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The President of El Salvador (Spanish: Presidente de El Salvador) officially known as the President of the Republic of El Salvador (Spanish: Presidente de la República de El Salvador) is the head of state of El Salvador. The office was created in the Constitution of 1841. From 1821 until 1841, the head of state of El Salvador was styled simply as Head of State (Jefe de Estado).

President of the
Republic of El Salvador
Presidente de la República de El Salvador
Seal of the President of El Salvador.svg
Presidential Seal
Cadena 12 (34186610605) cropped.jpg
Incumbent
Salvador Sánchez Cerén

since 1 June 2014
ResidenceCasa Presidencial, San Salvador
Term lengthFive years, not eligible for re-election immediately
Inaugural holderJuan Lindo
Formation22 February 1841
DeputyVice President of El Salvador
WebsitePresident of El Salvador

Contents

Heads of State of El Salvador within the Federal Republic of Central America (1821–1841)Edit

Presidents of the Independent Republic of El Salvador (1841–present)Edit

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Political Affiliation
1 Juan Lindo
(1790–1857)
Provisional President
  22 February 1841 1 February 1842 Conservative
2 José Escolástico Marín
(?–1846)
Acting President
  1 February 1842 14 April 1842 Independent
3 Juan José Guzmán
(1800–1847)
  14 April 1842 1 February 1844 Conservative
4 Fermín Palacios
Acting President
  1 February 1844 7 February 1844 Independent
5 Francisco Malespín
(1806–1846)
  7 February 1844 15 February 1845 Conservative
6 Joaquín Eufrasio Guzmán
(1801–1875)
  15 February 1845 1 February 1846 Independent
7 Fermín Palacios
Acting President
  1 February 1846 21 February 1846 Independent
8 Eugenio Aguilar
(1804–1879)
  21 February 1846 1 February 1848 Liberal
9 Tomás Medina
(1803–1884)
Acting President
  1 February 1848 3 February 1848 Independent
10 José Félix Quirós
(1811–1883)
Acting President
  3 February 1848 7 February 1848 Independent
11 Doroteo Vasconcelos
(1803–1883)
  7 February 1848 1 February 1850 Liberal
12 Ramón Rodríguez
Acting President
  1 February 1850 4 February 1850 Independent
13 Doroteo Vasconcelos
(1803–1883)
  4 February 1850 1 March 1851 Liberal
14 José Félix Quirós
(1811–1883)
Acting President
  1 March 1851 3 May 1851 Independent
15 Francisco Dueñas
(1810–1884)
  13 May 1851 30 January 1852 Conservative
16 José María San Martín
(1811–1857)
Acting President
  30 January 1852 1 February 1852 Conservative
17 Francisco Dueñas
(1810–1884)
  1 February 1852 1 February 1854 Conservative
18 Vicente Gómez
Acting President
  1 February 1854 15 February 1854 Independent
19 José María San Martín
(1811–1857)
  15 February 1854 1 February 1856 Conservative
20 Francisco Dueñas
(1810–1884)
Acting President
  1 February 1856 12 February 1856 Conservative
21 Rafael Campo
(1813–1890)
  12 February 1856 1 February 1858 Conservative
22 Lorenzo Zepeda
Acting President
  1 February 1858 7 February 1858 Independent
23 Miguel Santín del Castillo
(1830–1880)
  7 February 1858 24 January 1859 Conservative
24 Joaquín Eufrasio Guzmán
(1801–1875)
Acting President
  24 January 1859 15 February 1859 Independent
25 José María Peralta
(1807–1883)
Acting President
  15 February 1859 12 March 1859 Independent
26 Gerardo Barrios
(1813–1865)
  12 March 1859 26 October 1863 Liberal
27 Francisco Dueñas
(1810–1884)
  26 October 1863 15 April 1871 Conservative
28 Santiago González
(1818–1887)
  15 April 1871 1 February 1876 Liberal
29 Andrés del Valle
(1833–1888)
  1 February 1876 1 May 1876 Liberal
30 Rafael Zaldívar
(1834–1903)
  1 May 1876 21 June 1885 Liberal
31 Francisco Menéndez
(1830–1890)
  21 June 1885 22 June 1890 Military
32 Carlos Ezeta
(1852–1903)
  22 June 1890 9 June 1894 Military
33 Rafael Antonio Gutiérrez
(1845–1921)
  10 June 1894 13 November 1898 Military
34 Tomás Regalado
(1861–1906)
  14 November 1898 1 March 1903 Military
35 Pedro José Escalón
(1847–1923)
  1 March 1903 1 March 1907 Military
36 Fernando Figueroa
(1849–1919)
  1 March 1907 1 March 1911 Military
37 Manuel Enrique Araujo
(1865–1913)
  1 March 1911 8 February 1913 Independent
