Paranam is a town in the Para District, Suriname. Paranam was created in 1938 for a bauxite factory. In 1965, an aluminium smelter was added. The factories closed down in 2017.

Paranam
Suralco bauxite factory at Paranam
Suralco bauxite factory at Paranam
Paranam is located in Suriname
Paranam
Paranam
Location within Suriname
Coordinates: 5°36′26″N 55°5′24″W / 5.60722°N 55.09000°W / 5.60722; -55.09000Coordinates: 5°36′26″N 55°5′24″W / 5.60722°N 55.09000°W / 5.60722; -55.09000
Country Suriname
DistrictPara District
ResortOost
Time zoneUTC-3 (ART)

HistoryEdit

There used to be a little hamlet called Klein Curaçao at the location.[1] Paranam was created in 1938 when Alcoa began building a plant to support new mining areas along the Suriname River.[1] Built on a former plantation, the facility was called Paranam after the Para and Suriname Rivers which border the mining concession areas. The Paranam mine began operations in 1941.[2] Alcoa operates worldwide through a joint ventures, and the operation in Suriname is called The Suriname Aluminum Company (or Suralco).[3] A market and theatre were built in town, however most workers remained in Paramaribo.[4]

In 1965, an aluminium smelter was opened in Paranam which operated on the electricity generated by the Afobaka Dam.[5] The smelter converts bauxite to produce approximately 3,150 metric tons of alumina each day at this location.[6][7] Paranam became the first location in the world with an integrated system where the earth was transformed into aluminium.[8] In 2015, Alcoa announced that it was going to close the factories, because the local supplies were exhausted, and the factories could not handle the bauxite from the Bakhuis Mountains.[9] The factories closed down in 2017.[10]

HarbourEdit

Due to the deep water available on the Suriname River, Paranam is a port accessible to oceangoing ships. A pilot is required.[11]

Notable peopleEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Paranam". De West (in Dutch). 8 March 1939. Retrieved 10 January 2022.
  2. ^ "Suriname in de Tweede Wereldoorlog". Werkgroep Caraibische Letteren (in Dutch). Retrieved 10 January 2022.
  3. ^ "Alumina Limited:: The AWAC Business". Alumina Limited. Archived from the original on 2006-10-25. Retrieved 2007-03-14.
  4. ^ "Markt op Paranam". Het nieuws : algemeen dagblad (in Dutch). 9 January 1946. Retrieved 10 January 2022.
  5. ^ "Surinaams aluminium op de Waalhaven (1966)". Geschiedenis Lokaal 010 (in Dutch). Retrieved 10 January 2022.
  6. ^ "Alcoa in Surinam". Alcoa. Retrieved 2013-04-21.
  7. ^ "Overview of Alcoa in Suriname". Alcoa. Retrieved 2013-04-21.
  8. ^ André H. Loor (1997). "Suriname: een historiek". Vlaanderen (in Dutch). p. 5-6. Retrieved 10 January 2022.
  9. ^ "Raffinaderij Paranam ongeschikt voor Bakhuis-bauxiet". Star Nieuws (in Dutch). Retrieved 10 January 2022.
  10. ^ "Suralco-raffinaderij definitief dicht". Werkgroep Caraibische Letteren (in Dutch). Retrieved 10 January 2022.
  11. ^ "PORT OF PARANAM, Suriname". Port Arrivals. Retrieved 2013-04-22.
  12. ^ "Kinderboekenschrijfster Hélène Ramjiawan is niet meer". Werkgroep Caraibische Letteren (in Dutch). Retrieved 10 January 2022.