Nieuw Amsterdam, Suriname

Nieuw Amsterdam (Dutch pronunciation: [ˌniʋɑmstərˈdɑm] or [ˌniuʔɑms-]) is the capital of the Commewijne District in Suriname. It is a small coastal town situated at the confluence of the Suriname River and Commewijne River, just across from Paramaribo, the country's capital. Its population at the 2012 census was 5,650,[1] with around 1,200 people living in the main town, most of whom are of Javanese and East Indian origin.[2] It is the location of the historical Fort Nieuw-Amsterdam, today an open-air museum. The town of Mariënburg with former sugarcane factory is located 3 km from Nieuw Amsterdam and part of the resort.[3]

Nieuw Amsterdam
Resort and town
New amsterdam 4.jpg
Commewijne resorts.png
Map showing the resorts of Commewijne District.
  Nieuw Amsterdam
Coordinates: 5°52′51″N 55°05′04″W / 5.88083°N 55.08444°W / 5.88083; -55.08444
Country Suriname
DistrictCommewijne District
Area
 • Total48 km2 (19 sq mi)
Elevation
0 m (0 ft)
Population
 (2012 census)
 • Total5,650
 • Density120/km2 (300/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC-3 (AST)
ClimateAf

HistoryEdit

In 1734, the Society of Suriname decided to build a fort near the confluence of the Commewijne and Suriname River to defend the Colony of Suriname and the capital Paramaribo.[4] On 8 October 1834, Nieuw-Amsterdam became the capital of the newly formed District of Upper Commewijne.[5] Between 1843 and 1854, Nieuw Amsterdam was designated as the location where incoming ships had to quarantine.[6] In 1872, part of the fort was converted to a jail, and would remain the only jail in Suriname until 1967.[4] In 1873 the local population started a program of independent agriculture which was encouraged by governor van Sypesteyn who designated Nieuw Amsterdam and Domburg as suitable locations.[7] On 17 January 1888, a decision was taken to lay the first telephone line between Nieuw-Amsterdam and Paramaribo with branches to redoubts Leiden and Frederiksdorp, and to operate the network from Nieuw-Amsterdam, because it was expected to mainly for military purposes.[8]

With the completion of the Jules Wijdenbosch Bridge on 20 May 2000, the East-West Link was further expanded to Commewijne and Marowijne.[9] There is also ferry service from Leonsberg in Paramaribo.[10]

Notable peopleEdit

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Statoids.com
  2. ^ "Census 2012" (PDF). Stang Makandra. Retrieved 9 May 2020.
  3. ^ "Marienburg suikerfabriek Nieuw Amsterdam Commewijne District". Trip Advisor (in Dutch). Retrieved 17 May 2020.
  4. ^ a b "Geschiedenis". Fort Nieuw Amsterdam (in Dutch). Retrieved 9 May 2020.
  5. ^ "Districts of Suriname". Statoids. Retrieved 9 May 2020.
  6. ^ "Encyclopaedie van Nederlandsch West-Indië - Page 594 - Quarantaine" (PDF). Digital Library for Dutch Literature (in Dutch). 1916. Retrieved 9 May 2020.
  7. ^ "Encyclopaedie van Nederlandsch West-Indië - Page 441 - Landbouw" (PDF). Digital Library for Dutch Literature (in Dutch). 1916. Retrieved 5 May 2020.
  8. ^ "Encyclopaedie van Nederlandsch West-Indië - Page 587 - Telefonie" (PDF). Digital Library for Dutch Literature (in Dutch). 1916. Retrieved 9 May 2020.
  9. ^ "Wijdenboschbrug". Canon van Nederland (in Dutch). Retrieved 9 May 2020.
  10. ^ "Fort Nieuw Amsterdam: Lichtschepen en kanonnen". Groen Rood Wit (in Dutch). Retrieved 14 January 2022.
  11. ^ "Suriname". King Henry 9. Retrieved 18 July 2020.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 5°53′N 55°05′W / 5.883°N 55.083°W / 5.883; -55.083