38 Carlos Meléndez Ramirez
(1861–1919)
Provisional President
  9 February 1913 29 August 1914 National Democratic Party
39 Alfonso Quiñónez Molina
(1874–1950)
Provisional President
  29 August 1914 1 March 1915 National Democratic Party
40 Carlos Meléndez Ramirez
(1861–1919)
  1 March 1915 21 December 1918 National Democratic Party
41 Alfonso Quiñónez Molina
(1874–1950)
Acting President
  21 December 1918 1 March 1919 National Democratic Party
42 Jorge Meléndez
(1871–1953)
  1 March 1919 1 March 1923 National Democratic Party
43 Alfonso Quiñónez Molina
(1874–1950)
  1 March 1923 1 March 1927 National Democratic Party
44 Pío Romero Bosque
(1860–1935)
  1 March 1927 1 March 1931 National Democratic Party
45 Arturo Araujo
(1878–1967)
  1 March 1931 2 December 1931 Labor Party
46 Maximiliano Hernández Martínez
(1882–1966)
Acting President
  4 December 1931 28 August 1934 Military /
National Pro Patria Party
47 Andrés Ignacio Menéndez
(1879–1962)
Provisional President
  29 August 1934 1 March 1935 Military /
National Pro Patria Party
48 Maximiliano Hernández Martínez
(1882–1966)
  1 March 1935 9 May 1944 Military /
National Pro Patria Party
49 Andrés Ignacio Menéndez
(1879–1962)
Provisional President
  9 May 1944 20 October 1944 Military /
National Pro Patria Party
50 Osmín Aguirre y Salinas
(1889–1977)
Provisional President
  21 October 1944 1 March 1945 Military
51 Salvador Castaneda Castro
(1888–1965)
  1 March 1945 14 December 1948 Military /
Unification Social Democratic Party
52 Revolutionary Council of Government   15 December 1948 14 September 1950 Revolutionary Council of Government
53 Óscar Osorio
(1910–1969)
  14 September 1950 14 September 1956 Military /
Revolutionary Party of Democratic Unification
54 José María Lemus
(1911–1993)
  14 September 1956 26 October 1960 Military /
Revolutionary Party of Democratic Unification
55 Junta of Government   26 October 1960 25 January 1961 Junta of Government
56 Civic-Military Directory   25 January 1961 25 January 1962 Civic-Military Directory
57 Eusebio Rodolfo Cordón Cea
(1899–1966)
Provisional President
  25 January 1962 1 July 1962 Independent
58 Julio Adalberto Rivera Carballo
(1921–1973)
  1 July 1962 1 July 1967 Military /
National Coalition Party
59 Fidel Sánchez Hernández
(1917–2003)
  1 July 1967 1 July 1972 Military /
National Coalition Party
60 Arturo Armando Molina
(born 1927)
  1 July 1972 1 July 1977 Military /
National Coalition Party
61 Carlos Humberto Romero
(1924–2017)
  1 July 1977 15 October 1979 Military /
National Coalition Party
62 Revolutionary Government Junta   15 October 1979 2 May 1982 Revolutionary Government Junta
63 Álvaro Magaña
(1925–2001)
  2 May 1982 1 June 1984 Democratic Action
64 José Napoleón Duarte
(1925–1990)
  1 June 1984 1 June 1989 Christian Democratic Party
65 Alfredo Cristiani
(born 1947)
  1 June 1989 1 June 1994 Nationalist Republican Alliance
66 Armando Calderón Sol
(1948–2017)
  1 June 1994 1 June 1999 Nationalist Republican Alliance
67 Francisco Flores Pérez
(1959–2016)
  1 June 1999 1 June 2004 Nationalist Republican Alliance
68 Antonio Saca
(born 1965)
  1 June 2004 1 June 2009 Nationalist Republican Alliance
69 Mauricio Funes
(born 1959)
  1 June 2009 1 June 2014 Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front
70 Salvador Sánchez Cerén
(born 1944)
  1 June 2014 Incumbent Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front
71 Nayib Bukele
(born 1981)
  1 June 2019 President-elect Grand Alliance for National Unity

Latest electionEdit

Candidate Party First round Second round
Votes % Votes %
Salvador Sánchez Cerén Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front 1,315,768 48.93 1,495,815 50.11
Norman Quijano Nationalist Republican Alliance 1,047,592 38.96 1,489,451 49.89
Antonio Saca Unity Movement 307,603 11.44
René Rodriguez Hurtado Salvadoran Progressive Party 11,314 0.42
Óscar Lemus Salvadoran Patriot Fraternity 6,659 0.25
Invalid/blank votes 34,310 19,579
Total 2,723,246 100 3,004,845 100
Registered voters/turnout 4,955,107 54.96 4,955,107 60.64
Source: TSE 1, [1][permanent dead link]

Living former presidentsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit