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The Fiat Siena was a supermini produced by the Italian manufacturer Fiat since 1996. It is the four-door sedan version of the Fiat Palio, a supermini car especially designed for developing countries. It was introduced for the first time in South America, and was produced in various countries worldwide. Later, in 2002, a similar car based on the same platform was developed for the European market, the Fiat Albea. It replaced the Siena in these European markets, such as Poland, where the original model was previously sold.

Fiat Siena
Fiat Siena.jpg
First generation Fiat Siena (1996-2000)
Overview
ManufacturerFiat
Also calledFiat Petra (India)
Fiat Palio Sedan (Mexico)
Pyeonghwa Hwiparam (North Korea)
Dodge Forza (Venezuela)
Dodge Vision (Mexico)
Production1996–present
AssemblyBetim, Brazil (Fiat Brazil)
Ferreyra, Argentina (Fiat Argentina)
Nanjing, China (Nanjing Fiat Automobile, 2002-2006)
Bursa, Turkey (Tofaş)
Bielsko-Biała & Tychy, Poland (FSM)
Ranjangaon, Pune, India (Fiat India)
Saveh, Iran (PIDF)[1]
Rosslyn, South Africa (Nissan)
Casablanca, Morocco (SOMACA)[2]
Nampo, North Korea (Pyeonghwa)
Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam (Mekong)
La Victoria, Venezuela
Valencia, Carabobo, Venezuela
(Chrysler)[3]
DesignerI.DE.A Institute (1996)
Giorgetto Giugiaro (2001, 2004)
Centre Stile Fiat Brazil (2007)
Body and chassis
ClassSupermini
Body style4-door sedan
LayoutFront-engine, front-wheel-drive
PlatformTipo Uno (Type One)
RelatedFiat Albea
Fiat Perla
Fiat Palio
Fiat Punto
Fiat Strada
Zotye Z200
Powertrain
Engine1.0 L FIRE I4 gasoline
1.0 L FIRE Evo I4 flexyfuel
1.0 L Fiasa I4 gasoline
1.3 L FIRE I4 flexyfuel
1.3 L 4A90 I4 gasoline (China)
1.4 L FIRE Evo I4 tetrafuel
1.5 L Fiasa I4 flexyfuel
1.5 L 4A91 I4 gasoline (China)
1.6 L Torque I4 gasoline
1.6 L E.torQ I4 flexyfuel
1.8 L GM N18XFH I4 gasoline
1.7 L TD I4 diesel
Transmission5-speed manual
6-speed manual
4 speed automatic (China)
Dimensions
Wheelbase2,360 mm (93 in) (1996–01)[4]
2,373 mm (93.4 in) (2001–07)[5]
2,374 mm (93.5 in) (2007–11)[6]
Length4,100 mm (160 in) (1996–01)
4,135 mm (162.8 in) (2001–07)
4,155 mm (163.6 in) (2007–11)
Width1,614 mm (63.5 in) (1996–01)
1,634 mm (64.3 in) (2001–07)
1,639 mm (64.5 in) (2007–11)
Height1,445 mm (56.9 in) (1996–01)
1,453 mm (57.2 in) (2001–07)
1,425 mm (56.1 in) (2007–11)
Chronology
PredecessorFiat Duna
SuccessorFiat Cronos

In 2012, Fiat released the second generation of the Siena, called the Fiat Grand Siena.

The Siena was one of the most popular saloons in Brazil, selling in over 800,000 units throughout 14 years of presence.[7] In Italy the car was not marketed, after the flop of the predecessor Fiat Duna.

First generation (1996–2016)Edit

1996–2000Edit

Launched in 1996, in Brazil, as the four-door sedan of the Fiat Palio, codeproject Type 178, the Siena was made due to the important sales benchmark of hatchback models in developing countries. The range was made from Fiasa and Fire gasoline engines between 1.0 L and 1.6 L.

2001–2003Edit

 
2001 Fiat Siena
 
2001 Fiat Albea

In 2001, the model has the first facelift. The new design was made by the Italian design-guru Giorgetto Giugiaro. The facelift includes a new front and rear design, and a brand new interior. Also, new engines came as the 16-valve Fire engines 1.0 L 70 HP and the 1.2 L 82 HP. In Turkey and China the redesign Siena was introduced with a Speedgear semi-automatic gearbox. With this new design, the small car was finally able to fight for its place in the market, becoming a success in sales. Fiat had considered changing the name to Palio Sedan, due to the lack of interest on the previous Siena, and the solid sales of its biggest competitor, the Chevrolet Prisma. This idea was later discarded. Up to this point, the Fiat Siena was the only model belonging to the Palio family that had not been well accepted by the community. Therefore, Fiat gave special attention to the design of this model in particular, having its rear entirely redesigned.

