Portal:Central America

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Map of Central America

Central America (Spanish: América Central [aˈmeɾika senˈtɾal] (listen) or Centroamérica [sentɾoaˈmeɾika] (listen)) is a region of North America. It is bordered by Mexico to the north, Colombia to the south, the Caribbean Sea to the east, and the Pacific Ocean to the west. Central America consists of seven countries: Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Panama. Their combined population is estimated at 52.18 million (2022).

Central America is the southern portion of the continent of North America. It is also a part of the Mesoamerican biodiversity hotspot, which extends from northern Guatemala to central Panama. Due to the presence of several active geologic faults and the Central America Volcanic Arc, there is a great deal of seismic activity in the region, such as volcanic eruptions and earthquakes, which has resulted in death, injury and property damage. (Full article...)

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The Maya peoples (/ˈmə/) are an ethnolinguistic group of indigenous peoples of Mesoamerica. The ancient Maya civilization was formed by members of this group, and today's Maya are generally descended from people who lived within that historical civilization. Today they inhabit southern Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, El Salvador and Honduras. "Maya" is a modern collective term for the peoples of the region, however, the term was not historically used by the indigenous populations themselves. There was no common sense of identity or political unity among the distinct populations, societies and ethnic groups because they each had their own particular traditions, cultures and historical identity.

It is estimated that seven million Maya were living in this area at the start of the 21st century. Guatemala, southern Mexico and the Yucatán Peninsula, Belize, El Salvador and western Honduras have managed to maintain numerous remnants of their ancient cultural heritage. Some are quite integrated into the majority hispanicized mestizo cultures of the nations in which they reside, while others continue a more traditional, culturally distinct life, often speaking one of the Mayan languages as a primary language. (Full article...)

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In the news

12 August 2022 – Economic impact of the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine
A Belize-flagged ship departs Chornomorsk for Turkey, becoming the first wheat export from Ukraine under a United Nations-brokered deal. (SwissInfo)
30 July 2022 –
One person is wounded in an assassination attempt on President of Guatemala Alejandro Giammattei. The president is unharmed. (ABC)
28 July 2022 –
Fifteen people are killed and 47 others are injured after a bus crash in Esteli, Nicaragua. (Reuters)
24 July 2022 –
Police in Honduras intensify their crackdown on gangs in response to last week's murder of the son of former president Porfirio Lobo Sosa. (Diario El Salvador)
16 July 2022 –
Protests continue in Panama with road and railways blockades, after protesters rejected president Laurentino Cortizo's concessions. (La Prensa)
12 July 2022 –
Protesters in Panama continue blocking streets and railways, mainly in Chiriquí and Veraguas Provinces, rejecting the concession by president Laurentino Cortizo of freezing fuel prices. (TeleMetro)

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