Demographics of Suriname

This is a demography of the population of Suriname, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations, and other aspects of the population.

Demographics of Suriname
Suriname single age population pyramid 2020.png
Population pyramid of Suriname in 2020
Population632,638 (2022 est.)
Growth rate1.13% (2022 est.)
Birth rate15.38 births/1,000 population (2022 est.)
Death rate6.59 deaths/1,000 population (2022 est.)
Life expectancy72.42 years
Fertility rate1.92 children born/woman (2022 est.)
Infant mortality rate30.25 deaths/1,000 live births
Net migration rate2.54 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2022 est.)
Age structure
0–14 years23.38%
65 and over6.55%
Nationality
NationalitySurinamese
Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1921 107,723—    
1950 198,668+2.13%
1964 324,211+3.56%
1972 379,607+1.99%
1980 354,860−0.84%
2004 492,464+1.37%
2012 541,638+1.20%
2016 558,368+0.76%
Source:[1] 2016 daat[2][3]

Most Surinamese people live in the narrow, northern coastal plain. The population is one of the most ethnically varied in the world. Each ethnic group preserves its own culture, and many institutions, including political parties, tend to follow ethnic lines. Informal relationships vary: the upper classes of all ethnic backgrounds mix freely; outside of the elite, social relations tend to remain within ethnic groupings. All groups may be found in the schools and workplace.

PopulationEdit

 
Demographics of Suriname, Data of FAO, year 2005 ; Number of inhabitants in thousands.

According to the 2022 revision of the World Population Prospects[2][3] the total population was 612,985 in 2021, compared to only 215,000 in 1950. The proportion of children below the age of 15 in 2010 was 28.6%, 65% was between 15 and 65 years of age, while 6.5% was 65 years or older .[4] According to 2012 census, there were 270,629 males and 271,009 females in Suriname.[5]

Year Total
population
(x 1000)
Proportion (%) aged
0–14 15–64 65+
1950 215 40.0 54.0 6.0
1955 250 43.2 52.0 4.8
1960 290 47.6 48.3 4.1
1965 332 48.2 47.8 4.0
1970 372 48.3 47.8 3.9
1975 364 47.6 48.5 3.9
1980 366 39.9 55.7 4.4
1985 376 35.8 59.8 4.5
1990 407 33.3 62.0 4.7
1995 436 32.2 62.6 5.2
2000 467 30.6 63.7 5.7
2005 500 29.8 64.1 6.1
2010 525 28.6 65.0 6.5

Total and Percent Distribution of Population by Age (Censuses 2004 & 2012)Edit

[6]

Age group 2004 2012
Number Percent Number Percent
0-14 146.389 29,81 148.767 27.47
15-59 299.547 60.78 334.949 61.84
60+ 42.189 8.56 54.527 10.07
Total 492.829 100 541.638 100

Structure of the populationEdit

Structure of the population (02.08.2004) (Census):[7]

Age Group Male Female Total %
Total 248 046 244 783 492 829 100
0-4 26 252 25 585 51 837 10,52
5-9 25 200 24 209 49 409 10,03
10-14 22 889 22 254 45 143 9,16
15-19 23 465 23 043 46 508 9,44
20-24 22 437 21 406 43 843 8,90
25-29 19 006 18 895 37 901 7,69
30-34 19 828 19 166 38 994 7,91
35-39 19 179 18 100 37 279 7,56
40-44 17 657 16 328 33 985 6,90
45-49 12 643 12 992 25 635 5,20
50-54 9 933 10 487 20 420 4,14
55-59 6 955 8 027 14 982 3,04
60-64 6 200 7 059 13 259 2,69
65-69 5 148 5 454 10 602 2,15
70-74 4 103 4 556 8 659 1,76
75-79 2 419 2 733 5 152 1,05
80-84 1 235 1 618 2 853 0,58
85-89 392 677 1 075 0,22
90-94 196 294 490 0,10
95+ 34 95 129 0,03
unknown 2 885 1 819 4 704 0,95
Age group Male Female Total Percent
0-14 74 341 72 048 146 389 29,70
15-64 157 293 155 489 312 782 63,47
65+ 13 527 15 427 28 954 5,88