2004–2007Edit

 
2004 Fiat Siena
 
2004 Fiat Siena

A second facelift was presented in 2004. The designer was again Giorgetto Giugiaro. It has a new front, rear, and interior design. The 2004 Siena was the first Brazilian compact 4-door sedan with four airbags (two at front and two side airbags), auto-dimming rear-view mirror, rain sensor and park assistance. These accessories, however, are very expensive for the Brazilian and most other South American markets, so they are generally not found in end-use vehicles. The engines range in South America from a 1.3 Fire 16-valve, a new 1.4 Fire 8-valve with 80 HP (the same of the latest Fiat Punto, and a 1.8 GM Powertrain 8-valve with 112 PS (82 kW), shared with the Chevrolet Corsa). The Siena EL was sold with 1.0 and 1.4 engines, both 8-valve units.

In Brazil, the top model has been equipped by Flexfuel version of the latter 1.8 Powertrain 8-valve – gasoline and/or alcohol – reaching 112 hp (84 kW) with gasoline and 114 hp (85 kW) with alcohol at 5,500 rpm. In Mexico is sold as Palio Sedan, first with the 1.6 16v Torque engine and later with the 1.8 GM Powertrain with 110 PS (81 kW).

In Europe, the new model features the 2004 front and interior design and a 2001 rear design. The Albea, European version of the Siena, also gained the 1.3 Multijet diesel engine, a second generation common rail turbocharged engine, developing 70 bhp (52 kW).

2008–2016Edit

 
2008 Fiat Siena

In 2008, Fiat unveiled the facelifted Siena. This fourth version of the model has a unique front design, which for the first time is different from the current Palio.

 
2008 Fiat Siena Tetrafuel 1.4. Below is shown the CNG storage tanks in the trunk

The new Siena follows the new Fiat 'family face', with double front lights and some chrome details in the grille, and around the fog lights. The rear lights are sharp and intregrated with the trunk and appeared to be inspired by models of Alfa Romeo, like the 156 and 159.

The new Siena is in production at Betim (Brazil) and Córdoba (Argentina), with 1.0 8v, 1.4 8v, 1.4 8v TetraFuel, and 1.8 8v engines, flexible for the Brazilian market (capable of using gasoline and ethanol). The TetraFuel is the first multifuel car that can run as a flexi-fuel on pure gasoline, or E25, or E100; or runs as a bi-fuel with natural gas (CNG). As of 2011, the sportive version - Siena Sporting 1.6R 16v, equipped with Fiat's Dualogic automatic gearbox - were also in production, although Fiat announced that this variant won't be offered anymore from 2012. All the New Siena EL 1.0, EL 1.4 and many ELX versions circulating at Brazil were, actually, manufactured at Argentina, as Betim's factory is still producing only the more expensive versions.[8]

ProductionEdit

It was produced in Brazil (Betim Plant) and Argentina (Ferreyra). In the past it was also produced in Turkey (Bursa), Poland (Tychy) (1997–2001), India (Pune) (1999–2004), South Africa (Rosslyn), China (Nanjing), Iran (Saveh), Morocco (Casablanca) and Vietnam.

It has also been built under license in Nampo, North Korea from 2002 to 2006, as the Pyeonghwa Hwiparam.[9]

The production of the first generation of Siena officially ends in October 2016.[10]

SalesEdit

The following columns show the sales figures of the Fiat Siena in Brazil

1997 7,183[11]
1998 21,650[11]
1999 16,401[11]
2000 13,890[11]
2001 33,558[11]
2002 32,259[11]
2003 37,227[12]
2004 40,760[13]
2005 43,529[14]
2006 56,358[15]
2007 88,734[16]
2008 95,307[17]
2009 116,064[18]
2010 120,520[19]
2011 90,072[20]
2012 106,085[11]
2013 129,832[21]
2014 106,973
2015 59,397[22]
2016 33,478[23]
2017 24,955[24]
2018 7,245[24]
Total 1,275,697

ChinaEdit

SienaEdit

In November 2001, the Fiat Palio debuted on the Chinese market, with either the 60 PS (44 kW) 1.2-liter or the 85 PS (63 kW) 1.5-liter, followed by the Siena (effectively the large-wheelbase version, the Albea)[25] in November 2002, and the Palio Weekend in June 2003. The Siena and Weekend were not available with the smaller engine.[26]

PerlaEdit

 
Fiat Perla (China)

