List of presidents of Honduras

This article lists the presidents of Honduras, since the country declared its independence from Spain on 15 September 1821.

Heads of state of Honduras within the Federal Republic of Central America (1821–1839)Edit

On 1 July 1823 Honduras, along with Guatemala, El Salvador, Nicaragua and Costa Rica, declared its independence from the First Mexican Empire to form the short lived Federal Republic of Central America, also known as United Provinces of Central America. Honduras remained as a member state until it decided to separate in 1838. The entire union dissolved in civil war between 5 November 1838, when Nicaragua separated from the federation, and about 1840.

No. Portrait Head of State
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Political party
Took office Left office Time in office
1   Dionisio de Herrera
(1781–1850)
Supreme Director
16 September 1824 10 May 1827
(Deposed)
2 years, 236 days Liberal
2   Jose Justo Millia
(1794–1838)
10 May 1827 13 September 1827 126 days Liberal
  Cleto Bendaña
(–)
Provisional
13 September 1827 24 October 1827 41 days Conservative
3   José Jeronimo Zelaya
(–)
27 October 1827 11 November 1827 15 days Conservative
4   Miguel Eusebio Bustamante
(–)
11 November 1827 26 November 1827 15 days Liberal
  Francisco Morazán
(1792–1842)
Provisional
26 November 1827 30 June 1828 217 days Liberal
5   Diego Vigil Cocaña
(1799–1845)
Manager
30 June 1828 2 December 1829 1 year, 155 days Liberal
6   Francisco Morazán
(1792–1842)
2 December 1829 24 December 1829 22 days Liberal
7   Juan Angel Arias
(–)
Manager
24 December 1829 22 April 1830 119 days Liberal
(6)   Francisco Morazán
(1792–1842)
22 April 1830 28 July 1830 97 days Liberal
  Jose Santos del Valle
(–)
Provisional
28 July 1830 12 March 1831 227 days Conservative
8   Jose Antonio Marquez
(–)
12 March 1831 22 March 1832 1 year, 10 days Conservative
9   Jose Francisco Milla Guevara
(–)
22 March 1832 7 January 1833 291 days Conservative
10   Joaquín Rivera
(–)
7 January 1833 31 December 1836 3 years, 359 days Independent
  José María Martinez Salinas
(–)
Provisional
1 January 1837 28 May 1837 147 days Independent
11   Justo Herrera
(–)
28 May 1837 3 September 1838 1 year, 98 days Liberal
12   José María Martinez Salinas
(–)
3 September 1838 12 November 1838 70 days Independent
13   José Lino Matute
(–)
12 November 1838 9 January 1839 58 days Liberal

Presidents of independent Honduras (1839–present)Edit

Honduras declared itself independent on 15 November 1838, and a constitution was formally adopted in January 1839. After a period of instability, conservative General Francisco Ferrera became the first elected president of the country for a two-year term, but then extended his de facto control of the nation for the next five years.

Most presidents after 1900 represent one of the two dominant political parties, the Liberal Party of Honduras (PLH) and the National Party of Honduras (PNH).

The most recent general election was held on 28 November 2021, with Xiomara Castro of Libre elected president, taking office on 27 January 2022.[1][2]