Structure of the population (01.07.2011) (Estimates) :

Age Group Male Female Total %
Total 272 690 267 220 539 910 100
0-4 24 910 24 150 49 060 9,09
5-9 26 400 25 160 51 560 9,55
10-14 25 950 24 850 50 800 9,41
15-19 24 510 23 670 48 180 8,92
20-24 23 270 22 500 45 770 8,48
25-29 22 310 21 360 43 670 8,09
30-34 21 180 20 150 41 330 7,65
35-39 20 130 19 110 39 240 7,27
40-44 18 570 17 720 36 290 6,72
45-49 16 370 15 830 32 200 5,96
50-54 13 940 13 730 27 670 5,12
55-59 10 970 11 200 22 170 4,11
60-64 8 340 8 890 17 230 3,19
65-69 6 200 6 870 13 070 2,42
70-74 4 360 5 060 9 420 1,74
75-79 2 860 3 500 6 360 1,18
80+ 2 420 3 470 5 890 1,09
Age group Male Female Total Percent
0-14 77 260 72 048 149 308 27,65
15-64 179 590 176 272 355 862 65,91
65+ 15 840 18 900 34 740 6,43

Vital statisticsEdit

The Population Departement of the United Nations prepared the following estimates for Suriname. [4]

Period Live births
per year
Deaths
per year
Natural change
per year
CBR* CDR* NC* TFR* IMR* Life expectancy
total
Life expectancy
males
Life expectancy
females
1950-1955 10 000 3 000 7 000 48.0 14.9 33.1 6.56 89 56.0 54.4 57.7
1955-1960 12 000 3 000 9 000 46.0 12.4 33.6 6.56 76 58.7 57.0 60.5
1960-1965 14 000 3 000 11 000 44.8 10.6 34.2 6.56 64 60.5 58.7 62.5
1965-1970 14 000 3 000 11 000 39.7 9.0 30.6 5.95 55 62.4 60.5 64.5
1970-1975 13 000 3 000 10 000 34.9 8.3 26.6 5.29 49 64.0 61.7 66.5
1975-1980 11 000 3 000 8 000 30.2 7.4 22.8 4.20 44 65.1 62.8 67.7
1980-1985 11 000 3 000 8 000 30.0 7.3 22.7 3.70 42 66.5 63.6 69.8
1985-1990 10 000 3 000 7 000 25.4 7.2 18.2 3.00 39 67.1 64.0 70.7
1990-1995 9 000 3 000 6 000 22.5 7.1 15.4 2.60 34 67.6 64.4 71.1
1995-2000 11 000 3 000 8 000 23.6 7.4 16.2 2.80 29 67.8 64.6 71.4
2000-2005 10 000 4 000 6 000 21.0 7.6 13.4 2.60 24 68.1 64.8 71.7
2005-2010 10 000 4 000 6 000 19.1 7.3 11.9 2.42 22 69.6 66.4 73.1
* CBR = crude birth rate (per 1000); CDR = crude death rate (per 1000); NC = natural change (per 1000); IMR = infant mortality rate per 1000 births; TFR = total fertility rate (number of children per woman)