The Nanjing Fiat Perla, launched at the 2006 Auto Guangzhou Motor Show, is based on the Fiat Albea platform.[27] The car's rear got a more profound facelift for the Chinese market. For example, the rear is longer and lower than the Siena. It has a new 1.7-liter gasoline engine, air conditioning, dual front airbags, anti-lock brakes, power steering, power windows, central locking, and many other features.[28] The engine has a maximum power output of 96 PS (71 kW) and a maximum torque of 140 N⋅m (103 lb⋅ft) at 4,000 rpm,[29] satisfying the Euro III emission standards.[30] The length is 4,316 mm (169.9 in), the width is 1,705 mm (67.1 in), the height is 1,480 mm (58.3 in), the wheelbase is 2,439 mm (96.0 in), and the curb weight is 1,260 kg (2,780 lb).[31]

Since Fiat withdrew from Nanjing in 2007 and SAIC took over, discontinuing the Fiat models, the Perla only had a very brief existence. Russia was meant to be the first country outside China to receive the Perla, but with the 1.4 L Fire 8v engine with 77 PS (57 kW) and the Speedgear transmission.

ZotyeEdit

In 2008, Zotye Auto purchased the tooling for the Palio and the Siena,[32] and in 2011, launched its own restyled version of the car, the Zotye Z200, which is produced in both hatchback and sedan form.[33] They are now powered by a range of a 1.3-liter and a 1.5-liter gasoline engines, with four valves per cylinder and variable valve timing, reportedly sourced from Mitsubishi,[34][35] which are able to develop between 92 and 118 hp (69 and 88 kW) and between 126 and 147 N⋅m (93 and 108 lb⋅ft) of torque.[36]

Safety ratingEdit

The Fiat Albea, a European version of the Siena, was tested in Russia according to the Euro NCAP latest standard, an offset frontal crash at 64 km/h (40 mph). The Albea scored 8.5 points in the frontal test, equivalent to 3 stars. The tested vehicle was equipped with standard driver airbag and regular seatbelts.[37]

The Fiat Perla, a Chinese version of the Fiat Albea, was tested in China by the China-NCAP in three different tests: a 100% front crash test with a wall (like the US NTHSA test), a 40% offset test (like the Euro NCAP), and a side crash test (like in the Euro NCAP). The Perla scored 8.06 points in the 100% frontal crash test, equivalent to 3 stars, 12.02 points in the 40% offset crash test, equivalent to 4 stars, and 10.96 points in the side crash test, equivalent to 3 stars. The average result was 31 points and 3 stars. The tested vehicle was equipped with standard driver and passenger airbags and regular seatbelts.[38]

Second generation (2012–present)Edit

Second generation (326)
 
Overview
Also calledFiat Grand Siena
Dodge Vision (Mexico)
Production2012–present
AssemblyBetim, Brazil (Fiat Brazil)
Body and chassis
Body style4-door sedan
PlatformFCA Economy
RelatedFiat Palio (326)
Fiat Uno (327)
Powertrain
Engine1.0 L FIRE Evo I4 flexyfuel
1.4 L FIRE Evo I4 Tetraflex
1.6 L E.torQ I4 flexyfuel
Transmission5-speed manual
5-speed semi-auto (Dualogic)
Dimensions
Wheelbase2,510 mm (99 in)
Length4,290 mm (169 in)
Width1,675 mm (65.9 in)
Height1,506 mm (59.3 in)
 
Fiat Grand Siena rear

The second generation of the Fiat Siena (Type 326) was unveiled in South America in 2012,[39] under the Fiat Grand Siena name and from 2015 to 2018 under the Dodge Vision name in Mexico,[40] as the production of the previous generation continues along the new version.[41]

The platform of the new generation is derived from the new Palio, but with a longer wheelbase. The exterior design is different from the new Palio and was inspired from the Fiat Bravo, while the rear design was inspired from Fiat Linea.[citation needed] The interior is the same used in the Palio, with specific details.

The Grand Siena is larger than its predecessor, but smaller than the Fiat Linea compact car.[42] It is powered by a new Fiat E.torq 1.6-liter flexy fuel engine, that delivers around 115 hp (86 kW), or by the smaller 1.4 16V Fire EVO Tetrafuel engine with a maximum power of 85 hp (63 kW).[citation needed] The new model weights less and has more legroom compared to its predecessor.[citation needed] The front suspension is composed by the same MacPherson system of the new Palio, but the rear suspension uses a new type of torsion beam.[citation needed]

Production of the Grand Siena started in 2012, at first at the Betim plant in Brazil. The Grand Siena is marketed in South America and Mexico (as the Dodge Vision).[40] In 2018 production of the engine 1.4 Fire Evo flex and 1.6 E.torQ flex end, the only engine available is the 1.0 Fire Evo flex.[43]

The 2017 model received small changes, such as a redesigned grille, new interior colors and the relocation of the USB connector to the center console in the versions with manual transmission.[44]