No. Portrait President
(Birth–Death)
Elected Term of office Political party
Took office Left office Time in office
1   Juan Francisco de Molina 11 January 1839 13 April 1839 92 days Liberal
  Felipe Neri Medina
(1797–?)
Acting President
13 April 1839 15 April 1839 2 days Liberal
  Juan José Alvarado
(1798–1857)
Acting President
15 April 1839 27 April 1839 12 days Independent
  José María Guerrero
(1799–1853)
Acting President
27 April 1839 10 August 1839 105 days Conservative
  Mariano Garrigó
(1810–?)
Acting President
10 August 1839 20 August 1839 10 days Independent
  José María Bustillo
(?–1855)
Acting President
20 August 1839 27 August 1839 7 days Conservative
  Council of Ministers 27 August 1839 21 September 1839 25 days Council of Ministers
  Francisco Zelaya y Ayes
(1798–1848)
Acting President
21 September 1839 1 January 1841 1 year, 102 days Conservative
2   Francisco Ferrera
(1794–1851)
1 January 1841 31 December 1842 1 year, 364 days Conservative
  Council of Ministers 1 January 1843 23 February 1843 53 days Council of Ministers
3   Francisco Ferrera
(1794–1851)
23 February 1843 31 December 1844 1 year, 312 days Conservative
  Council of Ministers 1 January 1845 8 January 1845 7 days Council of Ministers
4   Coronado Chávez
(1807–1881)
8 January 1845 1 January 1847 1 year, 358 days Conservative
  Council of Ministers 1 January 1847 12 February 1847 42 days Council of Ministers
5   Juan Lindo
(1790–1857)
12 February 1847 1 February 1852 4 years, 354 days Conservative
  Francisco Gómez
(?–1854)
Acting President
1 February 1852 1 March 1852 29 days Liberal
6   José Trinidad Cabañas
(1805–1871)
1852 1 March 1852 18 October 1855 3 years, 231 days Liberal
  José Santiago Bueso
(1815–1857)
Acting President
18 October 1855 8 November 1855 21 days Liberal
  Francisco de Aguilar
(1810–?)
Acting President
8 November 1855 17 February 1856 101 days Liberal
7   José Santos Guardiola
(1816–1862)
1856
1860
17 February 1856 11 January 1862 5 years, 328 days Conservative
  José Francisco Montes
(1830–1888)
Acting President
11 January 1862 4 February 1862 24 days Liberal
  Victoriano Castellanos
(1796–1862)
Acting President
4 February 1862 11 December 1862 310 days Liberal
  José Francisco Montes
(1830–1888)
Acting President
11 December 1862 7 September 1863 270 days Liberal
  José María Medina
(1826–1878)
Acting President
7 September 1863 31 December 1863 115 days Conservative
  Francisco Inestroza
(1810–?)
Acting President
31 December 1863 15 March 1864 75 days Conservative
  Francisco Cruz Castro
(1820–1895)
Provisional President
5 September 1869 14 January 1870 131 days Conservative
8   José María Medina
(1826–1878)
1864
1866
1869
15 March 1864 26 July 1872 8 years, 133 days Conservative
  Céleo Arias
(1835–1890)
Provisional President
26 July 1872 13 January 1874 1 year, 171 days Liberal
9   Ponciano Leiva
(1821–1896)
1874 13 January 1874 8 June 1876 2 years, 147 days Conservative
  Marcelino Mejía
Provisional President
8 June 1876 13 June 1876 5 days Conservative
  Crescencio Gómez
(1833–1921)
Provisional President
13 June 1876 12 August 1876 60 days Conservative
  José María Medina
(1826–1878)
Provisional President
12 August 1876 27 August 1876 15 days Conservative
10   Marco Aurelio Soto
(1846–1908)
1877
1881
27 August 1876 19 October 1883 7 years, 53 days Liberal
  Council of Ministers 19 October 1883 30 November 1883 42 days Council of Ministers
11   Luis Bográn
(1849–1895)
1883
1887
30 November 1883 30 November 1891 8 years Conservative
12   Ponciano Leiva
(1821–1896)
1891 30 November 1891 7 August 1893 1 year, 250 days Conservative
13   Domingo Vásquez
(1846–1909)
1893 7 August 1893 22 February 1894 199 days Conservative
14   Policarpo Bonilla
(1858–1926)
1894 22 February 1894 1 February 1899 4 years, 344 days Liberal
15   Terencio Sierra
(1839–1907)
1898 1 February 1899 1 February 1903 4 years Liberal
16   Juan Ángel Arias Boquín
(1859–1927)
