Fort Nieuw-Amsterdam

Fort Nieuw-Amsterdam is a fort in Suriname built from 1734 to 1747 at the confluence of the Suriname and Commewijne rivers. It is open to the public as an open-air museum.[1]

Fort Nieuw-Amsterdam
Part of Suriname
AMH-6914-KB Map of Nieuw Amsterdam fort.jpg
Fort Nieuw-Amsterdam
Fort Nieuw-Amsterdam is located in Paramaribo
Fort Nieuw-Amsterdam
Fort Nieuw-Amsterdam
Coordinates5°53′17″N 55°05′30″W / 5.888056°N 55.091667°W / 5.888056; -55.091667
Site information
Open to
the public
Yes
Site history
Built1747 (1747)
Built bySociety of Suriname

HistoryEdit

The necessity of improving the fortifications of the colony of Suriname was underscored when French buccaneers under the leadership of Jacques Cassard attacked the colony in 1712. Fort Sommelsdijk, which was situated further upstream the Commewijne River at its confluence with the Cottica River was fortified for this purpose in 1715, but it was clear something more substantial needed to be done to defend the colony against foreign attacks. It was eventually decided to build a new fort at the confluence of the Suriname and Commewijne rivers. When Fort Nieuw-Amsterdam was completed in 1747, Fort Sommelsdijk was downgraded to a military outpost.[2]

Between 1863 and 1967, the fort was used as a prison. It is the location of the decommissioned lightvessel Suriname-Rivier, which is permanently moored in a wet dock inside the fort.[3]

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-12-19. Retrieved 2017-01-09.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  2. ^ Buddingh' 1999, pp. 34–39.
  3. ^ "Mijndomein". obsession-magazine.nl.

ReferencesEdit

Buddingh', Hans (1999). Geschiedenis van Suriname. Utrecht: Het Spectrum.

GalleryEdit

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 5°53′17″N 55°05′30″W / 5.88806°N 55.09167°W / 5.88806; -55.09167