SalesEdit

Calendar Year Argentina Mexico as Dodge Vision
2013 7,225[45]
2014 5,652[45]
2015 16,299[45] 2,385[46]
2016 13,882[45] 3,684[47]
2017 11,185[48] 1,781[49]
2018 2,641[48]
Total 64,877

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Fiat to start CKD assembly of Siena in Iran". Auto Business News. 2008-07-07.
  2. ^ "Somaca Casablanca". Somaca.e-monsite.com. Retrieved 2010-04-19.
  3. ^ Dodge Forza assembly plant
  4. ^ "1997 Fiat Siena specifications". Automobile-Catalog.com. Retrieved 2012-09-24.
  5. ^ "2001 Fiat Siena specifications". Automobile-Catalog.com. Retrieved 2012-09-24.
  6. ^ "2007 Fiat Siena specifications". Automobile-Catalog.com. Retrieved 2012-09-24.
  7. ^ "Fiat Grand Siena debutta in Brasile" (in Italian). Quattroruote.it. 2012-03-26. Archived from the original on 2013-02-18.
  8. ^ Fiat Press (El Presidente argentino y el CEO de FCA anuncian Inversión de U$S 500 millones en la Planta de Córdoba para la producción de un modelo monoalocado 2016-04-05 15:44:12)
  9. ^ Mazur, Eligiusz, ed. (2006). World of Cars 2006·2007. Warsaw, Poland: Media Connection Sp. z o.o. p. 222. ISSN 1734-2945.
  10. ^ "Obituário: Fiat Siena EL tem produção encerrada". autossegredos.com.br. 7 October 2016. Retrieved 21 December 2018.
  11. ^ a b c d e f g [1]
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  13. ^ "Carros mais vendidos no Brasil em 2004" [The best selling cars in Brazil in 2004]. Quatro Rodas (in Portuguese). Archived from the original on 2012-06-03. Retrieved 2012-12-31.
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  22. ^ [2]
  23. ^ [3] Quatro rodas (Los 50 autos más Vendidos 2016)]
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  27. ^ "Top10 slow-selling new models in China". AT188.com. 2007-07-26. Retrieved 2011-11-08.
  28. ^ "Fiat Perla high-speed stability test drive" (in Chinese). MyCar168.com. July 2007.
  29. ^ "Fiat Perla test drive" (in Chinese). Iautos.cn. 2006-11-02. Retrieved 2011-11-08.
  30. ^ "Fiat Perla review" (in Chinese). Enorth.com.cn. 2007-11-13. Retrieved 2011-11-08.
  31. ^ "Fiat Perla review" (in Chinese). PCauto.com.cn. 2006-09-21. Retrieved 2011-11-08.
  32. ^ De Feyter, Tycho (2011-05-20). "Zotye Z200 and Z200HB Listed & Priced in China". CarNewsChina.com.
  33. ^ Ash (2011-03-21). "Zotye Z200′s on their way in sedan and hatch form". ChinaCarTimes. Archived from the original on 2013-10-28.
  34. ^ "Zotye. Más que un auto". Zotye.com.uy. Archived from the original on 15 January 2014. Retrieved 6 January 2014.
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  36. ^ "Zotye Z200 specifications" (in Chinese). Zotye. Retrieved 6 January 2014.
  37. ^ "Albea Crash Results". AutoReview Magazine, Russia. No 8, 2007.
  38. ^ "China-NCAP" (in Chinese). C-NCAP.org. Archived from the original on 2009-03-04. Retrieved 2008-01-05.
  39. ^ "PRODUCT EYE: Grand Siena answers Fiat Brazil challengers". Just Auto. 30 March 2012. Retrieved 18 June 2014.
  40. ^ a b Mexican Dodge Vision
  41. ^ Auto dato (Dodge Vision El Clon del Fiat Grand Siena se muestra en detalle)
  42. ^ "Grand Siena 2013" (in Portuguese). Fiat Brazil. Archived from the original on 2012-11-26. Retrieved 2012-12-10.
  43. ^ Fiat Siena 1.9
  44. ^ "El Fiat Grand Siena 2017 recibe pequeños cambios". 16 Valvulas Noticias de autos (in Spanish). 2016-09-18. Retrieved 2019-01-11.
  45. ^ a b c d Cars Italy (Sales Argentina)
  46. ^ Al Volante (Ventas 2015 Subcompactos B1.– Aveo, Vento, March, Tsuru… 29 modelos a escoger)
  47. ^ Cars Italy (Sales México)
  48. ^ a b Cars Italy (Sales Argentina)
  49. ^ FCA México (FCA-México-reporta-el-mejor-agosto-en-ventas-desde-2008)

External linksEdit

See alsoEdit