Carlos Basilio Ezeta y León (14 June 1852 – 21 March 1903) was President of El Salvador from 22 June 1890 to 9 June 1894, when he was overthrown in the Revolution of the 44. He was a military ruler. He died on 21 March 1903, aged 50.
|18th President of El Salvador|
22 June 1890 – 10 June 1894
Provisional: 22 June 1890 – 1 March 1891
|Vice President||Antonio Ezeta (1891–1894)|
|Preceded by||Francisco Menéndez|
|Succeeded by||Rafael Antonio Gutiérrez|
|Born||14 June 1852|
San Salvador, El Salvador
|Died||21 March 1903 (aged 50)|
|Relatives||Antonio Ezeta (brother)|
|Years of service||1872–1894|
|Battles/wars||Barrios' War of Reunification|
Revolution of the 44
Carlos Ezeta was born in San Salvador, El Salvador, on 14 June 1852. His father was General Eligió Ezeta and his mother was Asunción de León Corleto, and he had a younger brother, Antonio Ezeta. He married Josefa Marroquín and had four children: Carlota, Matilde, Emilia, and Asunción.
Ezeta served in the Salvadoran Army during Santiago González Portillo's and Fernando Figueroa's invasions of Honduras in 1872 and 1873. During his service, he was injured in battle in Santa Bárbara. He lived in Costa Rica in 1875, returned to El Salvador in 1876, and later visited the United States and Guatemala. He returned to El Salvador in 1885 to fight against Guatemala in Barrios' War of Reunification and fought in the Battle of Chalchuapa.
On 22 June 1890, Ezeta travelled to the White House of the incumbent President, General Francisco Menéndez, and started an uprising that overthrew Menéndez during which he died. On 1 March 1891, Ezeta formally took office as the President of El Salvador after winning the 1891 Salvadoran presidential election.
Ezeta oversaw El Salvador's relative political stability at a time when the neighboring republics of Honduras and Guatemala were at war, but he soon lost favor with the landowners and was overthrown in the Revolution of the 44 on 9 June 1894 by Rafael Antonio Gutiérrez with assistance from Nicaragua, Guatemala and Honduras.
Later life and deathEdit
He fled to Panama, and then travelled to Europe as there was a warrant for his death; he then returned to Central America and then settled in Mazatlán, Mexico, where he died on 21 March 1903, aged 50. His remains are buried at Angela Peralta Cemetery in Mazatlán.
- "Presidentes de El Salvador – General Carlos Ezeta" [Presidents of El Salvador – General Carlos Ezeta] (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 2 March 2009. Retrieved 29 March 2021.
- "Elections and Events 1850–1899". UC San Diego. The Library – UC San Diego. Retrieved 25 March 2021.
- "Presidentes de El Salvador – General Rafael Antonio Gutiérrez" [Presidents of El Salvador – General Rafael Antonio Gutiérrez] (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 2 March 2009. Retrieved 1 September 2020.