The Honduras Portal

A view of the Great Plaza of Copán
A view of the Great Plaza of Copán

Republic of Honduras
República de Honduras (Spanish)
  • "Libre, Soberana e Independiente" (Spanish)
  • "Free, Sovereign and Independent"
ISO 3166 codeHN

Honduras, officially the Republic of Honduras, is a country in Central America. The republic of Honduras is bordered to the west by Guatemala, to the southwest by El Salvador, to the southeast by Nicaragua, to the south by the Pacific Ocean at the Gulf of Fonseca, and to the north by the Gulf of Honduras, a large inlet of the Caribbean Sea. Its capital and largest city is Tegucigalpa.

Honduras was home to several important Mesoamerican cultures, most notably the Maya, before the Spanish colonization in the sixteenth century. The Spanish introduced Catholicism and the now predominant Spanish language, along with numerous customs that have blended with the indigenous culture. Honduras became independent in 1821 and has since been a republic, although it has consistently endured much social strife and political instability, and remains one of the poorest countries in the Western Hemisphere. In 1960, the northern part of what was the Mosquito Coast was transferred from Nicaragua to Honduras by the International Court of Justice.

The nation's economy is primarily agricultural, making it especially vulnerable to natural disasters such as Hurricane Mitch in 1998. The lower class is primarily agriculturally based while wealth is concentrated in the country's urban centers. Honduras has a Human Development Index of 0.625, classifying it as a nation with medium development. When adjusted for income inequality, its Inequality-adjusted Human Development Index is 0.443. (Full article...)

Selected article - show another

The 2009 Honduran constitutional crisis was a political confrontation concerning the events that led to, included, and followed the 2009 Honduran coup d'état and the political breakdown associated with it. The coup was repudiated around the globe, but Roberto Micheletti, head of the government installed after the coup, has claimed that the Honduran Supreme Court ordered the detention of Manuel Zelaya, deposed President of Honduras, and that the following succession was constitutionally valid.

The policies of Zelaya drifted to the left, causing conflicts with the political establishment. He advocated a constitutional assembly to write or reform the constitution with a fourth ballot box referendum, but opponents considered writing or reforming the constitution via a referendum was unconstitutional. (Full article...)
List of selected articles

Interesting facts - show different entries

Did you know

Related portals

General images - load new batch

The following are images from various Honduras-related articles on Wikipedia.

List articles


Largest cities or towns



Politics articles


Map of Honduras (source: United Nations)

Get involved

See WikiProject Honduras for editor resources and to collaborate with other editors on improving Wikipedia's Honduras-related articles.

Need help?

Do you have a question about Honduras that you can't find the answer to? Consider asking it at the Wikipedia reference desk.


Here are some tasks awaiting attention:

Did you know...

No recent additions

Associated Wikimedia

The following Wikimedia Foundation sister projects provide more on this subject:


External media

Discover Wikipedia using portals

Purge server cache