Births and deathsEdit

Births and deaths[7][8][9]
Year Population Live births Deaths Natural increase Crude birth rate Crude death rate Rate of natural increase TFR
1948 6 476 2 217 4 259
1949 6 473 2 243 4 230
1950 6 863 1 974 4 889
1951 7 710 1 965 5 745
1952 8 453 1 917 6 536
1953 8 878 2 159 6 719
1954 9 154 1 919 7 235
1955 9 458 1 989 7 469
1956 10 177 2 131 8 040
1957 10 001 2 274 7 727
1958 11 151 1 942 9 209
1959 11 757 2 055 9 702
1960 11 702 2 144 9 558
1961 12 835 2 310 10 525
1962 13 141 2 412 10 729
1963 2 406
1964 2 292
1965 13 253 2 378 10 875
1966 12 925 2 280 10 645
1967
1968
1969
1970
1971 2 540
1972 12 557
1973 11 881
1974 11 809
1975 10 031
1976 11 176
1977 11 099
1978 10 673
1979 10 586
1980 355,240 9 848
1981 360,021 10 094
1982 364,854 11 205 2 377 8 828
1983 369,752 11 823
1984 374,716 11 501
1985 379,746 11 704 2 275 9 429
1986 384,844 10176
1987 390,011 9 660
1988 395,246 9 094
1989 400,552 10 217 2 717 7 500
1990 405,930 9 545 2 792 6 753
1991 411,397 9 104 2 573 6 531
1992 416,902 9 835 2 717 7 118
1993 422,498 9 398 2 998 6 400
1994 428,170 8 418 2 842 5 576
1995 433,918 8 717 2 696 6 021
1996 439,743 9 393 2 894 6 499 22.7 7.0 15.7
1997 445,647 10 794 2 878 7 916 25.8 6.9 18.9
1998 451,629 10 221 2 814 7 407 24.1 6.6 17.5
1999 457,692 10 144 2 992 7 152 23.6 7.0 16.6
2000 463,837 9 804 3 090 6 714 22.5 7.1 15.4
2001 470,064 9 717 3 099 6 618 20.7 6.6 14.1
2002 476,374 10 188 3 125 7 063 21.4 6.6 14.8
2003 481,146 9 634 3 154 6 480 20.0 6.6 13.4
2004 492,829 9 062 3 319 5 743 18.6 6.8 11.8
2005 498,543 8 657 3 392 5 265 17.4 6.8 10.6 2.14
2006 504,257 9 311 3 197 6 114 18.5 6.4 12.1 2.28
2007 509,970 9 769 3 374 6 395 19.2 6.6 12.6 2.38
2008 517,052 10 097 3 357 6 740 19.5 6.5 13.0 2.44
2009 524,143 9 792 3 293 6 499 18,7 6,3 12,4 2.34
2010 531,170 9 712 3 484 6 228 18.3 6.6 11.7 2.30
2011 539,910 9 703 3 441 6 262 18.0 6.4 11.6 2.445
2012 541,638 10 217 3 687 6 530 18.9 6.8 12.1 2.406
2013 550,222 10 012 3 557 6 455 18.2 6.5 11.7 2.323
2014 558,773 10 407 3 738 6 669 18.6 6.7 11.9 2.370
2015 567,300 10 148 3 663 6 485 17.9 6.5 11.4 2.30
2016 575,700 9 910 3 591 6 319 17.2 6.2 11.0 2.23
2017 583,200 9 758 3 508 6 250 16.8 6.0 10.8 2.12
2018 590,100 9 809 3 763 6 046 16.6 6.4 10.2 2.17
2019 598,000 10 127 3 955 6 172 16.9 6.6 10.3 2.23
2020 10 053 3 971 6 082 16.7 6.6 10.1

