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Alberto Fernández

Alberto Ángel Fernández (born 2 April 1959) is an Argentine lawyer and politician who is the President-elect of Argentina after winning the 2019 general election.[2] He was the Chief of the Cabinet of Ministers during the entirety of Néstor Kirchner's presidency, and the early months of Cristina Fernández de Kirchner's. His tenure as Cabinet Chief from 2003 to 2008 remains the longest since the post was created in 1994.

Alberto Fernández
Mauricio Macri recibe al presidente electo Alberto Fernández 01 (cropped).jpg
President-elect of Argentina
Assuming office
10 December 2019
Vice PresidentCristina Fernández de Kirchner (elect)
SucceedingMauricio Macri
Chief of the Cabinet of Ministers
In office
25 May 2003 – 23 July 2008
PresidentNéstor Kirchner
Cristina Fernández de Kirchner
Preceded byAlfredo Atanasof
Succeeded bySergio Massa
Legislator of the City of Buenos Aires
In office
7 August 2000 – 25 May 2003
Superintendent of Insurance
In office
1 August 1989 – 8 December 1995
PresidentCarlos Menem
Preceded byDiego Peluffo
Succeeded byClaudio Moroni
Personal details
Born
Alberto Ángel Fernández

(1959-04-02) 2 April 1959 (age 60)
Buenos Aires, Argentina
Political partyJusticialist Party (1983–present)
Other political
affiliations
UNIR Constitutional Nationalist Party (1982–1983)
Meeting for the City (1997–2000)
Front for Victory (2003–2008)
Renewal Front (2013–2015)
Justicialist Front Comply (2017–2019)
Frente de Todos (2019–present)
Spouse(s)
Marcela Luchetti
(m. 1993; div. 2005)
Domestic partnerFabiola Yáñez (2014–)[1]
Alma materUniversity of Buenos Aires

BiographyEdit

Fernández was born in Buenos Aires, where he also attended Law School at the University of Buenos Aires. His father was a judge of Spanish descent. He graduated at the age of 24, and later became a professor of criminal law. He entered public service as an adviser to Deliberative Council of Buenos Aires and the Argentine Chamber of Deputies. He became Deputy Director of Legal Affairs of the Economy Ministry, and in this capacity served as chief Argentine negotiator at the GATT Uruguay Round. Nominated by newly elected President Carlos Menem to serve as National Superintendent for Insurance, served as President of the Latin American Insurance Managers' Association from 1989 to 1992, and co-founded the Insurance Managers International Association. He also served as adviser to Mercosur and ALADI on insurance law, and was involved in insurance and health services companies in the private sector. Fernández was named one of the Ten Outstanding Young People of Argentina in 1992, and was awarded the Millennium Award as one of the nation's Businessmen of the Century, among other recognitions.[3] During this time he became politically close to former Buenos Aires Province Governor Eduardo Duhalde.[4]

 
Fernández (right) with President Néstor Kirchner and Foreign Minister Jorge Taiana in 2007.

He was elected on 7 June 2000, to the Buenos Aires City Legislature on the conservative Action for the Republic ticket led by former Economy Minister Domingo Cavallo.

Chief of the Cabinet (2003–2008)Edit

He gave up his seat when he was appointed Chief of the Cabinet of Ministers by President Néstor Kirchner upon taking office on 25 May 2003, and retained the same post under Kirchner's wife and successor, President Cristina Fernández de Kirchner, upon her election in 2007.[5][6]

A new system of variable taxes on agricultural exports led to the 2008 Argentine government conflict with the agricultural sector, during which Fernández acted as the government's chief negotiator. The negotiations failed, however, and following Vice President Julio Cobos' surprise, tie-breaking vote against the bill in the Senate, Fernández resigned on 23 July 2008.[7]

PoliticsEdit

He was named head of the City of Buenos Aires chapter of the Justicialist Party, but minimized his involvement in Front for Victory campaigns for Congress in 2009.[8] Fernández actively considered seeking the Justicialist Party presidential nomination ahead of the 2011 general elections.[9] He ultimately endorsed President Cristina Kirchner for re-election, however.[10] He was campaign manager of the presidential candidacy of Sergio Massa in 2015.[11]

2019 presidential candidacyEdit

On 18 May 2019, his pre-candidacy for president was announced by Cristina Fernández de Kirchner, she being the pre-candidate for vice president.[12]

On 12 June Alberto Fernández and Sergio Massa reached an agreement to form an alliance called Frente de Todos.

On 17 July he met with the leaders of the General Confederation of Labor, receiving their support and promising that there will be no labor reform.

On 28 July, during an interview, he announced that he will stop paying the interests of the Leliq (Central Bank liquidity bills) to finance a 20% increase in retirement.

On 11 August, Alberto Fernández won first place in the 2019 primary elections, with 47% of the votes, compared to 32% of President Mauricio Macri.

On 14 August, Fernández gave a press conference where he said that he will help Macri to finish his term and that there is no risk of default.

At the 27 October election, Fernández won 48.1 percent of the vote to Macri's 40.4 percent, exceeding the threshold required to win without the need for a ballotage. He is the first challenger to unseat an incumbent president in Argentina.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Fabiola Yáñez, la novia de Alberto Fernández: 'Él no quería ser candidato'". 26 August 2019.
  2. ^ Dube, Ryan (27 October 2019). "Argentina's President Mauricio Macri Concedes Election to Peronist Rival Alberto Fernández". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 27 October 2019.
  3. ^ "Clase Magistral". Universidad Nacional de San Luis. Archived from the original on 22 October 2013.
  4. ^ "El Pasado Menemista de un gobierno que acusa a la oposición de menemista". Perfil. Archived from the original on 17 April 2008.
  5. ^ "Alberto Fernández habría vuelto con su esposa". Agencia Nova. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 23 June 2013.
  6. ^ "Alberto Fernández y Vilma Ibarra más juntos que nunca". Perfil. 26 August 2019.
  7. ^ "Miguens afirmó que Fernández fracasó en la negociación con el campo". Los Andes.[permanent dead link]
  8. ^ "Kirchner cargó contra Cobos y De Narváez en un acto porteño". Clarín.
  9. ^ "Alberto Fernández reiteró que no descarta ser candidato a presidente en 2011". La Nación. 24 March 2010.
  10. ^ "Alberto Fernández se declara oficialista y ya se anota como candidato para 2015". La Nación. 30 August 2011.
  11. ^ "Alberto Fernández: "Es indudable el deterioro en el voto de Sergio Massa"". Minuto Uno.
  12. ^ "Alberto Fernández presidente, Cristina Kirchner vice: el video en el que la senadora anuncia la fórmula". La Nación. 18 May 2019.

External linksEdit

Political offices
Preceded by
Alfredo Atanasof
Chief of the Cabinet of Ministers of Argentina
2003–2008
Succeeded by
Sergio Massa
Preceded by
Mauricio Macri
President of Argentina
Taking office 2019
Elect