Macedonia 31.55 2017 est.
127   Cyprus 31.19 2017 est.
128   Papua New Guinea 30.84 2017 est.
129   Chad 29.64 2017 est.
130   Equatorial Guinea 29.38 2017 est.
131   Congo, Republic of the 29.16 2017 est.
132   Tajikistan 27.67 2017 est.
133   Mauritius 27.44 2017 est.
134   Armenia 27.21 2017 est.
135   Namibia 27.02 2017 est.
136   Guinea 26.45 2017 est.
137   Jamaica 26.20 2017 est.
138   Benin 25.29 2017 est.
139   Rwanda 24.61 2017 est.
140   Kyrgyzstan 22.64 2017 est.
141   Malawi 22.47 2017 est.
142   Niger 21.62 2017 est.
  West Bank 21.22 2014 est.
143   Moldova 20.07 2017 est.
144   Haiti 19.88 2017 est.
145   South Sudan 19.75 2017 est.
  Kosovo 19.38 2017 est.
146   Malta 18.53 2017 est.
147   Iceland 17.73 2017 est.
148   Somalia 17.47 2017 est.
149   Mauritania 17.37 2017 est.
150   Togo 12.43 2017 est.
151   Sierra Leone 11.75 2017 est.
152   Eswatini 11.34 2017 est.
153   Montenegro 10.86 2017 est.
  New Caledonia 10.77 2015 est.
154   Eritrea 9.631 2017 est.
155   Bahamas, The 9.339 2017 est.
156   Fiji 8.647 2017 est.
157   Burundi 7.985 2017 est.
158   Suriname 7.928 2017 est.
159   Monaco 7.672 2015 est.
160   Lesotho 7.448 2017 est.
  Isle of Man 7.428 2014 est.
161   Bhutan 7.011 2017 est.
162   Maldives 6.896 2017 est.
163   Guyana 6.367 2017 est.
164   Timor-Leste 6.211 2017 est.
  French Polynesia 5.490 2015 est.
  Bermuda 5.198 2013 est.
  Jersey 5.080 2015 est.
165   Liechtenstein 4.978 2014 est.
166   Barbados 4.919 2017 est.
  Guam 4.882 2013 est.
167   Liberia 3.906 2017 est.
  U.S. Virgin Islands 3.792 2013 est.
168   Cape Verde 3.734 2017 est.
169   Djibouti 3.640 2017 est.
170   Gambia, The 3.582 2017 est.
  Guernsey 3.465 2015 est.
171   Central African Republic 3.395 2017 est.
172   Andorra 3.327 2015 est.
173   Belize 3.230 2017 est.
  Curaçao 3.128 2012 est.
174   Guinea-Bissau 3.071 2017 est.
175   Seychelles 2.712 2017 est.
  Aruba 2.516 2009 est.
  Cayman Islands 2.507 2014 est.
176   Antigua and Barbuda 2.390 2017 est.
177   Saint Lucia 2.384 2017 est.
  Greenland 2.173 2015 est.
178   San Marino 2.083 2017 est.
  Gibraltar 2.044 2014 est.
  Faroe Islands 2.001 2014 est.
179   Grenada 1.590 2017 est.
180   Saint Kitts and Nevis 1.528 2017 est.
181   Comoros 1.323 2017 est.
182   Solomon Islands 1.317 2017 est.
183   Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 1.281 2017 est.
184   Samoa 1.130 2017 est.
  Western Sahara 0.9065 2007 est.
185   Dominica 0.8510 2017 est.
186   Vanuatu 0.7870 2017 est.
  American Samoa 0.7110 2013 est.
  Northern Mariana Islands 0.6820 2013 est.
187   Sao Tome and Principe 0.6820 2017 est.
  Turks and Caicos Islands 0.6320 2007 est.
188   Tonga 0.5870 2017 est.
  Saint Martin 0.5615 2005 est.
  British Virgin Islands 0.5000 2010 est.
  Sint Maarten 0.3658 2014 est.
189   Micronesia, Federated States of 0.3470 2017 est.
190   Palau 0.3010 2017 est.
  Falkland Islands 0.2818 2012 est.
  Cook Islands 0.2441 2010 est.
191   Kiribati 0.2240 2017 est.
  Saint Pierre and Miquelon 0.2153 2006 est.
192   Marshall Islands 0.1890 2017 est.
  Anguilla 0.1754 2009 est.
193   Nauru 0.1590 2017 est.
  Wallis and Futuna 0.0600 2004 est.
  Montserrat 0.0438 2006 est.
194   Tuvalu 0.0420 2017 est.
  Saint Helena 0.0311 2009 est.
  Niue 0.0101 2003 est.
  Tokelau 0.0015 1993 est.

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Figure for Mainland China; excludes the two special administrative regions, namely Hong Kong and Macau.
  2. ^ The European Union (EU) is an economic and political union of 28 member states that are located primarily in Europe. The EU is included as a separate entity in The World Factbook of CIA because it has many attributes of independent nations, being much more than a free-trade association such as ASEAN, NAFTA, or Mercosur.[10] As the EU is not a country, the U.S. is the second ranked country on these lists.
  • ^2 IMF estimate.
  • ^3 Data excludes French Polynesia.
  • ^a China's PPP is based on prices for 11 administrative regions, extrapolated to the full country, and an urban/rural breakdown. China's entry does not include the two special administrative regions, namely Hong Kong and Macau. These are listed separately.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Report for Selected Country Groups and Subjects (PPP valuation of country GDP)". IMF. Retrieved 24 October 2017.
  2. ^ "What is GDP and why is it so important?". Investopedia. IAC/InterActiveCorp. 26 February 2009. Retrieved 26 July 2016.
  3. ^ a b c "Part 4. Applications and Limitations of ICP Data" (PDF). Retrieved 20 May 2014.
  4. ^ PPP Versus the Market: Which Weight Matters?, imf.org, March 2007, Volume 44, Number 1
  5. ^ "Report for Selected Country Groups and Subjects (PPP valuation of country GDP)". IMF. Retrieved 6 Feb 2019.
  6. ^ Data (1 July 2017). ""Gross domestic product 2016, PPP", World Bank, accessed on 18 July 2017" (PDF). Data.worldbank.org. Retrieved 18 July 2017.; European Union calculated by sum of individual countries.
  7. ^ "World Bank GDP PPP PDF 2016" (PDF). Retrieved 18 July 2017.
  8. ^ "World Bank, International Comparison Program database". Retrieved 10 April 2018.
  9. ^ Field listing - GDP (PPP exchange rate), CIA World Factbook
  10. ^ CIA (2014). "The World Factbook". Retrieved 15 March 2015. Although the EU is not a federation in the strict sense, it is far more than a free-trade association such as ASEAN, NAFTA, or Mercosur, and it has certain attributes associated with independent nations: its own flag, currency (for some members), and law-making abilities, as well as diplomatic representation and a common foreign and security policy in its dealings with external partners. Thus, inclusion of basic intelligence on the EU has been deemed appropriate as a new, separate entity in The World Factbook.