Ethnic groupsEdit

Population of Suriname according to ethnic group
Ethnic
group
Census 1921 Census 1950[10] Census 1964[10] Census 1972[10] Census 1980[11] Census 2004[12] Census 2012[13]
Number % Number % Number % Number % Number % Number % Number %
East Indian 62,280 31.3 112,633 34.7 142,917 37.6 135,117 27.4 148,443 27.4
Maroons 19,180 9.7 27,698 8.5 35,838 9.4 72,553 14.7 117,567 21.7
Creole 71,657 36.1 114,961 35.5 119,009 31.4 87,202 17.7 84,933 15.7
Javanese 35,270 17.8 48,463 14.9 57,688 15.2 71,879 14.6 73,975 13.7
Mixed 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 61,524 12.5 72,340 13.4
Amerindian[14] - - 7,287[15] 2.2 - - 18,037 3.7 20,344 3.8
Chinese[14] - - 5,339[15] 1.6 - - 8,775 1.8 7,885 1.5
White[14] - - 4,322[15] 1.3 - - 2,899 0.6 1,667 0.3
Other 10,095 5.1 2,986 0.9 24,155 6.4 2,264 0.5 7,166 1.3
Unknown 186 0.1 522 0.2 0 0.0 1,261 0.3 1,805 0.3
No answer 31,318 6.4 1,590 0.3
Total 107,723[citation needed] 198,668 324,211 379,607 355,240 492,829 541,638
Ethnic groups of Suriname[16]
Ethnic groups percent
East Indian
27.4%
Maroon
21.7%
Creole
15.7%
Javanese
14%
Mixed
13.4%
Chinese
7.3%
Amerindian
3.8%
White
1%
Other
2.3%
  • The census used self-identification for ethnic classification.[17]
  • Amerindians are the original inhabitants of Suriname.
  • East Indians, also known locally as Hindustanis, are those whose ancestors emigrated from northern British India in the latter part of the 19th century.
  • Creoles are descendants from slaves from Africa. Prior to the 2004 census, mixed-race people were counted as Creoles.[citation needed] Their ancestors were brought to the country in the 17th and 18th centuries.
  • The Maroons are descendants from slaves from Africa that escaped to the interior of Suriname. Their proportion has increased considerably during the past decades, from 9% in 1964 to 22% in 2012. Part of this increase is probably caused by interchanging identities of Creole and Maroon, causing a decrease in the proportion of Creole and an increase in the proportion Maroon.
  • The Javanese are Asians from formerly Dutch-ruled Indonesia.
  • Whites are principally descended from Dutch colonists.

The current population of Suriname will be different to these census figures, as the census records residents, and notes legal visitors, but does not record illegal immigrants. According to estimates there may be as many as:

Fertility rate by ethnic groupEdit

The total fertility rate for Suriname as a whole is 2.53 children per woman aged 15 to 49. Maroons have the highest fertility rate, with 4.47 children per woman. On the other hand, Hindustani's have the lowest fertility with 1.78 children per woman.

Total fertility rate by ethnic group[19]
Ethnic group Total fertility rate Children ever born
Maroons 4.47 5.79
Creole 2.26 3.06
East-Indian 1.78 3.15
Javanese 2.15 3.17
Mixed people 2.12 2.77
Smaller minorities 2.93 3.46
Unknown (mostly Maroons as well) 3.69 4.91
Suriname (as whole) 2.53 3.48

LanguagesEdit

Dutch is the official language of Suriname and the mother tongue of around 60% of the population. Sranan Tongo is the lingua franca and second most spoken language of Suriname.

English is mostly used in the business sector mainly to communicate with foreign businesses. It is also used in the hospitality industry to communicate with tourists.

Sarnami Hindustani is spoken by the Surinamese Indian community. Depending on the person this language can be either the mother tongue, second language or third language (after Dutch or Sranan Tongo).

Saramaccan is spoken by the Saramaka tribe of the Maroon community. Aukan is mainly spoken by the Aukan tribe of the Maroon community

Javanese is spoken by the Surinamese Javanese community. Just like Sarnami Hindustani, Javanese can be either the mother tongue, second language or third language (after Dutch or Sranan Tongo) for some.

Hakka and Cantonese is spoken by Surinamese Chinese, mainly as a second language after Dutch. Cantonese was introduced in Suriname by the second wave of Chinese immigrants in 1970. Beginning in the 1990s new migrants from China moved to Suriname, and Putonghua, during circa 2004–2014, became the main Chinese lingua franca in the country.

French is spoken by some Maroons due to the cultural influence from French Guiana, Portuguese mainly by immigrants from Brazil and Portugal, and Spanish due to immigrants from, Cuba, Venezuela, Colombia, and other Latin American countries.

Amerindian languages are spoken by the Surinamese Amerindian community. Languages include Carib, Arawak, Tiriyó and Wayana.

ReligionEdit

Denomination 2012 census[20]
Number %
Catholic Church 117,261 21.6
Pentecostalism (Full Gospel) 60,530 11.18
Moravian Church 60,420 11.16
Jehovah's Witnesses 6,622 1.2
Calvinism 4,018 0.7
Lutheranism 2,811 0.5
Other forms of Christianity 17,280 3.2
Sanatani Hindus 97,311 18
Arya Samaj Hindus 16,661 3.1
Other forms of Hinduism 6,651 1.2
Sunni Islam 21,159 3.9
Ahmadi Islam 14,161 2.6
Other forms of Islam 39,733 7.3
Javanism 4,460 0.8
Judaism 181 0.0
Winti 9,949 1.8
Other faith 4,630 0.9
No faith 40,718 7.5
No answer 17,082 3.2
Total population 541,638 100.0

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "NATIONAL CENSUS REPORT SURINAME" (PDF). CARICOMSTATS. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 June 2017. Retrieved 27 July 2017.
  2. ^ a b "World Population Prospects 2022". population.un.org. United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved 17 July 2022.
  3. ^ a b "World Population Prospects 2022: Demographic indicators by region, subregion and country, annually for 1950-2100" (XSLX). population.un.org ("Total Population, as of 1 July (thousands)"). United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved 17 July 2022.
  4. ^ a b Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat, World Population Prospects: The 2010 Revision Archived 6 May 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ "Censusstatistieken 2012". Algemeen Bureau voor de Statistiek in Suriname (General Statistics Bureau of Suriname). Presentatie Definitieve Resultaten Census 8 Vol. 1, page 26. Archived from the original on 13 November 2014. Retrieved 12 September 2013.
  6. ^ "Downloads - Censusstatistieken 2012 - Algemeen Bureau voor de Statistiek in Suriname". Archived from the original on 13 November 2014. Retrieved 13 July 2014.
  7. ^ a b "United Nations Statistics Division - Demographic and Social Statistics". Unstats.un.org. Retrieved 3 October 2017.
  8. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 28 March 2016. Retrieved 18 March 2016.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  9. ^ "Demographic and Social Statistics". UN Statistics Division. Retrieved 29 July 2020.
  10. ^ a b c "National Census Report: Suriname" (PDF). Caricom. 2009. p. 32. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 June 2017. Retrieved 2 December 2014.
  11. ^ "National Census Report: Suriname" (PDF). Caricom. 2009. p. 31. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 June 2017. Retrieved 2 December 2014. Except for the 1980 census, all censuses since the first in 1921 included ethnicity as a variable of interest. For unknown reasons, the government did not allow the Census Bureau to include this variable.
  12. ^ "National report submitted in accordance with paragraph 15 (a) of the annex to Human Rights Council resolution 5/1 Suriname*". UN Human Rights Council. 16 February 2011. p. 7.
  13. ^ "Censusstatistieken 2012" (PDF). Algemeen Bureau voor de Statistiek in Suriname (General Statistics Bureau of Suriname). p. 76. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 March 2016. Retrieved 20 October 2022.
  14. ^ a b c Where no separate figures are given, these people are included in Other.
  15. ^ a b c [citation needed]This is included in Other in the source
  16. ^ "South America :: SURINAME". CIA The World Factbook. 20 October 2022.
  17. ^ "REPORT ON CENSUS 2004 COVERAGE EVALUATION" (PDF). CENSUS OFFICE GENERAL BUREAU OF STATISTICS. 2006. p. 30.
  18. ^ "With Aid and Migrants, China Expands Its Presence in a South American Nation". The New York Times. 10 April 2011.
  19. ^ Resultaten achtste (8e) Volks- en woningtelling in Suriname (volume 1) : Demografische en sociale karakteristieken en migratie, 2013 (pdf, 7.8 MB, in Dutch); p. 24
  20. ^ 2012 Suriname Census Definitive Results Archived 24 September 2015 at the Wayback Machine. Algemeen Bureau voor de Statistiek - Suriname.