Carlos Ezeta

Carlos Basilio Ezeta y León (14 June 1852 – 21 March 1903) was President of El Salvador from 22 June 1890 to 9 June 1894, when he was overthrown in the Revolution of the 44. He was a military ruler. He died on 21 March 1903, aged 50.

Carlos Ezeta
General Carlos Ezeta.png
18th President of El Salvador
In office
22 June 1890 – 10 June 1894
Provisional: 22 June 1890 – 1 March 1891
Vice PresidentAntonio Ezeta (1891–1894)
Preceded byFrancisco Menéndez
Succeeded byRafael Antonio Gutiérrez
Personal details
Born14 June 1852
San Salvador, El Salvador
Died21 March 1903(1903-03-21) (aged 50)
Mazatlán, Mexico
Political partyLiberal
Spouse(s)Josefa Marroquín
RelativesAntonio Ezeta (brother)
Military service
Allegiance El Salvador
Branch/serviceSalvadoran Army
Years of service1872–1894
Battles/warsBarrios' War of Reunification
Revolution of the 44

Early lifeEdit

Carlos Ezeta was born in San Salvador, El Salvador, on 14 June 1852.[1] His father was General Eligió Ezeta and his mother was Asunción de León Corleto, and he had a younger brother, Antonio Ezeta.[1] He married Josefa Marroquín and had four children: Carlota, Matilde, Emilia, and Asunción.[1]

Military serviceEdit

Ezeta served in the Salvadoran Army during Santiago González Portillo's and Fernando Figueroa's invasions of Honduras in 1872 and 1873.[1] During his service, he was injured in battle in Santa Bárbara.[1] He lived in Costa Rica in 1875, returned to El Salvador in 1876, and later visited the United States and Guatemala.[1] He returned to El Salvador in 1885 to fight against Guatemala in Barrios' War of Reunification and fought in the Battle of Chalchuapa.[1]


On 22 June 1890, Ezeta travelled to the White House of the incumbent President, General Francisco Menéndez, and started an uprising that overthrew Menéndez during which he died.[1] On 1 March 1891, Ezeta formally took office as the President of El Salvador after winning the 1891 Salvadoran presidential election.[1][2]

Ezeta oversaw El Salvador's relative political stability at a time when the neighboring republics of Honduras and Guatemala were at war, but he soon lost favor with the landowners and was overthrown in the Revolution of the 44 on 9 June 1894 by Rafael Antonio Gutiérrez with assistance from Nicaragua, Guatemala and Honduras.[3]

Later life and deathEdit

He fled to Panama, and then travelled to Europe as there was a warrant for his death; he then returned to Central America and then settled in Mazatlán, Mexico, where he died on 21 March 1903, aged 50.[1] His remains are buried at Angela Peralta Cemetery in Mazatlán.


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Presidentes de El Salvador – General Carlos Ezeta" [Presidents of El Salvador – General Carlos Ezeta] (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 2 March 2009. Retrieved 29 March 2021.
  2. ^ "Elections and Events 1850–1899". UC San Diego. The Library – UC San Diego. Retrieved 25 March 2021.
  3. ^ "Presidentes de El Salvador – General Rafael Antonio Gutiérrez" [Presidents of El Salvador – General Rafael Antonio Gutiérrez] (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 2 March 2009. Retrieved 1 September 2020.
Political offices
Preceded by President of El Salvador
Succeeded by