1 February 1903 13 April 1903 71 days Liberal
17   Manuel Bonilla
(1849–1913)
1902 13 April 1903 25 February 1907 3 years, 318 days National
  Miguel Oquelí Bustillo
(1856–1938)
Chairman of the Provisional Government Junta
25 February 1907 18 April 1907 52 days Liberal
18   Miguel R. Dávila
(1856–1927)
18 April 1907 28 March 1911 3 years, 344 days Liberal
  Francisco Bertrand
(1866–1926)
Acting President
28 March 1911 1 February 1912 310 days National
19   Manuel Bonilla
(1849–1913)
1911 1 February 1912 21 March 1913 1 year, 48 days National
20   Francisco Bertrand
(1866–1926)
1915 21 March 1913 9 September 1919 6 years, 172 days National
  Salvador Aguirre
(1862–1947)
Acting President
9 September 1919 16 September 1919 7 days National
  Vicente Mejía Colindres
(1878–1966)
Acting President
16 September 1919 5 October 1919 19 days Liberal
  Francisco Bográn
(1852–1926)
Acting President
5 October 1919 1 February 1920 119 days Liberal
21   Rafael López Gutiérrez
(1854–1924)
1919 1 February 1920 10 March 1924 4 years, 68 days Liberal
  Francisco Bueso
(1860–?)
Acting President
10 March 1924 27 April 1924 48 days Liberal
  Tiburcio Carías Andino
(1876–1969)
First Chief of the Liberating Revolution
1923 27 April 1924 30 April 1924 3 days National
  Vicente Tosta
(1886–1930)
Provisional President
30 April 1924 1 February 1925 277 days Liberal
22   Miguel Paz Barahona
(1863–1937)
1924 1 February 1925 1 February 1929 4 years National
23   Vicente Mejía Colindres
(1878–1966)
1928 1 February 1929 1 February 1933 4 years Liberal
24   Tiburcio Carías Andino
(1876–1969)
1932
1936
1939
1 February 1933 1 January 1949 15 years, 335 days National
25   Juan Manuel Gálvez
(1887–1972)
1948 1 January 1949 5 December 1954 5 years, 338 days National
  Julio Lozano Díaz
(1885–1957)
Supreme Head of State
5 December 1954 21 October 1956 1 year, 321 days National
  Military Junta 21 October 1956 21 December 1957 1 year, 61 days Military
26   Ramón Villeda Morales
(1909–1971)
1954
1957
21 December 1957 3 October 1963
(Deposed)
5 years, 286 days Liberal
27   Oswaldo López Arellano
(1921–2010)
1965 3 October 1963 7 June 1971 7 years, 247 days Military
28   Ramón Ernesto Cruz Uclés
(1903–1985)
1971 7 June 1971 4 December 1972 1 year, 180 days National
  Oswaldo López Arellano
(1921–2010)
Head of State
4 December 1972 22 April 1975
(Deposed)
2 years, 139 days Military
  Juan Alberto Melgar Castro
(1930–1987)
Head of State
22 April 1975 7 August 1978 3 years, 107 days Military
  Policarpo Paz García
(1932–2000)
Provisional President
1980 7 August 1978 27 January 1982 3 years, 173 days Military
29   Roberto Suazo Córdova
(1927–2018)
1981 27 January 1982 27 January 1986 4 years Liberal
30   José Azcona del Hoyo
(1927–2005)
1985 27 January 1986 27 January 1990 4 years Liberal
31   Rafael Leonardo Callejas Romero
(1943–2020)
1989 27 January 1990 27 January 1994 4 years National
32   Carlos Roberto Reina
(1926–2003)
1993 27 January 1994 27 January 1998 4 years Liberal
33   Carlos Roberto Flores
(born 1950)
1997 27 January 1998 27 January 2002 4 years Liberal
34   Ricardo Maduro
(born 1946)
2001 27 January 2002 27 January 2006 4 years National
35   Manuel Zelaya
(born 1952)
2005 27 January 2006 28 June 2009
(Deposed)
3 years, 152 days Liberal
  Roberto Micheletti
(born 1943)
(Acting President)
28 June 2009 27 January 2010 213 days Liberal
36   Porfirio Lobo Sosa
(born 1947)
2009 27 January 2010 27 January 2014 4 years National
37   Juan Orlando Hernández
(born 1968)
2013
2017
27 January 2014 27 January 2022 8 years National
38   Xiomara Castro
(born 1959)
2021 27 January 2022 Incumbent 2 days Libre

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Xiomara Castro poised to become first female president of Honduras". the Guardian. 2021-11-29. Retrieved 2021-11-29.
  2. ^ "Honduras set for first female president as Castro holds wide lead". www.aljazeera.com. Retrieved 2021-11-29.